Student's Research

KABALE UNIVEERSITY GRADUATE STUDENT RESEARCH M.A DISSERTATION ABSTRACTS 2011-2014

Surname                     BAMWESIGYE

Other Names:            CHARLES ALBERT

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/014/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: TEENAGE MARRIAGES AND GIRLS’ EDUCATION IN KANUNGU DISTRICT, UGANDA

Supervisor:              YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       AUGUST, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out on teenage marriages and girl’s education in three sub-counties of Kanungu District that is, Kirima, Kihihi and Mpungu. A representative sample size of 120 respondents was used. These included elders, local leaders, youths like boys and girls, religious leaders, head teachers, DEO, inspectors of schools and district population officers. Data was collected using interview guides and questionnaires, and both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used in data analysis. It identified the challenges faced by teenage marriages, analyzed by the effects of teen marriages on girl’s education and suggests ways of addressing teen marriages in Kanungu District. Harassment by teachers, girls feeling that they are too mature to be in schools, parental pressures so as to get bride wealth, defilement and rape were among other causes. It was recommended that teachers should stop corporal punishments, give counseling services, enough parental care and local councils must enforce the laws guiding the young children and the local leaders need to emphasize laws that protect childrens’ rights, policy to cater for the girl children who give birth to be allowed to get back to school and this should be a government policy, parents should be counseled to get out of the trauma of their daughters, early pregnancies. Lastly, the public should be sensitized that education has no age limit. The age limit can be there if what you are learning is harmful to your life.

 

Surname                     SANA SABIN

Other Names:            ALBERT

Reg No:                      08/M/KAB/MADS/140/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             AN EVALUATION OF PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RWANDA: KIGALI CITY AS A CASE STUDY

Supervisor:                NARIS TIBENDERANA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER, 2012

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the evaluation of plastic waste management in Rwanda. its specific objectives were to evaluate the contribution of different stakeholds involved in waste management in Kigali City; to examine the challenges of waste management as well as chart a way forward. A total of 66 respondents were selected and they included government respondents, cooperative of waste management representatives and opinion leaders. Three tools were used to collect data and they were questionnaire, an interview guide and documentary review. The research also employed observation to collect qualitative data which supplemented the quantitative data. In other words, both qualitative and quantitative design was employed. Data was presented in tables, charts and graphs. Percentages were used in analysis of the findings. The major finding was that process of plastic waste management was done by private companies which were organized by cooperatives. The major conclusion was that general population was not involved in the decision making process of waste management. The researcher made major recommendations but the most important one being the establishment of waste management committees on cell/village or any administrative unit for sustainability purposes.

Surname                     TUMWIJUKYE

Other Names:            APOLLO

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/010/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF WORLD VISION UGANDA TO SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS. A CASES TUDY OF RUKIGA COUNTY

Supervisor:                BETTY MATEGEKO NKUNDIZANA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER, 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to examine the contribution of non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) to socio-economic development of rural areas in Uganda, a cases study of world vision Uganda in Rukiga County and more specifically in Kamwezi and Bukinda Sub-Counties in Kabale District. The study was guided by the three objectives; to find out the contribution of NGOs to socio-economic development of rural areas, to investigate the hindrances to effective contribution of NGOs to socio-economic development of rural areas and to explore the way forward to increase contribution of NGOs to socio-economic development of rural areas. The respondents were selected from Rukiga, local leaders, heads of schools, In charges of health centers, district representatives(Councilors and community Based Services) and the composition of world vision staff members exemplified organization control in the study. The study particularly sought to examine and recommend the kind of contributions world vision has made to Socio-economic development of Rukiga in Kamwezi and Bukinda. The study was conducted using a cases study and employed both qualitative and quantitative techniques. Data was collected during the months of August 2012, using document review, questionnaires and focus group discussions from 85 respondents who were selected using simple random sampling, systematic random sampling and purposive sampling from accessible population of 365 people in the study area. Data was analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The study established that world vision interventions have contributed to the development of Rukiga via education, health, community mobilization, livelihood improvement, community development and advocacy. Hindrances to effective contribution of world vision to socio-economic development was due to lack of community participation and involvement since in many occasions world vision employed top to bottom planning design in response to high pressure from their supervisors, lack of ownership and sustainability of interventions and this was partly because they were not involved in planning, implementation and monitoring  and evaluation. In response to what should be done to increase NGO contribution to socio-economic development, the results indicated that there is need for community empowerment through advocacy interventions and approaches like vulnerable children advocacy and citizen voice and action so that the community members may demand for accountability and delivery of quality services by service providers. It was conclude that top bottom approach that NGO employ in management of programmes and reporting systems including decision making approach being applied were hindrances of NGOs in increasing its contributions towards socio-economic Development. it was recommended that world vision would work better after having close and strong partnerships with the ownership and sustainability.

Surname                     TUMUHIMBISE

Other Names:            ZADOCK

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/112/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             ANALYSIS OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF GIRLS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       AUGUST, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

This study focused on analysis of factors affecting academic performance of girls in Kabale District and was guided by the three objectives; to analyse the performance of the girls in schools in Kabale District; to analyse factors that affect girls’ academic performance in primary schools; and to propose solutions to girl’s academic performance in schools. The study was a cross section in nature; involved 149 participants and data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and observation. The findings of the study revealed. that the academic performance of girls in schools in Kabale district was wanting; factors that affect girls’ academic performance were analysed, solutions to girls’ academic performance proposed. Conclusions were drawn emanating from the analysis of the related data; a set of recommendations presented; and areas for further research were suggested.

Surname                     MUKUNDABANTU

Other Names:            MARTIN

Reg No:                      09/KAB/MADS/003/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             NON GOVERNMNETAL ORGANISATIONS AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN AGRARIAN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF WOMEN FOR WOMEN INTERNATIONAL IN KAYONZA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER, 2012

ABSTRACT

The research was carried out to evaluate the role of women for women international in Kayonza District in empowering women in rural areas in Rwanda. The research was a descriptive case study on women for women international in Rwanda, with quantitative and qualitative approaches. A total study sample of 130 respondents was used. Questionnaires and interviews were administered. Research findings revealed that women for women international has enhanced and empowered women to participate in local businesses such as road side business and acquisition of leadership skills. The possible ways of enhancing women empowerment was found to be; leadership workshops and seminars offering soft loans, and motivating them into leadership roles and handling their own problems such family management; including food security. The recommendations were that women should organize themselves into cooperatives so that the bargaining power is enhanced.

Surname                     DUSABE KABAYIZA

Other Names:            WINFRED

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPPM/004/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND PROFITABILITY OF INYANGE INDUSTRIES IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       JANUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

The study focused on working capital management and the profitability of inyange industries in Rwanda. this aimed at assessing the effect of Working Capital Management on the profitability levels of Iyange Industries in Rwanda, to explore the extent to which working capital managementpractices affect profitability levels of Inyange Industries in Rwanda and to analyse how accounts receivables affect profitability of Inyange Industries in Rwanda. Both primary and secondary data in relation to the study variables were obtained. In collecting primary data, the researcher used both questionnaires and interview guide from Inyange’s employees. For secondary data, the study utelised the company’s Audited Financial Annual Reports for the period of 2009-2011. Over all, the practices are poor as portrayed in payment of Inyange on late payment of creditors, absence of property records on their obligations to supplier, supplers are not informed of the delays in payments and that the businesses keep a delay payment policy. This implies that Inyange Industries have not been able to manage its suppliers’ obligation in an efficient way. In light of the set study objectives, it is recommended that practitioners and Inyange Industries’ managers increase the involvement of the staff in the process of of strategic management of their firms a more stringent management of accounts payables should be adopted. There should be a better collection policy of credits so as to reduce liquidity, need to develop a strong creditor management policy and system that will enable the Inyange Industries to improve supplier relationships. Some of the policy should include but not limited to maintaining strong liquidity position to meet the obligations as they become due, matching maturities of debt recoveries and creditors, payment.

Surname                     BAMWESIGYE

Other Names:            CHARLES ALBERT

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/014/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             TEENAGE MARRIAGES AND GIRLS’ EDUCATION IN KANUNGU DISTRICT, UGANDA

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       AUGUST 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out on teenage marriages and girls’ education in three sub-counties of Kanungu District that is Kirima, Kihihi and Mpungu. A representative of sample size of 120 respondents was used. These included, elders, local leaders, youths- like boys and girls religious leaders, head teachers DEO, inspectors of schools and district population officers. Data was collected using interview guides and questionnaires and both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used in data analysis. It identified the challenges faced by teenage marriages, analyzed the effects of teen marriages in Kanungu district. Harassment by teachers, girls feeling that they are too mature to be in schools, parental pressures so as to get bride wealth, defilement and rape were among other causes. It was recommend that teachers should stop corporal punishment, give counseling services, and enough parental care should be given and local councils must enforce laws guiding the young children and local leaders need to emphasize laws that protect children’s rights, policy to cater for the girl child who give birth should be allowed to get back to school and this should be a government policy, parents should be counseled to get out of the trauma of their daughters early pregnancies. And lastly, the public should be sensitized that education has no age limit. The age limit can be there if what you are learning is harmful to your life.

Surname                     NDIZIHIWE

Other Names:            PAUL

Reg No:                      08/M/KSB/MADS/234/W.PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             INFORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF COOPERATIVES PARTNERS OF CENTER FOR SERVICES TO THE COOPERATIVES /UGAMA IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF RUHANGO DISTRICT

Supervisor:                REV. FR. PAUL MUNYAKIGEZI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Ruhango district-Southern Province of Rwanda with the objective of examining the role of information in the development of cooperatives partners of 60 respondents from six cooperatives in Ruhangu district. Random sampling was used to choose 10 respondents from each cooperative of whom 5 were purposively selected as key informants from the cooperatives whereas the other five were just members. The researcher used self administered questionnaires to collect data from all the respondents. There was also use of documentary analysis to and observation to supplement the data generated from questionnaires. In order to have valid instruments, the researcher formulated the research tools with assistance from the supervisor whereas the reliability was established by test retest method. The major findings was that indeed cooperatives lacked sufficient information that would develop them regarding the donors identified and negotiated by SCS /UGAMA, information about markets other cooperatives working in same domains and governmental programs about cooperatives development. The major conclusion was that cooperatives had been developing during the time because were supported by CSC/UGAMA but also the organization CSC/UGAMA in partnership with the government of Rwanda of Rwanda should encourage the active participation of cooperatives members, helping to ensure two way transmission of information, thus giving them the voice and community voice.

Surname                     BAGAINE KASHAIJA

Other Names:            SAPHIRA

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/044/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION IN NTUNGAMO   MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                ADALBERT AINEOMUCUNGUZI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to assess the status of sanitation in urban areas and the challenges faced by urban areas, causes of poor sanitation in urban areas and the challenges faced by the urban population associated with the poor water supply and sanitation; the key variables of the study included water supply as an independent variable while sanitation constituted the dependent variable; this was based on the threshold saturation theory which takes into consideration three variables: health status, socio-economic status and sanitation level, and attempts to encompass, for the first time in one general theoretical framework, numerous conflicting empirical findings. The study combined qualitative and quantitative methods whereby simultaneous triangulation, that is, the use of complementary results on the same topic ; the study involves health workers, water supply staff and the residents of Ntungamo municipality in which a total of 90 respondents was drawn by use of purposive sampling where participants who were judged to have more knowledge about the subject basing on the specific attributes ; the actual number of the respondents  was determined by the data saturation; data were collected by the use of interview guides  and questionnaires; qualitative data were analyzed by identifying the essence of the phenomenon under investigation based on the data obtained and on how data are presented as suggested by (Streubert et al., 1999).; quantitative analysis involved frequency distributions and descriptive statistics which were used to compute the data. The findings of the study revealed that sanitation status in Ntungamo Municipality was bad especially in the central division though water supply staff, health workers, landlords and the residents were involved in improving the sanitation status of the area; the major causes of poor sanitation in Ntungamo Municipality were over population, indiscriminate garbage dumping, delay to collect garbage and poor drainage system; these posed sanitation and health related challenges  such as disease outbreak, mosquito bleeding and flooding among others especially in the central division. Thus, the study called for the provision of more trucks for garbage collection and increase water supply in the area in order to promote good sanitation.

 

Surname                     NDICUNGUYE

Other Names:            EDOUARD

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/008/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATION PERFORMANCE OF NON BOARDING STUDENTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KIREHE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                TINDYEBWA PEACE

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

This research is on the factors affecting academic performance of non- boarding students of secondary schools in Kirehe district, Rwanda focused to investigate factors affecting academic performance of non-boarding students in secondary schools and to suggest appropriate measures that can be taken to improve academic performance of non-boarding students in secondary schools. The study collected data from students, teachers and head teachers in Kirehe district. Methods used included self administered questionnaires and interview guides. Data was also obtained from primary source and secondary source. The qualitative and quantitative methods of presenting data were used in analyzing the information. Findings of the research indicated some of the factors affecting the academic performance of non boarding student as insufficient time for revision., insufficient time for research in the library, congested timetable due to a wide curriculum, distances walked to school daily, lack of appropriate light at night early marriages in girls, use of local language, parents’ attitude, interruptions met by students along the way, lack of time for co- curricular activities, peer group influence, parents’ poor attitude to education and failure to meet some basic needs in their homes . Basing on the findings, various suggestions and recommendations were made considering the factors affecting academic performance of non boarding students of secondary schools. Therefore, stake holders in collaboration with MINEDUC should review he curriculum to include issues that address the socio-cultural factors and economic challenges that affect the academic performance of non-boarding students in secondary schools. Schools should organize class days to sensitize parents on students’ academic work and other social needs. Senior men and women should strengthen career guidance to students and sensitize them on dangers of early marriage, Alcoholism and drug abuse. Government should emphasize the policy of English speaking and use of English language by all teachers, students and citizens in the country. Day schools should be evenly distributed in the district to avoid long distances by no boarding  students. Communities should be sensitive to movements of non boarding students to avoid them being distracted on the way to and from school. Parents’ teacher association (PTA) committees are encouraged to mobilize and sensitize parents on their crucial roles in the education of their children so that they provide all requirements in time and not neglect non boarding students. PTA in collaboration with government should consider how non boarding students can have lunch at school.

 

Surname                     RUKUNDO

Other Names:            HADAD KIM

Reg No:                      11/A/MAPPM/070/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: ATTITUDES OF PEOPLE TOWARDS IMPROVED CROPS IN KABALE DISTRICT. A CASE STUDY OF BUBARE SUB-COUNTY

Supervisor:                AINE-OMUCUNGUZI ADALBERT

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the attitudes of people towards improved crops in Kabale district, Bubare Sub-County as a case study. The study also established the factors underlying the attitudes held by the people and examined the impact of such attitudes on food security in the area. The study focused on the 2336 households with a total population of 11322 people. Data was collected from 50 respondents using questionnaires and interviews findings of the study revealed that most people in the study area held negative attitudes towards improved crops. The study further revealed that the negative attitudes held by the people about improved crops and affected food security negatively. The study concludes that people in the area have negative attitude s towards improved crops and that this has had a negative impact on food security. The study recommends that people should be sensitized about improved crops and that the government should particularly sensitize the people about the contribution of improved crops to food security.

Surname                     NDACYAYISENGA

Other Names:            JEAN PIERRE

Reg No:                      10/A/MBA/108/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE OF SACCO IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF UMWALIMU SACCO REMERA BRANCH

Supervisor:                AINE-OMUCUNGUZI ADALBERT

Submission Date:       AUGUST 2012

ABSTRACT

This work reveals the impact of financial management and performance of SACCOs in Rwanda subject to the following objectives ; to establish the cash flow management techniques used by Umwalimu SACCO, to find out the incentives used by managers to solve cash flow management problems in Umwalimu SACCO.respondents who took part in this study were selected by using Morgan distribution( see appendix) and data was collected using questionnaire method and additional information from the SACCO records. The study indicates that cash flow management improves the performance of Umwalimu SACCO where formal cash flow management practices are adhered to by the employees, monitored and controlled by management. The following recommendations were made in respect from the study.: adoption of speedy ways of collecting receivables from trade debtors  like the use of the electronic system known as Mobile Money services offered by the telecommunication companies, computerization of transaction recording by the use of spread sheets to facilitate easy transaction recording, tracking and updating. Paying their obligation on time to collaborate effectively with its supplies and adoption of an internal auditing mechanism on timely basis which ensures integrity and transparency in reporting, recording of transactions and adherence to proper cash flow management practice and SACCO staff should attend seminars and workshops to equip them with skills and knowledge managing SACCO funds.

Surname                     TUSASIRWE

Other Names:            SHARON

Reg No:                      10/A/MAHRM/077/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAHRM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             NON FINANCIAL REWARDS AND EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE IN ORGANISATIONS IN UGANDA: A CASES TUDY OF KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                TIBENDERANA NARIS

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Organisations offer their employees huge cash salaries and bonuses which could easily justify improved labor performance. However, changing work places and low productivity are still amidst them which could probably mean that, there could be other non cash offers financial which could guarantee labor retention, efficiency and effectiveness. The study was therefore conducted to establish the effects of non financial rewards on employees’ performance in organizations of Uganda with particular case study of Kabale District. Specific objectives of the study were to assess the effects of staff training on employees’ performance in organizations, to analyse the impact of delegation on employees’ performance in organizations and to establish the impact of work place leave on employees’ performance in organizations of Uganda especially in Kabale district. The study adopted a case study design which was frequently supported by a cross sectional survey method that involved a mixed (triangulation) approach. 40 respondents were covered in a questionnaire survey and 8 key informants were interviewed. Data processing which involved editing, coding, classification and presentation in form of frequency tables was done, data was fed in the statistical package for social scientists (SPSS) for analysis. The findings revealed that, although job training, delegation and offering work place leave are important for better performance, many organizations hardly offer them to employees. Organizations believe that they are costly, prepare some people for take over’s and at times they are time consuming. It was thus, concluded that, non financial offer should take an equal treatment like financial ones when better employees’ performance is to be achieved. It was recommended that, organizations should invest in research and development to establish what should be intrinsic factors their employees require and offer them for better outcomes.

 

Surname                     NSENGIYUMVA

Other Names:            JEAN DAMASCENE

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPPM/019/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ANALYSIS OF THE TOMATO PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN RUTSIRO DISTRICT IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFEY

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2012

 

ABSTRACT

This research looks at the focus of tomato production and processing on socio-economic development of communities in Rutsiro district. The sector of agriculture is considered by the Rwanda Government as a key area for the wellbeing of its population. Thus, agricultural crop production in Rwanda can be grouped in three categories: food crops (leguminous, cereals, roots and tubers, bananas), and the traditional cash crops (coffee, tea pyrethrum). Food crops occupy 92 % of the total cultivated land; while coffee and tea occupy respectively 6, 3 and 1, 6 % of the total cultivated land. The average cultivated land in the 1997-2003 periods was 1,428,033 hectares. This surface area was divided as follows: cereals 18%, tomatoes 26%, bananas 26%, roots and tubers 28%. To assess the levels of tomatoes production from the farms in Rutsiro district; to explore different challenges tomato growers are facing; to assess the feasibility of new processing unit in Rutsiro district; to assess the profitability of this processing unit and its contribution to the socio-economic development of the communities in Rutsiro district. Random sampling was used to sample 89 members of the two tomato cooperatives that are operating in Rutsiro district; 15 persons among the employees of these cooperatives and 12 people from the communities from Kigeyo and Kivumu Sectors. There are these persons who answered to the research questions. Executive secretaries and sector agronomists were interviewed about technical support they provide to tomato growers and the estimation of production as well as the challenges growers can be facing. A focus group discussion was also carried out among 12 members of the communities in order to investigate on the contribution of the production on socio-economic development of the communities.

Surname                     RUHAMYAMBUGA

Other Names:            OLIVIER

Reg No:                      09/KAB/MAPPM/078/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             UMUGISHA SACCO AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OF RWAMAGANA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFEY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This research analyses the good effort need further internal removing the existing realities concerning the improvement of the poor socio- economic welfare of the poor brought about by the SACCO in order to formulate the strategies to ensure the SACCOs’ successful financial services towards the poor people. This study assessed the services offered by the Umugisha SACCO, the types of the potential projects supported by the Umugisha SACCO and the extent to which Umugisha SACCOs’ interventions encounter the community’s economic needs. The methods used to collect data were field observation, interview which allowed discussing with the interviewees, questionnaire which helped to get the research questions answered, and document analysis from different researchers which all together served as the basis to the findings. The assessment of the development of rural poor people by Umugisha SACCO revealed that despite some challenges the SACCO has impacted positively at a good extent the socio-economic welfare of poor people in Muyumbu sector. The study identified the services of offered by Umugisah SACCO, and to evaluate the challenges on the economic achievements of Umugisha SACCO. The main services offered by the SACCOs in Rwanda are Savings and Credit with specific definitions according to the members’ needs. This research revealed that SACCOs financial services impacted positively on the members. Nevertheless, some challenges that hinder the first steps of SACCO in Rwanda were identified. The researcher concluded that this research was worthwhile because it attained its objective through the collection of helpful and appropriate information. Recommendation is to encourage all stake holders to revise the existing policy in order to meet the members’ needs and to allow the community to play an active role in its sustainable development.

Surname                     NSHIMIYIMANA

Other Names:            GASPARD

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/033/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             IMPACT OF COPRORIZ-NTENDE (AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE) ON POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Rugarama sector Gatsibo district. It was intended to find out the effect of Coproriz-Ntende cooperative on poverty reduction in Rwanda. the study was guided by the three objectives such as determining the level of economic revenue achieved by COPRORIZ-NTENDE members from this cooperative organization; evaluating the level of satisfaction of socio-economic means of the organization members and the community around and assessing the level at which the same organization has reached to reduce poverty in Gatsibo district in Rugarama sector in eastern province. The study rotated around the COPRORIZ-NTENDE members and non members of the neighboring villages. Only stratified random sampling techniques was used. Data were collected from 120 respondents by the use of different methods. Secondary data was collected from internet, magazines, books, newspapers and other related documents. The study found out that positive impacts of COPRORIZ-NTENDE on poverty reduction are being done in Rwanda. The study findings reveal that this cooperative greatly contributes towards improving rural standards of living in Rugarama sector in Gatsibo district. Direct support are rice farming activities such as employment, fertilizers, seeds of high quality, loans, trainings marketing at good price, serving and infrastructure development were ways mentioned in which COPRORIZ-NTENDE contributes towards poverty reduction in rural areas. According to the research findings, recommendations were proposed to support the said organization to achieve its goals. Some of them are like financial support is highly needed in the area so that cooperative can be able to expand its activities in other economic sectors that will contribute to poverty reduction in the area. Increasing productivity will only require improvements in water control but will require addressing other major constraints to produce such as degenerated varieties, absence of research, and insufficiency of inputs and poor application of technological alternatives.

Surname                     MUTIMA

Other Names:            GORDON KAPPA

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/043/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL SCALE DAIRY FARMING TO COMMUNITY WELFARE: A CASE STUDY OF RUHAMA SUB-COUNTY NTUNGAMO DISTRICT, SOUTH WESTERN UGANDA

Supervisor:                ADALBERT AINE-OMUCUNGUZI

Submission Date:       JULY 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried in Ruhama Sub-county, Ntungamo district in south western Uganda with the aimof assessing the contributionof small scale dairy farming in improving household welfare. The specific objectives of the study were: firstly to assess the methods used to milk handling by dairy farmers in Ruhama Sub-county; secondary, to examine the contribution of small scale dairy farming to socio-economic household welfare; thirdly, to determine the constraints facing small scale dairy farming in Ruhama Sub-county, and lastly to identify possible interventions of improving small scale dairy farming in Ruhama Sub-county. The data for this study was collected using a cross section survey which involved both dairy and non-dairy farming households. In –depths interviews were carried out to gather the data. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS11.0) results from the study indicated that the majority of the dairy farmers used plastic utensils in milk handling. The study also revealed that the milk produced in the area was below the local demand and as a result, most of it was brought directly from the farmers by neighboring households for domestic consumption. Further the study results indicated that small scale dairy farming contributed substantially to household welfare. Income from dairy farming was spent in education, health services and general household improvement. Dairy farming household were having more meals per day that non dairy farming households which implied that dairy farming households were more food secure that non dairy farming households. Ticks, diseases and scarcity of artificial insemination services were the major constraints of small scale dairy farming in the area. Bring veterinary services closer to farmers, sensitizing farmers and formation of milk cooperative unions were the major interventions that could be taken to improve small scale dairy farming in the study area. Due to its contribution to household poverty reduction, the study recommends that dairy farming should be promoted as a poverty reduction strategy in rural areas.

Surname                     AINE-OMUROKOZI

Other Names:            AIDAN

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/021/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF PRESSURE GROUPS ON SERVICE DELIVERYIN UGANDA. A CASE STUDY ON KAMPALA CAPITAL CITY (KCC)

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFEY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

 

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out on KCC in the five divisions of Nakawa, Makindye, Lubaga, Kampala central and Kawempe, with the aim of ascertaining the role of pressure groups on service deliverer. The specific objectives were: to establish types of pressure groups in Uganda; to find out the role of pressure groups on service delivery; to determine constraints of pressure groups and finally to identify methods used by pressure groups to achieve their objectives. Document review and expert/elite interviews were carried out to gather data. Data were analyzed using SPSS. Results of this study indicated that there are several pressure groups endeavoring to agitate for services include among others, good education, health services, road net works, environmental protection and appropriate utilization of resources. The study indicated roles played by pressure groups as, sensitization, presentations of candidates for elections to influence policies, coordination and implementation of a range of policies. Crackdown by armed forces, formation of laws to bar activities of pressure groups, lack of resources and predatory competition among groups were the major constraints. Lobbying by engaging decision makers (indirect method), direct action, and extensive publicity though the media and engagement of bureaucracy were the methods used by pressure groups to achieve their objectives.  Due to the role pressure groups play in delivering services, this study recommends that pressure groups be given ample space in policy formulation and implementation process so as to assist monolithic

state policies.

Surname                     SANA SABIN

Other Names:            ALBERT

Reg No:                      08/M/KAB/MADS/140/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             AN EVALUATION OF PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RWANDA: KIGALI CITY AS A CASE STUDY

Supervisor:                NARIS TIBENDERANA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the evaluation of plastic waste management in Rwanda. its specific objectives were to evaluate the contributing of different stakeholders involved in waste management in Kigali City; to examine the challenges of waste management and as well chat a way forward. A total of 66 respondents were selected and they included government respondents, cooperative of waste management representatives and opinion leaders. Three tools were used to collect data and they were the questionnaire, an interview guide and documentary review. The research also applied observation to collect qualitative data which supplemented the qualitative data. In other words, both qualitative and quantitative design was employed. Data was employed in tables, charts and graphs. Percentages were used in analysis of the findings. The major finding was that process of plastic waste management was done by private companies which were organized in cooperatives. The major conclusion was that the general population was not involved in the decision making process of waste management. The researcher made major recommendations but the most important one being the establishment of waste management committees on cell/village or any administrative unit for sustainability purposes.

Surname                     KYOKWIJUKA

Other Names:            BLESSING ALFRED

Reg No:                      06/KU/P.G 2

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAHRM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CORRELATES OF ECONOMIC SUCCESS IN BUBARE SUB COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The research was about the correlates of economic success in Bubare Sub-County. Bubare is one of the Sub-counties ok Kabale District with most of it a hilly topography and predominantly practices subsistence agriculture with a few but successful livestock farmers. The researcher based his study on three objectives namely: investigate levels of wealth for a sample of households in Bubare, analysis of social factors shared by households in the same economic category and examine dominant factors for each category. All these three objectives were investigated and documented. The researcher administered a questionnaire to obtain information/data from the respondents in households of Bubare Sub-County. Other methods of data that were used were observation and interviews among others. A cross sectional survey was used to make sure that each of the categories is represented. The sample size of eighty households out of five thousand three hundred and eighty households in Bubare was selected to obtain information. The researcher found out that there are three levels of wealth in Bubare; the rich, the poor and the poorest of the poor. The major correlates found out in Bubare were formal education, enlightened leadership and inheritance. People from households that are educated were found out to be economically more successful than those from households that are not educated. Inheritance was also investigated  as a correlate for economic success in Bubare where many households were found out doing well had inherited property from their family heads as members unlike those that had not inherited any property. After the study, the researcher came out with recommendations  such as, the government should try to improve  on education of rural areas as education for Kigezi is the only tool that can be used for development as land in the area is scarce. Education should also be availed to the girl child. By-laws especially against the alcohol and drug abuse should be enacted. Theses should speculate opening and closing time for bars in order for people to have time for work. If all goes well, waragi should be minimized or stopped especially in women of the sub County. Youth should also be given soft loans to support small scale enterprises and these loans must not be string attached. This dissertation is open for further investigation in other areas to achieve economic success. Every reader of this study is challenged to find medicine for varying economic status of households in Bubare Sub-county if prosperity for all is to be achieved.

Surname                     CYIZA

Other Names:            CONSOLEE

Reg No:                      09/F/MAPP/014/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES AND STRATEGIES USED BY POOR WIDOWS IN SMALL SCALE BUSINESS TO ADEQUATELY ENHANCE THEIR LIVING STANDARDS

Supervisor:                ARYEIJA WARREN

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

This research entitled “Business opportunities and Strategies for Rwandan Poor Widows in Small Scale Businesses adequately enhance their living standards” was aiming at finding out the feasible ways through which business opportunities and strategies for poor widows involved in small scale can boost their living standards. The methods used to collect data were observation which helped us with following the situation closely, interview which helped in the discussions with the interviewees, questionnaire which helped to get the research questions answered, finally consultation of documents from different researchers which all together served as the basis t the findings. The researcher managed to identify the economic, social and political opportunities and strategies available for widows’ business growth. These opportunities include the handling some social events at costs, government favorable policies to their business, financial and capacity building empowerment. The strategies include team work, and forming associations, consultations and lobbying government for support. Challenges including lack of access to social, political and economic opportunities by poor widows were identified. A big problem towards solving this social issue of poverty among widows of Kicukiro is that during the research, leaders proved to be aware of poor widows’ struggle and willing to assist them whenever possible. Also two institutions declared ready to help Kicukiro widows by way of financial empowerment and capacity building empowerment. The researcher concluded that this research was worthwhile because it attained its objective through the collect of helpful and appropriate information. Recommendation is to encourage all stake holders (beneficiaries, leakers and institutions) to work together as joint efforts in order to count poverty among widows of Kicukiro a history in the near future.

Surname                     RINDABO

Other Names:            ZERIDA

Reg No:                      07/KU/PG/07

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             AN EVALUATION OF UNIVERSAL SECONDARY EDUCATION PROGRAM (USE) IN NDORWA COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

The study was about the evaluation of USE programme in Ndorwa County, Kabale District. The researcher wanted to find out what seems to be the challenges of USE programme in Ndorwa County, challenges encountered in its implementation and the strategies which should be put in place to make USE a success. A qualitative research approach was used to arrive at the finding and conclusion analyzed using descriptive statistics. A total of 100 respondents was used comprised of teachers, parents, students and head teacher by filling questionnaires. It was found out that, the implementation of USE programme has registered some successes especially by providing opportunity to children from poor background to access secondary education. This has therefore saved schools from low enrollment. In view of the above, the researcher therefore recommended that the government should strengthen the policy of the provision of physical facilities like, libraries, laboratories, classrooms and sanitation facilities to match with the increasing number of students. The government should strengthen the inspection of schools and monitoring of USE programme to ensure that it is well implemented and sensitize all stake holders on their roles. The government or district officials should always carry out publicity and sensitization on USE programme especially on its objectives, expected outcomes and roles of

Surname                      MUKAMUSEMA

Other Names:            FLORENCE

Reg No:                      09/F/MADS/024/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF VOLUNTARY COUNSELLING AND TESTING (VTC) IN HIV/AIDS PREVENTION IN RWANDA: A CASES TUDY OF TREATMENT RESEARCH AIDS CENTER (TRAC) NYARUGENGE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                DR. DABO CHRISTOPHER

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

This study is basically aimed at finding out the role of voluntary counseling and testing in HIV/AIDS prevention in Rwanda. a case of the TRAC/VTC centre in Nyarugenge District, Kigali city was undertaken. The researcher used interview guide as a research instrument to collect data from the respondents who were the clients, counselors and nurses of the TRAC/VTC.centre. The purpose of the study was to shed light into the following questions; 1. What role does the VCT play in promoting HIV awareness to Rwandan population; 2. How do VCT/ TRAC help HIV infected people in Rwanda? 3. What are the barriers to VCT accessibility in Rwanda?. in this study, the data gathered from different sources were analyzed and the results show that the VCT has greatly helped in preventing the HIV/AIDS transmission among the Rwandan population by improving knowledge and awareness and providing  necessary information and health education about the disease. Findings of the study also revealed that TRAC/VCT centre plays a paramount role in helping HIV infected people to live longer and better by providing them with antiretroviral therapy and psychosocial support. However it was found out that there are some factors that hinder people’s willingness to go for VCT and some of them are: ignorance, fear of testing HIV positive, poverty and others, in conclusion, VCT has proved to be a veritable tool in prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission.

Surname                     MUTWALE RUKATURA

Other Names:            DESIRE

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/064/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             GENDER EQUITY AND EQUALITY FOR EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN RWANDA: A CASE OF KIGALI CITY

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

One of the national priorities and goals of the human resource development strategic plan outlined by the social sector of the ministry of finance in Rwanda includes the vision of the development of women, upgrading the status of women and facilitating their integration into the total social development. The key objectives of this research were to assess the women empowerment in Kigali city by identifying the household decision making ability of women, their economic decision making capacity and to evaluate the freedom of mobility of women. The findings show that women in Kigali city are better in household decision making and economic decision making than social empowerment. The results show that the majority of women in Kigali city are aware about their rights and duties. The recommendations are to improve the channels of empowerment of women in Kigali city through provision of education and commercial activities.

Surname                     TUSASIRWE

Other Names:            ROSELYN

Reg No:                      10//MAPAM/055/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             COMMUNITY SERVICE PROGRAMME IN UGANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NDORWA PRISON, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was intended to examine the benefits and challenges encountered in the implementation of community service programmes. A case study of Ndorwa Prisons Kabale district was chosen. The study objectives include; examining the social economic benefits, to analyze the contributing factors for its implementation; and to investigate the challenges encountered. The study was carried out in Ndorwa prison, central and southern municipal divisions, other surrounding areas in Kabale district. A total of 100 respondents was identified from the targeted population. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussion and observation including documentary analysis to review the related literature. The researcher found out that reducing congestion of prisoners in prisons was the major benefit of community service programme.

Surname                     TINDYEBWA

Other Names:            ISSAH

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/ 015/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: PUBLIC FUNDS ACCOUNTABILITY AND SESRVICE DELIVERY IN KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO WYCLIFFE OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to examine how public funds accountability in a decentralized setting influence service delivery with a focus on Kabale municipality. The study adopted a cross sectional research design and used qualitative and quantitative research method. Purposive and simple random samplings were employed during the selection of respondents. The research applied interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussion and documentary analysis. Data were collected from 100 respondents; analysed using tables, figures and percentages .the findings were as follows: accountability of funds was carried out in two ways, i.e. stewardship and social accountability. The study findings revealed that public funds accountability leads to improved service delivery most especially when there is domestic demand for public funds accountability. As a strategic measure, the researcher recommended that both the central government and local government should work together in supporting and sustaining the positive effects of public funds accountability on service delivery, local government officials especially politicians and civil servants should hold all officers accountable to the public, internal and external auditors should be employed and well recommendations adhered to. Monitoring of government activities and programmes should be intensified.

Surname                     NYIRARUKUNDO

Other Names:            CONSOLEE

Reg No:                      A/KAB/MAPPM/086/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF URWEGO OPPORTUNITY BANK AND MICROFINANCE, NYARUGENGE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

The research on the microfinance institutions and socio-economic development in Rwanda; A case of Urwego Opportunity bank and Microfinance” has been carried out  to find out the role these micro finances play and the researcher had some objectives to base on. In this study purposive and simple random sampling methods has been adopted where the questionnaire, interview guide and observation were used in the process of gathering information about the impact of microfinance institutions on the socio-economic development. Findings have showed that UOB is playing a very big role in impacting economically, socially and psychologically to the country. Finally, the necessary recommendations were given to both the UOB and the government of Rwanda and the people of Rwanda in general on how they can improve their standard of living by joining the microfinance institutions.

Surname                     SIBOMINA

Other Names:            ERNEST

Reg No:                      08/M/KAB/MBA/015

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             SKILLS ACQUISITION AND THE INTEGRATION OF RWANDAN ECONOMY WITH THE EAST AFRICAN COMMON MARKET: A CASE OF INYANGE INDUSTRIES LTD, MASAKA, KIGALI

Supervisor:                DR.DABO CHRISTOPHER

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

International marketing has intensified and is evident in nearly all aspects of daily life. Today the east African Common market has intensified its boundaries by integrating other new countries like Rwanda, Burundi even the recent new country southern Sudan has started to seek how to be integrated. Local regions or national boundaries no longer restrict competitive forces. to be successful in that internationals’ economy, companies must be simultaneously responsible to local and global market conditions. Hence international marketing skills are an important ingredient for every company, whether or not it is currently involved in exporting activities. The purpose of this study was to; analyze the skills needed to be effective in international marketing, 2, explore the level of importance of each of these skills, 3. Investigate the degree to which these skills are present in employees of exporting companies; and 4. Examine the gap between the skills between which theses employees have and the skills they need. Data were collected regarding the skill importance, through a Delphi participant sample of exporting and distribution practitioners of international marketing experts. Inyange industries ltd, one of Rwandan company of exporting and distributions, were surveyed regarding the degree their employees possessed the identified skills. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, in a way that allowed skill-based areas for training programmes to be priotized. A sample of twenty five senior employees, categorized into five departments was selected through a purposive method technique. Among 60 skills identified, twenty four of the skills were rated as being highly important 36 were rated as medium importance and none were rated as below importance. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, which identified twenty four international marketing skills as training priorities. 3) The study has produced a new assessment tool which would go a long way to assist small and big firms in identifying international marketing training needs where effectively the east African Common Market is expanding their activities. Rwandan companies will benefit that the new assessment tool and set effective engagement in order to be responsive in the east African Common Market conditions, which are basically competitive. Rwanda private sector federation will need to provide significant trainings for the exporting and distributions companies.

Surname                     MPATASALIRWA

Other Names:            NATHAN

Reg No:                      10/F/MBA/013/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             COST AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING INFORAMATION AND PROFITABILITY OF COMPANIES: A CASE STUDY OF SULFO RWANDA INDUSTRIES

Supervisor:                PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study undertaken was to generate information about cost and management accounting information on financial performance and profitability of companies with special reference to Sulfo Rwanda Industries.. a case study design was used to collect data from through questionnaires, interviews and documents. The sample consisted of 40 respondents from key departments of the company like finance, marketing and production and management. The major findings for the study include variances calculated are too aggregated and overdue, the system focuses on cost minimization rather than improving product quality or customer satisfaction, the largest market are urban centers, lack of product quality improvement, un able to implement governmental regulations reliably and the adoption of a flat structure, the manufacturing sector industry is very diverse with a high degree of complexity in its operations. Furthermore, the Rwanda businesses face a problem of adopting and applying the just in time (JIT) inventory production system, accounting system besides improving the workforce’s skills. Research recommendations include that Sulfo Rwanda Industries should form a strategy that sets up and develops the cost and management accounting information system as a fundamental strategy to establish certain programs geared to achieve desired goals, implement effective cost control technique depending on activities, resources and ability, creation of cost systems like the Activity Based Costing (ABC), improve on the environmental effects. Further research areas include differentiation between the private and public sector in terms of documents and procedures of the cost and management accounting information systems.

Surname                     HABARUGIRA

Other Names:            FRANCOIS REGIS

Reg No:                      09/A/KAB/MADS/041/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: MATERNAL MOTALITY IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF KARONGI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                ADALBERT AINE-OMUCUNGUZI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to identify the factors leading to high maternal mortality in Karongi Rwanda. The study also examined the challenges faced by ministry of health surveillance team in implementing strategies that improve maternal health. A retrospective study design combining both qualitative and quantitative methods was used to make an in-depth investigation and analysis of the circumstances and events surrounding individual cases of maternal deaths. The road to death concept was followed in a quest to generate more information on the event preceding the death. Verbal autopsy and confidential inquiry techniques were utilized by reviewing all the maternal deaths cases that occurred in three hospitals of Kibuye, Kirinda and Mugonero between January 2009 and January 2010. The results of the study revealed that maternal death was caused by both the health services and socio-economic related factors which included hormohage, hypertension, malaria, diabetes, delay to seek medical care, cultural beliefs and poverty among others. The study also found out that the health teams that were supposed to implement strategies to reduce maternal death were faced with several challenges including lack of political commitment, inadequate financial support and lack of skilled personnel. This study concludes that maternal deaths are a consequence of a long and complex chain of events. Prevention of maternal deaths therefore requires far reaching social and economic changes beyond the premises of the health care delivery system. The government of Rwanda should invest in Girls’ education and improving the economic status of women. The ministry of health should ensure that contraceptives are readily available and accessible and encourage women to use them. Improving the road conditions and putting in place an effective and sustainable public transport system in rural areas is essential.

