Assessment of Nurses Knowledge and Skills Following Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital Uganda

Article Authors: JBT.Munezero, C.Atuhaire, S.Grooves, S N. Cumber

Abstract

Assessment of nurses knowledge and skills following cardiopulmonary resuscitation training at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda
John Bosco Tamu Munezero 1, Catherine Atuhaire2, Sara Groves3, Samuel Nambile Cumber4,&
1School of Medicine, Department of Nursing Sciences, Kabale University, Uganda,

2Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda,

3Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing, John Hopkins University, USA,

4Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Box 414, SE-405 Gothenburg, Sweden &Corresponding author: Samuel Nambile Cumber, Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Box 414, SE-405 Gothenburg, Sweden

Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, knowledge, nurse, training, manikin, Uganda
Received: 07/03/2018 – Accepted: 06/04/2018 – Published: 11/06/2018

Abstract
Introduction: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is considered a core emergency skill in which all health care professionals must be proficient.
CPR remains a new procedure in developing compared to develop countries.

The objective of this study was to assess Nurses Knowledge and Skills following Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital.

Methods: A prospective pre/post intervention design was adopted. CPR knowledge and skills of 32 nurses from MRRH were assed using two tools. Tool I consisted of 17 item of multiple choice questions
that assessed CPR knowledge. Tool II involved an observation checklist of 15-point skills questions. A penalty score of 5 or 10 or 20 was set for
each question, based on the guideline.

Results: The average score prior to instruction was 53.8 for knowledge and posttest 82.5, and for skills was 46 pre-instruction and 81.5 post instruction. There was a statistically significant (p < 0.001) improvement in the CPR knowledge and (p <0.02) for CPR skills. The percentage change in respondent’s knowledge and skills ranged from 16.8% to137.2% with a mean of 59.9% for knowledge and from 19.18% to 2115.6% with a mean of 159.8% for the skills assessment.

Conclusion: Respondents had inadequate CPR knowledge and skills at pretest. The study revealed statistically significant improvement in both knowledge and skills of CPR for all nurses post training. There was a significant change in nurses’ skills than in knowledge post training.

Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;30:108. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.30.108.15398
This article is available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/108/full/
© John Bosco Tamu Munezero et al. The Pan African Medical Journal – ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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