Surname                     MUGENZI

Other Names:            FREDERIC

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/024/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             STUDENTS PERFORMANCE AS A CORRELATE OF TEACHER QUALIFICATION AND STUDENT TEACHER RATIO: THE CASE OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN KIZIGURO AND KIRAMURUZI SECTORS OF GATSIBO DISTRICT, EASTERN RWANDA

Supervisor:                BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at investigating into student academic performance as a correlate of teacher qualification and student –teacher. It was carried out in 8 primary schools in Kiziguro and Kiramuruzi sectors of Gatsibo district, eastern Rwanda. Visits were paid by the researcher himself to respective primary schools, to collect applicable statistical data from school records and reports. Using spear man rank order correlation coefficient formula, correlation values were computed. The findings have shown that there is a strong positive correlation between teacher qualification and student academic performance as correlation values over three years 2008/2010, averaged to = 0.71, and a weak positive correlation between student-teacher ratio and student academic performance =0.12.  One major recommendation from this study is to differentiate stake holders in education, to amount in-service teacher preparation programs in order to reduce the number of unqualified teachers, thus increasing the number of qualified teachers.

Surname                     MUPENZI

Other Names:            PACIFIQUE

Reg No:                      09/A/KAB/MAED MGT/078/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN TERTIARY EDUCATION IN RWANDA: A CASE OF INES RUHENGERI

Supervisor:                EDWIN BABIMPA NUWAGABA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was gender equality and women’s empowerment in tertiary education in Rwanda: a case study of Ines-Ruhegeri.the aim of the study assesses gender equality and women’s empowerment and to identify the challenges which handicap gender equality on women’s empowerment in the institution. Simple random and purposive sampling methods were used to select the respondents, a triangulation of methods (qualitative and quantitative methods) to collect and analyse data were used that give the findings. The findings showed that there is need to consider gender aspects and empower the stakeholders as to increase the quality of education in high institutions of learning. The recommendation was involvement of all the concerned parties in decision making and implementation of education activities.

 

Surname                     INGABIRE UZAMUKUNDA

Other Names:            DENISE

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/115/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF KIGALI INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY-GISENYI CAMPUS IN RWANDA TO THE LOCAL POPULATION

Supervisor:                PEACE TINDYEBWA

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to assess the contribution of Kigali Independent University-Gisenyi Campus in Rwanda to the local population. The study was conducted through action research design. This was done by self administered questionnaire as the main instrument. Interview as the d=second instrument and the method of documentation analysis was used to complement, supplement and validate data collected through questionnaires. There were 251 people who responded to our questionnaire and one person with whom the interviews was held. To obtain the sample of the study, the systematic and purposive sampling techniques were used. Data were analyzed and presented quantitatively using percentages. The study showed that Kigali Independent University_ Gisenyi campus has a contribution on the local population. With reference to the study, the contribution of ULK Gisenyi as regards social services and economic activities can be seen from its social economic activities in favor of surrounding population. These services and activities include building and maintaining infrastructure, fighting erosion, offering opportunities to local investors and availing halls for meetings and other cultural events, local communities’ access to internet and library, to mention but a few. Besides, due to a big number of people regularly going to ULK, investment in library has grown. Respondents reported that a new line of motorcycles heading to ULK Gisenyi has been put up to satisfy a growing demand of transport. Also, given that the University’s boarding cannot accommodate all the students, a new investment opportunity was born. It was noted that higher learning institutions cannot fulfill their mission without a close collaboration with their partners and stakeholders. This is why it was recommended to the University’s officials to diversify concrete activities in favor of local population and increase the budget allocated to buying University’s equipment. To political authorities, it was recommended to easy ULK Gisenyi activities and encourage the population to benefit from the opportunities (internet, library and halls) offered to them by ULK Gisenyi and be good partners and stakeholders of this institution. These were addressed to the University’s officials, political authorities and to the local population.

 

Surname                     BYAMUKAMA

Other Names:            SIMON

Reg No:                      10/F/MAPPM/097/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ECO-TOURISM AND LIVELIHOODS IN KITUMBA SUB –COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

 This study aimed at establishing the contribution of eco-tourism towards improving the livelihoods of the people surrounding Lake Bunyonyi and Kabale district with a case study of Bwama and Bukoora parishes in Kitumba Sub-County, Kabale. The study was guided by the three objectives namely, to analyze the various eco-tourism activities contributing towards community livelihoods around lake Bunyonyi in Kabale district; to explore the eco-tourism benefits enhancing the livelihoods of the people around lake Bunyonyi and Kabale district and; to investigate strategies that aim at sustaining eco-tourism for improved livelihoods of the people around lake Bunyonyi and Kabale District. The literature review of the study was extracted from different text books; manuals, reports, journals and websites from different libraries and computer laboratories in Kabale district. The research process involved proposal writing, data collection, data analysis, presentation and discussion of results. The study is both qualitative and quantitative in nature. Simple random and purposive sampling methods were used to select the 140 respondents who included local community members, local council administration, and tourism investors around Lake Bunyonyi (from Bwama and Bukora parishes) in Kabale district. The researcher used the questionnaire; focus group discussion, interview and observation guides to collect data from the field. Data was finally presented in tables, pie charts and graphs. Conclusion and recommendation of the study were drawn basing on the results of the study. It was found out that the majority of the people around the study area 74% were involved in eco-tourism activities for their livelihoods. The study results also revealed that the majority of the people 97% around the study area embraced eco-tourism as a benefiting venture towards improving the livelihoods of the communities surrounding  lake Bunyonyi such as improved infrastructure development, provision of employment opportunities, environmental conservation and educational support especially for the needy, creation of social capital of the local people with local and international tourists, agricultural improvement, market creation for the local commodities and health improvement around the study area. It was concluded that, canoeing was the main activity attracting tourists around Lake Bunyonyi. The study also ended by suggesting measures to enhance eco-tourism for improved people’s livelihoods around Lake Bunyonyi. The study recommended that there is great need for the government of Uganda to emphasize certification systems for sustainable tourism need to be developed and operated to fit geographical, political, social economic and sectarian characteristics of the country.

 

Surname                     NIYONSABA

Other Names:            JEAN DAMASCENE PTRICK

Reg No:                      08/M/MADS/215/W

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CONTRIBUTION OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING ON THE WELFARE OF ORPHANS AND VULNERABLE CHILDREN: A CASE STUDY OF NKUNDABANA INITIATIVE FOR PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT (NIPS) PROJECT, MUHANGA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       JULY 2012

ABSTRACT

The descriptive case with study with qualitative and quantitative approaches was conducted on the contribution of vocational training on the welfare of orphans and other vulnerable children, was carried out in Muhanga district on Nkundabana initiative for psychosocial support project. The study population was composed of 40 youths who have graduated in vocational training courses, 20, OVC who are still undertaking vocational training courses, 20 OVC who have not attended vocational training courses, 5 teachers in vocational training centers and 5 NIPS field staff. Data was collected through, questionnaire, focus group discussion and interviews. The findings of the study also show that before joining the vocational training the life of some OVC was characterized by some misconduct behaviors like delinquency, beggars, unemployment inaccessibility on savings an loan cooperative as confirmed by 100% of interviewed OVC, 60% that some of them were prostitutes. After the graduation the life of the OVC changed. More than 80% responded that they were able to pay school fees to their relatives, covering community based medical insurance, they access youth savings and loan cooperatives, some of them were self employed, and they were able to cover basic needs. To buy seeds and small animals, etc. For the integration and the welfare of OVC in the community, 100% of NIPS staff confirmed that some psychosocial support activities were offered to OVC. These activities include group counseling sessions, trainings on different issues, reproductive health, etc. the main challenges faced by the vocational training centers and OVC as indicated by 100 % of respondents and key informants were insufficient materials and equipment, insufficient classrooms, delay in funding, high rates of school dropouts and insufficient start-up kits for OVC. This study concludes that vocational training not only provides practical skills but also psychosocial support to orphans and other vulnerable children and prepares them for sustainable self employment.

 

Surname                     BUGINGO

Other Names:            STEPHEN

Reg No:                      10/F/MBA/067/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             FISCAL DECENTRALISATIONAS A TOOL OF HEALTHSERVICES DELIVERY IN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: A CASE OF MUSANZE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Submission Date:       DECEMBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study set out to investigate the role of fiscal decentralization in health service delivery in local governments with particular reference to Musanze district local government in Rwanda. The objectives of the study included; investigating the role of different stakeholders in fiscal decentralization in Musanze district; examining the role of fiscal decentralization on health service delivery in Musanze district and finding out the level of local revenue mobilization and service delivery in Musanze disrtrict. The study was case study design and data was collected from a part of population whose sample was 55; correlated, analysed, and interpreted. Quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used as it involved the collection of numerical data to answer research questions, and data analysis was mainly statistical. The study found out that following roles are fundamental in decentralized system; each user department prepares a multi-annual work plan based on the approved district health budget , each entity in the LG defines each fiscal decentralization requirements, the procuring entity is responsible for dividing requirements allocated to a single fiscal decentralization process into separate lots, the procuring unit brings about integration of the diverse decision and activities  during fiscal decentralization. The accounting officer ensures availability of sufficient funds to run the plans and that is district health budgeted for, the citizens assist the district council to accurately decide on which services to expand and provide, the citizens also work with NGOs CBOs and political parties to develop proposals for the council to consider during planning and also citizen representatives play a great role in the evaluation of potential service providers. Government should increase funding for the maintenance of community and feeder roads. The study makes the following recommendations: corruption must be reduced by enforced of strict rules, giving penalties on those involved and also increasing of salaries of the civil servant can reduce on corruption. Concerning limited skilled personnel, the local government should train the recruited workers so as to equip them with the necessary skills, and also encourage them for further studies. They should first provide district health projects which are highly demanded by local people, this will not only help them to know that their views are concerned but also will help to improve on public confidence in the local government. The fiscal decentralization team should carry out research so as to find out service providers are able and have the equipment to perform the required work in the give n time possible.

Surname                     TUYISHIMIRE

Other Names:            ALFRED

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/029/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ICTs, EDUCATION AND POVERTY ERADICATION IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR GEORGE ALIBARUHO

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The government of Rwanda aims to transform the country from largely agricultural based economy to knowledge and information economy in an effort to reach middle income status by 2020. Investment in information and communications technology (ICT) is seen as a key to this transition and as an important vehicle for improving the delivery of and access to public and private services, particularly in rural areas. Through its application, ICTs is a factor of development and poverty reduction by improving access to education, health, public and private financial services, etc. ICTs also help small farmers and artisans by connecting them to markets. The study was conducted in Gakenke district, Janja sector, one of the rural areas in Rwanda to investigate how ICTs application in the area of formal and non formal education is helping people in rural areas in the fight against poverty and quest for development. In the process, the study gleans into the contribution of ICTs and eradication in achieving MDGs. It’s based on simple model linking the ICT sector to education, socio-economic growth (development) and poverty reduction. In analyzing the data, the study explores the potential contribution of ICT to education and knowledge, which are key drivers of development in Rwanda. the study ends by exploring what additional measures need to be taken to promote ICT diffusion  and democratization of access to ICT services. The study makes a number of recommendations including that ICT dimension be built in sector policies and implementation strategiesfor the education sector and that it is of critical importance to supply electricity in the rural areas as in urban areas to reduce the big rural-urban gap in ICT penetration due to lack of electricity in rural areas.

Surname                     BUTERA

Other Names:            DAMAS

Reg No:                      09/F/MBA/047/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE RELEVANCE OF INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS IN ASSETS MANAGEMENT: A CASE OSTUDY OF HEIFER INTERNATIONAL RWANDA

Supervisor:                TINDIMWEBWA KENNETH

Submission Date:       JULY 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to ascertain the internal control systems in assets management. The general objective was to analyse the relevance of internal control systems in assets management. Specifically this study aimed at achieving the following specific objectives; to investigate the causes of fraud, errors and non compliance in Heifer International Rwanda; Assess the limitations for internal control systems in Heifer International Rwanda; examine the impact of control environment towards internal control system in the organization and to suggest possible solutions for the challenges of for internal control systems. To obtain the data, documentary study was adopted, questionnaires were administered and observation method was used. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the appropriate sample from the population. The findings revealed that there were cases of fraud and errors in Heifer international Rwanda from 2008-2010. It was also discovered that there are cases of non compliance to internal control norms and submission of reports. Control environment is not at the peak since there are no trainings for staff on internal control systems organized by the management. It was further explored that there are weak internal control s in procurement and there are no ant-fraud plans underway to mitigate fraud in the organization. Conclusions and recommendations were drawn regarding the attainment of of goals through implementation of concrete internal control systems. The recommendations drawn include staff training on internal control systems, to put in place policies to mitigate fraud and any type of corruption. There should be segregation of duties as a basis of minimizing errors and errors should be corrected as soon as they are identified. There should be consistence inventories of assets and updating assets registers on quarterly basis. Every department or project should be represented in the internal tender committee so that goods and services are bought through acceptable procurement norms. Control measures should be designed purposely for management and utilization of assets and the books of accounts to record the movements of assets.

Surname                     AYABAGABO

Other Names:            CHRISTOPHE

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/057/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PRODUCER AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES AND AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT IN NYAGATARE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                TINDIMWEBWA KENNETH

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Rwanda considers the producer agricultural cooperatives as full partners in efforts for improving quality life and development of rural communities. The study on producer agricultural cooperatives and agrarian development in Nyagatare district Rwanda is carried out in order to assess the contribution on household food security, household income, investigate constraints affecting cooperatives members and identify the factors that can promote the producer agricultural cooperatives. A total of 70 respondents were selected purposively from a target population of 770 members of four producers agricultural cooperatives, CODEMATA, CODPCUM, COOPAMA and FDC. The primary data were collected by use of questionnaire, interviews and documentation through the field visits to the cooperatives. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics. The results of the study showed that the producer agricultural cooperatives have improved household ffod securirty of the respondents from 10% in 2007( when the producer agricultural cooperatives started) to 68.6% in 2012. It shows also that the household income increasedfrom 28,987.56 Rwandan francs to 239,876.30 Rwandan Francs in five years ago. The producer agricultural cooperatives stand great chance of achieving their objectives and they are attractive because they participate in addressing the food security and also improving the conditions of living thruoogh household inome. They promote activities which render great services to local population and play an important role in improvement of better livelihoods in rural communities. However, members of agricultural cooperatives must increase their effort to extending the activities and the government must provide facilities t the cooperatives in case of the financial fund and training which help o sustain and extend cooperatives activities.

Surname                     UMURERWA

Other Names:            JEANNETTE

Reg No:                      09/F/MAPPM/079/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF ABANYAMURAVA COOPERATIVE TO WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN MUSANZE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This research aimed at finding out the contribution of women cooperatives to development of their members, to assess the role of government’s contribution to women empowerment through cooperatives and examines the challenges faced by women cooperatives in supporting women empowerment. The methods used to collect data were a questionnaire and interviews. In Musanze district, the Abanyamurava cooperative is one of the many women cooperatives which contribute to a lot to women development via industrial, health, education, environmental sectors. Through questionnaires and interview, a higher number of respondents showed they are very well appreciation about the contribution of the Abanyamurava cooperative to the society development. Authorities interviewed revealed that education, trainings, financial support are provided to facilitate the Abanyamurava. The major recommendation was to encourage all the stakeholders (beneficiaries, leaders and institutions) to work together to joint efforts in order to fight poverty among women.

Surname:                   NYAMUGANZA

Other Names:            BARNABE

Reg.No:                      08/KU/304

Gender:                      MALE

\\\\Programme:                       MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT

 

Title of Dissertation:             ALCOHOL AND HOUSEHOLD STABILITY IN RUTSIBO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                MS BETTY MATEGEKO

Date of submission:                OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in all thirteen sectors of Rutsiro District in Rwanda, on Alcoholism and Household Stability. By using several research methods, the study could determine causes, effects of alcoholism in general society and in Rutsiro District particularly. It was found that domestic violence causes instability in household viewed economically, socially, physically and many respondent indicated that those situations came when couples have disagreements in their family production levels are low and this affects family income definitely which results into poverty. Socially it was found that women and children are most affected alcohol consequences, findings show the increasing of divorce, fighting, prostitution, crimes and street children in couples. The study therefore identified forms, causes, effect of domestic violence and suggest solutions which government have to enforce lows people to avoid excessive alcohol consumption and try to find job to their people, look for sanctions to those who will not observe laws enforced.

Surname:                   NZEYIMANA

Other Names:            EMMANUEL

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/095/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE IMPACT OF MAISE POST-HARVES MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON SMALL FARM HOLDERS’ INCOME IN UMUCYO COOPERATIVE SOCIETY, BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                MR. FRED MASEREKA

Date of submission:                OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The government of Rwanda has given high priority to production of maize in the country’s marshlands, huge investments were done.  In maize Cooperatives like UMUCYO, farmers respond by growing maize as a cash crop, consequently the production increased together with the needs in postharvest materials and skills to ensure proper postharvest management to meet market conditions of quality and quantity as determinant of prices. The government’s investments in this sub-sector aims to reduce the poverty by increasing the income of small farmers, the current situation is that most maize is dried, stored and processed using inappropriate materials and techniques which resulted by high maize losses and affects the quality (moisture content and impurity) which conditions the prices that are offered by the market. The vision of government of Rwanda (Vision 2020) of reducing poverty, food insecurity and increase the per capita income to 900 USD in year 2000 (MINECOFIN, 2000) is constrained by this situation. There are three important issues here; the first is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from using Cooperative as appropriate channel for selling maize. The second is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from improving the quality of maize through improving drying and storing practices by reducing the losses and complying with market conditions of maize moisture content. The third is if there are gains through improving quality of maize by improved primary postharvest practices (Threshing, drying, winnowing and sorting) bth aiming at increasing the small farmer’s income. The research findings revealed a high need of primary postharvest materials for winnowing and drying which incur high maize losses and deterioration of quality. By improving maize postharvest practices and availing necessary materials and infrastructures will certainly increase income of small farmers.

Surname:                   CYUMA

Other Names:            JEAN CLAUDE

Reg.No:                      09/A/MADS/031/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CROP INTENSFICATION PROGRAM AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                MR. AKAMPA FRANK

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was done on the contribution of CIP towards the socio-economic well-being of the people of Bugesera district, Rwanda. It was guided by four specific research objectives. These were achieved using descriptive and case study approaches that applied questionnaire administration, interviews and direct observation to collect primary data and secondary data. The study found that CIP has made significant contribution to the well-being of the people of Bugesera district. The study thus recommends awareness rising was still important in the implementation of CIP. There was also need to increase the number of agronomists as there were reported inadequacies of the extension officers. Once the extension officers are increased, it was enhance access to such services by the farmers which is vital in increasing productivity and output

Surname:                   NIKUZE

Other Names:            DONATHILLE

Reg.No:                      10/F/MBA/011/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CUSTOMER LOYALTY AND MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN RWANDA. A CASE STUDY OF RIM LIMITED, KIGALI AGENCY

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was about customer loyalty and micro-finance institutions in Rwanda. A case of RIM limited, Kigali Agency. The study was conducted to examine the factors which influence the growth of Micro-finance institutions, investigate the factors which influence customer loyalty to a particular micro-finance, analyses the relationship between customer loyalty and growth of microfinance institutions, and explore possible strategies that can be adopted by micro-finance institutions to reduce customer turnover. Using the self administered questionnaire and face to face interviews guided by the questionnaire, data were collected from 80 respondents composed of four administrators, nine loans officers, three accountants, three supervisors and 61 clients. Data were analyzed mainly quantitatively with some qualitative approach as well. Descriptive statistics such as tables and charts, frequency counts and percentages were used. Objective three was analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation with the help of research hypothesis and cross-referencing with the literature review was done to ascertain the findings. It was found out that three is a significant relationship between customer loyalty and growth of micro-finance institutions in Kigali as was ascertained by the correlation value (rxy)= 0.75.The study concluded by establishing a number of reasons as obtained from the responds confirming these findings. The study recommended that MFIs should demand collateral security equaling to the financial value of the loan given.

 

Surname:                   SHEMA

Other Names:            BERNARDIN

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/107/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             STRATEGIC PLANNING AND PERFORMANCE OF RWANDA DEVELOPMENT BANK

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the role of strategic planning in the performance of financial institutions with particular reference to Rwanda Development bank (BRD). The specific study objectives were: to describe the strategic planning process, to examine its role on BRD performance    and to explore the financial performance of BRD. In order to collect as much as possible descriptive research design was used based on the scope of the study. Questionnaires were administered to respondents where the study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of collecting information qualitative method is based on respondent’s opinion and perceptions towards strategic plans while quantitative method is inferential and quantifies outcomes its used to measure financial performance and customer’s satisfaction. The results revealed that the bank performance indices are strong predictors of good financial performance. The work recommended a transformational strategic planning model in the work for implementation in the current banking industry so that distress can be avoided and totally resolved. The model contains the following indices: sound change management, good investment policy, effective capital budgeting, corporate planning, effective tax planning, effective budgetary control and economic profit of investment and an effective retail banking system. An implementation of the model will give birth to sustainable performance growth which contains the following growth variables, adequate capital, quality earning assets, stable profitability, sustainable liquidity, enhanced dividend paid, and equitable tax liability. Other recommendations are: effective risk assets management, sound training of credit analysts and quality supervision from the industry regulators

Surname:                   BEYENDERA

Other Names:            VASTINA TUSIIME

Reg.No:                      07/KU/PG16

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: NGOs AND EDUCATION OF THE ABATWE IN KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Date of submission:   FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of NGOs on the Education of the Batwa of Kabale district. The study was aimed at evaluating the contributions of NGOs towards the education of Batwa children, determining the contribution of parents and other stakeholders, examining school dropout rates among Batwa children and analyzing the challenges faced by Batwa children in primary schools. A survey was conducted in the Batwa communities of Muko, Butanda and Bufundi sub-counties in Kabale District where a cross section of the total population was studied. The study sample comprised of Non-Governmental Organizations working with Batwa communities, headteachers, Batwa pupils, Batwa school dropouts and batwa parents. A total of 90 respondents were used. It was established that NGOs have contributed a lot towards the education of the Batwa in terms of construction of schools, provision of scholastic materials, and provision of mid-day meals at schools and payment of school levies. The findings also revealed that parents though poor, well wishers and Government have also played some role. Parents provide food though scarce when there is no food at school and Government supports children in Universal Primary School Education (UPE) schools. School dropout rates were found to be very high due to child labour, early marriages, poverty, peer pressure and old school entry age. Challenges hindering Batwa education included high levels of absenteeism, apathy, stigmatization and discrimination. The recommendations of the study address critical socio economic issues related to enrolment and retention of pupils in school. There is need for concerted effort of all interested parties who include NGOs, government, religious institutions, politicians, teachers, parents, children and communities where Batwa live to initiate and coordinate activities aimed at uplifting and sustaining education standards of the Batwa. There also need for government to provide land and farming opportunities in order to address the issues of hunger and poverty which greatly affect access and retention in schools.

Surname:                   RUGUNDANA

Other Names:            WILSON

Reg.No:                      10/F/MBA/096/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSIBESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             NON-TAX COMPLAINCE AND TAX REVENUE COLLECTION IN RWANDA. A CASE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMES) IN KIGALI CITY

Supervisor:                ALEX KANYESIIME

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the effect of non-tax compliance on Revenue collection, a case study of Rwanda Revenue Authority. The specific objectives of the study were: the evaluate determinants of SMS compliance to paying taxes, the level of tax compliance in SMEs in Kigali City and to assess how non-tax compliance by SMEs affects tax revenue performance. A cross-sectional research design was used together with the explanatory research design and analytical research design, in order to ascertain the determinants of tax compliance and their effect on tax revenue performance particularly among SMEs in Kigali city, Rwanda. The sample size was used for the study was 100 SMEs. Data was collected using self administered questionnaires. The study used stratified and purposive sampling techniques to draw representative samples and 40 respondents were involved in the study. The findings of the study revealed that there is a strong positive relationship between Tax Compliance and Domestic Revenue Collection. The study found out that the level of tax compliance was still low among the tax payers and they attribute this to the high tax rates, poor taxpayers’’ attitude towards RRA, the large informal sector which encourages tax evasion. The low level of tax compliance was also attributed to the low tax compliance culture. The study also found out that the cost of revenue collection is low. The large Taxpayer’s Office increased domestic revenue collection and RRA experiences and registers tax arrears which also affect its performance. The study offers the following recommendations, improve tax administration so as to provide individuals and groups with guidance on how to improve bookkeeping standards and tax returns, tax counseling offices should be established country wide, procedures for filing returns and applications should be eased and promote tax education to create awareness among tax payers, and awarding of prizes to compliant tax payers.

Surname:                   UWIRAGIYE

Other Names:            JOSELYNE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAED/110/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF HEADTEACHERS IN DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT AT PRIMARY LEVEL IN KIMISAGARA SECTOR

Supervisor:                 EDWIN BABIMPA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to pursue an investigation about the role played by headteachers in discipline management at primary level in Kimisagara sector. From the literature study it became clear that discipline cannot be considered as an object or event in itself but that it has to be seen in terms of factors in and outside the school, and that its maintenance is essential for overall class control, without which effective learning is impossible. One of the prerequisites for all children is that they should learn how to behave at home, in school and in the community. Children have to adhere to the family’s and the school’s codes of conduct. This study has found, however, that discipline remains the most significant problem in primary schools as many schools experience a breakdown of discipline resulting in disruptive behavior in the classroom.A code of conduct for learners contains school and classroom rules which regulate the day to day relationship between educators and learners. The adoption of a code of conduct and the effective implementation thereof is the responsibility of the school governing body. It should be reviewed annually by the stakeholders and any amendments should be agreed upon by all the members. For the purpose of the empirical investigation a self structured questionnaire to be completed by educators was utilized. The completed questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics. In conclusion a summary was present on the findings of the literature and empirical study and the following are some of the recommendations that were made: good behavior must be inculcated in learners by means of positive and constructive discipline and a code of conduct flro learners must be enforced to regulate the learners’ behavior.

Surname:                   BETIHAMU

Other Names:            ISHMAEL

Reg.No:                     

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:              

Academic Unit:         

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN KABALE DISTRICT. A CASE STUDY OF KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the role of the government on entrepreneurship development of Kabale district. A sample of 50 business owners was used in the study selected using simple random sampling method. The study used across sectional survey as a preferred method of data collection on different categories of businesses. The study was descriptive in nature, data collection and presentation was both quantitative and qualitative, the study population included a number of business owners, (entrepreneurs) in Kabale Municipality. The data collection instrument included questionnaires, interviews guide and observation in form of checklists. The data was analyzed in the table in consideration of the variable highlighted by the research questions. More useful data was found in the government offices of national chamber of commerce, private sector foundation of Uganda, Uganda manufacturers associations, Uganda investment authority, national curriculum development centre and entrepreneurship development centre. The findings of the study revealed that the major determinants of entrepreneurship development in Kabale district include the role of government, the way businesses are owned and managed, the educational policies and programs, the rate of economic growth in the area, people’s attitudes and perceptions and the community’s actions. The findings also showed that there is no specialized institution of the government that offer entrepreneurship development in Kabale district. These mentioned just help individuals to achieve income and self employment or skills development capacity. Basing on the results of the study, possible recommendations were made in order streamline the role of the government on entrepreneurship development in Kabale district. The primary role of the government and other agencies is to increase opportunities to develop the motivation of potential entrepreneur’s ability to start business. And government agencies that develop entrepreneurial environment may be efficient in their work if they address the specific elements, the common areas to be addressed by the public policy are increasing the opportunity for entrepreneurs and creating general environment that fosters entrepreneurship development, encouraging the establishment of institutions that support entrepreneurs and providing financial and non financial assistance. Focus should be on improving the macroeconomic policies and procedures and on developing a legal and institutional framework for the efficient functioning of the private sector. The government should open up the sensitization campaign on the role of entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial finance, fair play regulations, managing civic administration, banking roles and so forth.

Surname:                   BIZIMUNGU

Other Names:            JEAN BOSCO

Reg.No:                      09/F/MBA/083/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICAS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF INTERNAL AUDIT FUNCTION IN PERFROMANCE OF RWANDA MUTUAL HEALTH INSURANCE FUND. A CASE OF GICUMBI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                ANTHONY K AGUME

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out the role of Internal Audit Function in the performance of Rwanda Mutual Health Insurance Fund case of Gicumbi district. The research aimed at analyzing and evaluating the role of internal audit function on performance of mutual health insurance fund in Rwanda. It was also to highlight the role played by internal audit activity in achieving goals of mutual health insurance fund of Gicumbi district, to identify the internal controls used in MHIF in implementing MHIF. Mutual health insurance fund of Gicumbi district has caught the attention of internal audit system as an effective tool for performance amelioration and is considered as victory to escape the mismanagement. In Rwandan context, this same initiative and hop has been emphasized in the country’s mismanagement reduction strategy papers. The study took a case Gicumbi district which was one of 30 districts of Rwanda. To achieve the desired objectives of the study 50 staff of the MHIF selected from 20 branches of MHIF of Gicumbi district were interviewed. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect primary data, books from libraries and other documents were used to collect secondary data. It has been found that the internal audit unit can serve the MHIF in maintain its profitability without compromising its sustainability. In all therefore, the study recommended that to achieve quality performance of MHIFs in Rwanda, government, administrators of MHIFs and other stakeholders should ensure that there is effective internal control. The conclusion was that the internal audit function is necessary requirement and suggestions were that Rwanda government should enhance this service to cover the performance of mutual health insurance funds.

Surname:                   SERUGO

Other Names:            FAUSTIN

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/046/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICAS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             EXTERNAL AUDIT AND FRAUD CONTROL IN RWANDA.    A CASE STUDY OF ENERGY, WATER AND SANIATION AUTHORITY (EWSA)

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the effectiveness of external audit function in fraud control in Energy, water and sanitation Authority (EWSA), Rwanda; whose specific objectives included evaluation of the effectiveness of external audit function in fraud control, examining the factors affecting performance of external auditors in fraud control and to estimate the level of fraud control in EWSA. Descriptive cross sectional study design was adopted in conducting this study. A total population of 1,840 respondents and 15 key informants from whom a sample of 184 elements provides qualitative and quantitative responses for the study. Data was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The findings of this study are presented in three broad areas; departmental fraud and risk preparedness; departmental fraud prevention structures and mechanisms and departmental fraud profile and awareness building activities. The study findings revealed that the external auditor assesses the role of the internal auditors, evaluates whether there is “substantial doubt” about a company’s ability to continue as a going (Viable) concern, assesses management’s style to determine if the style might lead to fraudulent financial reporting and that the external auditor ensures that management conveys the findings of the audit to the board of directors. The study recommends that auditors should work hand in hand with regulators and those that are in charge of corporate governance, to design a common framework that will govern the creation of audit reports that are concise, reliable and effective. Furthermore, there is also need of developing an oversight team in charge of potential systems abuse. It is believed that with improved information education and awareness fraud in EWSA and other parastatals in Rwanda will be reduced if not totally eradicated.

Surname:                   ABINGERI

Other Names:            ANNE

Reg.No:                      08/M/KAB/MADS/019/W

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             WOMEN MARGINALIZATION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL RWANDA. A CASE STUDY KAMEGERI SECTOR, NYAMAGABE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                Prof. Allen Babagura

Date of submission:               August 2012

ABSTRACT

This study entitled “women marginalization and community development” a case study of Kamegari Sector of Nyamagabe district in Southern province of Rwanda aimed at analyzing how women marginalization was affecting community development in Kamegeri sector. The specific objectives of the study included examining women participation in decision making processes. Access to land ownership, establishing the level of education and skills development and critically recommended how marginalized women could be empowered to fully contribute to community development in the sector. The main findings were that a big number of women least participated in decision  making due to low levels of education, cultural barriers and lack of property ownership. The study recommended that, government should strengthen gender equality and participation at family as well as community levels. District officials should encourage functional literacy programmes which include simple technological skills that target both men and women. Emphasis should be put on sensitizing men and women on the role of gender participation and more so on the setback of ignoring more than 52 percent the population. Men should be sensitized on the need to allow women to form associations through which they can work towards achieving their freedom and legal rights.

 

Surname:                   RWIGEMA

Other Names:            GILBERT

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/025/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND DONOR FUNDS MANAGEMENT. A CASE STUDY OF SPARK RWANDA

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was undertaken to determine the impact of internal control systems on donor funds management with a specific focus on Spark Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were: to identify the internal controls systems used in managing donor funds, find out ways in which internal control systems have helped in effective management of donor funds and examine the challenges faced in using internal control systems to manage donor funds. These were achieved using questionnaires, interview guides and secondary data analysis. The study found that the internal control systems used by Spark Rwanda in managing donor funds included; segregation of duties, authorization of transactions, retention of records, supervision or monitoring of operations and physical safeguards among others. The ways in which internal control systems have helped in the management of donor funds were according to respondents, preparation of financial reports containing most relevant material information, sufficient reliable information on budget execution, reducing the queries about the financial reports prepared, submission of reported for business advances in a timely manner and timely achievement of project objectives as per plans. Concerning the challenges of using internal control systems to manage donor funds, the study found out that the organizations facing some challenges like moral behavior of the employees in the organization, poor records management, improper payments, poor monitoring systems, recipient organization capacity to align itself to different requirement from multiple donors and inadequate skills. In a bit to address such challenges, the study made the following recommendations, NGOs should deliberately invest in putting in place sound internal control system and engage management and all members in the organization through training, coaching and mentoring. It is also recommended that SPARK should review their current accounting systems to identify gaps and then put in place steps to fill those gaps. Donors should intensify efforts to harmonize their practices and procedures to the maximum extent possible in a bid to reduce the capacity reducing impact they have on NGOs internal controls.

Surname:                   AYEBAZIBWE

Other Names:            PULICANO

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/090/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN IMPROVING HOUSEHOLD INCOMES IN KAMABUYE SECTOR, BUGESERA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                TUSIIME WILSON

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Microfinance has become very important in global poverty reduction debates. The popular assumption is that enabling poor households access to credit helps households begin micro entrepreneurship which would enable them improve their incomes and eventually escape poverty. Evidence from research so far has been scanty and many results have been highly contested.

The main objective of the dissertation was the role of microfinance institutions in improving household incomes in Kamabuye sector, Bugesera district. The study is an experimental case of Bugesera district where participants in microfinance programmes and non-participant households were studied over time, thus yielding a rich pooled data for analysis. On integrating time dynamics in the analysis, the results indicate a positive and significant impact of microfinance on household income. To this end the dissertation argues that there is a role of microfinance on the improvement of household incomes. It also asserts that providing affordable financial services to the rural population still remains to be an important component of development strategy. On the other hand the dissertation empathizes that there is need to come up with innovative microfinance institutions that are supportive of their own role in assets accumulation and wealth creation for their clients. This will involve innovative targeting of potential clients, as well as streamlined microfinance regulations to protect their clients.  In particular the study cautions that the ability of households to begin informal sole micro entrepreneurships should not be assumes to be adequate for the improvement of household income. There is need to create a policy framework to spur growth not only in the micro enterprises but also in the overall rural economy that would lead to the creation of employment opportunities and an increment in the agricultural output. This is quite a big task to accomplish and may require more than one particular policy intervention. In essence this calls for both private (microfinance) and public partnerships to create the environment where such poverty reduction objectives could be realized.

Surname:                   KYOMUGISHA

Other Names:            KELLEN CHARITY

Reg.No:                      07/KU/PG 17

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ASSESSING THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF RURAL WOMEN TO SOIL CONSERVATION IN KABALE DISTRICT. A CASE OF KAMUGANGUZI SUB-COUNTY

Supervisor:                PROF. ALLEN BABAGURA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study assesses the contributions of rural women to soil conservation in Kamuganguzi sub-county, Kabale district. The study targeted women because the population of women is higher than that of men in this sub-county, therefore their contributions to conservation matters. The study also looked at various forms of conservation used by rural women in Kamuganguzi sub-county. The researcher also looked at the methods of disseminating information used in the process of conserving soil resources in Kamuganguzi sub-county. Lastly but not the least, the researcher investigated the level of awareness and practices of rural women towards soil and water conservation in Kamuganguzi sub-county. The study used self administered questionnaires and interviews to collect data from respondents who included women, men and the youth to avoid prejudice. The number of respondents was 80 and was chosen randomly from the two parishes of Kicumbi and Buranga. Findings of the study suggest that women contribute more to soil conservation in Kamuganguzi sub-county because of their daily work of producing food for the family. On the basis of the findings, the study recommends that government should train more agricultural extension workers to teach rural farmers forms of conservation practices so as to increase output. More funding should be availed to the agricultural sector since it employs majority of the population in Uganda.

Surname:                   MUREKATETE

Other Names:            ALPHONSINE

Reg.No:                      09/F/MAPAM/063/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             MOTIVATION AND STAFF PERFORMANCE IN KIGALI INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION RWANDA

Supervisor:                MR. EDWIN BABIMPA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this study was to assess “Motivation on employee performance in Kigali Institute of education.” This study in an assessment of this purpose used deductive approach in which a qualitative research was carried out among workers at Kigali Institute of Education (KIE). The research was intended to get their responses on what they feel is (are) the best factors that could motivate them as employees. The analysis from the empirical findings showed that Job satisfaction was among the most ranked factors. This study therefore can be seen as an introduction to a more detailed study to be carried by future researchers on the field of employees’ motivation.

Surname:                   KUBWIMANA

Other Names:            AUDACE

Reg.No:                      09/F/MADS/072/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY AND INCOME. A CASE STUDY OF CORIKI AND CORIBARU IN RUHANGO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                Kenneth Tindimwebwa

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study had the purpose to investigate the contribution of farm cooperatives on members’ food security and income, to assess the difference between farm cooperative members and non cooperative members and identify various challenges that farm cooperatives do confront. The study covered two farm cooperatives CORIBARU and CORIKI and some non-cooperative members. From each cooperative, a sample of 30% has been randomly taken and the same number of respondents has as well been randomly interviewed from the non-cooperative members of the neighbouring households. Briefly, the sample for this study included 170 persons from CORIKI, 280 persons from CORIBARU and 450 persons from the non-cooperative members’ group. Data have been collected by both interviews and observation methods. Answers have been presented in either MS excel tables or graphs and discussed in details in chapter 4. Respondents revealed that cooperative members are better-off than non-cooperative members both in terms of food security and income status. An important percentage (53.8%) of non-cooperative members reported to belong in the lower annual income category (10.000frw – 50.000frw) whereas only 6.8& and 20% from respectively CORIBARU and CORIKI belong to this lower income category. The study has also shown that farm cooperatives have contributed to improving on members’ households’ food security and income. In CORIBARU, only 51.8% of respondents could access to 3 meals a day before joining the cooperative whereas 83.6% have currently accessed 3meals/day after having joined the cooperative. In CORIKI, only 24.1% could access to 3meals/day before joining the cooperative whereas 42.4% has currently accessed to that. 23% of respondents from CORIBARU reported to have had the annual income range of 100.000Rfr – 200.000RFR before cooperative formation and this percentage increased to 40% for the same income range after cooperative formation. In CORIKI, the increase of people in the income range of 100.00Rfr – 200.000 Rfr from 8.2% (before cooperative) to 24.1% (after cooperative) shows the contribution of the cooperative on annual income. Farm cooperative challenges have been identified: poor cooperative management by the committees, difficult access to agricultural inputs, poor infrastructure maintenance and lack of post-harvest infrastructure. Recommendations have been given to the government of Rwanda, non-governmental partners, cooperatives and researchers, all to strengthen farm cooperatives for the betterment of members’ food security and income and to encourage non-farm cooperative members to join cooperatives.

Surname:                   MUKANDEKEZI

Other Names:            PETRONILLE

Reg.No:                      10/F/MAED/012/PG/W

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             RULINDO CATHOLIC MISSION AND EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES: A CASE OF “MAISON D’ACCUEIL ESPERENCE” CENTRE IN RULINDO DISTRICT

Supervisor:                KENNETH TINDIMWEBWA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Rulindo Catholic Mission. Especially in MAISON D’ACCUEIL L’ESPERENCE” CNTRE.  Its major objective was to analyze the contribution of Rulindo  catholic  mission to the education of children and young people with disabilities. To achieve  the specific objectives, the information gathered  was analyzed from the sample of 48 respondents chosen in all categories of the total population based on gender, age, marital status, level of contribution to the education of children with disabilities in special needs education and inclusive education as well as though its activities. Disabled children develop the capacity to improve their lives and the development of society and the centre has helped change people’s mindset and attitudes to children with disabilities have to be protected from any kind of marginalization or discrimination. However, the centre and some challenges. Among them were: lack of enough funds, lack of adequate number of rooms; not have enough qualified personnel: weak collaboration between the centre and parents. The study recommends that government of Rwanda and nongovernmental organizations should increase their support to the centre’s program for children with disabilities and in training of specialist teachers. At the same the centre should initiate the program for the blinds children and recruit some disabled teachers to act as role models to the children.

Surname:                   CYUMA

Other Names:            JEAN CLAUDE

Reg.No:                      09/A/MADS/031/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CROP INTENSIFICATION PROGRAM AND SOCIO- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA.

Supervisor:                AKAMPA FRANK

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was done on the contribution of CIP towards the socio-economic well being of the people of Bugesera district, Rwanda. It was guided by four specific research objectives. These were achieved using descriptive and case study approaches that applied questionnaire administration, interviews and direct observation to collect primary data and secondary data. The study found that CIP has made significant contribution to the well-being of the people of Bugesera district. The study thus recommends awareness raising was still important in the implementation of CIP. There was also need to increase the number of agronomists as there were reported inadequacies of the extension officers. Once the extension officers are increased, it was enhance access to such services by the farmers which is vital in increasing productivity and output.

Surname:                   MWAMBARANGWE

Other Names:            DIDACIENNE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MADS/066/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF INDUCTION ON TEACHER’S PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NYARUGENGE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the contribution of teacher induction training towards teacher’s performance in secondary schools in Rwanda. Specific objectives of the study were; to determine the perceptions of teachers towards induction programs in secondary schools; investigate whether induction of teachers effect students” performance; and determine challenges involved in inducting teachers. The study used a cross- sectional design, which was largely descriptive and qualitative in nature with use of 85 respondents including teachers, head teachers/deputies and district officials. Data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Major findings revealed that the teachers’ have positive perceptions about induction. It was found that majority of the respondents agreed that induction is necessary when a teacher is starting his/her career. Teachers believe that induction contributes to their performance. Induction was found to play a significant role on the teachers’ performance through; increasing teachers’ confidence, improving teachers’ retention, enhancing teachers’ professional growth, increasing teachers’ job satisfaction, enhancing teachers’ responsibilities and enhancing teachers’ intellectual development. Challenges facing new teachers’ induction programs were found to include; low salaries, too much work load, inadequate time allocated to inductees, inadequate facilities and lack of motivation by senior teachers among others. The study concluded that the results indicated that the teacher induction is important for enhancing teacher performance because it was well beyond the benchmark sig meaning that the code of conduct does not have a positive effect on the teacher performance. The study recommends that the ministry of Education in Rwanda implements induction programs in all schools throughout the country. New teachers throughout the country should always be exposed to induction to orient them to the teaching service as this has been found to effect teachers’ performance and eventually translated into students performance. The school managers should design effective induction monitoring and evaluation systems to produce sound evidence as to whether induction makes a difference in the performance of teachers and students on not.

Surname:                   HUMUZA

Other Names:            OSWALD

Reg.No:                      09/A/KAB/MADS/022/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PEOPLE’S PARTICIPATION IN DECENTRALIZATION IN RWANDA A CASE OF NYARUGENGE DISTRICT, 2005-2009

Supervisor:                DR. CAB ZIGIRA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

In Rwanda, the decentralization policy was developed after widespread consultation on the causes of disunity among Rwandans. On 26th may 2000, the Government of Rwanda adopted decentralization as a policy and a strategy for implementation. In the countrywide consultations, the citizens’ participation in the implementation of decentralization process in Rwanda with special reference to Nyakabanda sector. The purpose of the study was to determine how people have perceived the decentralization policy, to assess the level of citizens’ participation in the decentralization process in Nyakabanda sector and to find out the roles that citizens are playing in decentralization. The study found that Rwanda has successfully managed to establish an efficient and effective decentralization model that enables citizens to to access the government services at the grassroots level. In order to meet the citizens’ participation, local authorities make use of different opportunities. At the end of the study, some recommendations were made such as sensitizing citizens about decentralization policy and its advantages in different fields such as education and health because most of them do not understand this policy; sensitization of the opinion leaders and intellectuals to participate in different activities of decentralization policy, because their participation will motivate other citizens and leaders should come nearer to the people, especially local communities in order to sensitize them to participate in those activities because to local communities are the ones who benefit from this policy.

Surname:                   NZEYIMANA

Other Names:            EMMANUEL

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/095/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: THE IMPACT OF MAIZE POST-HARVEST ANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON SMALL FARM HOLDERS INCOME IN UMUCYO COOPERATIVE SOCIETY, BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                FRED MASHEREKA

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The government of Rwanda has given high priority to production of maize in the country’s marshlands, huge investments were done. In maize cooperatives like UMUCYO, farmers responded by growing maize as a cash crop, consequently the production increased together with the needs in postharvest materials and skills to ensure proper post harvest management to meet market conditions of quality and quantity as determinant of prices. The government’s investments in this sub-sector aims to reduce poverty to increasing the income of small farmers, the current situation is that most maize is dried , stored and processed using inappropriate materials and techniques which resulted by high maize losses and effects the quality (moisture content and impurity)which conditions the prices that are offered by the market. The vision of government Rwanda (vision 2020) of reducing poverty, food insecurity and increase the per capita income to 900 USD, from 220 USD in year 2000 (MINECOFIN, 2000) is constrained by this situation. There are three important issues her; the first is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from using cooperative appropriate channel for selling maize. The second is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from improving the quality of maize through improving drying and storing practices by reducing the losses and complying with market conditions of maize moisture content. The third is if there are gains through improving quality of maize by improved primary postharvest practices (Threshing, drying, winnowing and sorting) both aiming at increasing the small farmer’s income. The research findings revealed that the majority of farmers don’t have postharvest facilities; also it revealed a high need of primary post harvest materials for winnowing and drying which incur high maize losses and deterioration of quality. By improving maize postharvest practices and availing necessary materials and infrastructures will certainly increase income of small farmers.

Surname:                   NIYIBIZI

Other Names:            LEA LILIANE

Reg.No:                      09/F/KAB/MAPPM/056/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: THE EFFECTS OF GENDER INTEGRATION IN HIV/AIDS CONTROL PROJECT: CASE STUDY OF                                           HCSP IN GICUMBI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                  MARIA GORETTI ADUBO

Date of submission:     OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The research was conducted with the objective “to assess the effects of Gender integration in HIV?AIDS control project in Gicumbi health facilities which integrate Gender in all HIV and AIDS program with the support from Intral Health / HCSP project”. It relies on quantitative and qualitative data collected through four questionnaires; one addressed to a sample of women ollents of PMTCT program, another for male partners, another for healthcare  providers involved in PMTCT  and GBV services and the last one addressed to the key informants (Head managers for health centers and HCSP managers). The study was done in 5 health centers (Byumba,Munyinya, Rutare, Kigogo and Mukono) located in Gicumbi district, North province of Rwanda. It was found that through PMTCT program: (a) pregnant women are tested for HIV and they are recommended to be accompanied by their partners, but some partners wait to be invited by health providers refused to come ; (b) while the achievements for the integration of gender in the PMTCT program, the study shows that follow up must still be made for couples in the context of prevention and management  of conflicts of HIV testing, providers should even put greater emphasis  on counseling on prevention of gender and GBVs; (c) disputes and conflicts occur in couples after HIV testing, the study shows that the resolution of these disputes is not always obvious , and care providers play an important role in solving them- The majority of the providers involved in the PMTCT program have no university education but they are trained on gender and GBVs management ; (d) HCSP project providers support to health facilities in Gicumbi to integrate gender into PMTCT program availing protocol, equipment, education materials and training of health providers. In conclusion, recommendations were made to increase awareness of the community for the involvement of partners in the HIV services and DBV prevention using community Health workers and empowering women by encouraging couples to formalize their marital status. Also it is recommended to the projects to strengthen trained providers on follow up of couples to support them on prevention and resolving conflict which can occur after HIV testing.

Surname:                   UWIMANA

Other Names:            CHRYSOSTOME

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/047/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: LAND USE CONSOLIDATION PROGRAM IN RWANDA: A CAS OF MIMULI SECTOR, NYAGATARE                                        DISTRICT

Supervisor:                 AKAMPA FRANK

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study analyzed the land use consolidation program in Rwanda. It was carried out in Mimuli sector, Nyagatare District, Eastern province Rwanda. The underlying concern was that faced with the increasing agricultural productivity in Rwanda. The Rwandan government initiated different program and policy approaches to address agricultural sector in Rwanda in order to improve the agricultural productivity, among these was land use program, an agricultural approach which involves consolidation of different farm lands with a purpose of growing a particular crop on a large scale. The government has adopted consolidated agricultural practices as an appropriate approach to fatten agriculture’s productivity. Around 80 percent of the population depending on agriculture for their livelihoods however availability is scarce with high population density. Government has implemented various programs to tackle the constraints of agricultural modernization limited land available, soil erosion and high population density though these present difficult challenges, there have been great achievements due to the hard work of MINAGRI, supporting agencies, private sector and a willingness of farmers to improve their livelihoods. Questionnaire and interview guides were used to cover 62 respondents. All respondents who participated were selected using both simple random and purposive sampling. The research findings revealed that despite to meaningfully improve the agricultural productivity through the two out of three models (cooperatives arrangement and farming contracts/ individuals) of land use consolidation chosen by the farmers of Mimuli sector. Firstly it provides a solid base for economic expansion in Rwanda- with agricultural growth 3.2% in the FY 2010-2011 (NISR). As a share of GDP, the agriculture sector makes up 31%. Land use consolidation has succeeded in Mimuli sector according to the progress of productivity where the yield increased up twice of kg/per hector and arable land consolidated is 4,327 hectares out of 5,726.44 hectares of total area in Mimuli sector. Land use program is the best program at the national level to use for boosting the agricultural productivity.

Surname:                   KARAMIRA

Other Names:            JEAN BAPTISTE 

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/061/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: BUDGETING PRACTICES AND HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY IN RULI DISTRICT HOSPITAL, RWANDA

Supervisor:                    ZEHIREYO WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:      SEPTEMBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was set out to establish relationship between budgeting practices and health service delivery in Ruli district Hospital, Rwanda. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: to assess the budgeting practices used in Ruli district hospital; to evaluate the effectiveness of budgeting practices on health service delivery in Ruli district hospital and to examine the problems faced during the budgeting process in Ruli district hospital. A range of literature concerning budgeting and health service delivery was reviewed and this included the different types of budgets, budgeting process, budget participation, budgeting and service delivery in health sector, etc. Descriptive research design was used and in this both qualitative and quantitative designs were utilized. Purposive and simple random sampling methods were also used to select 103 respondents of the study. The data were mainly corrected using a questionnaire and interview. The study found out that Ruli district hospital budget committee members consisted of accounts and finance individuals. Other departments such as human resource management, procurement and operations were not much involved in the budget committee. The final decision on budget proposal was made by the managing Director of the institution while other departments and sectors such as board of directors were left out in the process. The study also found out that there is a relationship between budgeting practices and health service delivery. The study recommends that for effective budgetary planning, all departments need to be involved in the budget committee in order to overcome problems of budgeting, institutions need to develop strong financial integration with performance management and also to have appropriate timing of the financial plan. Management has to put in an effort to ensure that the basic objectives of budgeting are achieved .A  joint  effort on the part of all departmental heads is required in preparing the budget in deciding goals and objectives, setting priorities, developing future action plans and formulating general and specific policies.

Surname:                   UWIMBABAZI

Other Names:            SOLANGE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/112/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CREDIT MANAGEMENT AND LOANS PORTIFOLIO IN RWANDA: A CASE OF UMWALIMU SACCO MUSANZE

Supervisor:                            ZEHIREYO WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the credit management and loans potfolio in Umwalimu SACCO, Rwanda . The objectives of the study included analyzing the effect of good credit management on financial performance of Umwalimu SACCO, examining problems faced in credit management in Mwalimu SACCO, and to explore steps taken by Mwalimu SACCO to improve credit management. A quantitative study was conducted whose population consisted of 140 objects from which a sample size 70 elements was selected. Questionnaires were used to collected data and the data were analysed using SPSS software package to generate descriptive statistics. The study findings revealed the effective credit management results in the ability to analyse credit bureau information and  the adoption of credit scoring models; while the major challenges include internal and external fraud, bad debts, customer migration to competitors, lack of affordable funding, regulation of the industry and others the ciustomer illiteracy, inflation, unfair government policies. It was concluded that loans portfolio risks in Rwanda are therefore manageable with a combination of the SACCO industry understands risks in the industry and has the tools to manage these risks, it will enable them to ensure sustainability of their businesses as well as address financial needs of the lower income and of the market in Rwanda in the best possible way.

Surname:                   MUTIMA

Other Names:            GORDON KAPPA

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAPAM/043/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL SCALE DAILY FARMING COMMUNITY WELFARE.A CASE STUDY OF RUHAMA SUB-COUNTY, NTUNGAMO DISTRICT, SOUTHWESTERN UGANDA

Supervisor:                ADALBERT AINE-OMUCUNGUZI

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Ruhama sub-county, Ntungamo district in South western Uganda with the aim of assessing the contribution of small scale dairy farming in improving household welfare. The specific objectives of the study were; firstly to assess the methods used in milk  handling by dairy farmers in Ruhama sub county; secondary, to examine the contribution of small-scale dairy farming  to  the socio-economic household welfare; thirdly , to determine the constraints facing small scale dairy farming in Ruhama sub-county; and lastly to identify possible interventions of improving small scale dairy farming in Ruhama sub-county. The data for this study was collected through a cross –section survey which involved both dairy and non-dairy farming households. In-depth interviews were carried out to gather the data. Data were analyzed using statistic packages for social sciences (SPSS 11.0) Results from this study indicated that the majority of the dairy farmers used plastic utensils in milk handling. The study also revealed that the milk produced in the area was below the local demand and as a result, most of it was bought directly from the farmers by neighboring households for domestic consumption. Further, the study results indicated that small scale dairy farming contributed substantially to household welfare. Income from dairy farming was spent in education, health services and general household improvement. Dairy farming household were having more meals par day than non-dairy farming households which implied that dairy farming households were more food secure than non-dairy farming households. Ticks, diseases and scarcity of artificial insemination services were the major constraints of small –scale dairy farming in the area. Bring veterinary services closer to farmers, sensitizing farmers and formation of milk cooperative unions were the major interventions that could be taken to improve small scale dairy farming in the study area.

Due to its contribution to household poverty, this study recommends that dairy farming should be promoted as a poverty reduction strategy in rural areas.

Surname:                   NKUSI

Other Names:            MOSES

Reg.No:                      10/A/MADS/031/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF FOREIGN AID IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN GATSIBO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                            Zehireyo Wycliffe

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The current study examined the role of foreign aid in Agricultural development of Rwanda, taking Gatsibo District as the case study. The following specific objectives were formulated to guide the study. To review the nature and structure of foreign aid in Rwanda’s agricultural sector; to identify the determinants of agricultural production in Rwanda and to evaluate the role of foreign aid in improving agricultural production in Rwanda. A cross-sectional study design was used with the help of quantitative and qualitative study approaches. The study population was made up of NGO and government officials and farmers who have benefited from agricultural projects supported by aid from January 2009 to 2011 and these included selected household farmers on small scale and commercial farmers on large scale basis who number to 150. Major findings indicate that popular participation exists in the foreign aid activities implemented by NGOs in Rwana but only at the farmers’ group level. Beneficiary farmers benefit in the formation of farmers’ organizations, attend farmers’ group or inter group meetings as well as training. Farmers also benefit in the selection of enterprise, eEnterprise, elect group leaders as well as representatives at various levels. The study further revealed that benefits farmers get from foreign aid spills in the farming sector included, formation of farmers’ organizations, attending trainings from foreign NGOs selection of enterprises to be supported in a given financial year and election of farmer group executives and representatives at various levels. Others were, monitoring and evaluation of agricultural funded activities, participation in procurement and supply of agricultural and technology input/implements to farmers, liaising with agricultural based NGOs and private sector for market support and participation in agricultural trade fairs plus group farming, proposal writing, social events. In conclusion, popular participation existed in the first phase of the foreign aid activities implementation (2001-2007) but has been on decline. Forms and scope of participation by the beneficiary farmers include selecting enterprises, forming farmers’ organizations, electing group leaders and representatives, attending training and group and inter-group meetings. Major recommendations are information on aid, use of agricultural extension service coordinators at district levels and increased participation of beneficiaries of agricultural foreign aid.

Surname:                   NSABIMANA

Other Names:            JEAN DEDIEU

Reg.No:                      09/F/MAPPM/021/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: FOOD STORAGE CO-OPERATIVES AND ACESS BANK LOANS IN BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                 Godfrey Barigye

Date of submission:    OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study set out to assess the contribution of food storage to access of finances/bank loan to increase business and income generating activities within rural settings in Bugesera as well as looking at possible challenges and limitations for proper recommendation that may result in  expansion of cooperative. The objectives of the study were to examine the contribution of warrantage in the food storage activities by accessing the development, analyze whether the food storage activities generate income in favor of members of co-operatives located in Bugesera  District and lastly to formulate strategies to improve community participation for food storage cooperatives interventions. The study employed qualitative and quantitative methods of Data collection which included us of questionnaires, use of interview methods, and also documentary methods while in the field. The findings were obtained, interpreted, discussed and analyzed and then later summarized in tables. The researcher went ahead to give a summary of findings, conclusion and the recommendations of the report as they were given by the respondents. The findings clearly exposed that food storage cooperatives have a great impact on their members’ livelihood development in Bugesera District.

Surname:                 NYINAWUMUNTU

Other Names:            DOMITHILLE

Reg.No:                      09/F/MAED/075/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             NEW PRIMARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM IN RWANDA; THE CASE STUDY OF RULINDO DISTRICTMUNYAKIGEZI PAUL

Supervisor:                            REV. FR Date of submission:                      OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was about the primary school curriculum in Rwanda. The main purpose was to explore the challenges of curriculum implementation in primary schools of Rulindo District in Rwanda. The followings were the objectives: to explore whether primary school teachers implement effectively official curriculum in a classroom experience, to explore the impact of monetary incentives on teachers’ performance in curriculum implementation, to analyze the impact of medium of instruction on curriculum implementation and to explore the impact of availability of teaching and learning resources on curriculum implementation in primary schools. In the study, the target population consisted of all primary school teachers of Rulindo District of Rwanda. The sample size consisted of 100 primary teachers of  Rulindo District who were related by systematic sampling. The researcher applied both qualitative and quantitative designs in administering research instruments. Data obtained from the primary school teachers revealed that the teachers do not implement effectively the official curriculum. The challenges area that primary school teachers face during curriculum implementation were as follows lack of motivation due to low salary scale, Language barrier, limited teaching and learning resources. Results showed that impacts of these challenges experienced by primary school teachers significantly affect curriculum implementation and quality of Education. The following recommendations were to be considered: Teachers should be provided with regular seminars and workshops concerning curriculum implementation. Teachers should be given incentives, such as salary, top ups, as motivation to do their work, and hence implement  the curriculum. The curriculum, besides the English translation should be translated in Runyarwanda and French. Teaching and learning resources should be available in order to effectively implement the curriculum in primary schools. Courses in  English language skills should be made compulsory for all primary school teachers of francophone origin in Rwanda.

Surname:                   HAKUZWEYEZU

Other Names:            AIMABLE

Reg.No:                      10/F/MAPPM/069/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW SCIENCE CURRICULUM IN KIGALI CITY CENTEERS OF EXCELLENCE.

Supervisor:                            AKAMPA FRANK AND GODFREY BARIGYE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was done to assess the planning and implementation of the  new science curriculum in Kigali City Centers of Excellence. The study was undertaken in three Kigali centers of excellence; Fawe girls, E.s Kanombe/EFOTEC and Lycee Notre Dame de Citeaux, which were the best performing  schools 2011 in science in their respective districts Gasabo, Kicukiro and Nyarugenge. The specific research objectives focused on understanding the perceptions of students and teachers towards the new science curriculum, how the new science curriculum planning, monitoring and evaluation are affecting curriculum implementation and the factors that affect the successful implementation of the New Science Curriculum. Data was obtained through primary and secondary resources. Random and purposive sampling was used where the respondents among students, teaching staff, and education officers responded to the questions. The data collection methods and techniques included personal interviews and questionnaires Data was presented in form of table and   description. The major finding more responds indicate that planning, Monitoring and Evaluation are the main factors of the implementation of new science curriculum on one hand but in another hand there are among challenges that hinder to achieve a successful implementation of this curriculum. The researcher further proposed the recommendations for challenges of new science curriculum implementation to these in charge to increase the planning, monitoring and evaluation and enabling all implementers terms of training in new science curriculum implementation as well as to handle the challenges risen up during the implementation.

 Surname:                  KALISA

Other Names:            NARCISSE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAPPM/098/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             EFFECTS OF INFORMAL CROSS-BORDER TRADE ON THE LIVELIHOOD OF HOUSEHOLDS. A CASE STUDY OF GOMA-GISENYI BOARDER

Supervisor:                            AMBROSE RWAHERU AHEISIBWE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

For several years, informal cross border trading has been an important source of income for people with less education and low capital. However, much as the sector is crucial to sustain the livelihood of the population, it has attracted less attention of researchers and decision-makers. The overall, objective of this study was to assess the effects of informal cross border trade (ICBT) on the livelihood of households on Gisenyi-goma boarder, specifically on Petite Barriere entry point. Specifically, the study had the following objectives: to establish characteristics of small traders engaged in ICBT on Gisenyi-Goma border, to explore the extent to which ICBT contributes to households’ incomes of people engaged in the sector and finally to establish challenges and coping strategies of small traders in informal cross border trading. The study used both qualitative and quantitative data collected on the two sides of Goma-Gisenyi border in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and in Rwandan before the outbreak of the M23 mutiny. In total 127 respondents were interviewed and data analyzed using SPSS. A number of findings emerged from this study. First, the study revealed that ICBT on this border is largely dominated by women (76 percent). The majority of people involved in this business have less education (91 percent completed their primary education) and low capital. The average starting capital for Rwandan cross border traders is estimated at $57.74 while it is estimated at $82.39 for their Congolese counterparts. Secondly, ICBT constitutes the main source of income for informal cross border traders and this enables them to cater for the education of their children and health care for their families. Thirdly, the study indicated that informal cross border traders face many challenges hindering their business including cases of harassment, lack of enough capital, high taxes and acts of thefts among others and provides insight into strategies adopted by traders to cupe up with them. Finally, the study recommended to the governments of DRC and Rwanda to fight against various cases of harassment which is one of main challenges of the sector.

Surname:                   RUKUNDO

Other Names:            PASCAL

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAED/081/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ADOLESCENT PREGNANCIES IN THE BASIC EDUCATION SCHOOLS OF RWANDA: THE CASE OF MUHANGA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                            BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at finding out the causes, effects and possible solutions of school adolescent pregnancy in basic education schools of Muhanga District. To achieve our objectives, a sample of 108 educational stakeholders in six administrative sectors of Muhanga District was selected. They included parents, students, teachers and owners of schools. Local authorities and some victims of school adolescent pregnancy. Data were collected by use of questionnaires, interviews and document analysis methods. After data collection, they were subjected to both quantitative and qualitative analysis but most importantly to qualitative analysis. The research findings pointed that the lack of sexual education in schools and in families, poverty and juvenile delinquency are the main drivers of student adolescent pregnancies in Muhanga District. The findings also highlighted that student adolescent pregnancy impacts negatively on the adolescent mother, impact starting with drop out, poverty and health risks including HIV/AIDS. The newborn is at high risk of death, psychosocial problems, lack of parental love, and poverty. Suggestions drawn from the social background to prevent from student adolescent pregnancy include the comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education, strengthening all strategies taken to reduce and fight against poverty especially in rural areas. In addition, the role of adult men to impregnate teenagers has been demonstrated and local population suggest special measures to educate adult men towards their responsibilities as adults and teenage rights but most importantly taking serous punishments against those “sugar daddies” has been stressed. Recommendations towards different stakeholders to prevent from student adolescent pregnancies have been formulated. They include but not limited to the increase of personal responsibility of adolescent students to promote healthy behavior for successful achievement in schools and attainment of life-long goals provided that they are the first one to suffer great consequences of teenage pregnancy. In addition, there is a great need of implementing comprehensive sex education that teaches about abstinence as the best method for avoiding HIV/AIDS, STDs and unintended pregnancy, but also teaches about condoms and contraception, education that teaches interpersonal and communication skills and helps young people explore their own values, goals and options, to make responsible decisions about their sexuality and reproductive health. The reinforcement of Anti-AIDS clubs and integration in curricula of sexual education and reproductive health issues on the national education curricula of sexual education and reproductive health issues on the national education curricula of sexual education and reproductive health issues on the national education curricula and monitor on the regular basis the implementation of those curricula.

Surname:                   NIWAHEBWA

Other Names:            NELSON

Reg.No:                      06/KU/PG.16

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN KEBISONI SUB-COUNTY RUKUNGIRI DISTRICT - UGANDA

Supervisor:                            PROF. BABUGURA ALLEN

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

 

BSTRACT

The study sought to investigate the contribution of women empowerment on the economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri district. It was guided by the following specific objectives: to find the contribution of women property rights on economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri District, to explore the contribution of women financial decisions to economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri District and to investigate the contribution of women involvement in development activities to the economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri District. The study used a case study design with qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data were obtained from 4 districts community development officials, 14 sub-county administrative leadership and 70 members of the local councils. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and interview guide. They were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Data from interviews were analyzed using a master sheet and content analysis. The study concludes that women empowerment towards property ownership spurs economic development. This is attributed to uplifted production capacity leading improvement of financial assets. It was also found that women empowerment in financial decisions is a corner stone to economic development. When women begin earning some income it increases their autonomy and family relations increasing opportunities to reduce poverty and that involvement of women in development activities increases output and productivity because of commitment to services and increases purchasing power of the family and community at large leading to economic development due to increased shared knowledge. This study recommends to the Ministry of Gender, Community and Labor affairs to enact and disseminate laws that empower women to own property. This can be attained by incorporating some aspects of such circulars and laws in the school curriculum to the children grow up in the know of gender equality as regards property ownership that community stakeholders like civil servants, political leaders and religious leaders should sensitize communities in various places on need to empower women in financial decisions and that communities should adopt the culture of involving women on various development schemes. This can be attained by coming up with a policy that spells that from community project, there should be positions for women. Women on these positions should be empowered to take and make decisions. 

Surname:                   NKURAYIJA

Other Names:            ERIC

Reg.No:                      10/F/MAPAM/048/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             IMPLEMENTATION OF PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS IN RWANDA: THE CASE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN RUBAVU DISTRICT

Supervisor:                            PROF. GEORGE ALIBARUHO

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The overall objective of this study was to investigate challenges faced by local government in implementation of performance contracts practices in Rubavu District, Rwanda. Accordingly various scholarly works were reviewed to inform the conceptual framework and research methodology for the study. Using survey design, it was possible to get variety of views and opinions from Rubavu district local leaders and local people who were sampled and selected by simple random technique. The views, opinions attitude and experiences of respondents were obtained using questionnaires as the main research instrument. The study revealed that there was better performance based contract and it has achieved some of the set targets set during performance contract planning but due to the following challenges Rubavu district targets were not fully achieved, unrealistic and over ambitious targets, lack of experienced staff, poor monitoring and evaluation, high staff turnover, unclear task definition for district staff and limited financial capacity. As conclusion the Rubavu district performance based system of service provision would have performed better if the above challenges were addressed effectively. For better achievement of performance contract objectives, central government should develop a comprehensive policy to guide the planning, implementation and evaluation of performance – based contract process, citizen participation in the process needs to be enhanced more support for priority areas identified at household, village and cell levels is needed, leadership gap should be bridged by developing and implementing a comprehensive capacity building programme for leaders, including organization and management, meeting organization goals, participatory approaches to development management, time management and developing strategies to encourage youth to participate in development programmes including Imihigo. It is also important to put in place mechanisms involving the performance strategies to increase the implementation of results – based budgeting, improve cross ministerial coordination and improve decentralization process.

Surname:                   KIIZA

Other Names:            WILLIAM

Reg.No:                      06/KU/PG 20

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ECONOMIC ILLS AND BENEFITS OF ALCOHOL IN KITOBA SUB-COUNTY, HOIMA DISTRICT

Supervisor: :              PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA                  

ABSTRACT

Alcohol is produced, sold and consumed almost in every society in the world, despite the widely known health dangers associated with it. The present study aimed at analyzing its economic ills and benefits as way of understanding why the practice has been difficult to prevent. The study was descriptive and cross sectional, done in Kitoba sub-county in Hoima district. It analyzed the economic ills and benefits of alcohol to households in that sub-county. The sample size was 108 respondents sampled using stratified random technique. Data were collected using a semi structured questionnaires to conduct the interviews. Analysis was performed partly by computer and manually. The age range was 58 years. The majority of the sample was males and also majority of them were married. Majority of the sampled respondents drank alcohol. The majority drank alcohol were also selling it. Majority of respondents who drink alcohol saw no benefit in the practice. This was as expected, contrary to the sellers where a big number associated it with benefits. The economic ills of alcohol outweighed its benefits. The worst ill was poverty and the greatest benefit was being a source of school fees. The economic ills of alcohol were more than its economic benefits in Kitoba Sub-County. Social ills of alcohol were more widely known in the study area than the economic ills. Further research on this problem should be carried out in this area. The people in the area should be trained and encouraged to start alternative income generating activities. The local government should come up with a policy to address the issues of alcohol in this area. Health staff should mobilize and sensitive community about alcohol addiction. Ministry of Health should establish psychosocial support unit at health centres for the alcohol addicts

Surname:                   SIBOMANA

Other Names:            CHARLES

Reg.No:                      09/A/KAB/MBA/105/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PERFORMANCE OF NURSES IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MUHIMA DISTRICT HOSPITAL

Supervisor:                            REV. FR. MUNYAKIGEZI PAUL

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Creating and facilitating the occupational and career mobility, this is defined as the ease with which one can switch careers or occupations within one career category. From clinical nurse to physician’s assistant or from nurse to community health educator, is known to be a motivator of staff and enhancer of productivity of staff and an organization. This research is about performance of Nurses in Rwanda taking Muhima District Hospital (MDH) as a case study. Its specific objectives were to establish the impact of mobility opportunities in the form of vertical mobility, horizontal mobility, career profession content modifiers such as training and related underlying cost geographical mobility and the nursing care services delivery environment (hospital facilities). The study analyzed how these factors interact to impact on performance of nurses of MDH in Rwanda and how that performance has affected the effectiveness of health service delivery of the hospital. The study suggested measures to motivate and retain nurses at the hospital in the face of expanded mobility opportunities especially the broadening of regional opportunities.

Surname                     BAMWESIGYE

Other Names:            CHARLES ALBERT

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/014/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: TEENAGE MARRIAGES AND GIRL’S EDUCATION IN KANUNGU DISTRICT, UGANDA

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       AUGUST, 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out on teenage marriages and girl’s education in three sub-counties of Kanungu District that is, Kirima, Kihihi and Mpungu. A representative sample size of 120 respondents was used. These included elders, local leaders, youths like boys and girls, religious leaders, head teachers, DEO, inspectors of schools and district population officers. Data was collected using interview guides and questionnaires, and both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used in data analysis. It identified the challenges faced by teenage marriages, analyzed by the effects of teen marriages on girl’s education and suggests ways of addressing teen marriages in Kanungu District. Harassment by teachers, girls feeling that they are too mature to be in schools, parental pressures so as to get bride wealth, defilement and rape were among other causes. It was recommended that teachers should stop corporal punishments, give counseling services, enough parental care and local councils must enforce the laws guiding the young children and the local leaders need to emphasize laws that protect childrens’ rights, policy to cater for the girl children who give birth to be allowed to get back to school and this should be a government policy, parents should be counseled to get out of the trauma of their daughters, early pregnancies. Lastly, the public should be sensitized that education has no age limit. The age limit can be there if what you are learning is harmful to your life.

Surname                     SANA SABIN

Other Names:            ALBERT

Reg No:                      08/M/KAB/MADS/140/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             AN EVALUATION OF PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RWANDA: KIGALI CITY AS A CASE STUDY

Supervisor:                NARIS TIBENDERANA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER, 2012

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the evaluation of plastic waste management in Rwanda. its specific objectives were to evaluate the contribution of different stakeholds involved in waste management in Kigali City; to examine the challenges of waste management as well as chart a way forward. A total of 66 respondents were selected and they included government respondents, cooperative of waste management representatives and opinion leaders. Three tools were used to collect data and they were questionnaire, an interview guide and documentary review. The research also employed observation to collect qualitative data which supplemented the quantitative data. In other words, both qualitative and quantitative design was employed. Data was presented in tables, charts and graphs. Percentages were used in analysis of the findings. The major finding was that process of plastic waste management was done by private companies which were organized by cooperatives. The major conclusion was that general population was not involved in the decision making process of waste management. The researcher made major recommendations but the most important one being the establishment of waste management committees on cell/village or any administrative unit for sustainability purposes.

Surname                     TUMWIJUKYE

Other Names:            APOLLO

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/010/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF WORLD VISION UGANDA TO SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS. A CASES TUDY OF RUKIGA COUNTY

Supervisor:                BETTY MATEGEKO NKUNDIZANA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER, 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to examine the contribution of non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) to socio-economic development of rural areas in Uganda, a cases study of world vision Uganda in Rukiga County and more specifically in Kamwezi and Bukinda Sub-Counties in Kabale District. The study was guided by the three objectives; to find out the contribution of NGOs to socio-economic development of rural areas, to investigate the hindrances to effective contribution of NGOs to socio-economic development of rural areas and to explore the way forward to increase contribution of NGOs to socio-economic development of rural areas. The respondents were selected from Rukiga, local leaders, heads of schools, In charges of health centers, district representatives(Councilors and community Based Services) and the composition of world vision staff members exemplified organization control in the study. The study particularly sought to examine and recommend the kind of contributions world vision has made to Socio-economic development of Rukiga in Kamwezi and Bukinda. The study was conducted using a cases study and employed both qualitative and quantitative techniques. Data was collected during the months of August 2012, using document review, questionnaires and focus group discussions from 85 respondents who were selected using simple random sampling, systematic random sampling and purposive sampling from accessible population of 365 people in the study area. Data was analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The study established that world vision interventions have contributed to the development of Rukiga via education, health, community mobilization, livelihood improvement, community development and advocacy. Hindrances to effective contribution of world vision to socio-economic development was due to lack of community participation and involvement since in many occasions world vision employed top to bottom planning design in response to high pressure from their supervisors, lack of ownership and sustainability of interventions and this was partly because they were not involved in planning, implementation and monitoring  and evaluation. In response to what should be done to increase NGO contribution to socio-economic development, the results indicated that there is need for community empowerment through advocacy interventions and approaches like vulnerable children advocacy and citizen voice and action so that the community members may demand for accountability and delivery of quality services by service providers. It was conclude that top bottom approach that NGO employ in management of programmes and reporting systems including decision making approach being applied were hindrances of NGOs in increasing its contributions towards socio-economic Development. it was recommended that world vision would work better after having close and strong partnerships with the ownership and sustainability.

Surname                     TUMUHIMBISE

Other Names:            ZADOCK

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/112/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: ANALYSIS OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF GIRLS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       AUGUST, 2012

ABSTRACT

This study focused on analysis of factors affecting academic performance of girls in Kabale District and was guided by the three objectives; to analyse the performance of the girls in schools in Kabale District; to analyse factors that affect girls’ academic performance in primary schools; and to propose solutions to girl’s academic performance in schools. The study was a cross section in nature; involved 149 participants and data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and observation. The findings of the study revealed. that the academic performance of girls in schools in Kabale district was wanting; factors that affect girls’ academic performance were analysed, solutions to girls’ academic performance proposed. Conclusions were drawn emanating from the analysis of the related data; a set of recommendations presented; and areas for further research were suggested.

 

Surname                     MUKUNDABANTU

Other Names:            MARTIN

Reg No:                      09/KAB/MADS/003/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             NON GOVERNMNETAL ORGANISATIONS AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN AGRARIAN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF WOMEN FOR WOMEN INTERNATIONAL IN KAYONZA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER, 2012

ABSTRACT

The research was carried out to evaluate the role of women for women international in Kayonza District in empowering women in rural areas in Rwanda. The research was a descriptive case study on women for women international in Rwanda, with quantitative and qualitative approaches. A total study sample of 130 respondents was used. Questionnaires and interviews were administered. Research findings revealed that women for women international has enhanced and empowered women to participate in local businesses such as road side business and acquisition of leadership skills. The possible ways of enhancing women empowerment was found to be; leadership workshops and seminars offering soft loans, and motivating them into leadership roles and handling their own problems such family management; including food security. The recommendations were that women should organize themselves into cooperatives so that the bargaining power is enhanced.

Surname                     DUSABE KABAYIZA

Other Names:            WINFRED

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPPM/004/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AND PROFITABILITY OF INYANGE INDUSTRIES IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       JANUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

The study focused on working capital management and the profitability of inyange industries in Rwanda. this aimed at assessing the effect of Working Capital Management on the profitability levels of Iyange Industries in Rwanda, to explore the extent to which working capital managementpractices affect profitability levels of Inyange Industries in Rwanda and to analyse how accounts receivables affect profitability of Inyange Industries in Rwanda. Both primary and secondary data in relation to the study variables were obtained. In collecting primary data, the researcher used both questionnaires and interview guide from Inyange’s employees. For secondary data, the study utelised the company’s Audited Financial Annual Reports for the period of 2009-2011. Over all, the practices are poor as portrayed in payment of Inyange on late payment of creditors, absence of property records on their obligations to supplier, supplers are not informed of the delays in payments and that the businesses keep a delay payment policy. This implies that Inyange Industries have not been able to manage its suppliers’ obligation in an efficient way. In light of the set study objectives, it is recommended that practitioners and Inyange Industries’ managers increase the involvement of the staff in the process of of strategic management of their firms a more stringent management of accounts payables should be adopted. There should be a better collection policy of credits so as to reduce liquidity, need to develop a strong creditor management policy and system that will enable the Inyange Industries to improve supplier relationships. Some of the policy should include but not limited to maintaining strong liquidity position to meet the obligations as they become due, matching maturities of debt recoveries and creditors, payment.

Surname                     BAMWESIGYE

Other Names:            CHARLES ALBERT

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/014/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: TEENAGE MARRIAGES AND GIRLS’ EDUCATION IN KANUNGU DISTRICT, UGANDA

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       AUGUST 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out on teenage marriages and girls’ education in three sub-counties of Kanungu District that is Kirima, Kihihi and Mpungu. A representative of sample size of 120 respondents was used. These included, elders, local leaders, youths- like boys and girls religious leaders, head teachers DEO, inspectors of schools and district population officers. Data was collected using interview guides and questionnaires and both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used in data analysis. It identified the challenges faced by teenage marriages, analyzed the effects of teen marriages in Kanungu district. Harassment by teachers, girls feeling that they are too mature to be in schools, parental pressures so as to get bride wealth, defilement and rape were among other causes. It was recommend that teachers should stop corporal punishment, give counseling services, and enough parental care should be given and local councils must enforce laws guiding the young children and local leaders need to emphasize laws that protect children’s rights, policy to cater for the girl child who give birth should be allowed to get back to school and this should be a government policy, parents should be counseled to get out of the trauma of their daughters early pregnancies. And lastly, the public should be sensitized that education has no age limit. The age limit can be there if what you are learning is harmful to your life.

Surname                     NDIZIHIWE

Other Names:            PAUL

Reg No:                      08/M/KSB/MADS/234/W.PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             INFORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF COOPERATIVES PARTNERS OF CENTER FOR SERVICES TO THE COOPERATIVES /UGAMA IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF RUHANGO DISTRICT

Supervisor:                REV. FR. PAUL MUNYAKIGEZI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Ruhango district-Southern Province of Rwanda with the objective of examining the role of information in the development of cooperatives partners of 60 respondents from six cooperatives in Ruhangu district. Random sampling was used to choose 10 respondents from each cooperative of whom 5 were purposively selected as key informants from the cooperatives whereas the other five were just members. The researcher used self administered questionnaires to collect data from all the respondents. There was also use of documentary analysis to and observation to supplement the data generated from questionnaires. In order to have valid instruments, the researcher formulated the research tools with assistance from the supervisor whereas the reliability was established by test retest method. The major findings was that indeed cooperatives lacked sufficient information that would develop them regarding the donors identified and negotiated by SCS /UGAMA, information about markets other cooperatives working in same domains and governmental programs about cooperatives development. The major conclusion was that cooperatives had been developing during the time because were supported by CSC/UGAMA but also the organization CSC/UGAMA in partnership with the government of Rwanda of Rwanda should encourage the active participation of cooperatives members, helping to ensure two way transmission of information, thus giving them the voice and community voice.

 

Surname                     BAGAINE KASHAIJA

Other Names:            SAPHIRA

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/044/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION IN NTUNGAMO MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                ADALBERT AINEOMUCUNGUZI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to assess the status of sanitation in urban areas and the challenges faced by urban areas, causes of poor sanitation in urban areas and the challenges faced by the urban population associated with the poor water supply and sanitation; the key variables of the study included water supply as an independent variable while sanitation constituted the dependent variable; this was based on the threshold saturation theory which takes into consideration three variables: health status, socio-economic status and sanitation level, and attempts to encompass, for the first time in one general theoretical framework, numerous conflicting empirical findings. The study combined qualitative and quantitative methods whereby simultaneous triangulation, that is, the use of complementary results on the same topic ; the study involves health workers, water supply staff and the residents of Ntungamo municipality in which a total of 90 respondents was drawn by use of purposive sampling where participants who were judged to have more knowledge about the subject basing on the specific attributes ; the actual number of the respondents  was determined by the data saturation; data were collected by the use of interview guides  and questionnaires; qualitative data were analyzed by identifying the essence of the phenomenon under investigation based on the data obtained and on how data are presented as suggested by (Streubert et al., 1999).; quantitative analysis involved frequency distributions and descriptive statistics which were used to compute the data. The findings of the study revealed that sanitation status in Ntungamo Municipality was bad especially in the central division though water supply staff, health workers, landlords and the residents were involved in improving the sanitation status of the area; the major causes of poor sanitation in Ntungamo Municipality were over population, indiscriminate garbage dumping, delay to collect garbage and poor drainage system; these posed sanitation and health related challenges  such as disease outbreak, mosquito bleeding and flooding among others especially in the central division. Thus, the study called for the provision of more trucks for garbage collection and increase water supply in the area in order to promote good sanitation.

Surname                     NDICUNGUYE

Other Names:            EDOUARD

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/008/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATION PERFORMANCE OF NON BOARDING STUDENTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KIREHE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                TINDYEBWA PEACE

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

This research is on the factors affecting academic performance of non- boarding students of secondary schools in Kirehe district, Rwanda focused to investigate factors affecting academic performance of non-boarding students in secondary schools and to suggest appropriate measures that can be taken to improve academic performance of non-boarding students in secondary schools. The study collected data from students, teachers and head teachers in Kirehe district. Methods used included self administered questionnaires and interview guides. Data was also obtained from primary source and secondary source. The qualitative and quantitative methods of presenting data were used in analyzing the information. Findings of the research indicated some of the factors affecting the academic performance of non boarding student as insufficient time for revision., insufficient time for research in the library, congested timetable due to a wide curriculum, distances walked to school daily, lack of appropriate light at night early marriages in girls, use of local language, parents’ attitude, interruptions met by students along the way, lack of time for co- curricular activities, peer group influence, parents’ poor attitude to education and failure to meet some basic needs in their homes . Basing on the findings, various suggestions and recommendations were made considering the factors affecting academic performance of non boarding students of secondary schools. Therefore, stake holders in collaboration with MINEDUC should review he curriculum to include issues that address the socio-cultural factors and economic challenges that affect the academic performance of non-boarding students in secondary schools. Schools should organize class days to sensitize parents on students’ academic work and other social needs. Senior men and women should strengthen career guidance to students and sensitize them on dangers of early marriage, Alcoholism and drug abuse. Government should emphasize the policy of English speaking and use of English language by all teachers, students and citizens in the country. Day schools should be evenly distributed in the district to avoid long distances by no boarding  students. Communities should be sensitive to movements of non boarding students to avoid them being distracted on the way to and from school. Parents’ teacher association (PTA) committees are encouraged to mobilize and sensitize parents on their crucial roles in the education of their children so that they provide all requirements in time and not neglect non boarding students. PTA in collaboration with government should consider how non boarding students can have lunch at school.

Surname                     RUKUNDO

Other Names:            HADAD KIM

Reg No:                      11/A/MAPPM/070/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ATTITUDES OF PEOPLE TOWARDS IMPROVED CROPS IN KABALE DISTRICT. A CASE STUDY OF BUBARE SUB-COUNTY

Supervisor:                AINE-OMUCUNGUZI ADALBERT

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the attitudes of people towards improved crops in Kabale district, Bubare Sub-County as a case study. The study also established the factors underlying the attitudes held by the people and examined the impact of such attitudes on food security in the area. The study focused on the 2336 households with a total population of 11322 people. Data was collected from 50 respondents using questionnaires and interviews findings of the study revealed that most people in the study area held negative attitudes towards improved crops. The study further revealed that the negative attitudes held by the people about improved crops and affected food security negatively. The study concludes that people in the area have negative attitude s towards improved crops and that this has had a negative impact on food security. The study recommends that people should be sensitized about improved crops and that the government should particularly sensitize the people about the contribution of improved crops to food security.

Surname                     NDACYAYISENGA

Other Names:            JEAN PIERRE

Reg No:                      10/A/MBA/108/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE OF SACCO IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF UMWALIMU SACCO REMERA BRANCH

Supervisor:                AINE-OMUCUNGUZI ADALBERT

Submission Date:       AUGUST 2012

ABSTRACT

This work reveals the impact of financial management and performance of SACCOs in Rwanda subject to the following objectives ; to establish the cash flow management techniques used by Umwalimu SACCO, to find out the incentives used by managers to solve cash flow management problems in Umwalimu SACCO.respondents who took part in this study were selected by using Morgan distribution( see appendix) and data was collected using questionnaire method and additional information from the SACCO records. The study indicates that cash flow management improves the performance of Umwalimu SACCO where formal cash flow management practices are adhered to by the employees, monitored and controlled by management. The following recommendations were made in respect from the study.: adoption of speedy ways of collecting receivables from trade debtors  like the use of the electronic system known as Mobile Money services offered by the telecommunication companies, computerization of transaction recording by the use of spread sheets to facilitate easy transaction recording, tracking and updating. Paying their obligation on time to collaborate effectively with its supplies and adoption of an internal auditing mechanism on timely basis which ensures integrity and transparency in reporting, recording of transactions and adherence to proper cash flow management practice and SACCO staff should attend seminars and workshops to equip them with skills and knowledge managing SACCO funds.

Surname                     TUSASIRWE

Other Names:            SHARON

Reg No:                      10/A/MAHRM/077/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAHRM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   NON FINANCIAL REWARDS AND EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE IN ORGANISATIONS IN UGANDA: A CASES TUDY OF KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                TIBENDERANA NARIS

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Organisations offer their employees huge cash salaries and bonuses which could easily justify improved labor performance. However, changing work places and low productivity are still amidst them which could probably mean that, there could be other non cash offers financial which could guarantee labor retention, efficiency and effectiveness. The study was therefore conducted to establish the effects of non financial rewards on employees’ performance in organizations of Uganda with particular case study of Kabale District. Specific objectives of the study were to assess the effects of staff training on employees’ performance in organizations, to analyse the impact of delegation on employees’ performance in organizations and to establish the impact of work place leave on employees’ performance in organizations of Uganda especially in Kabale district. The study adopted a case study design which was frequently supported by a cross sectional survey method that involved a mixed (triangulation) approach. 40 respondents were covered in a questionnaire survey and 8 key informants were interviewed. Data processing which involved editing, coding, classification and presentation in form of frequency tables was done, data was fed in the statistical package for social scientists (SPSS) for analysis. The findings revealed that, although job training, delegation and offering work place leave are important for better performance, many organizations hardly offer them to employees. Organizations believe that they are costly, prepare some people for take over’s and at times they are time consuming. It was thus, concluded that, non financial offer should take an equal treatment like financial ones when better employees’ performance is to be achieved. It was recommended that, organizations should invest in research and development to establish what should be intrinsic factors their employees require and offer them for better outcomes.

 

Surname                     NSENGIYUMVA

Other Names:            JEAN DAMASCENE

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPPM/019/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ANALYSIS OF THE TOMATO PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN RUTSIRO DISTRICT IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFEY

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This research looks at the focus of tomato production and processing on socio-economic development of communities in Rutsiro district. The sector of agriculture is considered by the Rwanda Government as a key area for the wellbeing of its population. Thus, agricultural crop production in Rwanda can be grouped in three categories: food crops (leguminous, cereals, roots and tubers, bananas), and the traditional cash crops (coffee, tea pyrethrum). Food crops occupy 92 % of the total cultivated land; while coffee and tea occupy respectively 6, 3 and 1, 6 % of the total cultivated land. The average cultivated land in the 1997-2003 periods was 1,428,033 hectares. This surface area was divided as follows: cereals 18%, tomatoes 26%, bananas 26%, roots and tubers 28%. To assess the levels of tomatoes production from the farms in Rutsiro district; to explore different challenges tomato growers are facing; to assess the feasibility of new processing unit in Rutsiro district; to assess the profitability of this processing unit and its contribution to the socio-economic development of the communities in Rutsiro district. Random sampling was used to sample 89 members of the two tomato cooperatives that are operating in Rutsiro district; 15 persons among the employees of these cooperatives and 12 people from the communities from Kigeyo and Kivumu Sectors. There are these persons who answered to the research questions. Executive secretaries and sector agronomists were interviewed about technical support they provide to tomato growers and the estimation of production as well as the challenges growers can be facing. A focus group discussion was also carried out among 12 members of the communities in order to investigate on the contribution of the production on socio-economic development of the communities.

Surname                     RUHAMYAMBUGA

Other Names:            OLIVIER

Reg No:                      09/KAB/MAPPM/078/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             UMUGISHA SACCO AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OF RWAMAGANA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFEY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This research analyses the good effort need further internal removing the existing realities concerning the improvement of the poor socio- economic welfare of the poor brought about by the SACCO in order to formulate the strategies to ensure the SACCOs’ successful financial services towards the poor people. This study assessed the services offered by the Umugisha SACCO, the types of the potential projects supported by the Umugisha SACCO and the extent to which Umugisha SACCOs’ interventions encounter the community’s economic needs. The methods used to collect data were field observation, interview which allowed discussing with the interviewees, questionnaire which helped to get the research questions answered, and document analysis from different researchers which all together served as the basis to the findings. The assessment of the development of rural poor people by Umugisha SACCO revealed that despite some challenges the SACCO has impacted positively at a good extent the socio-economic welfare of poor people in Muyumbu sector. The study identified the services of offered by Umugisah SACCO, and to evaluate the challenges on the economic achievements of Umugisha SACCO. The main services offered by the SACCOs in Rwanda are Savings and Credit with specific definitions according to the members’ needs. This research revealed that SACCOs financial services impacted positively on the members. Nevertheless, some challenges that hinder the first steps of SACCO in Rwanda were identified. The researcher concluded that this research was worthwhile because it attained its objective through the collection of helpful and appropriate information. Recommendation is to encourage all stake holders to revise the existing policy in order to meet the members’ needs and to allow the community to play an active role in its sustainable development.

Surname                     NSHIMIYIMANA

Other Names:            GASPARD

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/033/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: IMPACT OF COPRORIZ-NTENDE (AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE) ON POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Rugarama sector Gatsibo district. It was intended to find out the effect of Coproriz-Ntende cooperative on poverty reduction in Rwanda. the study was guided by the three objectives such as determining the level of economic revenue achieved by COPRORIZ-NTENDE members from this cooperative organization; evaluating the level of satisfaction of socio-economic means of the organization members and the community around and assessing the level at which the same organization has reached to reduce poverty in Gatsibo district in Rugarama sector in eastern province. The study rotated around the COPRORIZ-NTENDE members and non members of the neighboring villages. Only stratified random sampling techniques was used. Data were collected from 120 respondents by the use of different methods. Secondary data was collected from internet, magazines, books, newspapers and other related documents. The study found out that positive impacts of COPRORIZ-NTENDE on poverty reduction are being done in Rwanda. The study findings reveal that this cooperative greatly contributes towards improving rural standards of living in Rugarama sector in Gatsibo district. Direct support are rice farming activities such as employment, fertilizers, seeds of high quality, loans, trainings marketing at good price, serving and infrastructure development were ways mentioned in which COPRORIZ-NTENDE contributes towards poverty reduction in rural areas. According to the research findings, recommendations were proposed to support the said organization to achieve its goals. Some of them are like financial support is highly needed in the area so that cooperative can be able to expand its activities in other economic sectors that will contribute to poverty reduction in the area. Increasing productivity will only require improvements in water control but will require addressing other major constraints to produce such as degenerated varieties, absence of research, and insufficiency of inputs and poor application of technological alternatives.

Surname                     MUTIMA

Other Names:            GORDON KAPPA

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/043/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL SCALE DAIRY FARMING TO COMMUNITY WELFARE: A CASE STUDY OF RUHAMA SUB-COUNTY NTUNGAMO DISTRICT, SOUTH WESTERN UGANDA

Supervisor:                ADALBERT AINE-OMUCUNGUZI

Submission Date:       JULY 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried in Ruhama Sub-county, Ntungamo district in south western Uganda with the aimof assessing the contributionof small scale dairy farming in improving household welfare. The specific objectives of the study were: firstly to assess the methods used to milk handling by dairy farmers in Ruhama Sub-county; secondary, to examine the contribution of small scale dairy farming to socio-economic household welfare; thirdly, to determine the constraints facing small scale dairy farming in Ruhama Sub-county, and lastly to identify possible interventions of improving small scale dairy farming in Ruhama Sub-county. The data for this study was collected using a cross section survey which involved both dairy and non-dairy farming households. In –depths interviews were carried out to gather the data. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS11.0) results from the study indicated that the majority of the dairy farmers used plastic utensils in milk handling. The study also revealed that the milk produced in the area was below the local demand and as a result, most of it was brought directly from the farmers by neighboring households for domestic consumption. Further the study results indicated that small scale dairy farming contributed substantially to household welfare. Income from dairy farming was spent in education, health services and general household improvement. Dairy farming household were having more meals per day that non dairy farming households which implied that dairy farming households were more food secure that non dairy farming households. Ticks, diseases and scarcity of artificial insemination services were the major constraints of small scale dairy farming in the area. Bring veterinary services closer to farmers, sensitizing farmers and formation of milk cooperative unions were the major interventions that could be taken to improve small scale dairy farming in the study area. Due to its contribution to household poverty reduction, the study recommends that dairy farming should be promoted as a poverty reduction strategy in rural areas.

Surname                     AINE-OMUROKOZI

Other Names:            AIDAN

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/021/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF PRESSURE GROUPS ON SERVICE DELIVERYIN UGANDA. A CASE STUDY ON KAMPALA CAPITAL CITY (KCC)

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFEY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out on KCC in the five divisions of Nakawa, Makindye, Lubaga, Kampala central and Kawempe, with the aim of ascertaining the role of pressure groups on service deliverer. The specific objectives were: to establish types of pressure groups in Uganda; to find out the role of pressure groups on service delivery; to determine constraints of pressure groups and finally to identify methods used by pressure groups to achieve their objectives. Document review and expert/elite interviews were carried out to gather data. Data were analyzed using SPSS. Results of this study indicated that there are several pressure groups endeavoring to agitate for services include among others, good education, health services, road net works, environmental protection and appropriate utilization of resources. The study indicated roles played by pressure groups as, sensitization, presentations of candidates for elections to influence policies, coordination and implementation of a range of policies. Crackdown by armed forces, formation of laws to bar activities of pressure groups, lack of resources and predatory competition among groups were the major constraints. Lobbying by engaging decision makers (indirect method), direct action, and extensive publicity though the media and engagement of bureaucracy were the methods used by pressure groups to achieve their objectives.  Due to the role pressure groups play in delivering services, this study recommends that pressure groups be given ample space in policy formulation and implementation process so as to assist monolithic state policies.

Surname                     SANA SABIN

Other Names:            ALBERT

Reg No:                      08/M/KAB/MADS/140/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  AN EVALUATION OF PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RWANDA: KIGALI CITY AS A CASE STUDY

Supervisor:                NARIS TIBENDERANA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the evaluation of plastic waste management in Rwanda. its specific objectives were to evaluate the contributing of different stakeholders involved in waste management in Kigali City; to examine the challenges of waste management and as well chat a way forward. A total of 66 respondents were selected and they included government respondents, cooperative of waste management representatives and opinion leaders. Three tools were used to collect data and they were the questionnaire, an interview guide and documentary review. The research also applied observation to collect qualitative data which supplemented the qualitative data. In other words, both qualitative and quantitative design was employed. Data was employed in tables, charts and graphs. Percentages were used in analysis of the findings. The major finding was that process of plastic waste management was done by private companies which were organized in cooperatives. The major conclusion was that the general population was not involved in the decision making process of waste management. The researcher made major recommendations but the most important one being the establishment of waste management committees on cell/village or any administrative unit for sustainability purposes.

Surname                     KYOKWIJUKA

Other Names:            BLESSING ALFRED

Reg No:                      06/KU/P.G 2

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAHRM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CORRELATES OF ECONOMIC SUCCESS IN BUBARE SUB COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The research was about the correlates of economic success in Bubare Sub-County. Bubare is one of the Sub-counties ok Kabale District with most of it a hilly topography and predominantly practices subsistence agriculture with a few but successful livestock farmers. The researcher based his study on three objectives namely: investigate levels of wealth for a sample of households in Bubare, analysis of social factors shared by households in the same economic category and examine dominant factors for each category. All these three objectives were investigated and documented. The researcher administered a questionnaire to obtain information/data from the respondents in households of Bubare Sub-County. Other methods of data that were used were observation and interviews among others. A cross sectional survey was used to make sure that each of the categories is represented. The sample size of eighty households out of five thousand three hundred and eighty households in Bubare was selected to obtain information. The researcher found out that there are three levels of wealth in Bubare; the rich, the poor and the poorest of the poor. The major correlates found out in Bubare were formal education, enlightened leadership and inheritance. People from households that are educated were found out to be economically more successful than those from households that are not educated. Inheritance was also investigated  as a correlate for economic success in Bubare where many households were found out doing well had inherited property from their family heads as members unlike those that had not inherited any property. After the study, the researcher came out with recommendations  such as, the government should try to improve  on education of rural areas as education for Kigezi is the only tool that can be used for development as land in the area is scarce. Education should also be availed to the girl child. By-laws especially against the alcohol and drug abuse should be enacted. Theses should speculate opening and closing time for bars in order for people to have time for work. If all goes well, waragi should be minimized or stopped especially in women of the sub County. Youth should also be given soft loans to support small scale enterprises and these loans must not be string attached. This dissertation is open for further investigation in other areas to achieve economic success. Every reader of this study is challenged to find medicine for varying economic status of households in Bubare Sub-county if prosperity for all is to be achieved.

Surname                     CYIZA

Other Names:            CONSOLEE

Reg No:                      09/F/MAPP/014/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES AND STRATEGIES USED BY POOR WIDOWS IN SMALL SCALE BUSINESS TO ADEQUATELY ENHANCE THEIR LIVING STANDARDS

Supervisor:                ARYEIJA WARREN

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

This research entitled “Business opportunities and Strategies for Rwandan Poor Widows in Small Scale Businesses adequately enhance their living standards” was aiming at finding out the feasible ways through which business opportunities and strategies for poor widows involved in small scale can boost their living standards. The methods used to collect data were observation which helped us with following the situation closely, interview which helped in the discussions with the interviewees, questionnaire which helped to get the research questions answered, finally consultation of documents from different researchers which all together served as the basis t the findings. The researcher managed to identify the economic, social and political opportunities and strategies available for widows’ business growth. These opportunities include the handling some social events at costs, government favorable policies to their business, financial and capacity building empowerment. The strategies include team work, and forming associations, consultations and lobbying government for support. Challenges including lack of access to social, political and economic opportunities by poor widows were identified. A big problem towards solving this social issue of poverty among widows of Kicukiro is that during the research, leaders proved to be aware of poor widows’ struggle and willing to assist them whenever possible. Also two institutions declared ready to help Kicukiro widows by way of financial empowerment and capacity building empowerment. The researcher concluded that this research was worthwhile because it attained its objective through the collect of helpful and appropriate information. Recommendation is to encourage all stake holders (beneficiaries, leakers and institutions) to work together as joint efforts in order to count poverty among widows of Kicukiro a history in the near future.

Surname                     RINDABO

Other Names:            ZERIDA

Reg No:                      07/KU/PG/07

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             AN EVALUATION OF UNIVERSAL SECONDARY EDUCATION PROGRAM (USE) IN NDORWA COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

The study was about the evaluation of USE programme in Ndorwa County, Kabale District. The researcher wanted to find out what seems to be the challenges of USE programme in Ndorwa County, challenges encountered in its implementation and the strategies which should be put in place to make USE a success. A qualitative research approach was used to arrive at the finding and conclusion analyzed using descriptive statistics. A total of 100 respondents was used comprised of teachers, parents, students and head teacher by filling questionnaires. It was found out that, the implementation of USE programme has registered some successes especially by providing opportunity to children from poor background to access secondary education. This has therefore saved schools from low enrollment. In view of the above, the researcher therefore recommended that the government should strengthen the policy of the provision of physical facilities like, libraries, laboratories, classrooms and sanitation facilities to match with the increasing number of students. The government should strengthen the inspection of schools and monitoring of USE programme to ensure that it is well implemented and sensitize all stake holders on their roles. The government or district officials should always carry out publicity and sensitization on USE programme especially on its objectives, expected outcomes and roles of different stakeholders in the implementation of USE.

Surname                     MUKAMUSEMA

Other Names:            FLORENCE

Reg No:                      09/F/MADS/024/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF VOLUNTARY COUNSELLING AND TESTING (VTC) IN HIV/AIDS PREVENTION IN RWANDA: A CASES TUDY OF TREATMENT RESEARCH AIDS CENTER (TRAC) NYARUGENGE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                DR. DABO CHRISTOPHER

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

This study is basically aimed at finding out the role of voluntary counseling and testing in HIV/AIDS prevention in Rwanda. a case of the TRAC/VTC centre in Nyarugenge District, Kigali city was undertaken. The researcher used interview guide as a research instrument to collect data from the respondents who were the clients, counselors and nurses of the TRAC/VTC.centre. The purpose of the study was to shed light into the following questions; 1. What role does the VCT play in promoting HIV awareness to Rwandan population; 2. How do VCT/ TRAC help HIV infected people in Rwanda? 3. What are the barriers to VCT accessibility in Rwanda?. in this study, the data gathered from different sources were analyzed and the results show that the VCT has greatly helped in preventing the HIV/AIDS transmission among the Rwandan population by improving knowledge and awareness and providing  necessary information and health education about the disease. Findings of the study also revealed that TRAC/VCT centre plays a paramount role in helping HIV infected people to live longer and better by providing them with antiretroviral therapy and psychosocial support. However it was found out that there are some factors that hinder people’s willingness to go for VCT and some of them are: ignorance, fear of testing HIV positive, poverty and others, in conclusion, VCT has proved to be a veritable tool in prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission.

Surname                     MUTWALE RUKATURA

Other Names:            DESIRE

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/064/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             GENDER EQUITY AND EQUALITY FOR EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN RWANDA: A CASE OF KIGALI CITY

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

One of the national priorities and goals of the human resource development strategic plan outlined by the social sector of the ministry of finance in Rwanda includes the vision of the development of women, upgrading the status of women and facilitating their integration into the total social development. The key objectives of this research were to assess the women empowerment in Kigali city by identifying the household decision making ability of women, their economic decision making capacity and to evaluate the freedom of mobility of women. The findings show that women in Kigali city are better in household decision making and economic decision making than social empowerment. The results show that the majority of women in Kigali city are aware about their rights and duties. The recommendations are to improve the channels of empowerment of women in Kigali city through provision of education and commercial activities.

Surname                     TUSASIRWE

Other Names:            ROSELYN

Reg No:                      10//MAPAM/055/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  COMMUNITY SERVICE PROGRAMME IN UGANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NDORWA PRISON, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was intended to examine the benefits and challenges encountered in the implementation of community service programmes. A case study of Ndorwa Prisons Kabale district was chosen. The study objectives include; examining the social economic benefits, to analyze the contributing factors for its implementation; and to investigate the challenges encountered. The study was carried out in Ndorwa prison, central and southern municipal divisions, other surrounding areas in Kabale district. A total of 100 respondents was identified from the targeted population. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussion and observation including documentary analysis to review the related literature. The researcher found out that reducing congestion of prisoners in prisons was the major benefit of community service programme.

Surname                     TINDYEBWA

Other Names:            ISSAH

Reg No:                      10/A/MAPAM/ 015/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PUBLIC FUNDS ACCOUNTABILITY AND SESRVICE DELIVERY IN KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO WYCLIFFE OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to examine how public funds accountability in a decentralized setting influence service delivery with a focus on Kabale municipality. The study adopted a cross sectional research design and used qualitative and quantitative research method. Purposive and simple random samplings were employed during the selection of respondents. The research applied interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussion and documentary analysis. Data were collected from 100 respondents; analysed using tables, figures and percentages .the findings were as follows: accountability of funds was carried out in two ways, i.e. stewardship and social accountability. The study findings revealed that public funds accountability leads to improved service delivery most especially when there is domestic demand for public funds accountability. As a strategic measure, the researcher recommended that both the central government and local government should work together in supporting and sustaining the positive effects of public funds accountability on service delivery, local government officials especially politicians and civil servants should hold all officers accountable to the public, internal and external auditors should be employed and well recommendations adhered to. Monitoring of government activities and programmes should be intensified.

Surname                     NYIRARUKUNDO

Other Names:            CONSOLEE

Reg No:                      A/KAB/MAPPM/086/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF URWEGO OPPORTUNITY BANK AND MICROFINANCE, NYARUGENGE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

The research on the microfinance institutions and socio-economic development in Rwanda; A case of Urwego Opportunity bank and Microfinance” has been carried out  to find out the role these micro finances play and the researcher had some objectives to base on. In this study purposive and simple random sampling methods has been adopted where the questionnaire, interview guide and observation were used in the process of gathering information about the impact of microfinance institutions on the socio-economic development. Findings have showed that UOB is playing a very big role in impacting economically, socially and psychologically to the country. Finally, the necessary recommendations were given to both the UOB and the government of Rwanda and the people of Rwanda in general on how they can improve their standard of living by joining the microfinance institutions.

Surname                     SIBOMINA

Other Names:            ERNEST

Reg No:                      08/M/KAB/MBA/015

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             SKILLS ACQUISITION AND THE INTEGRATION OF RWANDAN ECONOMY WITH THE EAST AFRICAN COMMON MARKET: A CASE OF INYANGE INDUSTRIES LTD, MASAKA, KIGALI

Supervisor:                DR.DABO CHRISTOPHER

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2011

ABSTRACT

International marketing has intensified and is evident in nearly all aspects of daily life. Today the east African Common market has intensified its boundaries by integrating other new countries like Rwanda, Burundi even the recent new country southern Sudan has started to seek how to be integrated. Local regions or national boundaries no longer restrict competitive forces. to be successful in that internationals’ economy, companies must be simultaneously responsible to local and global market conditions. Hence international marketing skills are an important ingredient for every company, whether or not it is currently involved in exporting activities. The purpose of this study was to; analyze the skills needed to be effective in international marketing, 2, explore the level of importance of each of these skills, 3. Investigate the degree to which these skills are present in employees of exporting companies; and 4. Examine the gap between the skills between which theses employees have and the skills they need. Data were collected regarding the skill importance, through a Delphi participant sample of exporting and distribution practitioners of international marketing experts. Inyange industries ltd, one of Rwandan company of exporting and distributions, were surveyed regarding the degree their employees possessed the identified skills. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, in a way that allowed skill-based areas for training programmes to be priotized. A sample of twenty five senior employees, categorized into five departments was selected through a purposive method technique. Among 60 skills identified, twenty four of the skills were rated as being highly important 36 were rated as medium importance and none were rated as below importance. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, which identified twenty four international marketing skills as training priorities. 3) The study has produced a new assessment tool which would go a long way to assist small and big firms in identifying international marketing training needs where effectively the east African Common Market is expanding their activities. Rwandan companies will benefit that the new assessment tool and set effective engagement in order to be responsive in the east African Common Market conditions, which are basically competitive. Rwanda private sector federation will need to provide significant trainings for the exporting and distributions companies.

Surname                     MPATASALIRWA

Other Names:            NATHAN

Reg No:                      10/F/MBA/013/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             COST AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING INFORAMATION AND PROFITABILITY OF COMPANIES: A CASE STUDY OF SULFO RWANDA INDUSTRIES

Supervisor:                PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study undertaken was to generate information about cost and management accounting information on financial performance and profitability of companies with special reference to Sulfo Rwanda Industries.. a case study design was used to collect data from through questionnaires, interviews and documents. The sample consisted of 40 respondents from key departments of the company like finance, marketing and production and management. The major findings for the study include variances calculated are too aggregated and overdue, the system focuses on cost minimization rather than improving product quality or customer satisfaction, the largest market are urban centers, lack of product quality improvement, un able to implement governmental regulations reliably and the adoption of a flat structure, the manufacturing sector industry is very diverse with a high degree of complexity in its operations. Furthermore, the Rwanda businesses face a problem of adopting and applying the just in time (JIT) inventory production system, accounting system besides improving the workforce’s skills. Research recommendations include that Sulfo Rwanda Industries should form a strategy that sets up and develops the cost and management accounting information system as a fundamental strategy to establish certain programs geared to achieve desired goals, implement effective cost control technique depending on activities, resources and ability, creation of cost systems like the Activity Based Costing (ABC), improve on the environmental effects. Further research areas include differentiation between the private and public sector in terms of documents and procedures of the cost and management accounting information systems.

Surname                     HABARUGIRA

Other Names:            FRANCOIS REGIS

Reg No:                      09/A/KAB/MADS/041/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: MATERNAL MOTALITY IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF KARONGI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                ADALBERT AINE-OMUCUNGUZI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to identify the factors leading to high maternal mortality in Karongi Rwanda. The study also examined the challenges faced by ministry of health surveillance team in implementing strategies that improve maternal health. A retrospective study design combining both qualitative and quantitative methods was used to make an in-depth investigation and analysis of the circumstances and events surrounding individual cases of maternal deaths. The road to death concept was followed in a quest to generate more information on the event preceding the death. Verbal autopsy and confidential inquiry techniques were utilized by reviewing all the maternal deaths cases that occurred in three hospitals of Kibuye, Kirinda and Mugonero between January 2009 and January 2010. The results of the study revealed that maternal death was caused by both the health services and socio-economic related factors which included hormohage, hypertension, malaria, diabetes, delay to seek medical care, cultural beliefs and poverty among others. The study also found out that the health teams that were supposed to implement strategies to reduce maternal death were faced with several challenges including lack of political commitment, inadequate financial support and lack of skilled personnel. This study concludes that maternal deaths are a consequence of a long and complex chain of events. Prevention of maternal deaths therefore requires far reaching social and economic changes beyond the premises of the health care delivery system. The government of Rwanda should invest in Girls’ education and improving the economic status of women. The ministry of health should ensure that contraceptives are readily available and accessible and encourage women to use them. Improving the road conditions and putting in place an effective and sustainable public transport system in rural areas is essential.

Surname                     MUGENZI

Other Names:            FREDERIC

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/024/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             STUDENTS PERFORMANCE AS A CORRELATE OF TEACHER QUALIFICATION AND STUDENT TEACHER RATIO: THE CASE OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN KIZIGURO AND KIRAMURUZI SECTORS OF GATSIBO DISTRICT, EASTERN RWANDA

Supervisor:                BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at investigating into student academic performance as a correlate of teacher qualification and student –teacher. It was carried out in 8 primary schools in Kiziguro and Kiramuruzi sectors of Gatsibo district, eastern Rwanda. Visits were paid by the researcher himself to respective primary schools, to collect applicable statistical data from school records and reports. Using spear man rank order correlation coefficient formula, correlation values were computed. The findings have shown that there is a strong positive correlation between teacher qualification and student academic performance as correlation values over three years 2008/2010, averaged to = 0.71, and a weak positive correlation between student-teacher ratio and student academic performance =0.12.  One major recommendation from this study is to differentiate stake holders in education, to amount in-service teacher preparation programs in order to reduce the number of unqualified teachers, thus increasing the number of qualified teachers.

Surname                     MUPENZI

Other Names:            PACIFIQUE

Reg No:                      09/A/KAB/MAED MGT/078/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN TERTIARY EDUCATION IN RWANDA: A CASE OF INES RUHENGERI

Supervisor:                EDWIN BABIMPA NUWAGABA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was gender equality and women’s empowerment in tertiary education in Rwanda: a case study of Ines-Ruhegeri.the aim of the study assesses gender equality and women’s empowerment and to identify the challenges which handicap gender equality on women’s empowerment in the institution. Simple random and purposive sampling methods were used to select the respondents, a triangulation of methods (qualitative and quantitative methods) to collect and analyse data were used that give the findings. The findings showed that there is need to consider gender aspects and empower the stakeholders as to increase the quality of education in high institutions of learning. The recommendation was involvement of all the concerned parties in decision making and implementation of education activities.

Surname                     INGABIRE UZAMUKUNDA

Other Names:            DENISE

Reg No:                      10/A/MAED/115/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF KIGALI INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY-GISENYI CAMPUS IN RWANDA TO THE LOCAL POPULATION

Supervisor:                PEACE TINDYEBWA

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to assess the contribution of Kigali Independent University-Gisenyi Campus in Rwanda to the local population. The study was conducted through action research design. This was done by self administered questionnaire as the main instrument. Interview as the d=second instrument and the method of documentation analysis was used to complement, supplement and validate data collected through questionnaires. There were 251 people who responded to our questionnaire and one person with whom the interviews was held. To obtain the sample of the study, the systematic and purposive sampling techniques were used. Data were analyzed and presented quantitatively using percentages. The study showed that Kigali Independent University_ Gisenyi campus has a contribution on the local population. With reference to the study, the contribution of ULK Gisenyi as regards social services and economic activities can be seen from its social economic activities in favor of surrounding population. These services and activities include building and maintaining infrastructure, fighting erosion, offering opportunities to local investors and availing halls for meetings and other cultural events, local communities’ access to internet and library, to mention but a few. Besides, due to a big number of people regularly going to ULK, investment in library has grown. Respondents reported that a new line of motorcycles heading to ULK Gisenyi has been put up to satisfy a growing demand of transport. Also, given that the University’s boarding cannot accommodate all the students, a new investment opportunity was born. It was noted that higher learning institutions cannot fulfill their mission without a close collaboration with their partners and stakeholders. This is why it was recommended to the University’s officials to diversify concrete activities in favor of local population and increase the budget allocated to buying University’s equipment. To political authorities, it was recommended to easy ULK Gisenyi activities and encourage the population to benefit from the opportunities (internet, library and halls) offered to them by ULK Gisenyi and be good partners and stakeholders of this institution. These were addressed to the University’s officials, political authorities and to the local population.

Surname                     BYAMUKAMA

Other Names:            SIMON

Reg No:                      10/F/MAPPM/097/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ECO-TOURISM AND LIVELIHOODS IN KITUMBA SUB –COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

 This study aimed at establishing the contribution of eco-tourism towards improving the livelihoods of the people surrounding Lake Bunyonyi and Kabale district with a case study of Bwama and Bukoora parishes in Kitumba Sub-County, Kabale. The study was guided by the three objectives namely, to analyze the various eco-tourism activities contributing towards community livelihoods around lake Bunyonyi in Kabale district; to explore the eco-tourism benefits enhancing the livelihoods of the people around lake Bunyonyi and Kabale district and; to investigate strategies that aim at sustaining eco-tourism for improved livelihoods of the people around lake Bunyonyi and Kabale District. The literature review of the study was extracted from different text books; manuals, reports, journals and websites from different libraries and computer laboratories in Kabale district. The research process involved proposal writing, data collection, data analysis, presentation and discussion of results. The study is both qualitative and quantitative in nature. Simple random and purposive sampling methods were used to select the 140 respondents who included local community members, local council administration, and tourism investors around Lake Bunyonyi (from Bwama and Bukora parishes) in Kabale district. The researcher used the questionnaire; focus group discussion, interview and observation guides to collect data from the field. Data was finally presented in tables, pie charts and graphs. Conclusion and recommendation of the study were drawn basing on the results of the study. It was found out that the majority of the people around the study area 74% were involved in eco-tourism activities for their livelihoods. The study results also revealed that the majority of the people 97% around the study area embraced eco-tourism as a benefiting venture towards improving the livelihoods of the communities surrounding  lake Bunyonyi such as improved infrastructure development, provision of employment opportunities, environmental conservation and educational support especially for the needy, creation of social capital of the local people with local and international tourists, agricultural improvement, market creation for the local commodities and health improvement around the study area. It was concluded that, canoeing was the main activity attracting tourists around Lake Bunyonyi. The study also ended by suggesting measures to enhance eco-tourism for improved people’s livelihoods around Lake Bunyonyi. The study recommended that there is great need for the government of Uganda to emphasize certification systems for sustainable tourism need to be developed and operated to fit geographical, political, social economic and sectarian characteristics of the country.

Surname                     NIYONSABA

Other Names:            JEAN DAMASCENE PTRICK

Reg No:                      08/M/MADS/215/W

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CONTRIBUTION OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING ON THE WELFARE OF ORPHANS AND VULNERABLE CHILDREN: A CASE STUDY OF NKUNDABANA INITIATIVE FOR PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT (NIPS) PROJECT, MUHANGA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       JULY 2012

ABSTRACT

The descriptive case with study with qualitative and quantitative approaches was conducted on the contribution of vocational training on the welfare of orphans and other vulnerable children, was carried out in Muhanga district on Nkundabana initiative for psychosocial support project. The study population was composed of 40 youths who have graduated in vocational training courses, 20, OVC who are still undertaking vocational training courses, 20 OVC who have not attended vocational training courses, 5 teachers in vocational training centers and 5 NIPS field staff. Data was collected through, questionnaire, focus group discussion and interviews. The findings of the study also show that before joining the vocational training the life of some OVC was characterized by some misconduct behaviors like delinquency, beggars, unemployment inaccessibility on savings an loan cooperative as confirmed by 100% of interviewed OVC, 60% that some of them were prostitutes. After the graduation the life of the OVC changed. More than 80% responded that they were able to pay school fees to their relatives, covering community based medical insurance, they access youth savings and loan cooperatives, some of them were self employed, and they were able to cover basic needs. To buy seeds and small animals, etc. For the integration and the welfare of OVC in the community, 100% of NIPS staff confirmed that some psychosocial support activities were offered to OVC. These activities include group counseling sessions, trainings on different issues, reproductive health, etc. the main challenges faced by the vocational training centers and OVC as indicated by 100 % of respondents and key informants were insufficient materials and equipment, insufficient classrooms, delay in funding, high rates of school dropouts and insufficient start-up kits for OVC. This study concludes that vocational training not only provides practical skills but also psychosocial support to orphans and other vulnerable children and prepares them for sustainable self employment.

Surname                     BUGINGO

Other Names:            STEPHEN

Reg No:                      10/F/MBA/067/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:FISCAL DECENTRALISATIONAS A TOOL OF HEALTHSERVICES DELIVERY IN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: A CASE OF MUSANZE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Submission Date:       DECEMBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study set out to investigate the role of fiscal decentralization in health service delivery in local governments with particular reference to Musanze district local government in Rwanda. The objectives of the study included; investigating the role of different stakeholders in fiscal decentralization in Musanze district; examining the role of fiscal decentralization on health service delivery in Musanze district and finding out the level of local revenue mobilization and service delivery in Musanze disrtrict. The study was case study design and data was collected from a part of population whose sample was 55; correlated, analysed, and interpreted. Quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used as it involved the collection of numerical data to answer research questions, and data analysis was mainly statistical. The study found out that following roles are fundamental in decentralized system; each user department prepares a multi-annual work plan based on the approved district health budget , each entity in the LG defines each fiscal decentralization requirements, the procuring entity is responsible for dividing requirements allocated to a single fiscal decentralization process into separate lots, the procuring unit brings about integration of the diverse decision and activities  during fiscal decentralization. The accounting officer ensures availability of sufficient funds to run the plans and that is district health budgeted for, the citizens assist the district council to accurately decide on which services to expand and provide, the citizens also work with NGOs CBOs and political parties to develop proposals for the council to consider during planning and also citizen representatives play a great role in the evaluation of potential service providers. Government should increase funding for the maintenance of community and feeder roads. The study makes the following recommendations: corruption must be reduced by enforced of strict rules, giving penalties on those involved and also increasing of salaries of the civil servant can reduce on corruption. Concerning limited skilled personnel, the local government should train the recruited workers so as to equip them with the necessary skills, and also encourage them for further studies. They should first provide district health projects which are highly demanded by local people, this will not only help them to know that their views are concerned but also will help to improve on public confidence in the local government. The fiscal decentralization team should carry out research so as to find out service providers are able and have the equipment to perform the required work in the give n time possible.

Surname                     TUYISHIMIRE

Other Names:            ALFRED

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/029/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   ICTs, EDUCATION AND POVERTY ERADICATION IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR GEORGE ALIBARUHO

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The government of Rwanda aims to transform the country from largely agricultural based economy to knowledge and information economy in an effort to reach middle income status by 2020. Investment in information and communications technology (ICT) is seen as a key to this transition and as an important vehicle for improving the delivery of and access to public and private services, particularly in rural areas. Through its application, ICTs is a factor of development and poverty reduction by improving access to education, health, public and private financial services, etc. ICTs also help small farmers and artisans by connecting them to markets. The study was conducted in Gakenke district, Janja sector, one of the rural areas in Rwanda to investigate how ICTs application in the area of formal and non formal education is helping people in rural areas in the fight against poverty and quest for development. In the process, the study gleans into the contribution of ICTs and eradication in achieving MDGs. It’s based on simple model linking the ICT sector to education, socio-economic growth (development) and poverty reduction. In analyzing the data, the study explores the potential contribution of ICT to education and knowledge, which are key drivers of development in Rwanda. the study ends by exploring what additional measures need to be taken to promote ICT diffusion  and democratization of access to ICT services. The study makes a number of recommendations including that ICT dimension be built in sector policies and implementation strategiesfor the education sector and that it is of critical importance to supply electricity in the rural areas as in urban areas to reduce the big rural-urban gap in ICT penetration due to lack of electricity in rural areas.

Surname                     BUTERA

Other Names:            DAMAS

Reg No:                      09/F/MBA/047/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: THE RELEVANCE OF INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS IN ASSETS MANAGEMENT: A CASE OSTUDY OF HEIFER INTERNATIONAL RWANDA

Supervisor:                TINDIMWEBWA KENNETH

Submission Date:       JULY 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to ascertain the internal control systems in assets management. The general objective was to analyse the relevance of internal control systems in assets management. Specifically this study aimed at achieving the following specific objectives; to investigate the causes of fraud, errors and non compliance in Heifer International Rwanda; Assess the limitations for internal control systems in Heifer International Rwanda; examine the impact of control environment towards internal control system in the organization and to suggest possible solutions for the challenges of for internal control systems. To obtain the data, documentary study was adopted, questionnaires were administered and observation method was used. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the appropriate sample from the population. The findings revealed that there were cases of fraud and errors in Heifer international Rwanda from 2008-2010. It was also discovered that there are cases of non compliance to internal control norms and submission of reports. Control environment is not at the peak since there are no trainings for staff on internal control systems organized by the management. It was further explored that there are weak internal control s in procurement and there are no ant-fraud plans underway to mitigate fraud in the organization. Conclusions and recommendations were drawn regarding the attainment of of goals through implementation of concrete internal control systems. The recommendations drawn include staff training on internal control systems, to put in place policies to mitigate fraud and any type of corruption. There should be segregation of duties as a basis of minimizing errors and errors should be corrected as soon as they are identified. There should be consistence inventories of assets and updating assets registers on quarterly basis. Every department or project should be represented in the internal tender committee so that goods and services are bought through acceptable procurement norms. Control measures should be designed purposely for management and utilization of assets and the books of accounts to record the movements of assets.

Surname                     AYABAGABO

Other Names:            CHRISTOPHE

Reg No:                      10/A/MADS/057/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PRODUCER AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES AND AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT IN NYAGATARE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                TINDIMWEBWA KENNETH

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Rwanda considers the producer agricultural cooperatives as full partners in efforts for improving quality life and development of rural communities. The study on producer agricultural cooperatives and agrarian development in Nyagatare district Rwanda is carried out in order to assess the contribution on household food security, household income, investigate constraints affecting cooperatives members and identify the factors that can promote the producer agricultural cooperatives. A total of 70 respondents were selected purposively from a target population of 770 members of four producers agricultural cooperatives, CODEMATA, CODPCUM, COOPAMA and FDC. The primary data were collected by use of questionnaire, interviews and documentation through the field visits to the cooperatives. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics. The results of the study showed that the producer agricultural cooperatives have improved household ffod securirty of the respondents from 10% in 2007( when the producer agricultural cooperatives started) to 68.6% in 2012. It shows also that the household income increasedfrom 28,987.56 Rwandan francs to 239,876.30 Rwandan Francs in five years ago. The producer agricultural cooperatives stand great chance of achieving their objectives and they are attractive because they participate in addressing the food security and also improving the conditions of living thruoogh household inome. They promote activities which render great services to local population and play an important role in improvement of better livelihoods in rural communities. However, members of agricultural cooperatives must increase their effort to extending the activities and the government must provide facilities t the cooperatives in case of the financial fund and training which help o sustain and extend cooperatives activities.

Surname                     UMURERWA

Other Names:            JEANNETTE

Reg No:                      09/F/MAPPM/079/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF ABANYAMURAVA COOPERATIVE TO WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN MUSANZE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This research aimed at finding out the contribution of women cooperatives to development of their members, to assess the role of government’s contribution to women empowerment through cooperatives and examines the challenges faced by women cooperatives in supporting women empowerment. The methods used to collect data were a questionnaire and interviews. In Musanze district, the Abanyamurava cooperative is one of the many women cooperatives which contribute to a lot to women development via industrial, health, education, environmental sectors. Through questionnaires and interview, a higher number of respondents showed they are very well appreciation about the contribution of the Abanyamurava cooperative to the society development. Authorities interviewed revealed that education, trainings, financial support are provided to facilitate the Abanyamurava. The major recommendation was to encourage all the stakeholders (beneficiaries, leaders and institutions) to work together to joint efforts in order to fight poverty among women.

Surname:                   NYAMUGANZA

Other Names:            BARNABE

Reg.No:                      08/KU/304

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT

Title of Dissertation: ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND HOUSEHOLD STABILITY IN RUTSIBO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                MS BETTY MATEGEKO

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in all thirteen sectors of Rutsiro District in Rwanda, on Alcoholism and Household Stability. By using several research methods, the study could determine causes, effects of alcoholism in general society and in Rutsiro District particularly. It was found that domestic violence causes instability in household viewed economically, socially, physically and many respondent indicated that those situations came when couples have disagreements in their family production levels are low and this affects family income definitely which results into poverty. Socially it was found that women and children are most affected alcohol consequences, findings show the increasing of divorce, fighting, prostitution, crimes and street children in couples. The study therefore identified forms, causes, effect of domestic violence and suggest solutions which government have to enforce lows people to avoid excessive alcohol consumption and try to find job to their people, look for sanctions to those who will not observe laws enforced.

Surname:                   NZEYIMAN

Other Names:            EMMANUEL

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/095/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE IMPACT OF MAISE POST-HARVES MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON SMALL FARM HOLDERS’ INCOME IN UMUCYO COOPERATIVE SOCIETY, BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                MR. FRED MASEREKA

Date of submission:                OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The government of Rwanda has given high priority to production of maize in the country’s marshlands, huge investments were done.  In maize Cooperatives like UMUCYO, farmers respond by growing maize as a cash crop, consequently the production increased together with the needs in postharvest materials and skills to ensure proper postharvest management to meet market conditions of quality and quantity as determinant of prices. The government’s investments in this sub-sector aims to reduce the poverty by increasing the income of small farmers, the current situation is that most maize is dried, stored and processed using inappropriate materials and techniques which resulted by high maize losses and affects the quality (moisture content and impurity) which conditions the prices that are offered by the market. The vision of government of Rwanda (Vision 2020) of reducing poverty, food insecurity and increase the per capita income to 900 USD in year 2000 (MINECOFIN, 2000) is constrained by this situation. There are three important issues here; the first is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from using Cooperative as appropriate channel for selling maize. The second is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from improving the quality of maize through improving drying and storing practices by reducing the losses and complying with market conditions of maize moisture content. The third is if there are gains through improving quality of maize by improved primary postharvest practices (Threshing, drying, winnowing and sorting) bth aiming at increasing the small farmer’s income. The research findings revealed a high need of primary postharvest materials for winnowing and drying which incur high maize losses and deterioration of quality. By improving maize postharvest practices and availing necessary materials and infrastructures will certainly increase income of small farmers.

Surname:                   CYUMA

Other Names:            JEAN CLAUDE

Reg.No:                      09/A/MADS/031/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CROP INTENSFICATION PROGRAM AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                MR. AKAMPA FRANK

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was done on the contribution of CIP towards the socio-economic well-being of the people of Bugesera district, Rwanda. It was guided by four specific research objectives. These were achieved using descriptive and case study approaches that applied questionnaire administration, interviews and direct observation to collect primary data and secondary data. The study found that CIP has made significant contribution to the well-being of the people of Bugesera district. The study thus recommends awareness rising was still important in the implementation of CIP. There was also need to increase the number of agronomists as there were reported inadequacies of the extension officers. Once the extension officers are increased, it was enhance access to such services by the farmers which is vital in increasing productivity and output

Surname:                   NIKUZE

Other Names:            DONATHILLE

Reg.No:                      10/F/MBA/011/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: CUSTOMER LOYALTY AND MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN RWANDA. A CASE STUDY OF RIM LIMITED, KIGALI AGENCY

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was about customer loyalty and micro-finance institutions in Rwanda. A case of RIM limited, Kigali Agency. The study was conducted to examine the factors which influence the growth of Micro-finance institutions, investigate the factors which influence customer loyalty to a particular micro-finance, analyses the relationship between customer loyalty and growth of microfinance institutions, and explore possible strategies that can be adopted by micro-finance institutions to reduce customer turnover. Using the self administered questionnaire and face to face interviews guided by the questionnaire, data were collected from 80 respondents composed of four administrators, nine loans officers, three accountants, three supervisors and 61 clients. Data were analyzed mainly quantitatively with some qualitative approach as well. Descriptive statistics such as tables and charts, frequency counts and percentages were used. Objective three was analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation with the help of research hypothesis and cross-referencing with the literature review was done to ascertain the findings. It was found out that three is a significant relationship between customer loyalty and growth of micro-finance institutions in Kigali as was ascertained by the correlation value (rxy)= 0.75.The study concluded by establishing a number of reasons as obtained from the responds confirming these findings. The study recommended that MFIs should demand collateral security equaling to the financial value of the loan given.

Surname:                   SHEMA

Other Names:            BERNARDIN

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/107/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  STRATEGIC PLANNING AND PERFORMANCE OF RWANDA DEVELOPMENT BANK

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the role of strategic planning in the performance of financial institutions with particular reference to Rwanda Development bank (BRD). The specific study objectives were: to describe the strategic planning process, to examine its role on BRD performance    and to explore the financial performance of BRD. In order to collect as much as possible descriptive research design was used based on the scope of the study. Questionnaires were administered to respondents where the study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of collecting information qualitative method is based on respondent’s opinion and perceptions towards strategic plans while quantitative method is inferential and quantifies outcomes its used to measure financial performance and customer’s satisfaction. The results revealed that the bank performance indices are strong predictors of good financial performance. The work recommended a transformational strategic planning model in the work for implementation in the current banking industry so that distress can be avoided and totally resolved. The model contains the following indices: sound change management, good investment policy, effective capital budgeting, corporate planning, effective tax planning, effective budgetary control and economic profit of investment and an effective retail banking system. An implementation of the model will give birth to sustainable performance growth which contains the following growth variables, adequate capital, quality earning assets, stable profitability, sustainable liquidity, enhanced dividend paid, and equitable tax liability. Other recommendations are: effective risk assets management, sound training of credit analysts and quality supervision from the industry regulators

Surname:                   BEYENDERA

Other Names:            VASTINA TUSIIME

Reg.No:                      07/KU/PG16

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:  NGOs AND EDUCATION OF THE ABATWE IN KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Date of submission:   FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of NGOs on the Education of the Batwa of Kabale district. The study was aimed at evaluating the contributions of NGOs towards the education of Batwa children, determining the contribution of parents and other stakeholders, examining school dropout rates among Batwa children and analyzing the challenges faced by Batwa children in primary schools. A survey was conducted in the Batwa communities of Muko, Butanda and Bufundi sub-counties in Kabale District where a cross section of the total population was studied. The study sample comprised of Non-Governmental Organizations working with Batwa communities, headteachers, Batwa pupils, Batwa school dropouts and batwa parents. A total of 90 respondents were used. It was established that NGOs have contributed a lot towards the education of the Batwa in terms of construction of schools, provision of scholastic materials, and provision of mid-day meals at schools and payment of school levies. The findings also revealed that parents though poor, well wishers and Government have also played some role. Parents provide food though scarce when there is no food at school and Government supports children in Universal Primary School Education (UPE) schools. School dropout rates were found to be very high due to child labour, early marriages, poverty, peer pressure and old school entry age. Challenges hindering Batwa education included high levels of absenteeism, apathy, stigmatization and discrimination. The recommendations of the study address critical socio economic issues related to enrolment and retention of pupils in school. There is need for concerted effort of all interested parties who include NGOs, government, religious institutions, politicians, teachers, parents, children and communities where Batwa live to initiate and coordinate activities aimed at uplifting and sustaining education standards of the Batwa. There also need for government to provide land and farming opportunities in order to address the issues of hunger and poverty which greatly affect access and retention in schools.

Surname:                   RUGUNDANA

Other Names:            WILSON

Reg.No:                      10/F/MBA/096/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSIBESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  NON-TAX COMPLAINCE AND TAX REVENUE COLLECTION IN RWANDA. A CASE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMES) IN KIGALI CITY

Supervisor:                ALEX KANYESIIME

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the effect of non-tax compliance on Revenue collection, a case study of Rwanda Revenue Authority. The specific objectives of the study were: the evaluate determinants of SMS compliance to paying taxes, the level of tax compliance in SMEs in Kigali City and to assess how non-tax compliance by SMEs affects tax revenue performance. A cross-sectional research design was used together with the explanatory research design and analytical research design, in order to ascertain the determinants of tax compliance and their effect on tax revenue performance particularly among SMEs in Kigali city, Rwanda. The sample size was used for the study was 100 SMEs. Data was collected using self administered questionnaires. The study used stratified and purposive sampling techniques to draw representative samples and 40 respondents were involved in the study. The findings of the study revealed that there is a strong positive relationship between Tax Compliance and Domestic Revenue Collection. The study found out that the level of tax compliance was still low among the tax payers and they attribute this to the high tax rates, poor taxpayers’’ attitude towards RRA, the large informal sector which encourages tax evasion. The low level of tax compliance was also attributed to the low tax compliance culture. The study also found out that the cost of revenue collection is low. The large Taxpayer’s Office increased domestic revenue collection and RRA experiences and registers tax arrears which also affect its performance. The study offers the following recommendations, improve tax administration so as to provide individuals and groups with guidance on how to improve bookkeeping standards and tax returns, tax counseling offices should be established country wide, procedures for filing returns and applications should be eased and promote tax education to create awareness among tax payers, and awarding of prizes to compliant tax payers.

Surname:                   UWIRAGIYE

Other Names:            JOSELYNE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAED/110/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: THE ROLE OF HEADTEACHERS IN DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT AT PRIMARY LEVEL IN KIMISAGARA SECTOR

Supervisor:                 EDWIN BABIMPA

Date of submission:    OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to pursue an investigation about the role played by headteachers in discipline management at primary level in Kimisagara sector. From the literature study it became clear that discipline cannot be considered as an object or event in itself but that it has to be seen in terms of factors in and outside the school, and that its maintenance is essential for overall class control, without which effective learning is impossible. One of the prerequisites for all children is that they should learn how to behave at home, in school and in the community. Children have to adhere to the family’s and the school’s codes of conduct. This study has found, however, that discipline remains the most significant problem in primary schools as many schools experience a breakdown of discipline resulting in disruptive behavior in the classroom.

 

A code of conduct for learners contains school and classroom rules which regulate the day to day relationship between educators and learners. The adoption of a code of conduct and the effective implementation thereof is the responsibility of the school governing body. It should be reviewed annually by the stakeholders and any amendments should be agreed upon by all the members. For the purpose of the empirical investigation a self structured questionnaire to be completed by educators was utilized. The completed questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics. In conclusion a summary was present on the findings of the literature and empirical study and the following are some of the recommendations that were made: good behavior must be inculcated in learners by means of positive and constructive discipline and a code of conduct flro learners must be enforced to regulate the learners’ behavior.

 

Surname:                   BETIHAMU

Other Names:            ISHMAEL

Reg.No:                     

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:              

Academic Unit:         

Title of Dissertation: THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN KABALE DISTRICT. A CASE STUDY OF KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the role of the government on entrepreneurship development of Kabale district. A sample of 50 business owners was used in the study selected using simple random sampling method. The study used across sectional survey as a preferred method of data collection on different categories of businesses. The study was descriptive in nature, data collection and presentation was both quantitative and qualitative, the study population included a number of business owners, (entrepreneurs) in Kabale Municipality. The data collection instrument included questionnaires, interviews guide and observation in form of checklists. The data was analyzed in the table in consideration of the variable highlighted by the research questions. More useful data was found in the government offices of national chamber of commerce, private sector foundation of Uganda, Uganda manufacturers associations, Uganda investment authority, national curriculum development centre and entrepreneurship development centre. The findings of the study revealed that the major determinants of entrepreneurship development in Kabale district include the role of government, the way businesses are owned and managed, the educational policies and programs, the rate of economic growth in the area, people’s attitudes and perceptions and the community’s actions. The findings also showed that there is no specialized institution of the government that offer entrepreneurship development in Kabale district. These mentioned just help individuals to achieve income and self employment or skills development capacity. Basing on the results of the study, possible recommendations were made in order streamline the role of the government on entrepreneurship development in Kabale district. The primary role of the government and other agencies is to increase opportunities to develop the motivation of potential entrepreneur’s ability to start business. And government agencies that develop entrepreneurial environment may be efficient in their work if they address the specific elements, the common areas to be addressed by the public policy are increasing the opportunity for entrepreneurs and creating general environment that fosters entrepreneurship development, encouraging the establishment of institutions that support entrepreneurs and providing financial and non financial assistance. Focus should be on improving the macroeconomic policies and procedures and on developing a legal and institutional framework for the efficient functioning of the private sector. The government should open up the sensitization campaign on the role of entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial finance, fair play regulations, managing civic administration, banking roles and so forth.

Surname:                   BIZIMUNGU

Other Names:            JEAN BOSCO

Reg.No:                      09/F/MBA/083/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICAS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: THE ROLE OF INTERNAL AUDIT FUNCTION IN PERFROMANCE OF RWANDA MUTUAL HEALTH INSURANCE FUND. A CASE OF GICUMBI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                ANTHONY K AGUME

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out the role of Internal Audit Function in the performance of Rwanda Mutual Health Insurance Fund case of Gicumbi district. The research aimed at analyzing and evaluating the role of internal audit function on performance of mutual health insurance fund in Rwanda. It was also to highlight the role played by internal audit activity in achieving goals of mutual health insurance fund of Gicumbi district, to identify the internal controls used in MHIF in implementing MHIF. Mutual health insurance fund of Gicumbi district has caught the attention of internal audit system as an effective tool for performance amelioration and is considered as victory to escape the mismanagement. In Rwandan context, this same initiative and hop has been emphasized in the country’s mismanagement reduction strategy papers. The study took a case Gicumbi district which was one of 30 districts of Rwanda. To achieve the desired objectives of the study 50 staff of the MHIF selected from 20 branches of MHIF of Gicumbi district were interviewed. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect primary data, books from libraries and other documents were used to collect secondary data. It has been found that the internal audit unit can serve the MHIF in maintain its profitability without compromising its sustainability. In all therefore, the study recommended that to achieve quality performance of MHIFs in Rwanda, government, administrators of MHIFs and other stakeholders should ensure that there is effective internal control. The conclusion was that the internal audit function is necessary requirement and suggestions were that Rwanda government should enhance this service to cover the performance of mutual health insurance funds.

Surname:                   SERUGO

Other Names:            FAUSTIN

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/046/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICAS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: EXTERNAL AUDIT AND FRAUD CONTROL IN RWANDA.    A CASE STUDY OF ENERGY, WATER AND SANIATION AUTHORITY (EWSA)

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the effectiveness of external audit function in fraud control in Energy, water and sanitation Authority (EWSA), Rwanda; whose specific objectives included evaluation of the effectiveness of external audit function in fraud control, examining the factors affecting performance of external auditors in fraud control and to estimate the level of fraud control in EWSA. Descriptive cross sectional study design was adopted in conducting this study. A total population of 1,840 respondents and 15 key informants from whom a sample of 184 elements provides qualitative and quantitative responses for the study. Data was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The findings of this study are presented in three broad areas; departmental fraud and risk preparedness; departmental fraud prevention structures and mechanisms and departmental fraud profile and awareness building activities. The study findings revealed that the external auditor assesses the role of the internal auditors, evaluates whether there is “substantial doubt” about a company’s ability to continue as a going (Viable) concern, assesses management’s style to determine if the style might lead to fraudulent financial reporting and that the external auditor ensures that management conveys the findings of the audit to the board of directors. The study recommends that auditors should work hand in hand with regulators and those that are in charge of corporate governance, to design a common framework that will govern the creation of audit reports that are concise, reliable and effective. Furthermore, there is also need of developing an oversight team in charge of potential systems abuse. It is believed that with improved information education and awareness fraud in EWSA and other parastatals in Rwanda will be reduced if not totally eradicated.

Surname:                   ABINGERI

Other Names:            ANNE

Reg.No:                      08/M/KAB/MADS/019/W

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: WOMEN MARGINALIZATION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL RWANDA. A CASE STUDY KAMEGERI SECTOR, NYAMAGABE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                Prof. Allen Babagura

Date of submission:   August 2012

ABSTRACT

This study entitled “women marginalization and community development” a case study of Kamegari Sector of Nyamagabe district in Southern province of Rwanda aimed at analyzing how women marginalization was affecting community development in Kamegeri sector. The specific objectives of the study included examining women participation in decision making processes. Access to land ownership, establishing the level of education and skills development and critically recommended how marginalized women could be empowered to fully contribute to community development in the sector. The main findings were that a big number of women least participated in decision  making due to low levels of education, cultural barriers and lack of property ownership. The study recommended that, government should strengthen gender equality and participation at family as well as community levels. District officials should encourage functional literacy programmes which include simple technological skills that target both men and women. Emphasis should be put on sensitizing men and women on the role of gender participation and more so on the setback of ignoring more than 52 percent the population. Men should be sensitized on the need to allow women to form associations through which they can work towards achieving their freedom and legal rights.

Surname:                   RWIGEMA

Other Names:            GILBERT

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/025/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND DONOR FUNDS MANAGEMENT. A CASE STUDY OF SPARK RWANDA

Supervisor:                ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was undertaken to determine the impact of internal control systems on donor funds management with a specific focus on Spark Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were: to identify the internal controls systems used in managing donor funds, find out ways in which internal control systems have helped in effective management of donor funds and examine the challenges faced in using internal control systems to manage donor funds. These were achieved using questionnaires, interview guides and secondary data analysis. The study found that the internal control systems used by Spark Rwanda in managing donor funds included; segregation of duties, authorization of transactions, retention of records, supervision or monitoring of operations and physical safeguards among others. The ways in which internal control systems have helped in the management of donor funds were according to respondents, preparation of financial reports containing most relevant material information, sufficient reliable information on budget execution, reducing the queries about the financial reports prepared, submission of reported for business advances in a timely manner and timely achievement of project objectives as per plans. Concerning the challenges of using internal control systems to manage donor funds, the study found out that the organizations facing some challenges like moral behavior of the employees in the organization, poor records management, improper payments, poor monitoring systems, recipient organization capacity to align itself to different requirement from multiple donors and inadequate skills. In a bit to address such challenges, the study made the following recommendations, NGOs should deliberately invest in putting in place sound internal control system and engage management and all members in the organization through training, coaching and mentoring. It is also recommended that SPARK should review their current accounting systems to identify gaps and then put in place steps to fill those gaps. Donors should intensify efforts to harmonize their practices and procedures to the maximum extent possible in a bid to reduce the capacity reducing impact they have on NGOs internal controls.

Surname:                   AYEBAZIBWE

Other Names:            PULICANO

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/090/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN IMPROVING HOUSEHOLD INCOMES IN KAMABUYE SECTOR, BUGESERA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                TUSIIME WILSON

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Microfinance has become very important in global poverty reduction debates. The popular assumption is that enabling poor households access to credit helps households begin micro entrepreneurship which would enable them improve their incomes and eventually escape poverty. Evidence from research so far has been scanty and many results have been highly contested.

The main objective of the dissertation was the role of microfinance institutions in improving household incomes in Kamabuye sector, Bugesera district. The study is an experimental case of Bugesera district where participants in microfinance programmes and non-participant households were studied over time, thus yielding a rich pooled data for analysis. On integrating time dynamics in the analysis, the results indicate a positive and significant impact of microfinance on household income. To this end the dissertation argues that there is a role of microfinance on the improvement of household incomes. It also asserts that providing affordable financial services to the rural population still remains to be an important component of development strategy. On the other hand the dissertation empathizes that there is need to come up with innovative microfinance institutions that are supportive of their own role in assets accumulation and wealth creation for their clients. This will involve innovative targeting of potential clients, as well as streamlined microfinance regulations to protect their clients.  In particular the study cautions that the ability of households to begin informal sole micro entrepreneurships should not be assumes to be adequate for the improvement of household income. There is need to create a policy framework to spur growth not only in the micro enterprises but also in the overall rural economy that would lead to the creation of employment opportunities and an increment in the agricultural output. This is quite a big task to accomplish and may require more than one particular policy intervention. In essence this calls for both private (microfinance) and public partnerships to create the environment where such poverty reduction objectives could be realized.

Surname:                   KYOMUGISHA

Other Names:            KELLEN CHARITY

Reg.No:                      07/KU/PG 17

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ASSESSING THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF RURAL WOMEN TO SOIL CONSERVATION IN KABALE DISTRICT. A CASE OF KAMUGANGUZI SUB-COUNTY

Supervisor:                PROF. ALLEN BABAGURA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study assesses the contributions of rural women to soil conservation in Kamuganguzi sub-county, Kabale district. The study targeted women because the population of women is higher than that of men in this sub-county, therefore their contributions to conservation matters. The study also looked at various forms of conservation used by rural women in Kamuganguzi sub-county. The researcher also looked at the methods of disseminating information used in the process of conserving soil resources in Kamuganguzi sub-county. Lastly but not the least, the researcher investigated the level of awareness and practices of rural women towards soil and water conservation in Kamuganguzi sub-county. The study used self administered questionnaires and interviews to collect data from respondents who included women, men and the youth to avoid prejudice. The number of respondents was 80 and was chosen randomly from the two parishes of Kicumbi and Buranga. Findings of the study suggest that women contribute more to soil conservation in Kamuganguzi sub-county because of their daily work of producing food for the family. On the basis of the findings, the study recommends that government should train more agricultural extension workers to teach rural farmers forms of conservation practices so as to increase output. More funding should be availed to the agricultural sector since it employs majority of the population in Uganda.

Surname:                   MUREKATETE

Other Names:            ALPHONSINE

Reg.No:                      09/F/MAPAM/063/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: MOTIVATION AND STAFF PERFORMANCE IN KIGALI INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION RWANDA

Supervisor:                MR. EDWIN BABIMPA

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this study was to assess “Motivation on employee performance in Kigali Institute of education.” This study in an assessment of this purpose used deductive approach in which a qualitative research was carried out among workers at Kigali Institute of Education (KIE). The research was intended to get their responses on what they feel is (are) the best factors that could motivate them as employees. The analysis from the empirical findings showed that Job satisfaction was among the most ranked factors. This study therefore can be seen as an introduction to a more detailed study to be carried by future researchers on the field of employees’ motivation.

Surname:                   KUBWIMANA

Other Names:            AUDACE

Reg.No:                      09/F/MADS/072/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY AND INCOME. A CASE STUDY OF CORIKI AND CORIBARU IN RUHANGO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                Kenneth Tindimwebwa

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study had the purpose to investigate the contribution of farm cooperatives on members’ food security and income, to assess the difference between farm cooperative members and non cooperative members and identify various challenges that farm cooperatives do confront. The study covered two farm cooperatives CORIBARU and CORIKI and some non-cooperative members. From each cooperative, a sample of 30% has been randomly taken and the same number of respondents has as well been randomly interviewed from the non-cooperative members of the neighbouring households. Briefly, the sample for this study included 170 persons from CORIKI, 280 persons from CORIBARU and 450 persons from the non-cooperative members’ group. Data have been collected by both interviews and observation methods. Answers have been presented in either MS excel tables or graphs and discussed in details in chapter 4. Respondents revealed that cooperative members are better-off than non-cooperative members both in terms of food security and income status. An important percentage (53.8%) of non-cooperative members reported to belong in the lower annual income category (10.000frw – 50.000frw) whereas only 6.8& and 20% from respectively CORIBARU and CORIKI belong to this lower income category. The study has also shown that farm cooperatives have contributed to improving on members’ households’ food security and income. In CORIBARU, only 51.8% of respondents could access to 3 meals a day before joining the cooperative whereas 83.6% have currently accessed 3meals/day after having joined the cooperative. In CORIKI, only 24.1% could access to 3meals/day before joining the cooperative whereas 42.4% has currently accessed to that. 23% of respondents from CORIBARU reported to have had the annual income range of 100.000Rfr – 200.000RFR before cooperative formation and this percentage increased to 40% for the same income range after cooperative formation. In CORIKI, the increase of people in the income range of 100.00Rfr – 200.000 Rfr from 8.2% (before cooperative) to 24.1% (after cooperative) shows the contribution of the cooperative on annual income. Farm cooperative challenges have been identified: poor cooperative management by the committees, difficult access to agricultural inputs, poor infrastructure maintenance and lack of post-harvest infrastructure. Recommendations have been given to the government of Rwanda, non-governmental partners, cooperatives and researchers, all to strengthen farm cooperatives for the betterment of members’ food security and income and to encourage non-farm cooperative members to join cooperatives.

Surname:                   MUKANDEKEZI

Other Names:            PETRONILLE

Reg.No:                      10/F/MAED/012/PG/W

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:  RULINDO CATHOLIC MISSION AND EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES: A CASE OF “MAISON D’ACCUEIL ESPERENCE” CENTRE IN RULINDO DISTRICT

Supervisor:                KENNETH TINDIMWEBWA

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Rulindo Catholic Mission. Especially in MAISON D’ACCUEIL L’ESPERENCE” CNTRE.  Its major objective was to analyze the contribution of Rulindo  catholic  mission to the education of children and young people with disabilities. To achieve  the specific objectives, the information gathered  was analyzed from the sample of 48 respondents chosen in all categories of the total population based on gender, age, marital status, level of contribution to the education of children with disabilities in special needs education and inclusive education as well as though its activities. Disabled children develop the capacity to improve their lives and the development of society and the centre has helped change people’s mindset and attitudes to children with disabilities have to be protected from any kind of marginalization or discrimination. However, the centre and some challenges. Among them were: lack of enough funds, lack of adequate number of rooms; not have enough qualified personnel: weak collaboration between the centre and parents. The study recommends that government of Rwanda and nongovernmental organizations should increase their support to the centre’s program for children with disabilities and in training of specialist teachers. At the same the centre should initiate the program for the blinds children and recruit some disabled teachers to act as role models to the children.

Surname:                   CYUMA

Other Names:            JEAN CLAUDE

Reg.No:                      09/A/MADS/031/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: CROP INTENSIFICATION PROGRAM AND SOCIO- ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA.

Supervisor:                AKAMPA FRANK

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was done on the contribution of CIP towards the socio-economic well being of the people of Bugesera district, Rwanda. It was guided by four specific research objectives. These were achieved using descriptive and case study approaches that applied questionnaire administration, interviews and direct observation to collect primary data and secondary data. The study found that CIP has made significant contribution to the well-being of the people of Bugesera district. The study thus recommends awareness raising was still important in the implementation of CIP. There was also need to increase the number of agronomists as there were reported inadequacies of the extension officers. Once the extension officers are increased, it was enhance access to such services by the farmers which is vital in increasing productivity and output.

Surname:                   MWAMBARANGWE

Other Names:            DIDACIENNE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MADS/066/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF INDUCTION ON TEACHER’S PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NYARUGENGE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                OWOYESIGA WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the contribution of teacher induction training towards teacher’s performance in secondary schools in Rwanda. Specific objectives of the study were; to determine the perceptions of teachers towards induction programs in secondary schools; investigate whether induction of teachers effect students” performance; and determine challenges involved in inducting teachers. The study used a cross- sectional design, which was largely descriptive and qualitative in nature with use of 85 respondents including teachers, head teachers/deputies and district officials. Data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Major findings revealed that the teachers’ have positive perceptions about induction. It was found that majority of the respondents agreed that induction is necessary when a teacher is starting his/her career. Teachers believe that induction contributes to their performance. Induction was found to play a significant role on the teachers’ performance through; increasing teachers’ confidence, improving teachers’ retention, enhancing teachers’ professional growth, increasing teachers’ job satisfaction, enhancing teachers’ responsibilities and enhancing teachers’ intellectual development. Challenges facing new teachers’ induction programs were found to include; low salaries, too much work load, inadequate time allocated to inductees, inadequate facilities and lack of motivation by senior teachers among others. The study concluded that the results indicated that the teacher induction is important for enhancing teacher performance because it was well beyond the benchmark sig meaning that the code of conduct does not have a positive effect on the teacher performance. The study recommends that the ministry of Education in Rwanda implements induction programs in all schools throughout the country. New teachers throughout the country should always be exposed to induction to orient them to the teaching service as this has been found to effect teachers’ performance and eventually translated into students performance. The school managers should design effective induction monitoring and evaluation systems to produce sound evidence as to whether induction makes a difference in the performance of teachers and students on not.

Surname:                   HUMUZA

Other Names:            OSWALD

Reg.No:                      09/A/KAB/MADS/022/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: PEOPLE’S PARTICIPATION IN DECENTRALIZATION IN RWANDA A CASE OF NYARUGENGE DISTRICT, 2005-2009

Supervisor:                DR. CAB ZIGIRA

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

In Rwanda, the decentralization policy was developed after widespread consultation on the causes of disunity among Rwandans. On 26th may 2000, the Government of Rwanda adopted decentralization as a policy and a strategy for implementation. In the countrywide consultations, the citizens’ participation in the implementation of decentralization process in Rwanda with special reference to Nyakabanda sector. The purpose of the study was to determine how people have perceived the decentralization policy, to assess the level of citizens’ participation in the decentralization process in Nyakabanda sector and to find out the roles that citizens are playing in decentralization. The study found that Rwanda has successfully managed to establish an efficient and effective decentralization model that enables citizens to to access the government services at the grassroots level. In order to meet the citizens’ participation, local authorities make use of different opportunities. At the end of the study, some recommendations were made such as sensitizing citizens about decentralization policy and its advantages in different fields such as education and health because most of them do not understand this policy; sensitization of the opinion leaders and intellectuals to participate in different activities of decentralization policy, because their participation will motivate other citizens and leaders should come nearer to the people, especially local communities in order to sensitize them to participate in those activities because to local communities are the ones who benefit from this policy.

Surname:                   NZEYIMANA

Other Names:            EMMANUEL

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/095/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  THE IMPACT OF MAIZE POST-HARVEST ANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON SMALL FARM HOLDERS INCOME IN UMUCYO COOPERATIVE SOCIETY, BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                FRED MASHEREKA

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The government of Rwanda has given high priority to production of maize in the country’s marshlands, huge investments were done. In maize cooperatives like UMUCYO, farmers responded by growing maize as a cash crop, consequently the production increased together with the needs in postharvest materials and skills to ensure proper post harvest management to meet market conditions of quality and quantity as determinant of prices. The government’s investments in this sub-sector aims to reduce poverty to increasing the income of small farmers, the current situation is that most maize is dried , stored and processed using inappropriate materials and techniques which resulted by high maize losses and effects the quality (moisture content and impurity)which conditions the prices that are offered by the market. The vision of government Rwanda (vision 2020) of reducing poverty, food insecurity and increase the per capita income to 900 USD, from 220 USD in year 2000 (MINECOFIN, 2000) is constrained by this situation. There are three important issues her; the first is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from using cooperative appropriate channel for selling maize. The second is whether there is a gain in prices resulting from improving the quality of maize through improving drying and storing practices by reducing the losses and complying with market conditions of maize moisture content. The third is if there are gains through improving quality of maize by improved primary postharvest practices (Threshing, drying, winnowing and sorting) both aiming at increasing the small farmer’s income. The research findings revealed that the majority of farmers don’t have postharvest facilities; also it revealed a high need of primary post harvest materials for winnowing and drying which incur high maize losses and deterioration of quality. By improving maize postharvest practices and availing necessary materials and infrastructures will certainly increase income of small farmers.

Surname:                   NIYIBIZI

Other Names:            LEA LILIANE

Reg.No:                      09/F/KAB/MAPPM/056/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: THE EFFECTS OF GENDER INTEGRATION IN HIV/AIDS CONTROL PROJECT: CASE STUDY OF HCSP IN GICUMBI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                  MARIA GORETTI ADUBO

Date of submission:     OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The research was conducted with the objective “to assess the effects of Gender integration in HIV?AIDS control project in Gicumbi health facilities which integrate Gender in all HIV and AIDS program with the support from Intral Health / HCSP project”. It relies on quantitative and qualitative data collected through four questionnaires; one addressed to a sample of women ollents of PMTCT program, another for male partners, another for healthcare  providers involved in PMTCT  and GBV services and the last one addressed to the key informants (Head managers for health centers and HCSP managers). The study was done in 5 health centers (Byumba,Munyinya, Rutare, Kigogo and Mukono) located in Gicumbi district, North province of Rwanda. It was found that through PMTCT program: (a) pregnant women are tested for HIV and they are recommended to be accompanied by their partners, but some partners wait to be invited by health providers refused to come ; (b) while the achievements for the integration of gender in the PMTCT program, the study shows that follow up must still be made for couples in the context of prevention and management  of conflicts of HIV testing, providers should even put greater emphasis  on counseling on prevention of gender and GBVs; (c) disputes and conflicts occur in couples after HIV testing, the study shows that the resolution of these disputes is not always obvious , and care providers play an important role in solving them- The majority of the providers involved in the PMTCT program have no university education but they are trained on gender and GBVs management ; (d) HCSP project providers support to health facilities in Gicumbi to integrate gender into PMTCT program availing protocol, equipment, education materials and training of health providers. In conclusion, recommendations were made to increase awareness of the community for the involvement of partners in the HIV services and DBV prevention using community Health workers and empowering women by encouraging couples to formalize their marital status. Also it is recommended to the projects to strengthen trained providers on follow up of couples to support them on prevention and resolving conflict which can occur after HIV testing.

Surname:                   UWIMANA

Other Names:            CHRYSOSTOME

Reg.No:                      10/F/MADS/047/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: LAND USE CONSOLIDATION PROGRAM IN RWANDA: A CAS OF MIMULI SECTOR, NYAGATARE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                  AKAMPA FRANK

Date of submission:    OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study analyzed the land use consolidation program in Rwanda. It was carried out in Mimuli sector, Nyagatare District, Eastern province Rwanda. The underlying concern was that faced with the increasing agricultural productivity in Rwanda. The Rwandan government initiated different program and policy approaches to address agricultural sector in Rwanda in order to improve the agricultural productivity, among these was land use program, an agricultural approach which involves consolidation of different farm lands with a purpose of growing a particular crop on a large scale. The government has adopted consolidated agricultural practices as an appropriate approach to fatten agriculture’s productivity. Around 80 percent of the population depending on agriculture for their livelihoods however availability is scarce with high population density. Government has implemented various programs to tackle the constraints of agricultural modernization limited land available, soil erosion and high population density though these present difficult challenges, there have been great achievements due to the hard work of MINAGRI, supporting agencies, private sector and a willingness of farmers to improve their livelihoods. Questionnaire and interview guides were used to cover 62 respondents. All respondents who participated were selected using both simple random and purposive sampling. The research findings revealed that despite to meaningfully improve the agricultural productivity through the two out of three models (cooperatives arrangement and farming contracts/ individuals) of land use consolidation chosen by the farmers of Mimuli sector. Firstly it provides a solid base for economic expansion in Rwanda- with agricultural growth 3.2% in the FY 2010-2011 (NISR). As a share of GDP, the agriculture sector makes up 31%. Land use consolidation has succeeded in Mimuli sector according to the progress of productivity where the yield increased up twice of kg/per hector and arable land consolidated is 4,327 hectares out of 5,726.44 hectares of total area in Mimuli sector. Land use program is the best program at the national level to use for boosting the agricultural productivity.

Surname:                   KARAMIRA

Other Names:            JEAN BAPTISTE 

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/061/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: BUDGETING PRACTICES AND HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY IN RULI DISTRICT HOSPITAL, RWANDA

Supervisor:                  ZEHIREYO WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:    SEPTEMBER 2012

ABSTRACT

  1. The study was set out to establish relationship between budgeting practices and health service delivery in Ruli district Hospital, Rwanda. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: to assess the budgeting practices used in Ruli district hospital; to evaluate the effectiveness of budgeting practices on health service delivery in Ruli district hospital and to examine the problems faced during the budgeting process in Ruli district hospital. A range of literature concerning budgeting and health service delivery was reviewed and this included the different types of budgets, budgeting process, budget participation, budgeting and service delivery in health sector, etc. Descriptive research design was used and in this both qualitative and quantitative designs were utilized. Purposive and simple random sampling methods were also used to select 103 respondents of the study. The data were mainly corrected using a questionnaire and interview. The study found out that Ruli district hospital budget committee members consisted of accounts and finance individuals. Other departments such as human resource management, procurement and operations were not much involved in the budget committee. The final decision on budget proposal was made by the managing Director of the institution while other departments and sectors such as board of directors were left out in the process. The study also found out that there is a relationship between budgeting practices and health service delivery.
  2. The study recommends that for effective budgetary planning, all departments need to be involved in the budget committee in order to overcome problems of budgeting, institutions need to develop strong financial integration with performance management and also to have appropriate timing of the financial plan. Management has to put in an effort to ensure that the basic objectives of budgeting are achieved .A  joint  effort on the part of all departmental heads is required in preparing the budget in deciding goals and objectives, setting priorities, developing future action plans and formulating general and specific policies.

Surname:                   UWIMBABAZI

Other Names:            SOLANGE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MBA/112/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:  CREDIT MANAGEMENT AND LOANS PORTIFOLIO IN RWANDA: A CASE OF UMWALIMU SACCO MUSANZE

Supervisor:                   ZEHIREYO WYCLIFFE

Date of submission:      OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the credit management and loans potfolio in Umwalimu SACCO, Rwanda . The objectives of the study included analyzing the effect of good credit management on financial performance of Umwalimu SACCO, examining problems faced in credit management in Mwalimu SACCO, and to explore steps taken by Mwalimu SACCO to improve credit management. A quantitative study was conducted whose population consisted of 140 objects from which a sample size 70 elements was selected. Questionnaires were used to collected data and the data were analysed using SPSS software package to generate descriptive statistics. The study findings revealed the effective credit management results in the ability to analyse credit bureau information and  the adoption of credit scoring models; while the major challenges include internal and external fraud, bad debts, customer migration to competitors, lack of affordable funding, regulation of the industry and others the ciustomer illiteracy, inflation, unfair government policies. It was concluded that loans portfolio risks in Rwanda are therefore manageable with a combination of the SACCO industry understands risks in the industry and has the tools to manage these risks, it will enable them to ensure sustainability of their businesses as well as address financial needs of the lower income and of the market in Rwanda in the best possible way.

Surname:                   MUTIMA

Other Names:            GORDON KAPPA

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAPAM/043/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL SCALE DAILY FARMING COMMUNITY WELFARE.A CASE STUDY OF RUHAMA SUB-COUNTY, NTUNGAMO DISTRICT, SOUTHWESTERN UGANDA

Supervisor:                            ADALBERT AINE-OMUCUNGUZI

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Ruhama sub-county, Ntungamo district in South western Uganda with the aim of assessing the contribution of small scale dairy farming in improving household welfare. The specific objectives of the study were; firstly to assess the methods used in milk  handling by dairy farmers in Ruhama sub county; secondary, to examine the contribution of small-scale dairy farming  to  the socio-economic household welfare; thirdly , to determine the constraints facing small scale dairy farming in Ruhama sub-county; and lastly to identify possible interventions of improving small scale dairy farming in Ruhama sub-county. The data for this study was collected through a cross –section survey which involved both dairy and non-dairy farming households. In-depth interviews were carried out to gather the data. Data were analyzed using statistic packages for social sciences (SPSS 11.0)

Results from this study indicated that the majority of the dairy farmers used plastic utensils in milk handling. The study also revealed that the milk produced in the area was below the local demand and as a result, most of it was bought directly from the farmers by neighboring households for domestic consumption. Further, the study results indicated that small scale dairy farming contributed substantially to household welfare. Income from dairy farming was spent in education, health services and general household improvement. Dairy farming household were having more meals par day than non-dairy farming households which implied that dairy farming households were more food secure than non-dairy farming households. Ticks, diseases and scarcity of artificial insemination services were the major constraints of small –scale dairy farming in the area. Bring veterinary services closer to farmers, sensitizing farmers and formation of milk cooperative unions were the major interventions that could be taken to improve small scale dairy farming in the study area.

Due to its contribution to household poverty, this study recommends that dairy farming should be promoted as a poverty reduction strategy in rural areas.

Surname:                   NKUSI

Other Names:            MOSES

Reg.No:                      10/A/MADS/031/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: THE ROLE OF FOREIGN AID IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN GATSIBO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                  Zehireyo Wycliffe

Date of submission:     OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The current study examined the role of foreign aid in Agricultural development of Rwanda, taking Gatsibo District as the case study. The following specific objectives were formulated to guide the study. To review the nature and structure of foreign aid in Rwanda’s agricultural sector; to identify the determinants of agricultural production in Rwanda and to evaluate the role of foreign aid in improving agricultural production in Rwanda. A cross-sectional study design was used with the help of quantitative and qualitative study approaches. The study population was made up of NGO and government officials and farmers who have benefited from agricultural projects supported by aid from January 2009 to 2011 and these included selected household farmers on small scale and commercial farmers on large scale basis who number to 150. Major findings indicate that popular participation exists in the foreign aid activities implemented by NGOs in Rwana but only at the farmers’ group level. Beneficiary farmers benefit in the formation of farmers’ organizations, attend farmers’ group or inter group meetings as well as training. Farmers also benefit in the selection of enterprise, eEnterprise, elect group leaders as well as representatives at various levels. The study further revealed that benefits farmers get from foreign aid spills in the farming sector included, formation of farmers’ organizations, attending trainings from foreign NGOs selection of enterprises to be supported in a given financial year and election of farmer group executives and representatives at various levels. Others were, monitoring and evaluation of agricultural funded activities, participation in procurement and supply of agricultural and technology input/implements to farmers, liaising with agricultural based NGOs and private sector for market support and participation in agricultural trade fairs plus group farming, proposal writing, social events. In conclusion, popular participation existed in the first phase of the foreign aid activities implementation (2001-2007) but has been on decline. Forms and scope of participation by the beneficiary farmers include selecting enterprises, forming farmers’ organizations, electing group leaders and representatives, attending training and group and inter-group meetings. Major recommendations are information on aid, use of agricultural extension service coordinators at district levels and increased participation of beneficiaries of agricultural foreign aid.                                                                                 

Surname:                   NSABIMANA

Other Names:            JEAN DEDIEU

Reg.No:                      09/F/MAPPM/021/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: FOOD STORAGE CO-OPERATIVES AND ACESS BANK LOANS IN BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                Godfrey Barigye

Date of submission:  OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study set out to assess the contribution of food storage to access of finances/bank loan to increase business and income generating activities within rural settings in Bugesera as well as looking at possible challenges and limitations for proper recommendation that may result in  expansion of cooperative. The objectives of the study were to examine the contribution of warrantage in the food storage activities by accessing the development, analyze whether the food storage activities generate income in favor of members of co-operatives located in Bugesera  District and lastly to formulate strategies to improve community participation for food storage cooperatives interventions. The study employed qualitative and quantitative methods of Data collection which included us of questionnaires, use of interview methods, and also documentary methods while in the field. The findings were obtained, interpreted, discussed and analyzed and then later summarized in tables. The researcher went ahead to give a summary of findings, conclusion and the recommendations of the report as they were given by the respondents. The findings clearly exposed that food storage cooperatives have a great impact on their members’ livelihood development in Bugesera District.

Surname:                   NYINAWUMUNTU

Other Names:            DOMITHILLE

Reg.No:                      09/F/MAED/075/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation: NEW PRIMARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM IN RWANDA; THE CASE STUDY OF RULINDO DISTRICT

Supervisor:                REV. FR. MUNYAKIGEZI PAUL

Date of submission:   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was about the primary school curriculum in Rwanda. The main purpose was to explore the challenges of curriculum implementation in primary schools of Rulindo District in Rwanda. The followings were the objectives: to explore whether primary school teachers implement effectively official curriculum in a classroom experience, to explore the impact of monetary incentives on teachers’ performance in curriculum implementation, to analyze the impact of medium of instruction on curriculum implementation and to explore the impact of availability of teaching and learning resources on curriculum implementation in primary schools. In the study, the target population consisted of all primary school teachers of Rulindo District of Rwanda. The sample size consisted of 100 primary teachers of  Rulindo District who were related by systematic sampling. The researcher applied both qualitative and quantitative designs in administering research instruments. Data obtained from the primary school teachers revealed that the teachers do not implement effectively the official curriculum. The challenges area that primary school teachers face during curriculum implementation were as follows lack of motivation due to low salary scale, Language barrier, limited teaching and learning resources. Results showed that impacts of these challenges experienced by primary school teachers significantly affect curriculum implementation and quality of Education. The following recommendations were to be considered: Teachers should be provided with regular seminars and workshops concerning curriculum implementation. Teachers should be given incentives, such as salary, top ups, as motivation to do their work, and hence implement  the curriculum. The curriculum, besides the English translation should be translated in Runyarwanda and French. Teaching and learning resources should be available in order to effectively implement the curriculum in primary schools. Courses in  English language skills should be made compulsory for all primary school teachers of francophone origin in Rwanda.

Surname:                   HAKUZWEYEZU

Other Names:            AIMABLE

Reg.No:                      10/F/MAPPM/069/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW SCIENCE CURRICULUM IN KIGALI CITY CENTEERS OF EXCELLENCE.

Supervisor:                            AKAMPA FRANK AND GODFREY BARIGYE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was done to assess the planning and implementation of the  new science curriculum in Kigali City Centers of Excellence. The study was undertaken in three Kigali centers of excellence; Fawe girls, E.s Kanombe/EFOTEC and Lycee Notre Dame de Citeaux, which were the best performing  schools 2011 in science in their respective districts Gasabo, Kicukiro and Nyarugenge. The specific research objectives focused on understanding the perceptions of students and teachers towards the new science curriculum, how the new science curriculum planning, monitoring and evaluation are affecting curriculum implementation and the factors that affect the successful implementation of the New Science Curriculum. Data was obtained through primary and secondary resources. Random and purposive sampling was used where the respondents among students, teaching staff, and education officers responded to the questions. The data collection methods and techniques included personal interviews and questionnaires Data was presented in form of table and   description. The major finding more responds indicate that planning, Monitoring and Evaluation are the main factors of the implementation of new science curriculum on one hand but in another hand there are among challenges that hinder to achieve a successful implementation of this curriculum. The researcher further proposed the recommendations for challenges of new science curriculum implementation to these in charge to increase the planning, monitoring and evaluation and enabling all implementers terms of training in new science curriculum implementation as well as to handle the challenges risen up during the implementation.

Surname:                   KALISA

Other Names:            NARCISSE

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAPPM/098/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             EFFECTS OF INFORMAL CROSS-BORDER TRADE ON THE LIVELIHOOD OF HOUSEHOLDS. A CASE STUDY OF GOMA-GISENYI BOARDER

Supervisor:                            AMBROSE RWAHERU AHEISIBWE

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

For several years, informal cross border trading has been an important source of income for people with less education and low capital. However, much as the sector is crucial to sustain the livelihood of the population, it has attracted less attention of researchers and decision-makers. The overall, objective of this study was to assess the effects of informal cross border trade (ICBT) on the livelihood of households on Gisenyi-goma boarder, specifically on Petite Barriere entry point. Specifically, the study had the following objectives: to establish characteristics of small traders engaged in ICBT on Gisenyi-Goma border, to explore the extent to which ICBT contributes to households’ incomes of people engaged in the sector and finally to establish challenges and coping strategies of small traders in informal cross border trading. The study used both qualitative and quantitative data collected on the two sides of Goma-Gisenyi border in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and in Rwandan before the outbreak of the M23 mutiny. In total 127 respondents were interviewed and data analyzed using SPSS. A number of findings emerged from this study. First, the study revealed that ICBT on this border is largely dominated by women (76 percent). The majority of people involved in this business have less education (91 percent completed their primary education) and low capital. The average starting capital for Rwandan cross border traders is estimated at $57.74 while it is estimated at $82.39 for their Congolese counterparts. Secondly, ICBT constitutes the main source of income for informal cross border traders and this enables them to cater for the education of their children and health care for their families. Thirdly, the study indicated that informal cross border traders face many challenges hindering their business including cases of harassment, lack of enough capital, high taxes and acts of thefts among others and provides insight into strategies adopted by traders to cupe up with them. Finally, the study recommended to the governments of DRC and Rwanda to fight against various cases of harassment which is one of main challenges of the sector.

Surname:                   RUKUNDO

Other Names:            PASCAL

Reg.No:                      10/A/MAED/081/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ADOLESCENT PREGNANCIES IN THE BASIC EDUCATION SCHOOLS OF RWANDA: THE CASE OF MUHANGA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                            BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at finding out the causes, effects and possible solutions of school adolescent pregnancy in basic education schools of Muhanga District. To achieve our objectives, a sample of 108 educational stakeholders in six administrative sectors of Muhanga District was selected. They included parents, students, teachers and owners of schools. Local authorities and some victims of school adolescent pregnancy. Data were collected by use of questionnaires, interviews and document analysis methods. After data collection, they were subjected to both quantitative and qualitative analysis but most importantly to qualitative analysis. The research findings pointed that the lack of sexual education in schools and in families, poverty and juvenile delinquency are the main drivers of student adolescent pregnancies in Muhanga District. The findings also highlighted that student adolescent pregnancy impacts negatively on the adolescent mother, impact starting with drop out, poverty and health risks including HIV/AIDS. The newborn is at high risk of death, psychosocial problems, lack of parental love, and poverty. Suggestions drawn from the social background to prevent from student adolescent pregnancy include the comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education, strengthening all strategies taken to reduce and fight against poverty especially in rural areas. In addition, the role of adult men to impregnate teenagers has been demonstrated and local population suggest special measures to educate adult men towards their responsibilities as adults and teenage rights but most importantly taking serous punishments against those “sugar daddies” has been stressed. Recommendations towards different stakeholders to prevent from student adolescent pregnancies have been formulated. They include but not limited to the increase of personal responsibility of adolescent students to promote healthy behavior for successful achievement in schools and attainment of life-long goals provided that they are the first one to suffer great consequences of teenage pregnancy. In addition, there is a great need of implementing comprehensive sex education that teaches about abstinence as the best method for avoiding HIV/AIDS, STDs and unintended pregnancy, but also teaches about condoms and contraception, education that teaches interpersonal and communication skills and helps young people explore their own values, goals and options, to make responsible decisions about their sexuality and reproductive health. The reinforcement of Anti-AIDS clubs and integration in curricula of sexual education and reproductive health issues on the national education curricula of sexual education and reproductive health issues on the national education curricula of sexual education and reproductive health issues on the national education curricula and monitor on the regular basis the implementation of those curricula.

Surname:                   NIWAHEBWA

Other Names:            NELSON

Reg.No:                      06/KU/PG.16

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN KEBISONI SUB-COUNTY RUKUNGIRI DISTRICT - UGANDA

Supervisor:                            PROF. BABUGURA ALLEN

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

BSTRACT

The study sought to investigate the contribution of women empowerment on the economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri district. It was guided by the following specific objectives: to find the contribution of women property rights on economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri District, to explore the contribution of women financial decisions to economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri District and to investigate the contribution of women involvement in development activities to the economic development in Kebisoni sub-county –Rukungiri District. The study used a case study design with qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data were obtained from 4 districts community development officials, 14 sub-county administrative leadership and 70 members of the local councils. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and interview guide. They were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Data from interviews were analyzed using a master sheet and content analysis. The study concludes that women empowerment towards property ownership spurs economic development. This is attributed to uplifted production capacity leading improvement of financial assets. It was also found that women empowerment in financial decisions is a corner stone to economic development. When women begin earning some income it increases their autonomy and family relations increasing opportunities to reduce poverty and that involvement of women in development activities increases output and productivity because of commitment to services and increases purchasing power of the family and community at large leading to economic development due to increased shared knowledge. This study recommends to the Ministry of Gender, Community and Labor affairs to enact and disseminate laws that empower women to own property. This can be attained by incorporating some aspects of such circulars and laws in the school curriculum to the children grow up in the know of gender equality as regards property ownership that community stakeholders like civil servants, political leaders and religious leaders should sensitize communities in various places on need to empower women in financial decisions and that communities should adopt the culture of involving women on various development schemes. This can be attained by coming up with a policy that spells that from community project, there should be positions for women. Women on these positions should be empowered to take and make decisions. 

Surname:                   NKURAYIJA

Other Names:            ERIC

Reg.No:                      10/F/MAPAM/048/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             IMPLEMENTATION OF PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS IN RWANDA: THE CASE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN RUBAVU DISTRICT

Supervisor:                            PROF. GEORGE ALIBARUHO

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The overall objective of this study was to investigate challenges faced by local government in implementation of performance contracts practices in Rubavu District, Rwanda. Accordingly various scholarly works were reviewed to inform the conceptual framework and research methodology for the study. Using survey design, it was possible to get variety of views and opinions from Rubavu district local leaders and local people who were sampled and selected by simple random technique. The views, opinions attitude and experiences of respondents were obtained using questionnaires as the main research instrument. The study revealed that there was better performance based contract and it has achieved some of the set targets set during performance contract planning but due to the following challenges Rubavu district targets were not fully achieved, unrealistic and over ambitious targets, lack of experienced staff, poor monitoring and evaluation, high staff turnover, unclear task definition for district staff and limited financial capacity. As conclusion the Rubavu district performance based system of service provision would have performed better if the above challenges were addressed effectively. For better achievement of performance contract objectives, central government should develop a comprehensive policy to guide the planning, implementation and evaluation of performance – based contract process, citizen participation in the process needs to be enhanced more support for priority areas identified at household, village and cell levels is needed, leadership gap should be bridged by developing and implementing a comprehensive capacity building programme for leaders, including organization and management, meeting organization goals, participatory approaches to development management, time management and developing strategies to encourage youth to participate in development programmes including Imihigo. It is also important to put in place mechanisms involving the performance strategies to increase the implementation of results – based budgeting, improve cross ministerial coordination and improve decentralization process.

Surname:                   KIIZA

Other Names:            WILLIAM

Reg.No:                      06/KU/PG 20

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ECONOMIC ILLS AND BENEFITS OF ALCOHOL IN KITOBA SUB-COUNTY, HOIMA DISTRICT

Supervisor: :              PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA

ABSTRACT

Alcohol is produced, sold and consumed almost in every society in the world, despite the widely known health dangers associated with it. The present study aimed at analyzing its economic ills and benefits as way of understanding why the practice has been difficult to prevent. The study was descriptive and cross sectional, done in Kitoba sub-county in Hoima district. It analyzed the economic ills and benefits of alcohol to households in that sub-county. The sample size was 108 respondents sampled using stratified random technique. Data were collected using a semi structured questionnaires to conduct the interviews. Analysis was performed partly by computer and manually. The age range was 58 years. The majority of the sample was males and also majority of them were married. Majority of the sampled respondents drank alcohol. The majority drank alcohol were also selling it. Majority of respondents who drink alcohol saw no benefit in the practice. This was as expected, contrary to the sellers where a big number associated it with benefits. The economic ills of alcohol outweighed its benefits. The worst ill was poverty and the greatest benefit was being a source of school fees. The economic ills of alcohol were more than its economic benefits in Kitoba Sub-County. Social ills of alcohol were more widely known in the study area than the economic ills. Further research on this problem should be carried out in this area. The people in the area should be trained and encouraged to start alternative income generating activities. The local government should come up with a policy to address the issues of alcohol in this area. Health staff should mobilize and sensitive community about alcohol addiction. Ministry of Health should establish psychosocial support unit at health centres for the alcohol addicts

Surname:                   SIBOMANA

Other Names:            CHARLES

Reg.No:                      09/A/KAB/MBA/105/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PERFORMANCE OF NURSES IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MUHIMA DISTRICT HOSPITAL

Supervisor:                            REV. FR. MUNYAKIGEZI PAUL

Date of submission:               OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Creating and facilitating the occupational and career mobility, this is defined as the ease with which one can switch careers or occupations within one career category. From clinical nurse to physician’s assistant or from nurse to community health educator, is known to be a motivator of staff and enhancer of productivity of staff and an organization. This research is about performance of Nurses in Rwanda taking Muhima District Hospital (MDH) as a case study. Its specific objectives were to establish the impact of mobility opportunities in the form of vertical mobility, horizontal mobility, career profession content modifiers such as training and related underlying cost geographical mobility and the nursing care services delivery environment (hospital facilities). The study analyzed how these factors interact to impact on performance of nurses of MDH in Rwanda and how that performance has affected the effectiveness of health service delivery of the hospital. The study suggested measures to motivate and retain nurses at the hospital in the face of expanded mobility opportunities especially the broadening of regional opportunities.

 

KABALE UNIVERSITY MASTERS DEGREE DISSERTATION ABSTRACTS 2011

Surname:                                 Uwumukiza

Other Names:                          Francois

Reg No:                                   08/M/KAB/MADS/1981/W

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Title of Dissertation:               ISSUES AND PROGRESS IN ACHIEVING UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF THE NYARUGURU COMMUNITY.

Supervisor:                  Prof. George Alibaruho

Submission date:         July 2011

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted in Nyaruguru community with an overall purpose to review progress and implementation, and policy issues in the way towards achieving universal primary education for all (MDG No. 2) taking the Nyaruguru community as a case study. A total of 110 households were interviewed using a structured questionnaire that was developed based on the information needed such as household characteristics, school attendance and household resilience while other related information was collected using document review method. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. The results showed that primary school enrolment rate for children aged 7 years is still low (70.5%) with no gender disparity (70.1% female and 71.0% male) which largely fall far below the national level (94.2%). This enables one to conclude that school attendance in Nyaruguru is off track when compared to the national situation and the UN MDG 2. In Nyaruguru community, primary education completion is not on track since the results showed a trend whereby the mean completion levels of children aged 13 years is considerably low (2.3)??. The mean completion levels for all grades were below the recommendable level of completion (Table 4.4, figure 4.2). Despite the fact that a lot has been achieved to ensure gender parity in school enrolment, a substantial gap is still noticeable in education completion rate by gender: the same results showed a gender disparity on education completion favoring boys.  The following are some of the recommendations from this study. There is need to gender mainstream policies with extensive focus on their implementation in rural areas; such policies would seek for women economic empowerment and increased community awareness on child rights for both girls and boys alike. The decentralized local government should be empowered enough to implement gender related policies; and mechanisms for monitoring their implementations should be put in place so as to evaluate the policy performance and suggest changes wherever deemed necessary, which would improve chances of realizing MDG 2.  Interviews on household resilience indicated that 86.9% reduced the number of meals per day while 75.9% would pass one or more days with no meals as a result of food scarcity. Such situation of food insecurity affects children of school age to a great extent hence hindering their school attendance and performance. The correlation analysis confirmed this relationship between school attendance and food security situation, whereby school attendance would decrease among food insecure households. Thus in order to ensure full enrolment and education completion among all children in Nyaruguru as one of the rural areas, the GoR, along with its development partners, should sharpen its focus on interventions targeting the improvement of sustainable livelihood for rural families. While a lot has been achieved as of ensuring free primary education, a lot is also needed to ensure that rural households are food secure and their vulnerability to external shocks is kept at minimum levels. A countrywide study is so important to assess whether other rural areas like Nyaruguru are not far behind the national level in terms of achieving the second Millennium Development Goal, which seeks to ensure that by 2015 all children everywhere, girls and boys alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.

Surname:                     Murekatete

Other Names:                Brigitte

Gender:                         Female

Reg No:                          08/M/KAB/MADS/097/W

Programme:                  Master of Arts in Development Studies                                                        

Academic Unit: Postgraduate Unit                                                                                                                                             

Title of Dissertation:   HUMAN SETTLEMENT POLICY (IMIDUGUDU) AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA :A CASE STUDY  OFKITAZIGURWA MODEL VILLAGE RWAMAGANA DISTRICT 2009-2010                                                                                          

Supervisor:                  Prof. George Alibaruho                                                                                 

Submission Date:        2010

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                         

The human settlement policy (IMIDUGUDU) of the Rwandan government was a response to the pressing settlement needs brought about by the 1994 genocide which caused millions of deaths of Tutsi and internal displacement of the population. The objective of this research was to evaluate the role of IMIDUGUDU policy in addressing the consequent human settlement challenges, taking Kitazigurwa Model Village in Rwamagana District from its creation in 2009, as a case study. Specifically, the research focused on the following questions: are there prospects that the National Human Settlement Policy can improve the quality of houses in rural areas in view of the fact that most houses that were built in rural settlement centres during the emergency period (1997) are still incomplete? Given, that there are still many homeless families, particularly those who are vulnerable, could the IMIDUGUDU policy facilitate the creation of new and adequate housing? What are the socio-economic consequences of the IMIDUGUDU policy for people living in Kitazigurwa village and how does the policy improve Agriculture, Livestock and Environmental protection. A sample survey covering 30 families in this village and interviews (unstructured and structured) and conversations with respondents were conducted. Additionally, a questionnaire and structured interviews were administered to twelve (12) local leaders of Rwamagana District and the Eastern Province. Analysis of the data and the results showed that after settling in this village since 2009, the living conditions have been improved in the new houses compared to the previous houses, which were very small, scattered and constructed with poor building materials. The current houses have helped the local population to improve the standard of living, and limit the spread of many diseases such are skin and respiratory diseases. Improved security was another factor that the local population appreciated in the village. The social and economic conditions of people living in the model village have moderately improved. On one hand, there was an improvement for some sub-sectors like Health, Water and Sanitation and Social Cohesion; on the other hand, there was still a lot of work to be done for improvement in some sectors like Education, Creation of off farm activities and a culture of saving. From the perspective of agriculture and livestock, the population of this Model Village which had a culture of cultivating small and scattered mixed crops farms, now has adopted the new policy of land consolidation .They started also to adopt improved domestic animal breeding where new breeds (hybrid of purebred) have been introduced. Concerning environmental protection, the villagers adopted the use of energy saving stoves which do not require big quantity of firewood or charcoal; they also dug ditches in their landholdings to fight against erosion and to protect their lake Muhazi. All in all IMIDUGUDU policy has made a difference, compared to what was the case before, but much more lies ahead to be done.

 

Surname:                                 Serge Musana 

Other Names:                          Uwimana

Gender:                                   Male

Reg No:                                   08/M/KAB/MA.HRM/059/W

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Human Resource Management                                         

Title of Dissertation:            WORKPLACE SUPPORT PROGRAMMES AND JOB  PERFORMANCE OF HIV/AIDS INFECTED EMPLOYEES INRWANDA

Supervisor:                              Prof. George Alibaruho

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    September, 2011

A STRACT

The HIV/AIDS pandemic is arguably the greatest threat facing the world today. The pandemic has a far-reaching impact on society and the workplace, in particular, including a reduction in certain skills levels, mortality and declining job performance of employees living with HIV or AIDS. In addition, the fear of discrimination and stigmatization prevents infected employees from disclosing their HIV status, thus driving the pandemic underground. Despite the potential negative impact that is looming, many employers still do not have any workplace support programmes in place to manage HIV/AIDS in their organizations. However, some employers have implemented workplace support programmes. This research, which was conducted in three districts within Kigali City in Rwanda, explored the influence of workplace support programmes on the job performance of employees that were living with HIV or AIDS. The findings suggest that job performance is positively influenced where workplace support programmes have been implemented. The findings were obtained from analyzing the participants’ responses and that of their employers by conducting interviews, and the results indicated that 58.3% of the participants’ employers had a formal HIV/AIDS committee or policy and a combination of workplace support activities to manage the influence of the pandemic in the workplace. The findings also indicate that 72.7% of participating employers appeared to have no mechanisms in place to manage HIV/AIDS, nor much workplace support programme activities that specifically focused on managing the influence of the pandemic in the workplace. Thus this study underlies the need for advocacy to increase awareness among employers to pro- actively put in place support programmes for HIV/AIDS infected employees as a matter of good business, besides the social obligations to do so.

Surname:                     Gasirabo

Other Names:              Claver

Reg No:                       08/M/KAB/MADS/155/W

Gender:                       Male

Programme:                 Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:   RICE COOPERATIVES AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RWAND:A CASE STUDY OF RICE COOPERATIVES SUPPORTED BY THE RURAL SECTOR SUPPORT PROGRAM

Supervisor:                  Prof. George Alibaruho         

Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit      

Submission Date:        September 2011

ABSTRACT

The research aimed at analysing the contribution of rice farming to household welfare of rice farmers and improvement in standards of living of the community. At the national level, it assessed rice economy’s contribution to GDP, balance of payments and Food Security, with a focus on the impact of the Rural Sector Support Program – RSSP (funded by the World Bank). The methodology used secondary data from library, archives from Ministries, Agencies, RSSP and relevant cooperatives. It used also primary data gathered from the field, using structured interviews, debates and group discussions. The study population was the total number of rice cooperatives members supported by RSSP, in different rice perimeters located in the three provinces covered by the study. The findings show that rice contribution, at the macroeconomic level, is still low considering its share of GDP and the level of imports of rice from abroad to fill the gap between national production and the consumption and nutritional needs of the population.  However, rice production is increasing at very high rate considering its trend during the last couple of years, despite the fact that Rwanda is still importing 40% of its population’s rice consumption. Therefore, rice is still a threat to the Balance of Payments since national production cannot satisfy local consumption, but evidence shows that this will change over time.  The results show encouraging achievements and positive impacts of RSSP-1 on such indicators as agricultural production, food security, innovations in processing and marketing, infrastructure and the socio-economic status of households and general improvement of living conditions.  The current phase RSSP-2 is emphasizing Cooperatives capacity building to enable the organizations to be self- sustaining and develop a greater range of services to members and promote rice production by increasing land and productivity in terms of yields per hectare. External factors and other donor/partners’ contributions are less tangible in the day- to- day operations of RSSP- supported cooperative members’ activities. But Government agencies, RADA and ISAR retain an important role; they provide certified seeds and fertilizers, without which poor seed quality would remain the most significant weakness in enhancing rice production growth rates. Based on the findings, it is strongly suggested that future interventions emphasize enhancing productivity levels, particularly by promoting adoption of upland rice cultivation and raising the standards of post-harvest processing of rice. This goal can be advanced through development and implementation of policies and clear rules and procedures for programs and participating institutions and better alignment of budgets to goals in the rice sub-sector. 

Surname:                  Niyonsaba                                                                                                   

Other Names:            Véronique                                                                                                          

Reg No:                     08/M/KAB/MHRM/183/W                                                                                                      

Gender:                     Male                                                                                                                      

Programme:              Master of Arts in Human Resource Management                                                              

Title of Dissertation: OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS, HEALTH WORKERS’ PERFORMANCE AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS IN RWANDA :A CASE STUDY OF HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN MUHANGA DISTRICT, 2008 TO 2010

Supervisor:                Prof George Alibaruho                                                                                                              

Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit                                                                                    

Submission Date:       May 2011

ABSTRACT

This research was conducted with the objectiveto study how occupational hazards within health institutions in Rwanda (Muhanga District) and measures taken to date to mitigate them can affect workers’ and organizational performance and upon completion to suggest applicable strategies to fix potential problems to the development of successful, healthier and safer work conditions so as to improve health facilities’ service delivery effectiveness”. It relied on quantitative and qualitative data collected through two questionnaires; one addressed to a sample of forty-four healthcare providers and the other administered through individual interviews with owners or managers of public, government-assisted and private health facilities operating in Muhanga District, Southern Province of Rwanda. It was found that, within aforementioned facilities, workers face several types of risks: Accidents which consist of injuries from medical equipment, slips and trips, and falling down; Work-related diseases, mainly airborne infections, blood-borne infections, neck and lower back pain, hemorrhoids and varicose veins; Work-related stress and fatigue; Workplace violence. Factors influencing these risks were also identified; these are environmental factors (noise, hygiene conditions and smells, ventilation, narrow space and dispersion of units and location of some facilities), personal factors (worker behavior, psychological capabilities, inadequate skills), organizational factors (work organization, understaffing, insufficient financial resources, long working day), and external factors (behaviours of patients and/or their relatives, special groups of patients, medical insurance schemes). A close relationship was established between these factors and the risks prevailing in the health facilities under study. It was also found that the risks mentioned above impact negatively individual workers’ performance since they are causes of absenteeism, low morale, tardiness, poor quality service, constant anxiety, demotivation of some medical staff and resignation. Organizational effectiveness is also adversely impacted in terms of payment for job not performed because of absence and sick leaves, difficulty in retention, cost of unplanned recruitment and training, expenses for medical care in case of injuries or occupational disease, reduced productivity and increase in patients’ complaints. When it comes to comparison of the situation between the three types of health facilities (public, GAHFs and private), there is not much difference between what happens in public facilities and in GAHFs.  However, the situation is quite different when one compares these two types with private facilities; there are considerable differences based essentially on the size, the services provided, the location, etc. For example, physical environment is more poorly designed and   organized in most private facilities than in public and GAHFs.  On the other hand, risks are more frequent and more severe in public and GAHFs than in private facilities than. Even the number of patients care about and services provided are more limited in private facilities, that’s why problems like work overload, work-related stress and fatigue,  are not felt as having the same weight on health, safety and welfare of employees and institutions as in public and GAHFs. As for institutional responses to fix the problems or risks that are likely to undermine health, safety and welfare of healthcare providers and then their job performance, owners or managers of health institutions have taken several measures. The first set of measures aim at improving physical environment and safe practices through JHA and norms of practice enforced by health authorities. This set of measures encompass designing better workplace, physical environment organization, restriction of exposure to hazardous equipment, providing for suitable protective equipment, training  in the precautions to be taken, regular  supervision, system and equipment maintenance, cleanliness and waste management, to mention some. The second set includes measures aiming at improving staff satisfaction, morale and effectiveness through institutional and organizational interventions. This set of measures encompass insurance for occupational diseases, accidents and old age, medical care and sick leave, compensation for overtime and special risks, promoting minimal conflict, teamwork support and communication, institutional support to victims, increased and regular salary, and so on. However,   because of inadequate reporting system, the researcher was prevented from examining some predetermined indicators such as turnover rate, number of cases of victims of occupational accidents and diseases, workplace violence and work-related stress with its derived health problems and effect on job performance. Finally, some recommendations were formulated for health service providers, health institutions and health authorities, because, in spite of effort done to provide safe workplaces within health facilities under study, there are still areas of improvement which need to be taken into consideration adequately so that those efforts may have effective and sustainable outcomes for the sake of individual employees’ well-being and performance, work team performance and institutional effectiveness.

                                   

Surname :                                Mugeni

Other Names :                         Nyampundu Médiatrice

Gender :                                  Female

Title of Dissertation :              BIOGAS USE AND HOUSEHOLD DEVELOPMENT IN GICUMBDISTRICT,RWANDA.

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Supervisor:                              Prof. George Alibaruho

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

This dissertation aimed at exploring the potential socioeconomic effects of biogas use on household development and the environment in Rwanda. For this purpose, fieldwork was conducted in Gicumbi District in the Northern Province as a case study with the followingobjectives: (1) to examine the effect of cooking with biogas on household economy in Rwanda; (2) to investigate the influence of fertilisers from biogas on agriculture in Gicumbi District and (3) to explore the effect of biogas on household economy and development in Gicumbi district. Data collected from a sample of 100 participants were analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively; all open ended questions in both interview and questionnaires were tabulated, analyzed, presented and interpreted by using appropriate statistical tools.. The results show that biogas has the potential for increasing the attractiveness of life in rural areas. The findings of the study suggested that the main benefits of biogas plant to its owner were cooking, fertilizing and lighting facilities that saved a considerable amount of money, if the plant and appliances worked smoothly. Adoption of biogas certainly improves the natural environment as well as social environment. Biogas stoves are clean, safe and do not produce harmful gas. Women are among the principal beneficiaries of biogas programme. Their workload is greatly reduced. However, as installation of biogas plant is expensive, a mechanism needs to be established to make finance for domestic biodigesters available to everybody and under reasonable terms and conditions

                                                           

Surname:                                 Gatarayiha

Other Names:                          Gilbert

Reg No:                                   09/F/MBA/046/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               INTERNAL CONTROL AND PROFITABILITY IN                                                                RWANDATEL

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

The gist of this study was on the contribution of internal control function as a tool of profitability in Rwandatel Ltd. The study was based on the assertion that an effective internal control has a significant contribution on the profitability of a business firm. A sample size of 120 respondents was involved in this study.  For a comprehensive study, the researcher adopted a cross-sectional survey design to capture information in relation with objectives of the study. A self administered questionnaire was designed; it involved close ended questions that were used for effective data collection among 120 participants. In relation to the first objective of the study concerning existing internal control systems, the respondents 35% [u1] cited controlling organizational activities as the biggest share of the internal control systems, followed by monitoring controls. The second objective focused on application of internal controls. Majority of respondents observed that segregation of duties is one of the major applications of internal controls and this was represented by 48% respondents. Regarding contribution of internal controls to the profitability of organizations the study found out that 46% of the respondents acknowledged that internal controls such as: segregation of duties, control over assets, authorization and approval were a back borne of an organization’s existence. The budget must be aligned with the organization’s strategies as the prime determinant of quality budgeting. In addition to that, it was found that majority of respondents agreed that internal controls result into employee commitment. They stated that internal controls result into clear goal targets and allocation of resources. There was a significant positive effect of internal control function to the profitability of enterprises. The researcher found out that, an effective internal control function enhances the profitability of business fims,                                                                                                                                                                                                              

Surname:                                 Ngabirano

Other Names:                          Christopher[u2] 

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               ROLE OF CO-OPERATIVE BANK CREDIT SERVICES IN THE GROWTH OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES : A CASE STUDY OF MUHIMA CO-OPERATIVE BANK-RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

The study was undertaken to establish the Role of Co-operative Bank Credit Services in the growth of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs): A Case Study of Muhima Co-operative Bank Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were: first, to analyze the credit facilities offered by Muhima Co-operative Bank, secondly, find out the role played by credit facilities offered by Muhima Co-operative Bank in the growth of SMEs and lastly, to examine the challenges faced by SMEs in Rwanda. The above objectives were achieved using qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis methods. The instruments that were used were; questionnaires, interview guides and secondary data. Data was then analyzed using Microsoft Excel. The tables and graphs that were a result of the analysis were later transferred to Microsoft Word. In addition to Microsoft Excel, SPSS for windows version 12 was also used for data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that Muhima Co-operative Bank credit facilities were instrumental in the growth of SMEs. This was through facilitating some people to start SMEs, enhancing the capital base and the stock of businesses. The credit facilities offered by Muhima Co-operative Bank ranged from business loans to overdrafts. However, SMEs were reported to be facing a lot of challenges both in accessing the credit facilities from banks and in their general business operations. The challenges included: lack of collateral to enable them secure loans from banks, limited amounts of money given to them from banks, limited business management skills, and competition from large established businesses. These were established to be undermining the efforts of Muhima Co-operative Bank. 

Surname:                                 Niyikiza

Other Names:                          Pacifique

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MBA/103/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND COMMERCIAL GROWTH OF ENTERPRISES:A CASE STUDY OF URWIBUTSO ENTERPRISES LTD

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This study examined the significance of strategic management and commercial growth in an enterprise. It is based on the economic assumption which states that there is a close relationship between strategic management of human resource practices and commercial growth. This study used chi square test to assess the hypotheses. The results indicated that strategic management was positively related to strategic management. [u3] The study was conducted in URWIBUTSO Enterprises Ltd among 50 respondents. Cross-sectional survey and a self administered questionnaire were used as an instrument to collect the data needed. Also an interview guide was designed to capture in-depth opinions from key informants. The study was guided by three objectives; the first objective examined predicators for an effective strategic management. It was found that human resource alignment is a key element in strategic management and it has direct effect on commercial growth of an enterprise. This was affirmed by 74.0% respondents who agreed that it enhances creativity for productivity. 70.0% agreed that success of the business depends on employees’ competency. 68.0% agreed that strategic management ensures that resources are well allocated and strengthens business relationshipThe second objective was to investigate the effect of strategic management on commercial growth. The last objective was to establish the relationship between strategic management and commercial growth. It was concluded that there was a significant relationship between strategic technology and commercial growth of an enterprise. It was analysed that, properly arranged HR practices can have a positive impact on a firm performance when they are properly implemented. Creating a proper fit or integration is the key issue in SHRM and it is this congruence in organization’s HR practices that impact on the bottom line. It was concluded that our research examined firm performance by assessing some key variables that influence firm strategy development. Finally, the researcher commended that integrating all aspects of a company, is a sin-qua-non to a successful business strategy. Unit levels and functional levels should be integrated for any successful business strategy.

 

Surname:                                 Shaban

Other Names:                          Muhammed

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:           CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT AS A TOOL OF PERFORMANCE IN VISION FINANCE COMPANY LTD –KIGALI RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

The study examined the effect of credit risk management on the performance of commercial banks in Rwanda. Particular focus was on Vision Finance Company of Rwanda-Kigali. The research study was guided by the following objectives; capitalization, bank reserves, and credit operations and their effect on commercial banks performance. [u4] The study used across sectional survey design and descriptive statistical analysis based on 50 employees of Vision Finance Company of Rwanda. The research findings revealed an insignificant relationship between capitalization, bank reserves and credit operations on performance of Vision Finance Company.  It was found out that the influence of the above factors on credit risk management and commercial bank performance is not much; thus others factor could be at play. These include: fluctuations in macro economic variables, poor client credit rating and staff incompetence among others.

Surname:                                 Mugisha         

Other Names:                          Simon

Reg No:                                   09/KAB/MBA/A/072/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN DECISION MAKING AT

ECOBANK RWANDA: THE CASE  OF THE SCHOOL OF                                                   FINANCE AND BANKING RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at finding out the role of analysis and interpretation of financial statements in decision making at Eco Bank Rwanda and determining whether financial statements help in making decisions. Objectives of the study were; to find out how analysis and interpretation of financial statements is done at ECO BANK; determine the liquidity position of Eco Bank Rwanda, and finally to find out the return on assets registered by Eco Bank Rwanda. It was conducted in Nyarugenge District Kigali city in the Republic of Rwanda. The literature relating to the financial statements was reviewed by consulting different books and electronic materials in the view of getting more insights on the subject matter which was financial statements and decision making. In chapter three the research design, population of the study, sample size, sampling techniques and data collection techniques are all explained. Data was analyzed, presented in tables and charts for further interpretation and conclusions. Major research findings from the research include: it was identified that financial statements are very important tools in decision making at Eco Bank Rwanda. This was confirmed by 93% of the responses asked,  Financial statements provides reliable information to base on in making strategic decisions in an organization like expansion, dividends pay out and investment.  Financial statements are often referred to while making decisions. Analysis and interpretation of financial statements at Eco Bank Rwanda is done through trend analysis, comparative analysis and ratio analysis.  Liquidity position of Eco Bank Rwanda was revealed to be good and this was confirmed by computation of ratios especially cash ratios, return on assets during the years under the study was fluctuating and generally very low.

 

                                    Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:               BUSINESS PLANNING AND COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKERS’ COOPERATIVES IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF COALE-BONEZIMIRIRE NYABIHU DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Barigye Godfrey

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This work focused on the ‘Business Planning and Community Health Workers’ Cooperatives in Rwanda taking COALE-BONEZIMIRE as a case study. In order to meet Rwandans’ social welfare goals, especially in health sector, the Government of Rwanda decentralized some health services delivery to the community through the Community Health Workers (CHWs) model, based in villages. The Community Health Workers are the volunteers elected by the population to work as the catalysts for revitalizing and expanding access to health services. They were set up in 1995 after Rwandan Genocide of Tutsi of 1994. From 2009 up to now the country has 60,000 Community health Workers whose associations are changing into cooperatives. This research had an underlying hypothesis that a well prepared Business Plan makes the business successful while a poorly prepared one makes is likely to make the business fail. The research generally aimed at investigating the extent to which the business plan elaborated by COALE influenced this cooperative’s development and performance from 2009 to April 2011. Specifically the researcher aimed at analysing  COALE business planning strategies and their implementation; evaluating COALE’s achievements from April 2009 to April 2010; and examining the relationship between COALE’s business planning strategies and the cooperatives’ development in the country. This study is a case study that consists of an in-depth investigation of a single group COALE, but with the intention to make a generalization to similar groups. Its findings revealed that the cooperatives’ archives are poor as they don’t contain some necessary pieces of information about the cooperative’s profits and losses’ rates. This problem results from the fact that the cooperative doesn’t employ any experts who are qualified in business management and cooperative development. What is interesting with this cooperative is that all its members are aware of the cooperative’s objectives and thus, are very focused in their effort to achieve them. The study recommends that COALE and  other cooperatives with similar problems should employ experts to help them with technical skills for business planning and development.                                                              

Surname:               Magoba                                                                                  

Other Names:        Ronnie                                                                                                           

Reg No:                09/F/MA.PPM/013/PG                                                                         

Gender:                Male                                                                                                                

Programme:          Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management                                     

Title of Dissertation:    AN ASSESSMENT OF EFFECTIVE LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT  AND SERVICE DELIVERY:  A CASE STUDY OF NYABIHEKE REFUGEE CAMP-RWANDA                                                        

Supervisor:            Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe                                                                          

Academic Unit:       Postgraduate Unit                                                                   

Submission  Date:   October, 2011                                                                                                                                         ABSTRACT                                                                                                             

The study focused on assessing the effectiveness of logistics management and service delivery in an organization, taking Nyabiheke Refugee Canp in Rwanda as a case study. The hypothesis that aligned logistic management enhances quality service delivery undergirded the study. In assessing the effectiveness of logistics managementin the case study the primary yardstick was that quick and quality service delivery enhanced customer satisfaction and increased customer trust and retention. In the investigation, the researcher adopted a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. Both questionnaires and interview guide were designed to elicit a wide scope of information to support the topic of study. The questionnaire comprised of both open and close- ended questions; it was also a self administered questionnaire. With respect to the first study objective, i.e to establish the effect of logistics planning on service delivery in Nyabiheke Refuge Camp, the findings revealed that there was a significant association between effectiveness of logistic management and quality of service delivered and customer behavior. This finding affirmed that the quality of logistics management determines service process thereby increasing the importance of efficiency in logistics service provision which results into customers’ shorter delivery times and more accurate services. With respect to the second objective of the study, i.e to asses the influence of fleet management on service delivery in Nyabiheke Refuge Camp, the investigation revealed that fleet management had a direct positive effect on quality of service delivery.). It was therefore concluded that fleet management, regarding timeliness and accuracy, increased quality of service delivery; all had direct impact on service quality in terms of delivery processing. With respect to objective three of the study, i.e. to examine the influence of warehousing management on service delivery in Nyabiheke Refuge Camp, the investigation showed that 78.0% of respondents agreed that quality of service delivery is basic to customer satisfaction. Therefore it was noted that customers could be satisfied when they are able to obtain the quantities they desire in a timely fashion. Further, the study found that, 84.0% agreed that service providers’ agility was related to customer behavior. Finally, on the establishing relationship between service providers and service delivery the study findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between logistic systems of service providers and service delivery; by and large, it is  believed that the adoption of effective management systems in either fleet or warehousing, enhances service quality. These findings are in agreement with findings of (Loebbecke and Powell, 1998) who stressed that the accessibility of delivery status at any time and the immediate notification of delays or other delivery problems are regarded as basic information needs in the logistics chain.   In conclusion, it was found that effective logistics management, fleet management and warehouse management have direct impact on service delivery.

 

Surname:                                 Munganyika               

Other Names:                          Desanges        

Reg No:                                   09/F/MBA/008/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Thesis:                        AN ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AS A TOOL OF INSTITUTIONAL GROWTH: A CASE STUDY OF KIGALI  INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY- RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesigire Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This studys investigated the extent to which accounting system is a tool of institutional growth; it was based on the economic assumption that has been held by several accounting theorists that have long recognized that the accounting information system is an integral part of an organization’s control system and that accounting information provides critical decision-influencing and decision-facilitating information for control. Therefore, this study was after examining the effect of accounting system in Kigali Independent University-Rwanda in a case study approach. The researcher employed a self administered questionnaire as the instrument capable of capturing the needed data to support the objectives of the study. The study involved 50 respondents that were composed of accountants, auditors and administrators. The study was guided by three central objectives namely; significance, efficiency and relationship between accounting system and growth. The findings showed that an accounting system facilitates simplified presentation format of information. The study indicated that accounting systems improve on the accounting process by offering and presenting suitably and efficiently information that leads to effective decision-making through the application of multidimensional visualization technology to match the dimensionality of the momentum accounting information, thereby enhancing the understanding of that information.  Further still, Chi-Square Tests was run to establish that there is a significant relationship between accounting information system and efficiency. This was based on the findings that IT investments enhances more efficient processing of information and makes the systems implementation to align with the firms’ strategy. Therefore, it was concluded that accounting system and information system impact on firms’ performance. This results from information system’s alignment with company’s objectives. Accounting system’s ability to capture the entire’s organization information positions the business to set competitive frontline since it is upon quality of information the quality decisions that advances the firm’s operations to a new profitable edge. It is also presumed that firms in informational sophistication differ considerably from the non-aligned group firms. The difference is highly significant in analytical based applications. In other words, it was noted that applications are central in achieving the optimal utilization of information system.

The researcher recommended that an investigation should be conducted on how human resources affect the quality of accounting processing in relation with information system. It is based on the fact that technology does not necessary necessitates quality of information. And lastly the researcher suggested for a further study on the effectiveness of accounting system on quality information and examines the core aspect that necessitates quality processing. 

Surname:                                 Rubayiza        

Other Names:                          Mpfizi Apollinaire                              

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation: FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE IN THE GROWTH OF SMALLAND MEDIUM ENTREPRISES IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY  OF VISION FINANCE COMPANY (2008-2010)

Supervisor:                              Ibe Ignatious Chukwudi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                  

There is no consensus in Rwanda on the definition of a small and medium scale ( SME) business. The ministere du commerce (MINICOM) defines it as an enterprise having investment capital up to a certain amount of money and employing up to a certain number of persons. It is also defined as establishment whose annual turnover does not exceed a certain amount of Rwandan Francs. (But the numbers should be given in the definition by MINICOM) The small business is an institution that is highly self-initiated, self-financed and closely self-managed. Other features of small business are: it is generally labor- intensive, the techniques of production are predominantly crude and simple, only few firms may introduce sophisticated machines. Small businesses thrive mainly in local environments. The scope of operation of small business is circumscribed around the native town of the entrepreneur. They are usually unwilling to open branches in other towns. The management and control of the small business is simple, as only few people are usually involved. Small capital is usually required, not as a fast rule but owing to difficulties in sourcing fund for expansion.  This forms the bulk of issues and focal concern of this study. The effect of financial management assistance on the growth of small and medium enterprises in Rwanda speaks volume if brought to bear and spells doom if neglected. The study in its chapters emphasizes the presence of small and medium enterprises in Rwanda and their management to eradicate poverty and promote the economy of the whole country.                                                                                 

Surname:           Nshimyumukiza                                                                                 

Other Names:     Ephron                                                                                                         

Reg No:              09/ F/MBA/062 /PG                                                                               

Gender:              Male                                                                                                   

Programme:        Master of Arts in Business Administration                                                                             

Title of Dissertation:   THE CONTRIBUTION OF BUDGETING FUNCTION TO THE PROFITABILITY OF BRALIRWA BREWERIES LTD                                                                          

Supervisor:           Zehireyo Owoyesigire Wycliffe                                                               

Academic Unit:      Postgraduate Unit                                                                          

Submission Date:   October, 2011 

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                         

The main objective of this study was to investigate  the contribution of budgeting function to the profitability of Bralirwa Breweries Ltd. The study was based on the hypothesis that budgeting makes a significant contribution to the profitability of a business firm. It was found that the effectiveness of budgeting results from multiple determinants, which included the level of employee participation, the level of IT integration in the day to day of the business, the flexibility of the budget and clarity of the objectives of the firm. A sample size of 50 respondents was involved in this study. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted to capture information in relation with the specific objectives of the study. A self administered questionnaire was designed; it involved both open and closed questions which were used for effective data collection among 50 participants.  With respect to the significance of budgeting function, it was revealed that 92.0% of the respondents recognized that budgeting enhances financial coherence for the enterprise and that it provides a focus for an organization respectively. Thus, budgeting is part and parcel of strategic management used to set an organization on an appropriate path to success and guide its managers’ decisions and activities. On  the determinants of an effective budgeting, the study found that 88.0% of the respondents acknowledged that budgets must be aligned with the organization’s strategies and this is the prime determinant of quality budgeting. On the link between budgeting function and profitability, it was found that (94.0%) of the respondents agreed that budgeting results into employee commitment; for instance where subordinates are not aware of the results of their efforts, they are not able to feel success or failure and consequently do not feel motivated and are indifferent to improving their performance. Further still, 88.0% of those participating in the survey stated that budgeting results into clear goal and targets and priorities for allocation of resources. Overall, , it was established that there was a significant effect of budgeting function on profitability; hence budgets are more than just an instrument that helps management to plan and control firm activities. The study therefore, concluded that, flexibility, IT integration activity based budgeting enhances the profitability of the business firm.

 

Surname:                                 Nadine

Other Names:                          Uwitje

Registration Number:             

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies                    

Title of Dissertation:               LEADERSHIP AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN RWANDA: A             CASE STUDY OF RWANDA’S PARLIAMENT CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES

Supervisor:                              Dr. Paulinus Uyigue Osarodion         

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

                       

Submission Date:                    September 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The present study deals with “leadership and women’s empowerment in Rwanda: a case study of Rwanda’s parliament Chamber of deputies” Gender balancing is a key to national development as cooperation is necessary for any meaningful impact, results revealed high women participation and occupation of executive positions in Rwanda. The performance of these women in positions of authority is excellent. The participation of many women in parliament that has implicated empowerment of women in general because we evaluate to be empowered in many cases like Quota system (the twenty four seats that are reserved for women are contested in women only elections, that is only females can stand for elections and only women can vote, thus women had 39 out of 80 seats or forty eight point eight percent. Gender policy (the principal guidelines on which sectoral policies and programmes will base to integrate gender issues in their respective social, cultural, economic and political planning and programming: inheritance/marriage policy (Rwanda’s laws provide opportunities for gender equity by granting equal inheritance rights to sons and daughters and protection of a surviving spouses and children’s rights to property. However, customary systems continue to govern over family and land matters and often discriminate against women’s direct rights to property and inheritance: policy on gender violence (The law of prevention and punishment of GBV is now in the phase of promulgation after chambers of parliament passed it last year. Many activists have been pushing for its publication to reduce cases of gender based violence for the Rwandan girl child. The government has deployed considerable efforts to promote the access of girls to education. Mobilization campaigns were carried out in the whole country. The Development policy and the education policy in particular, insist on the intervention and on the role of a woman in socio-economic development. It is for that reason that the girl is at the centre stage, especially as far as her education is concerned. It is the only way to empower girls and women of the country so that they are able to responsibly play their role in the development of the country; after these policies, we have many institutions for empowerment of women such as (MIGEPROFE, GMO, WOMEN COUNCIL, FFRP etc) by so doing women empowerment will be guaranteed.                                                                                                                 

Surname:                                 Ngurunzira

Other Names:                          Emmanuel

Registration Number:              09/A/KAB/MAED/016/PG

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Gender:                                   Male

Title of Dissertation:               STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TO SCHOOL RULES AND REGULATIONS AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN RWANDA A CASE STUDY OF NYAMAGABE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Frank Akampa

Academic Unit:                       POST GRADUATE SCHOOL

Submission Date:                    October 2011                                                                                                 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to establish the attitude of students towards school rules and regulations and how this affects their academic performance in Nyamagabe District in Rwanda. The first specific objective was to investigate the attitudes of students towards rules and regulations; followed by determining the relationship between students’ attitude towards rules and regulations and their performance and lastly to determine the factors that influence students’ performance in schools. The study was undertaken in 4 secondary schools in Nyamagabe district, Southern Province. These schools included Mbuga TTC, G.S Kigeme, E.S Maheresho and G.S ACEPER. The above objectives were achieved using a range of methods and tools. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to collect appropriate data. The research instruments employed were questionnaires, interview schedules and documentary analysis. Data analysis was accomplished using SPSS version 11 which was helpful in generating frequencies, tables, charts and graphs. The findings of the study showed that students in secondary schools in Rwanda had positive attitudes towards rules and regulations. The analysis showed that 23% of the students’ respondents had very positive attitude, 75% had positive attitude, 2% had negative attitude and none of the students had very negative attitude towards rules and regulations. On whether there was a relationship between students’ attitude towards rules and regulations and their performance, majority respondents (74%) agreed that there was a relationship, 19% strongly agreed while 7% disagreed that there was a relationship between students attitude towards rules and regulations and students performance. Competent teachers (18%), teachers and students commitment (15%), cooperation between students and school administration (13%), flexible rules and regulations (11%) and maximally utilizing time (10%) were among the major factors that influence students’ performance in secondary schools in Nyamagabe district, in southern province in Rwanda. The study recommended that students and parents should be involved in the formulation of schools rules and regulations. This would help in designing students commitment (15%), cooperation between students and school administration (13%), appropriate rules that would make students to be obedient and thus reducing possibilities of unnecessary strikes. The study also recommended the non-selective enforcement of rules and regulations by school administration, encouraging parents to impart discipline among the students.

Surname:                     Sibomana

Other Names:              Ernest

Reg No:                       08/M/KAB/MBA/015

Gender:                       Male

Programme:                 Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:   SKILLS ACQUISITION AND THE INTEGRATION OF                                                       RWANDAN ECONOMY IN THE EAST AFRICAN COMMON                                MARKET: ACASE STUDY OF INYANGE INDUSTRIES LTD 

Supervisor:                  Dr. Dabo Christopher            

Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:        October 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

ABSTRACT

International marketing has intensified and is evident in nearly all aspects of daily life. Today, the East African Common Market has extended its boundaries by integrating other new countries like Rwanda, Burundi, even the recent new country South Sudan, has started to seek how to be integrated on the National boundaries no longer restrict competitive forces. To be successful in the international’s economy, companies must be simultaneously responsive to local and global market conditions. Hence, international marketing skills are an important ingredient for every company, whether or not it is currently involved in exporting activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) analyze the skills needed to be effective in international marketing; (2) explore the level of importance of each of these skills; (3) investigate the degree to which these skills are acquired by employees of exporting companies; and (4) examine the gap between the skills these employees have and the skills they need. Data was collected, regarding skill importance, through a Delphi participant sample of exporting and distributions practitioners of international marketing experts. Inyange Industries Ltd, one of Rwandan Company of exporting and distributions, were surveyed regarding the degree their employees possessed the identified skills. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, in away that allowed skill-based areas for training programs to be prioritized. A sample of twenty five (25) senior employees, categorized into five departments were selected through a purposive method techniqueAmong sixty skills identified, twenty-four of the skills were rated as being highly importance, thirty-six were rated as being of medium importance and none were rated as being of low importance. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, which identified twenty-four international marketing skills as training priorities. This study has produced a new assessment tool which would go a long way to assist small and big firms in identifying international marketing training needs, where effectively the East African Common Market is expanding their activities. Rwandan companies will benefit from the new assessment tool and set effective engagement in order to be responsive in the East African Common Market conditions, which are basically competitive. Rwanda Private Sector Federation will need to provide significant trainings for the exporting and distributions companies.

Surname:                     Turahimana

Other Names:              Ferdinand

Registration Number: KU/270/PG

Gender:                       Male

 Programme:                Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:   UBUDEHE PROJECT, RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY                                               ERADICATION IN NGORORERO DISTRICT:  RWANDA 2006-                                        2009

Supervisor:                  Adebayo Tajudeen Sanni

Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:        October 2011

 

ABSTRACT

Ubudehe project a rural development and poverty eradication in Ngororero District Rwanda 2006 to 2009 was set out with the following objectives: to examine Ubudehe project in combating poverty in Ngororero District; how it was affecting development and analyze the impact of Ubudehe project in developmental projects. The research questions guiding the study were the following: Has the Ubudehe project been effective in combating poverty in Ngororero District? Does the Ubudehe project have enough potential to enhance concepts effort for development cause? Can the Ubudehe project now go on without government backing and monitoring effort? To collect data were used questionnaires; structured interviews; Focused group discussions and Observations field visits. The respondents confirmed that in Economic aspect of Ubudehe project has led to increased community welfare. First, access to funding allows poor people to take advantage of economic opportunities and reduce vulnerabilities. Second, Ubudehe project funding allows poor households to change from every- day survival to planning for the future. Around 80% interviewees have confidence to fight poverty and they all agreed that poverty is not hereditary. From the study, the recommendations include; to create a favorable environment for sustainable community collective action; develop private sector to promote individual initiatives in Rwanda; enhance social and economic activities for community initiatives and collaboration to develop and enhance belief in the local community control by, grassroots organization for sustainability.                                                                                                            

Surname:                                 Gato

Other Names:                          Gafurama Charles

Reg No:                                   09/F/MADS/061/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               PUBLIC PENSION FUND INVESTMENT IN THE ECONOMIC           DEVELOPMENT OF RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NSSF

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher Dabo

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

               This study was carried out to analyze the role of pension fund investment in economic development of Rwanda with the following objectives: (1) To establish the reasons why pension fund was launched in Rwanda, (2). To investigate the contribution of public pension fund investment in economic development, (3). To explore the challenges NSST Rwanda faces while implementing this investment plan and how those challenges were overcome. employed where stratified random sampling was used to select categories of respondents according to their departments. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 60 respondents among 118 workers of all the departments of social security fund in Rwanda and 32 beneficiaries totaling to 150 people. The results of the research revealed that, public pension fund investment contributes to economic development of Rwanda through the employment opportunities created mostly by the real estate department which deals with the construction of houses, a good example is 234 residential houses at Gacuriro for sell and renting, this solved the problem of accommodation, quality service delivery has been given to pensioners, all these improved the standards of living of the Rwandan population. In addition to that, the social security fund of Rwanda has invested in SONARWA insurance company where it has 50 percent of the shares, in BK it has 33.66 percent of shares, this assisted Rwandese to get credit to invest in other economic activities like trade, all that contribute to economic development. In recommendation, though the social security fund of Rwanda has stepped a head in investment promotion, there is a need to invest that public fund in agriculture sector, which is the backbone of he country’s economic development that employs almost 90% of the Rwandan population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Surname:                                 Utazirubanda

Other Names:                          Abdul Karim

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MADS/054/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               NGO’S AND VICTIMS OF HIV/AIDS IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF CHF INTERNATIONAL IN RULINDO DISTRICT  

Supervisor:                              Dr. Paulinus Uyigue

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

 

Abstract

This research examined the contribution of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to the socio-economic development of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, the case study of CHF (Cooperative Housing Foundation). The objectives of the study were to examine and evaluate the contribution of CHF International in the process of socio-economic development of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS; to explore the state of discrimination, stigmatization and self-stigmatization of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, the effect on socio-economic development of the people of Rulindo District, Rwanda. A sample size of 115 persons ( 60 persons infected with HIVE/AIDS, 40 orphans and 15CHF) staff were used to collect data. Questionnaire, observation, interviews, focus group discussion and document analysis were done by using computer SPSS software. The findings from this research revealed the contribution of NGOs to the socio-economic development of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. Firstly, the number of surveyed associations/cooperative members that did not have savings because of insufficient of income decreased, also ICF program contributed in increasing the quality and quantity of food, promoted modern farming and promoted modern livestock rearing. The CHF beneficiaries have been able to pay health insurance for the families of people living with HIV/AIDS (100%); paid school fees for their children even through CHF do so for orphans and vulnerable children. Also to overcome poverty, CHF created income generating activities among associations/cooperatives of PLWHA and these helped in improving their lives (100%). By simple analysis of these data, it is clear to remark that CHF Initiative is alleviating poverty because it assisted beneficiaries to take care of their day-to-day basic needs such as food, clothes, protection, and shelter) without forgetting to have easy access to health care services. It is hereby recommended that through trainings and technical support of NGOs to local associations/ cooperatives of PLWHA, to the capacity of these local organizations can be strengthened and become independent of the work of international NGOs.

Surname::                                Chizelema

Other Names:                          Dunford Chibolyani

Reg No:                                   ??????

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               THE CONTRIBUTION OF RESOURCES FROM NYUNGWE FOREST NATIONAL PARK, RWANDA, TO THE ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF FRINGE COMMUNITIES

Supervisor:                              Adalbert Aine-Omucunguzi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    September, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The Nyungwe forest, which covers part of the south and west provinces, is surrounded by communities from four districts; ie Nyamagabe district in the east, Nyamaseke district in the north and north-west, Rusizi district in west and south west and Nyaruguru district in the south. Households in communities adjacent to Nyungwe forest national park utilize a variety of resources from the forest. This study assessed the contribution of resources from Nyungwe Forest national park to the socio-economic well-being of fringe communities. Data was collected from 120 households that neighbor the park. Household surveys, interviews and focused group discussions were among the methods used to collect the data. Findings of this study indicate that households adjacent to Nyungwe forest national park utilized a variety of resources from the park. These included medicines, fuel wood, building materials and handcraft materials. The frequency of harvest of these resources was influenced by household socio-economic endowments such as landholding and livestock holding. There were services that local people benefited from because of their proximity to the forest. These included tourism, enterprise development, co-operatives and employment. These were found to contribute significantly to the social-well-being of the people. Resources from Nyungwe forest national park have greatly contributed to the socio-economic well-being of fringe communities and therefore these communities should be involved in the management of the park so that they feel its ownership.

Surname:                                 Ngarukiyintwali

Other Names:                          Jean Pierre

Reg No:                                   09/F/MBA/089/PG

Gender:                                   Male                           

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Studies                                                                           Title of Dissertation:              A FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS AND                                                                                PERFORMANCE OF COMPANIES IN RWANDA: A CASE                                                             STUDY OF UTEXTWA, KIGALI

Supervisor:                             

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study was “The Financial statement analysis and performance of companies in Rwanda, a case study was UTEXTWA as the representative of the entire manufacturing companies. This study was to assess and analyze the financial statements of UTEXTWA of four years from 2007 to 2010. This research was carried out because many companies have registered poor performance due to lack of effective financial statement analysis. The study was to analyze the significance of financial performance of UTEXTWA and how this study could bring improvement in overall performance of UTEXTWA for a period of four years 2007 to 2010. Financial analysis provides insights into the company’s financial decisions through its performance. A study of financial performance of UTEXTWA was based on the last four years and a comparison between them was made to measure its liquidity, profitability positions and solvency, as well as the trends of its overall financial performance. From the findings, it has been realized that UTEXTWA had a persistent decrease in profitability by increasing operating expenses by payment interest charges to the lender of funds. Basing on the findings, a number of recommendations have been formulated in order to improve the company’s financial performance. It’s also advisable to always watch over their ratios with a view of keeping its profitability, liquidity and solvency position on improvement. This will lead the company to profitability on long-term basis. Otherwise if the profit continues to decline the shareholders may decide to remove their shares because their aim is to generate high return. The management should control, coordinate and allocate resources where it is a requisite. UTEXTWA as a monopolistic company that produces modern style of clothing in Rwanda, may establish branches in the whole country to facilitate customers instead of coming to the main headquarters for buying its products.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Surname:                                 Ziine

Other Names:                          Narcisius

Reg No:                                  

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Title of Dissertation:               CAUSES OF STUDENTS’ DROPOUT IN UNIVERSAL SECONDARY EDUCATION SCHOOLS: A CASESTUDY OF RUBABO COUNTY IN RUKUNGIRI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Karungi Monica

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The problem on which the study focused is “Dropout of students in Universal Secondary Education (USE) schools in Rubabo County, Rukungiri District” The study intended to find out the influence of family and school environments on dropouts in USE schools. It further aimed at the ratio of girls to boys dropouts, and generate possible solutions to this problem. Questionnaires, interview guides and document analysis were the instruments used in collecting data. A survey research design was used to collect data using a sample of 94 respondents, of which 33 were students, 22 teachers, 11 head teachers, 16 parents, 4 local leaders and 4 dropout students. Findings revealed that both home and school environments have significant influence on dropping out of students, with the former, environment ,contributing to a higher percentage. The aspects of poverty, forced early marriages, unstable families and ignorance of parents featured as common causes related to family environment of students. On the other hand, poor academic performance, poor structures and facilities and poor/student relationship were featured as the major school related causes of dropouts from schools. Findings further revealed that more girls drop out than boys but the difference is not so alarming it could be a result of higher enrollment of girls than that of boys in almost all the sampled schools. In view of the above findings, the researcher made several recommendations. Most of these recommendations suggest economic empowering of local parents, provision of scholastic materials, accommodation and lunch to students and enhancement of guidance and counseling by both parents and teachers. He further recommends stepping up of guidance and counseling by in schools and sensitization of parents on their cardinal role of taking and keeping their children in schools.

 

Surname:                                 Ndungutse

Other Names:                          Bikolimana     

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MADS/015/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF CONSERVATION-INDUCED PEOPLE’S DISPLACEMENT FROM PROTECTED AREAS: A CASE STUDY OF GISHWATI FOREST RESERVE, NYABIHU DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Adalbert Aine-Omucunguzi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The results of forced displacement are many and in most cases negative and stressful to humanity. If a displacement exercise is not well planned, it may disrupt the social and economic development of human societies. This study assessed the socio-economic impacts of conservation-induced displacement of the people from protected areas with a focus on Gishwati forest reserve in Rwanda.  Data were collected from 200 households in two villages that were relocated from Gishwati forest and 3 local council leaders from each of the villages. Interview, focused group discussion and observation were the methods employed in data collection. Findings of this study indicate that the average household size was 6.22 which was higher than the national average. Before relocation households were engaged in different economic activities. All the households(100%) reported that they were harvesting resources from Gishwati forest before they were displaced. Households land-holding was between 4 and 12 hectares. Although all respondents agreed that they got better shelter after relocation, 82% reported that poverty had increased in their households because of land scarcity. The study found that 20% of the people who were employed lost their jobs while 50% of the respondents reported that they were marginalized by the relocation. Despite the displacement, majority of the households still attached importance to the conservation of Gishwati forest reserve, respondents were asked to state with reasons whether they supported the conservation of the forests. Or not. The attitude was regarded as positive if the respondent supported the conservation of the forest and negative if the respondent was opposed to the conservation of the forest. The study also found that 85% of the respondents had a positive attitude towards the conservation of Gishwati forest reserve. Only 15% of the respondents were opposed to the conservation of forest. Of those opposed to the conservation of the forest, 77% cited inability to collect firewood while 57% pointed out lack of grazing land.

Surname:                                 Barakagwira

Other Names:                          Patricia

Reg No:                                   08/KU/373/PG

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration                           

Title of Dissertation:               STRATEGIC RELATIONSHIP  MARKETING TECHNIQUE IN COMMERCIAL BANKS OF RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF THE COMMERCIAL BANK OF RWANDA 

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher. S.P. Dabo

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    August, 2011

                                   

ABSTRACT

The Relationship Marketing(RM) is conceived as an accepted model towards the execution of business dealings and building long term relationships between suppliers and customers. Marketing is no longer viewed as developing, selling and delivering products(Buttle 1999) but rather a foundation for strategic insight, as a conduit for accessing superior performance. The RM approach continues to receive prominence in the fierce competitive landscape business environment in the service sector. In the search for the validation of the inferences of the RM approach professed as a necessary  ingredient for business strategic and competitive advantage, this research explores the critical evaluation of the RM  approach to competitive  advantage in the  commercial baking industry in Rwanda . The competitive advantage orientation  augmenting this research is based on competitive positioning approach of Porter (1980)generic strategy framework and value chain analysis. In scope wise, the research takes an assessment of the RM approach practices in the Commercial Bank of Rwanda and whether it leads to competitive advantage. The findings concluded that the Commercial Bank of Rwanda exhibited full implementation of the RM approach best practices and the concept is well entrenched in the banks processes, systems and procedures.  The research applied illustrative examples based on multiple data sources with semi-structured interview and self-administered questionnaire as the credible techniques for data collection. It was concluded that the Commercial Bank of Rwanda structure, systems, procedure and culture encouraged the RM approach that enable the Commercial Bank of Rwanda to access cost advantages resulting  from the  optimization and co-ordination of linkages in the value chain. The competitive advantage position that the commercial Bank of Rwanda holds and drives from the RM approach implementation is temporarily at its best. 

Surname:                                 Sibomana

Other Names:                          Vincent

Reg No:                                   09/F/MADS/038/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Thesis title:                  RWANDA’S LAND USE CONSOLIDATION AND                                                                 AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF                                                                           NYANZA DISTRICT.

Supervisor:                              Karungi Monica

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness and efficiency of Land Use Consolidation in agrarian Rwanda to find out its impact on Rwandan economic development. The study was carried out between June and August 2011 among 120 farmers in agricultural cooperatives in Land Use Consolidation Programme in Nyanza District. The research used comparative method. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. The data was tabulated to clearly show a comparison of production before and after the implementation of Land Use Consolidation. Documentation (especially reports) was used to assess how production had increased after implementation of the Land Use Consolidation Programme. Findings of this study indicate that the land consolidation program increased land under cultivation of majority of respondent. Household income of majority of the respondents was reported to have increased after the implementation of the programme and this reduced the number of households that were living below poverty line. Also, majority of the respondents reported that they had constructed better shelter, were having more meals as a result of agricultural surplus. The study also revealed that prices of crops had reduced. For example, the price of cassava reduced by 40% in 2009 and 33.3% in 2010. This showed that the land use consolidation programme was more productive than the disjointed land system. This study recommends that other parts of Rwanda which have not yet embraced the land consolidation programme should do so to improve people’s welfare.

Key words

Land use consolidation, agrarian development, Nyanza, Rwanda

                                                                                                                                               

Surname:                                 Balisheshe

Other Names:                          Boniface

Reg No:                                   08/KU/344/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Thesis title:                              CORRUPTION IN RWANDA’S PUBLIC SERVICE: A CASE STUDY OF NGORORERO DISTRICT, 2000-2010

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher Zigira

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011                                                                                                            

 ABSTRACT

 This study examined the causes, the extent and effect of corruption in the public service in Rwanda with a focus on Ngororero district[A1] . .The study found that 97% of informants/respondents had witnessed cases of corruption. The top five organs accused of asking for bribes were the local defense forces, villages’ chairpersons, local mediators, cell executive secretaries, and gacaca judges. The reasons for corruption include, among others, an unpaid service, low salaries, lack of morality and integrity especially for leaders, lengthy administrative procedures, lack of transparency and people’s ignorance. Besides, the study found out that some Rwandan cultural aspects especially sayings, citizens’ mindset and low morals, proverbs, also fostered greed, or encouraged, at a certain level the corrupt behavior like extortion, exploitation, embezzlement, favoritism, and nepotism. In terms of correspondences, corruption occasions impoverishment of the payer and interpersonal conflict; corruption undermines minds of both the taker and the payer as they see that nothing can be done without functioning of administration and the whole system, and strongly erodes trust in institutions and office bearers, and in democracy. This study came up with the conclusion that, among others, the socio-cultural context in which civil servants worked, and low salary had an impact on their attitude to asking for bribes. Particularly, the denial of salary to some grassroots leaders’ levels (villages, cells, sectors) seemed to worsen that situation, corruption being thereby more and more rampant and systematic. On psychological level, however, the study ended up by also confirming that some leaders at grassroots would never be satisfied even if they were given a satisfactory salary and wages given that corruption had strongly penetrated their morals. Therefore, this study recommended that fighters against corruption had to put into consideration all aspects discussed within this work. Focus was to be on education of both takers and payers, and on social and cultural context, through, for example, revitalizing traditional values taught through the “itorerory’igihugu” (the national informal educational institution[A2] )

                                                                                                                                   

Surname:                                 Rindabo

Other Names:                          Zerida

Reg No:                                   07/KU/PG/07

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Title of Dissertation:               AN EVALUATION OF UNIVERSAL SECONDARY SCHOOL PROGRAMME, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Prof. Allen Babugura

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

           

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the Universal Secondary Education programme, in Ndorwa County Kabale District. The aim of the study was to establish the challenges of Universal Secondary Education programme in Ndorwa County and the strategies which should be put in place to make the programme a success. A qualitative research approach was used to arrive at the findings which were analyzed using descriptive statistics. A questionnaire was administered to total of one hundred twenty respondents who comprised of teachers, parents, students and the head teacher.

Finding of the study indicate that the implementation of USE programme has registered some successes especially by providing opportunity to children from poor background to access secondary education. In[A3]  the view of the above the researcher therefore recommended that the government should strength the policy of provision of physical facilities like libraries, laboratories classroom and sanitation facilities to match with the increasing number of students. The government should strengthen the inspection of schools and monitoring of USE programme to ensure that it is well implemented and sensitize all stakeholders on their roles. The government / district officials should always carry out publicity and sensitization on USE programme especially on its objectives, expected outcomes and roles of different stakeholders in the implementation of USE.

                                                                                                                       

Surname:                                 Niyonzima      

Other Names:                          Theoneste       

Reg No:                                   08/M/MADS/182/W

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies                                                Title of Dissertation:              (I-ECD) SERVICES AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN                                                                        RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NKUNDABANA PROGRAM                                                         OF CARE INTERNATIONAL KAMONYI DISTRICT,                                                                       SOUTHERN PROVINCE                          

Supervisor:                              Prof. George Alibaruho

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the performance of the integrated early childhood development services in poor households in Rwanda with respect to its potential impact on poverty reduction. To achieve this it focused on the Nkundabana Program of Care International, in Kamonyi District, Southern Province. The period covered was 2005-2010. The analytical framework considered poverty indicators as dependent variables (with the following components: the drop outs, completion, timely enrolment rates for education component, the incidence of diseases, maternal child mortality rates for health and low daily income, lack of decent shelter and assets for income). Provision of productive assets and services through the program to address the poverty indicators were considered as independent variables. The study population was 180 families and the study selected a sample of 60 respondents. Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used to collect primary data while document review generated secondary data. Findings of the study revealed that families’ economic status had improved as a result of the program. Based on the findings the study recommended that the approach used by Care International could be replicated in other parts of Rwanda.

Key words

Integrated early childhood development, poverty reduction, Nkundabana program, Rwanda

 

                                                                                                                                   

                                               

REG.NO:                                09/MAPPA/031/PG

SURNAME:                           NAMAHORO

OTHER NAMES:                  VIANNY

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               THE IMPACT OF ADVERTISEMENT ON CUSTOMER

                                                AWARENESS OF MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF URWEGO OPPORTUNITY MICROFINANCE BANK (2005 – 2010)

SUPERVISOR:                      HELEN CHINEDUM ONUOHA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

SUBMISSION DATE                       10th OCTOBER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ABSTRACT

This study provides relevant information on how advertisement creates or increases customer awareness of a company’s products. Advertisement can also create a good image of a company and increase its sales volume. The main purpose of this study was to know whether advertising has an impact on customer awareness for Urwego opportunity Microfinance bank. The objectives of this study were: to find out the different media of advertising used by UOMB; to identify how advertising can be used to create and sustain competitive advantage; to know the contribution of advertising on customer awareness and to make recommendations and suggestions to the concerned company. The study was conducted in Urwego Opportunity Microfinance Bank. Various methods were employed to gather primary data including questionnaires and interviews. Several books and report articles from the internet were analysed to collect secondary data. After data analysis using tables and text, the following were identified:

Urwego Opportunity Microfinance Bank should develop advertising strategy which will contribute to the awareness of the products instead of doing it when there is a special event or when there is new product which is launched.Urwego Opportunity Microfinance should advertise its products using the various media to reach as many people as possible who are its target market. However, as most of UOMB customers are scattered in rural areas, radio Rwanda and news papers, especially Imvaho would contribute in increasing its market share. Recommendations on how advertisement in UOMB should be done properly were made. These include, creating advertising strategy, creating advertisement department in charge of advertising and adopting mass media advertisement.

 

                                                                                               

SURNAME:                           SENDEGEYA

OTHER NAMES:                  ROBERT

GENDER:                             MALE

REG.NO:                                08/M/KAB/MADS/195/W

TITLE OF THESIS:               NGOS AND BATWA SETTLEMENTS IN KABALE DISTRICT: A CASE STUDY OF BUFUNDI, BUTANDA AND MUKO         SUB - COUNTIES.

SUPERVISOR:                      DR. CHRISTOPHER ZIGIRA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       22nd  OCTOBER 2010                                                                                   

ABSTRACT

In Uganda, the Batwa were traditionally forest dwellers who survived by hunting and gathering in forests. However, due to increased economic activity in the region, there has been increased demand for forest products. This has led to increased destruction of the forest biodiversity which in turn, has led to the call for conservation of the forests. As a result of the implementation of the conservation of the forest biodiversity policy, all Batwa were evicted from the forests by1992. They were however, not compensated. Neither were they resettled, and this situation worsened their livelihood for it meant that Batwa were at the mercy of well wishers; hence the emergence of NGOs. Many of these NGOs have since carried out different activities aimed at improving the livelihood of the Batwa. This research therefore, was aimed at evaluating the role of four NGOs in uplifting the livelihood of the Batwa in Southwestern Uganda. The study was specifically carried out in Bufundi, Butanda and Muko Sub – counties in Kabale Districts. These sub – counties border Enchuya forest from where some Batwa were evicted. The study was carried out with the hope that it would benefit different stakeholders involved with the Batwa and scholars interested in future studies. The research findings are based on information gathered from key respondents, by use of interview guides and questionnaires. Responses from the Batwa were acquired through focus group discussions. The study did not however, concentrate on the socio – demographic characteristics of the population because it is very small. Data was categorized into themes which were presented in tables and percentages were used interpreting the data. The findings of the research identify the activities of the four organizations, their approaches, the challenges which they encounter and chart a way forward. The major conclusions were that the Batwa are still backward and there was lack of collaboration both within the NGOs and with government leadership. The major recommendation of this research is that these organizations should start working together and in cooperation with government to uplift the livelihood of the Batwa.

 

                                                                                                                                   

SURNAME:                           RWAGITARE

OTHER NAMES:                  CLAUDE

REG.NO:                                08/M/KAB/MADS/106/W

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               THE IMPACT OF DECENTRALIZATION POLICY ON THE EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN RWANDA; A CASE STUDY OF RULINDO DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      MR. EDWIN BABIMPA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       OCTOBER 2010                                                                                           

ABSTRACT

The study intended to assess the impact of decentralization on the effective delivery of health care services in Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were to establish the impact of the health sector policy on the provision of quality health care services to the population. Challenges encountered were also documented while providing recommendations for effective utilization of health care services under decentralized entities. To meet the stated objectives, the study purposely sampled 30 respondents at health centres who included health centre staff, district leadership including regulatory body and a number of patients that were found in health centres to represent the entire beneficiary population in the district. The findings of the study show that decentralization of health services has proved to be an effective and efficient system of delivering services to the population at grassroots levels. The population has benefited through the insurance scheme popularly known as Mutuelle de sante’ at the rate of 85% which has enabled equal access to health care by all categories of people in the country without discrimination. Accountability has also been a key feature under decentralization in Rwanda. Despite the progress, a number of problems were identified; and these include limited availability of health workers at health centres and yet there are many patients who are in dire need of the services. The insurance scheme ‘mutuelle de sante’ is not accepted across all the major hospitals in the country apart from the health centres at lower levels yet most crucial health services are at the higher levels like the King Faisal International hospital. Some people still find it difficult to pay for their health insurance yet they need health services. Rulindo Districts also needs to do more on coordination as major weaknesses in this regard were observed during this study. It is highly recommended that the vulnerable citizens like the elderly be allowed free access to health care. The insurance scheme should be devised in such a way that it is widely accepted across all the hospitals. The donor community needs to keep strengthening the decentralization system in Rwanda paying attention to capacity building through training more health workers to meet the ever increasing number of patient.                                                                                                                          REG.NO:                                     08/M/KAB/MADS/057/W

SURNAME:                           BISONGIMANA

OTHER NAMES:                  JOSEPH

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               AGRICULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN MUSANZE DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      DR. ADUBO S. P. CHRISTOPHER

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       10TH   DECEMBER 2010                                                                              

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to determine the impact of agricultural outputs on economic growth, by looking at the growing of maize in Musanze District. A survey was conducted in selected sectors of Musanze. The specific objectives were: to identify problems affecting agricultural outputs; to identify possible causes to agricultural outputs problems; to demonstrate the impact of the identified problems on household income and economic growth; to provide solutions for addressing those problems in order to enhance economic growth. A structured questionnaire used to collect the required information and the data gathered was analyzed using SPSS program to determine frequencies and percentage means. In this study both qualitative and quantitative data were used. The study established that lack of access to agricultural inputs is hindrance to maize production. Regarding the effect of the cost of agricultural inputs, it was established that these were not affordable. The results also revealed that the priority constraints to maize production are: declining soil fertility, limited use of inputs, poor agricultural practices and lack of appropriate varieties. With regard to maize post harvest and processing, the priority constraints were; lack of processing facilities, lack of knowledge, lack of storage facilities and lack of institutional support. Furthermore, the constraints to maize utilization options were ranked as follows: lack of processing technologies, limited knowledge on development and limited value addition. The study further revealed that price fluctuations, lack of market information, poor infrastructure, low demand, and low quality are priority constraints to maize marketing. It is important also to note that lack of credit facilities was a hindrance to maize production. This needs much attention as the income derived from agricultural outputs, when combined with credit, can offer real prospect of sustainable farmer investments need for productive agriculture. A large number of farmers have never been visited by agricultural extension agents. There is a great need in agricultural practices focusing on maize production in order to boost productivity. Emphasis should be placed on training of farmers in maize production (use of fertilizer, use of improved varieties, pest and disease management, soil management).

 

 

 

REG.NO:                                08/M/KAB/MADS/138/W

SURNAME:                           GASIGWA

OTHER NAMES:                  FAUSTIN

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: A CASE STUDY OF CTB – PADL GAKENKE DISTRICT IN THE NORTHERN PROVINCE OF RWANDA.

SUPERVISOR:                      MR. BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       SEPTEMBER 2010                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

ABSTRACT

Development projects as part of the national plan aim at reducing poverty and raising the standard of living of low-income rural groups. Now the Rwandan economic context is characterized by a relatively high economic growth rate, a forward looking environment of participation and cooperation on the part of the private sector and citizens down to ”Imidugudu” or village level, and development policies focusing on poverty reduction, food security, diversification of the economy and decentralization. The researcher has assessed the roles of the population in project development based on CTB- PADL Gakenke as a case study. The results show that community participation has helped ensure that more equitable distribution of benefits and ensured that economically weak groups have access to the project services and benefits.

The findings of the study reveal that there has been substantial improvement in the social and economic well – being with tangible indicators such as better access to education, infrastructures, improvement in capacity building, in household incomes, and increase of community team spirit.

The management committees (CDC) elected by communities on the basis of their integrity play a meaningful role ranked positively at 85% in the management of the sub projects, the executive secretary at sector level (70%), district staff (75%) and the project staff(65%)Further more, 95% of respondents have confirmed that the CTB – PADL Gakenke brings responses to the problems and constraints faced by peasants to ensure various needs satisfaction in accruing mass consumption and attainment of hierarchy basic needs. That means that “UBUDEHE’ as a rural participatory approach adopted by CTB – PADL Gakenke substantially contributes to social and economic development of 6170 families among them 5553 families who are funded by that development project. The current community benefits must be sustained in order to continue on the road of development. The population cannot effectively participate if their roles and responsibilities are not clearly defined and understood. In the absence of a clearly defined community approach like “UBUDEHE”, any other effort will result in ineffective performance in managing a development project due to limited motivation and participation.

 

 

REG.NO:                                ?

SURNAME:                           TUKUNDANE

OTHER NAMES:                  CUTHBERT

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               INVESTIGATING POVERTY LEVELS AMONG HOUSEHOLD IN RUKIGA COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      PROF:ALLEN BABUGURA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       12th OCTOBER 2011                                                                                    

ABSTRACT

The study investigated poverty levels among rural households in Rukiga county of Kabale District located in South Western Uganda. The findings are based on qualitative and quantitative data collected. Questionnaires were given to one hundred individual respondents, from randomly selected households; stratified according to Sub County, in representative proportions according to population. The primary data was supplemented by secondary information in form of relevant literature. The data collected was summarized into tables and where necessary, entered into an MS Excel worksheet for graphical presentation. Data variables were cross tabulated and relationships made between the data and the previous related research findings to deduce the specific findings for this research. The study revealed that 15% of the respondents could be categorized as poorest of the poor and 25% could be categorized as poor according to household income levels. All the households, among all categories according to their reported income levels, had access to public services – health services, school and protected water. All the households, however, decried high expenses on medical care implying that although they accessed health facilities, many could barely afford the health services offered. The poverty situation stems mainly from limited land holding per household and existence of no alternative household sustenance sources. Investment in agriculture and introduction of non – farm income generating activities will reduce the numbers of households characterized by the different poverty levels. The poor or poorest of the poor should be targeted through groups where advocacy is stressed as one of the most important messages so that their voices and priorities are raised high enough for policy consideration in order for development to be balanced.

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

REG.NO:                                08/KAB/MBA/093/W

SURNAME:                           NYIRIMANA

OTHER NAMES:                  ABDELAZIZ

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               PERFORMANCE OF SOCIAL SECURITY FUND OF RWANDA IN CAPITAL MARKET.

SUPERVISOR:                      DR. CHRISTOPHER S.P.DABO

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

SUBMISSION DATE                       31st OCTOBER 2010

 

ABSTRACT

The Rwandan capital market is growing and its structure is changing to an extent that non – banking institutions are the principle holders. A lack of alternative instrument for investment could constrain investors from exercising diversification strategies in capital market instrument.

The social Security of Rwanda is one of the institutional investors which has a large amount of liquid fund in bank deposits and treasury bills due to the existing opportunities of diversification alternatives, particularly in capital market instruments SSFR has a stable source of long – term domestic investment. It provides possibilities for domestic firms to have access to long –term capital. The money invested by the social security fund of Rwanda is designed to generate revenue for an employee after retirement. Pension fund and life insurance companies have particular long – term structure of their liability. The social Security Fund of Rwanda has invested in Government bonds (Government securities), and in real estate in a significant manner, but equities or shares offer better returns and hedging mechanism. However diversification is more important because its leads to profitability and capital presentation.

REG.NO:                                08/KAB/MHRM/217/W

SURNAME:                           BIRARA

OTHER NAMES:                  JEAN PIERRE

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               MOTIVATION OF EMPLOYEES AS A FACTOR IN THE PRODUCTIVITY OF AN ORGANISATION

SUPERVISOR:                      PROF: GOERGE ALIBARUHO

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

SUBMISSION DATE                       SEPTEMBER 2011

 

ABSTRACT

This study was about motivation of employees as a factor in the productivity of an organization, adopting a case study    approach focusing on Rwanda’s Higher Institute of agriculture and animal husbandry (I.S.A.E) BUSIGO. The problem behind this research is that many people drop out or change jobs for different reasons usually summarized as the lack of satisfaction. The first objective of this study was to explore strategies used to motivate employees in ISAE and challenges encountered in that process; to examine cases of unmotivated employees’ consequences in ISAE BUSOGO and to analyze current relations between employees and employers in ISAE – BUSOGO. Commitment to the organization, employees’ loyalty feeling, better industrial relations, organizations reputation in labour market, whole – hearted labour, higher efficiency, high and improved performance, high productivity, reduced causes of employees turn- over and behavioral modification depend on money, training, job design, recognition, quality of working life and decision making desire affiliation. The findings of this study generally revealed that the employees of ISAE – BUSOGO do not menace their employers because of the poor motivation. Nevertheless the study recommends that it would be ideal to increase motivational instruments and to strengthen existing ones so as to maintain and strengthen the existing good relation between employee and employers; for better performance. The study further recommends that employers of ISAE – BUSOGO should utilize the assets in ISAE – BUSOGO, as a remote place. For the future, the study suggests that further research should investigate and analyze the impact of individual needs’ on the quality of motivation provided by the employers.                                                                                          

REG.NO:                                08/KAB/MADS/147/W

SURNAME:                           HARELIMANA

OTHER NAMES:                  PASCAL

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               COOPERATIVES AS A TOOL FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF COOPERATIVE ABAHUZAMUGAMBI BA KAWA OF MARABA IN HUYE DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      MR.ADEBAYO TAJUDEEN

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       15th FEBRUARY 2010                                                                                 

ABSTRACT

The study examined cooperative as a tool for rural development and poverty Reduction in Rwanda. The case of Cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba Kawa based in Maraba sector, Huye district in Southern province. The sample consisted of the members, management and Board of Directors of the Abahuzamugambi ba kawa. The sample size was 75 respondents. A research questionnaire was used to gather data from respondents. The research questions focused on the principles of cooperatives; the effectiveness of cooperative and the impact of Abahuzamugambi’s Cooperative in term of Rural Development and Poverty Reduction. The findings of the study were on the rural cooperative and the need for education in the areas of cooperative member ownership and ways in which to increase participation in decision making. Some of findings were as follows: The cooperatives have proved to be the best tool to realize developmental goals and poverty reduction working at grass root levels. Cooperatives can participate directly in agriculture and industry thus creating employment and increasing productivity which are the major indicators for rural Development and Poverty reduction in general. It was also deduced that, cooperatives help farmers to market firm products. The cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba kawa was set up in Maraba Sector to collect coffee from farmers on behalf of members. This has contributed to the economic well – being of members as well as people within that area. Regarding the finding from this study, the researcher recommended to the Cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba kawa   to organize and conduct regular trainings and sensitization of members to the value of good quality of coffee as requested the neoclassical theory. In addition, the cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba kawa   should organize study visits for the management, Board of Directors and membership so that their performance could serve as model to other members and the community.

REG.NO:                                07/KU/PG3

SURNAME:                           AHAIRWE 

OTHER NAMES:                  EVAH

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               EVALUATING SUSTAINABLE FOOD SECURITY IN IHUNGA SUB COUNTY, NTUNGAMO DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      PROF: ALLEN BABUGURA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       JULY 2010

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to evaluate sustainable food security in Ihunga Sub-county, Ntungamo District in order to suggest ways to promote food security. During the study, the researcher used a sample size of 110 respondents and this was 25% of the total farmers in Ihunga Sub County. The study was carried out in Ihunga sub county, Ngungamo district in south western part of Uganda. The researcher used questionnaires, interviews and observation to obtain data from respondents. The information obtained from respondents was recorded, organized and analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative methods. The research findings reveal a number of factors that lead to food insecurity in Ihunga Sub County, including; shortages of labour, large families, sale of food, prolonged droughts, poor health conditions, expensive agricultural inputs, lack of agricultural extension staff, poor infrastructure, lack of community food resources, poor technologies, mismanagement of soils, uncommitted leadership and lack of food legal intuitions.

Further more, research findings reveal the following as problems due to food inadequacy. These are stunting, malnutrition, nutritional deficiency diseases and inability to learn in children. Through the study findings, the following were some of the recommendations made. There is need to strengthen research in new technologies that increase agricultural productivity. The government should strengthen mechanism for monitoring food security situation and its capacity for quick responses to ensure efficient management of resources and popularization of food security principles among households and all stakeholders, right from national to the lowest local levels.

KABALE UNIVERSITY MASTERS DEGREE DISSERTATION ABSTRACTS 2011

 

 

 

Surname:                                 Uwumukiza

Other Names:Francois

Reg No:08/M/KAB/MADS/1981/W

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Academic Unit:Postgraduate Unit

Title of Dissertation:               ISSUES AND PROGRESS IN ACHIEVING UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF THE NYARUGURU COMMUNITY.

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Submission date:July 2011

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted in Nyaruguru community with an overall purpose to review progress and implementation, and policy issues in the way towards achieving universal primary education for all (MDG No. 2) taking the Nyaruguru community as a case study. A total of 110 households were interviewed using a structured questionnaire that was developed based on the information needed such as household characteristics, school attendance and household resilience while other related information was collected using document review method. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. The results showed that primary school enrolment rate for children aged 7 years is still low (70.5%) with no gender disparity (70.1% female and 71.0% male) which largely fall far below the national level (94.2%). This enables one to conclude that school attendance in Nyaruguru is off track when compared to the national situation and the UN MDG 2. In Nyaruguru community, primary education completion is not on track since the results showed a trend whereby the mean completion levels of children aged 13 years is considerably low (2.3)??. The mean completion levels for all grades were below the recommendable level of completion (Table 4.4, figure 4.2). Despite the fact that a lot has been achieved to ensure gender parity in school enrolment, a substantial gap is still noticeable in education completion rate by gender: the same results showed a gender disparity on education completion favoring boys.  The following are some of the recommendations from this study. There is need to gender mainstream policies with extensive focus on their implementation in rural areas; such policies would seek for women economic empowerment and increased community awareness on child rights for both girls and boys alike. The decentralized local government should be empowered enough to implement gender related policies; and mechanisms for monitoring their implementations should be put in place so as to evaluate the policy performance and suggest changes wherever deemed necessary, which would improve chances of realizing MDG 2.  Interviews on household resilience indicated that 86.9% reduced the number of meals per day while 75.9% would pass one or more days with no meals as a result of food scarcity. Such situation of food insecurity affects children of school age to a great extent hence hindering their school attendance and performance. The correlation analysis confirmed this relationship between school attendance and food security situation, whereby school attendance would decrease among food insecure households. Thus in order to ensure full enrolment and education completion among all children in Nyaruguru as one of the rural areas, the GoR, along with its development partners, should sharpen its focus on interventions targeting the improvement of sustainable livelihood for rural families. While a lot has been achieved as of ensuring free primary education, a lot is also needed to ensure that rural households are food secure and their vulnerability to external shocks is kept at minimum levels. A countrywide study is so important to assess whether other rural areas like Nyaruguru are not far behind the national level in terms of achieving the second Millennium Development Goal, which seeks to ensure that by 2015 all children everywhere, girls and boys alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.

 

Surname:                     Murekatete

Other Names:              Brigitte

Gender:                       Female

Reg No:                       08/M/KAB/MADS/097/W

Programme:                 Master of Arts in Development Studies                                                         Academic Unit:            Postgraduate Unit                                                                                                                                             Title of Dissertation:   HUMAN SETTLEMENT POLICY (IMIDUGUDU) AND                                                         RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA :A CASE                                                                  STUDY  OF KITAZIGURWA MODEL VILLAGE RWAMAGANA                                       DISTRICT 2009-2010                                                                                           Supervisor:                  Prof. George Alibaruho                                                                                 Submission Date:            2010

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                          The human settlement policy (IMIDUGUDU) of the Rwandan government was a response to the pressing settlement needs brought about by the 1994 genocide which caused millions of deaths of Tutsi and internal displacement of the population. The objective of this research was to evaluate the role of IMIDUGUDU policy in addressing the consequent human settlement challenges, taking Kitazigurwa Model Village in Rwamagana District from its creation in 2009, as a case study. Specifically, the research focused on the following questions: are there prospects that the National Human Settlement Policy can improve the quality of houses in rural areas in view of the fact that most houses that were built in rural settlement centres during the emergency period (1997) are still incomplete? Given, that there are still many homeless families, particularly those who are vulnerable, could the IMIDUGUDU policy facilitate the creation of new and adequate housing? What are the socio-economic consequences of the IMIDUGUDU policy for people living in Kitazigurwa village and how does the policy improve Agriculture, Livestock and Environmental protection. A sample survey covering 30 families in this village and interviews (unstructured and structured) and conversations with respondents were conducted. Additionally, a questionnaire and structured interviews were administered to twelve (12) local leaders of Rwamagana District and the Eastern Province. Analysis of the data and the results showed that after settling in this village since 2009, the living conditions have been improved in the new houses compared to the previous houses, which were very small, scattered and constructed with poor building materials. The current houses have helped the local population to improve the standard of living, and limit the spread of many diseases such are skin and respiratory diseases. Improved security was another factor that the local population appreciated in the village. The social and economic conditions of people living in the model village have moderately improved. On one hand, there was an improvement for some sub-sectors like Health, Water and Sanitation and Social Cohesion; on the other hand, there was still a lot of work to be done for improvement in some sectors like Education, Creation of off farm activities and a culture of saving. From the perspective of agriculture and livestock, the population of this Model Village which had a culture of cultivating small and scattered mixed crops farms, now has adopted the new policy of land consolidation .They started also to adopt improved domestic animal breeding where new breeds (hybrid of purebred) have been introduced. Concerning environmental protection, the villagers adopted the use of energy saving stoves which do not require big quantity of firewood or charcoal; they also dug ditches in their landholdings to fight against erosion and to protect their lake Muhazi. All in all IMIDUGUDU policy has made a difference, compared to what was the case before, but much more lies ahead to be done.

 

Surname:                                 Serge Musana 

Other Names:                          Uwimana

Gender:                                   Male

Reg No:                                   08/M/KAB/MA.HRM/059/W

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Human Resource Management                                          Title of Dissertation:                WORKPLACE SUPPORT PROGRAMMES AND JOB                                                             PERFORMANCE OF HIV/AIDS INFECTED EMPLOYEES INRWANDA

Supervisor:                              Prof. George Alibaruho

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    September, 2011

 

A STRACT

The HIV/AIDS pandemic is arguably the greatest threat facing the world today. The pandemic has a far-reaching impact on society and the workplace, in particular, including a reduction in certain skills levels, mortality and declining job performance of employees living with HIV or AIDS. In addition, the fear of discrimination and stigmatization prevents infected employees from disclosing their HIV status, thus driving the pandemic underground. Despite the potential negative impact that is looming, many employers still do not have any workplace support programmes in place to manage HIV/AIDS in their organizations. However, some employers have implemented workplace support programmes. This research, which was conducted in three districts within Kigali City in Rwanda, explored the influence of workplace support programmes on the job performance of employees that were living with HIV or AIDS. The findings suggest that job performance is positively influenced where workplace support programmes have been implemented. The findings were obtained from analyzing the participants’ responses and that of their employers by conducting interviews, and the results indicated that 58.3% of the participants’ employers had a formal HIV/AIDS committee or policy and a combination of workplace support activities to manage the influence of the pandemic in the workplace. The findings also indicate that 72.7% of participating employers appeared to have no mechanisms in place to manage HIV/AIDS, nor much workplace support programme activities that specifically focused on managing the influence of the pandemic in the workplace. Thus this study underlies the need for advocacy to increase awareness among employers to pro- actively put in place support programmes for HIV/AIDS infected employees as a matter of good business, besides the social obligations to do so.

 

 

Surname:                     Gasirabo

Other Names:              Claver

Reg No:                       08/M/KAB/MADS/155/W

Gender:                       Male

Programme:                 Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:   RICE COOPERATIVES AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RWAND:A CASE STUDY OF RICE COOPERATIVES SUPPORTED BY THE RURAL SECTOR SUPPORT PROGRAM

Supervisor:                  Prof. George Alibaruho         

Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit      

Submission Date:        September 2011

ABSTRACT

The research aimed at analysing the contribution of rice farming to household welfare of rice farmers and improvement in standards of living of the community. At the national level, it assessed rice economy’s contribution to GDP, balance of payments and Food Security, with a focus on the impact of the Rural Sector Support Program – RSSP (funded by the World Bank). The methodology used secondary data from library, archives from Ministries, Agencies, RSSP and relevant cooperatives. It used also primary data gathered from the field, using structured interviews, debates and group discussions. The study population was the total number of rice cooperatives members supported by RSSP, in different rice perimeters located in the three provinces covered by the study. The findings show that rice contribution, at the macroeconomic level, is still low considering its share of GDP and the level of imports of rice from abroad to fill the gap between national production and the consumption and nutritional needs of the population.  However, rice production is increasing at very high rate considering its trend during the last couple of years, despite the fact that Rwanda is still importing 40% of its population’s rice consumption. Therefore, rice is still a threat to the Balance of Payments since national production cannot satisfy local consumption, but evidence shows that this will change over time.  The results show encouraging achievements and positive impacts of RSSP-1 on such indicators as agricultural production, food security, innovations in processing and marketing, infrastructure and the socio-economic status of households and general improvement of living conditions.  The current phase RSSP-2 is emphasizing Cooperatives capacity building to enable the organizations to be self- sustaining and develop a greater range of services to members and promote rice production by increasing land and productivity in terms of yields per hectare. External factors and other donor/partners’ contributions are less tangible in the day- to- day operations of RSSP- supported cooperative members’ activities. But Government agencies, RADA and ISAR retain an important role; they provide certified seeds and fertilizers, without which poor seed quality would remain the most significant weakness in enhancing rice production growth rates. Based on the findings, it is strongly suggested that future interventions emphasize enhancing productivity levels, particularly by promoting adoption of upland rice cultivation and raising the standards of post-harvest processing of rice. This goal can be advanced through development and implementation of policies and clear rules and procedures for programs and participating institutions and better alignment of budgets to goals in the rice sub-sector. 

 

Surname:                     Niyonsaba                                                                                                    Other Names:                 Véronique                                                                                                          Reg No:                    08/M/KAB/MHRM/183/W                                                                                                       Gender:                    Male                                                                                                                      Programme:                       Master of Arts in Human Resource Management                                                               Title of Dissertation:            OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS, HEALTH WORKERS’                                                    PERFORMANCE AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS IN                                  RWANDA :A CASE STUDY OF HEALTH INSTITUTIONS                                                          IN MUHANGA DISTRICT, 2008 TO 2010

Supervisor:                  Prof George Alibaruho                                                                                                               Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit                                                                                     Submission Date:           May 2011

ABSTRACT

This research was conducted with the objectiveto study how occupational hazards within health institutions in Rwanda (Muhanga District) and measures taken to date to mitigate them can affect workers’ and organizational performance and upon completion to suggest applicable strategies to fix potential problems to the development of successful, healthier and safer work conditions so as to improve health facilities’ service delivery effectiveness”. It relied on quantitative and qualitative data collected through two questionnaires; one addressed to a sample of forty-four healthcare providers and the other administered through individual interviews with owners or managers of public, government-assisted and private health facilities operating in Muhanga District, Southern Province of Rwanda. It was found that, within aforementioned facilities, workers face several types of risks: Accidents which consist of injuries from medical equipment, slips and trips, and falling down; Work-related diseases, mainly airborne infections, blood-borne infections, neck and lower back pain, hemorrhoids and varicose veins; Work-related stress and fatigue; Workplace violence. Factors influencing these risks were also identified; these are environmental factors (noise, hygiene conditions and smells, ventilation, narrow space and dispersion of units and location of some facilities), personal factors (worker behavior, psychological capabilities, inadequate skills), organizational factors (work organization, understaffing, insufficient financial resources, long working day), and external factors (behaviours of patients and/or their relatives, special groups of patients, medical insurance schemes). A close relationship was established between these factors and the risks prevailing in the health facilities under study. It was also found that the risks mentioned above impact negatively individual workers’ performance since they are causes of absenteeism, low morale, tardiness, poor quality service, constant anxiety, demotivation of some medical staff and resignation. Organizational effectiveness is also adversely impacted in terms of payment for job not performed because of absence and sick leaves, difficulty in retention, cost of unplanned recruitment and training, expenses for medical care in case of injuries or occupational disease, reduced productivity and increase in patients’ complaints. When it comes to comparison of the situation between the three types of health facilities (public, GAHFs and private), there is not much difference between what happens in public facilities and in GAHFs.  However, the situation is quite different when one compares these two types with private facilities; there are considerable differences based essentially on the size, the services provided, the location, etc. For example, physical environment is more poorly designed and   organized in most private facilities than in public and GAHFs.  On the other hand, risks are more frequent and more severe in public and GAHFs than in private facilities than. Even the number of patients care about and services provided are more limited in private facilities, that’s why problems like work overload, work-related stress and fatigue,  are not felt as having the same weight on health, safety and welfare of employees and institutions as in public and GAHFs. As for institutional responses to fix the problems or risks that are likely to undermine health, safety and welfare of healthcare providers and then their job performance, owners or managers of health institutions have taken several measures. The first set of measures aim at improving physical environment and safe practices through JHA and norms of practice enforced by health authorities. This set of measures encompass designing better workplace, physical environment organization, restriction of exposure to hazardous equipment, providing for suitable protective equipment, training  in the precautions to be taken, regular  supervision, system and equipment maintenance, cleanliness and waste management, to mention some. The second set includes measures aiming at improving staff satisfaction, morale and effectiveness through institutional and organizational interventions. This set of measures encompass insurance for occupational diseases, accidents and old age, medical care and sick leave, compensation for overtime and special risks, promoting minimal conflict, teamwork support and communication, institutional support to victims, increased and regular salary, and so on. However,   because of inadequate reporting system, the researcher was prevented from examining some predetermined indicators such as turnover rate, number of cases of victims of occupational accidents and diseases, workplace violence and work-related stress with its derived health problems and effect on job performance. Finally, some recommendations were formulated for health service providers, health institutions and health authorities, because, in spite of effort done to provide safe workplaces within health facilities under study, there are still areas of improvement which need to be taken into consideration adequately so that those efforts may have effective and sustainable outcomes for the sake of individual employees’ well-being and performance, work team performance and institutional effectiveness.

                                                                                                                                               

Surname :                                Mugeni

Other Names :                         Nyampundu Médiatrice

Reg No :                                  ??????

Gender :                                  Female

Programme :                            ??????

Title of Dissertation :              BIOGAS USE AND HOUSEHOLD DEVELOPMENT IN GICUMBDISTRICT,RWANDA.

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Supervisor:                              Prof. George Alibaruho

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

This dissertation aimed at exploring the potential socioeconomic effects of biogas use on household development and the environment in Rwanda. For this purpose, fieldwork was conducted in Gicumbi District in the Northern Province as a case study with the followingobjectives: (1) to examine the effect of cooking with biogas on household economy in Rwanda; (2) to investigate the influence of fertilisers from biogas on agriculture in Gicumbi District and (3) to explore the effect of biogas on household economy and development in Gicumbi district. Data collected from a sample of 100 participants were analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively; all open ended questions in both interview and questionnaires were tabulated, analyzed, presented and interpreted by using appropriate statistical tools.. The results show that biogas has the potential for increasing the attractiveness of life in rural areas. The findings of the study suggested that the main benefits of biogas plant to its owner were cooking, fertilizing and lighting facilities that saved a considerable amount of money, if the plant and appliances worked smoothly. Adoption of biogas certainly improves the natural environment as well as social environment. Biogas stoves are clean, safe and do not produce harmful gas. Women are among the principal beneficiaries of biogas programme. Their workload is greatly reduced. However, as installation of biogas plant is expensive, a mechanism needs to be established to make finance for domestic biodigesters available to everybody and under reasonable terms and conditions

                                                                                   

Surname:                                 Gatarayiha

Other Names:                          Gilbert

Reg No:                                   09/F/MBA/046/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               INTERNAL CONTROL AND PROFITABILITY IN                                                                RWANDATEL

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

The gist of this study was on the contribution of internal control function as a tool of profitability in Rwandatel Ltd. The study was based on the assertion that an effective internal control has a significant contribution on the profitability of a business firm. A sample size of 120 respondents was involved in this study.  For a comprehensive study, the researcher adopted a cross-sectional survey design to capture information in relation with objectives of the study. A self administered questionnaire was designed; it involved close ended questions that were used for effective data collection among 120 participants. In relation to the first objective of the study concerning existing internal control systems, the respondents 35% [u4] cited controlling organizational activities as the biggest share of the internal control systems, followed by monitoring controls. The second objective focused on application of internal controls. Majority of respondents observed that segregation of duties is one of the major applications of internal controls and this was represented by 48% respondents. Regarding contribution of internal controls to the profitability of organizations the study found out that 46% of the respondents acknowledged that internal controls such as: segregation of duties, control over assets, authorization and approval were a back borne of an organization’s existence. The budget must be aligned with the organization’s strategies as the prime determinant of quality budgeting. In addition to that, it was found that majority of respondents agreed that internal controls result into employee commitment. They stated that internal controls result into clear goal targets and allocation of resources. There was a significant positive effect of internal control function to the profitability of enterprises. The researcher found out that, an effective internal control function enhances the profitability of business fims,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Surname:                                 Ngabirano

Other Names:                          Christopher[u5] 

Reg No:                                    ?????

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               ROLE OF CO-OPERATIVE BANK CREDIT SERVICES IN THE GROWTH OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES : A CASE STUDY OF MUHIMA CO-OPERATIVE BANK-RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

The study was undertaken to establish the Role of Co-operative Bank Credit Services in the growth of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs): A Case Study of Muhima Co-operative Bank Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were: first, to analyze the credit facilities offered by Muhima Co-operative Bank, secondly, find out the role played by credit facilities offered by Muhima Co-operative Bank in the growth of SMEs and lastly, to examine the challenges faced by SMEs in Rwanda. The above objectives were achieved using qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis methods. The instruments that were used were; questionnaires, interview guides and secondary data. Data was then analyzed using Microsoft Excel. The tables and graphs that were a result of the analysis were later transferred to Microsoft Word. In addition to Microsoft Excel, SPSS for windows version 12 was also used for data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that Muhima Co-operative Bank credit facilities were instrumental in the growth of SMEs. This was through facilitating some people to start SMEs, enhancing the capital base and the stock of businesses. The credit facilities offered by Muhima Co-operative Bank ranged from business loans to overdrafts. However, SMEs were reported to be facing a lot of challenges both in accessing the credit facilities from banks and in their general business operations. The challenges included: lack of collateral to enable them secure loans from banks, limited amounts of money given to them from banks, limited business management skills, and competition from large established businesses. These were established to be undermining the efforts of Muhima Co-operative Bank. 

 

Surname:                                 Niyikiza

Other Names:                          Pacifique

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MBA/103/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND COMMERCIAL GROWTH OF ENTERPRISES:A CASE STUDY OF URWIBUTSO ENTERPRISES LTD

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

This study examined the significance of strategic management and commercial growth in an enterprise. It is based on the economic assumption which states that there is a close relationship between strategic management of human resource practices and commercial growth. This study used chi square test to assess the hypotheses. The results indicated that strategic management was positively related to strategic management. [u6] The study was conducted in URWIBUTSO Enterprises Ltd among 50 respondents. Cross-sectional survey and a self administered questionnaire were used as an instrument to collect the data needed. Also an interview guide was designed to capture in-depth opinions from key informants. The study was guided by three objectives; the first objective examined predicators for an effective strategic management. It was found that human resource alignment is a key element in strategic management and it has direct effect on commercial growth of an enterprise. This was affirmed by 74.0% respondents who agreed that it enhances creativity for productivity. 70.0% agreed that success of the business depends on employees’ competency. 68.0% agreed that strategic management ensures that resources are well allocated and strengthens business relationshipThe second objective was to investigate the effect of strategic management on commercial growth. The last objective was to establish the relationship between strategic management and commercial growth. It was concluded that there was a significant relationship between strategic technology and commercial growth of an enterprise. It was analysed that, properly arranged HR practices can have a positive impact on a firm performance when they are properly implemented. Creating a proper fit or integration is the key issue in SHRM and it is this congruence in organization’s HR practices that impact on the bottom line. It was concluded that our research examined firm performance by assessing some key variables that influence firm strategy development. Finally, the researcher commended that integrating all aspects of a company, is a sin-qua-non to a successful business strategy. Unit levels and functional levels should be integrated for any successful business strategy.

Surname:                                 Shaban

Other Names:                          Muhammed

Reg No:                                   ???????

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT AS A TOOL OF PERFORMANCE IN VISION FINANCE COMPANY LTD –KIGALI RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October 2011

ABSTRACT

The study examined the effect of credit risk management on the performance of commercial banks in Rwanda. Particular focus was on Vision Finance Company of Rwanda-Kigali. The research study was guided by the following objectives; capitalization, bank reserves, and credit operations and their effect on commercial banks performance. [u7] The study used across sectional survey design and descriptive statistical analysis based on 50 employees of Vision Finance Company of Rwanda. The research findings revealed an insignificant relationship between capitalization, bank reserves and credit operations on performance of Vision Finance Company.  It was found out that the influence of the above factors on credit risk management and commercial bank performance is not much; thus others factor could be at play. These include: fluctuations in macro economic variables, poor client credit rating and staff incompetence among others.

Surname:                                 Mugisha         

Other Names:                          Simon

Reg No:                                   09/KAB/MBA/A/072/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN DECISION MAKING AT

ECOBANK RWANDA: THE CASE  OF THE SCHOOL OF                                                   FINANCE AND BANKING RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesiga Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at finding out the role of analysis and interpretation of financial statements in decision making at Eco Bank Rwanda and determining whether financial statements help in making decisions. Objectives of the study were; to find out how analysis and interpretation of financial statements is done at ECO BANK; determine the liquidity position of Eco Bank Rwanda, and finally to find out the return on assets registered by Eco Bank Rwanda. It was conducted in Nyarugenge District Kigali city in the Republic of Rwanda. The literature relating to the financial statements was reviewed by consulting different books and electronic materials in the view of getting more insights on the subject matter which was financial statements and decision making. In chapter three the research design, population of the study, sample size, sampling techniques and data collection techniques are all explained. Data was analyzed, presented in tables and charts for further interpretation and conclusions. Major research findings from the research include: it was identified that financial statements are very important tools in decision making at Eco Bank Rwanda. This was confirmed by 93% of the responses asked,  Financial statements provides reliable information to base on in making strategic decisions in an organization like expansion, dividends pay out and investment.  Financial statements are often referred to while making decisions. Analysis and interpretation of financial statements at Eco Bank Rwanda is done through trend analysis, comparative analysis and ratio analysis.  Liquidity position of Eco Bank Rwanda was revealed to be good and this was confirmed by computation of ratios especially cash ratios, return on assets during the years under the study was fluctuating and generally very low.

Surname:                                 Rukundo        

Other Names:                          Jean Claude

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MAPPM/087/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:               BUSINESS PLANNING AND COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKERS’ COOPERATIVES IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF COALE-BONEZIMIRIRE NYABIHU DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Barigye Godfrey

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This work focused on the ‘Business Planning and Community Health Workers’ Cooperatives in Rwanda taking COALE-BONEZIMIRE as a case study. In order to meet Rwandans’ social welfare goals, especially in health sector, the Government of Rwanda decentralized some health services delivery to the community through the Community Health Workers (CHWs) model, based in villages. The Community Health Workers are the volunteers elected by the population to work as the catalysts for revitalizing and expanding access to health services. They were set up in 1995 after Rwandan Genocide of Tutsi of 1994. From 2009 up to now the country has 60,000 Community health Workers whose associations are changing into cooperatives. This research had an underlying hypothesis that a well prepared Business Plan makes the business successful while a poorly prepared one makes is likely to make the business fail. The research generally aimed at investigating the extent to which the business plan elaborated by COALE influenced this cooperative’s development and performance from 2009 to April 2011. Specifically the researcher aimed at analysing  COALE business planning strategies and their implementation; evaluating COALE’s achievements from April 2009 to April 2010; and examining the relationship between COALE’s business planning strategies and the cooperatives’ development in the country. This study is a case study that consists of an in-depth investigation of a single group COALE, but with the intention to make a generalization to similar groups. Its findings revealed that the cooperatives’ archives are poor as they don’t contain some necessary pieces of information about the cooperative’s profits and losses’ rates. This problem results from the fact that the cooperative doesn’t employ any experts who are qualified in business management and cooperative development. What is interesting with this cooperative is that all its members are aware of the cooperative’s objectives and thus, are very focused in their effort to achieve them. The study recommends that COALE and  other cooperatives with similar problems should employ experts to help them with technical skills for business planning and development.

 

                                                           

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Surname:                                 Munganyika               

Other Names:                          Desanges        

Reg No:                                   09/F/MBA/008/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Thesis:                        AN ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AS A TOOL OF INSTITUTIONAL GROWTH: A CASE STUDY OF KIGALI  INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY- RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Zehireyo Owoyesigire Wycliffe

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This studys investigated the extent to which accounting system is a tool of institutional growth; it was based on the economic assumption that has been held by several accounting theorists that have long recognized that the accounting information system is an integral part of an organization’s control system and that accounting information provides critical decision-influencing and decision-facilitating information for control. Therefore, this study was after examining the effect of accounting system in Kigali Independent University-Rwanda in a case study approach. The researcher employed a self administered questionnaire as the instrument capable of capturing the needed data to support the objectives of the study. The study involved 50 respondents that were composed of accountants, auditors and administrators. The study was guided by three central objectives namely; significance, efficiency and relationship between accounting system and growth. The findings showed that an accounting system facilitates simplified presentation format of information. The study indicated that accounting systems improve on the accounting process by offering and presenting suitably and efficiently information that leads to effective decision-making through the application of multidimensional visualization technology to match the dimensionality of the momentum accounting information, thereby enhancing the understanding of that information.  Further still, Chi-Square Tests was run to establish that there is a significant relationship between accounting information system and efficiency. This was based on the findings that IT investments enhances more efficient processing of information and makes the systems implementation to align with the firms’ strategy. Therefore, it was concluded that accounting system and information system impact on firms’ performance. This results from information system’s alignment with company’s objectives. Accounting system’s ability to capture the entire’s organization information positions the business to set competitive frontline since it is upon quality of information the quality decisions that advances the firm’s operations to a new profitable edge. It is also presumed that firms in informational sophistication differ considerably from the non-aligned group firms. The difference is highly significant in analytical based applications. In other words, it was noted that applications are central in achieving the optimal utilization of information system.

The researcher recommended that an investigation should be conducted on how human resources affect the quality of accounting processing in relation with information system. It is based on the fact that technology does not necessary necessitates quality of information. And lastly the researcher suggested for a further study on the effectiveness of accounting system on quality information and examines the core aspect that necessitates quality processing. 

 

Surname:                                 Rubayiza        

Other Names:                          Mpfizi Apollinaire

Reg No:                                  

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation: FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE IN THE GROWTH OF SMALLAND MEDIUM ENTREPRISES IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY  OF VISION FINANCE COMPANY (2008-2010)

Supervisor:                              Ibe Ignatious Chukwudi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                   There is no consensus in Rwanda on the definition of a small and medium scale ( SME) business. The ministere du commerce (MINICOM) defines it as an enterprise having investment capital up to a certain amount of money and employing up to a certain number of persons. It is also defined as establishment whose annual turnover does not exceed a certain amount of Rwandan Francs. (But the numbers should be given in the definition by MINICOM) The small business is an institution that is highly self-initiated, self-financed and closely self-managed. Other features of small business are: it is generally labor- intensive, the techniques of production are predominantly crude and simple, only few firms may introduce sophisticated machines. Small businesses thrive mainly in local environments. The scope of operation of small business is circumscribed around the native town of the entrepreneur. They are usually unwilling to open branches in other towns. The management and control of the small business is simple, as only few people are usually involved. Small capital is usually required, not as a fast rule but owing to difficulties in sourcing fund for expansion.  This forms the bulk of issues and focal concern of this study. The effect of financial management assistance on the growth of small and medium enterprises in Rwanda speaks volume if brought to bear and spells doom if neglected. The study in its chapters emphasizes the presence of small and medium enterprises in Rwanda and their management to eradicate poverty and promote the economy of the whole country.

Surname:                                 Nshimyumukiza                                                                                  Other Names:                          Ephron                                                                                                         Reg No:                          09/ F/MBA/062 /PG                                                                                Gender:                                    Male                                                                                                   Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration                                                                              Title of Dissertation:   THE CONTRIBUTION OF BUDGETING FUNCTION TO THE                                                       PROFITABILITY OF BRALIRWA BREWERIES LTD                                                                           Supervisor:                               Zehireyo Owoyesigire Wycliffe                                                                Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit                                                                          Submission Date:             October, 2011 

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                          The main objective of this study was to investigate  the contribution of budgeting function to the profitability of Bralirwa Breweries Ltd. The study was based on the hypothesis that budgeting makes a significant contribution to the profitability of a business firm. It was found that the effectiveness of budgeting results from multiple determinants, which included the level of employee participation, the level of IT integration in the day to day of the business, the flexibility of the budget and clarity of the objectives of the firm. A sample size of 50 respondents was involved in this study. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted to capture information in relation with the specific objectives of the study. A self administered questionnaire was designed; it involved both open and closed questions which were used for effective data collection among 50 participants.  With respect to the significance of budgeting function, it was revealed that 92.0% of the respondents recognized that budgeting enhances financial coherence for the enterprise and that it provides a focus for an organization respectively. Thus, budgeting is part and parcel of strategic management used to set an organization on an appropriate path to success and guide its managers’ decisions and activities. On  the determinants of an effective budgeting, the study found that 88.0% of the respondents acknowledged that budgets must be aligned with the organization’s strategies and this is the prime determinant of quality budgeting. On the link between budgeting function and profitability, it was found that (94.0%) of the respondents agreed that budgeting results into employee commitment; for instance where subordinates are not aware of the results of their efforts, they are not able to feel success or failure and consequently do not feel motivated and are indifferent to improving their performance. Further still, 88.0% of those participating in the survey stated that budgeting results into clear goal and targets and priorities for allocation of resources. Overall, , it was established that there was a significant effect of budgeting function on profitability; hence budgets are more than just an instrument that helps management to plan and control firm activities. The study

therefore, concluded that, flexibility, IT integration activity based budgeting enhances the profitability of the business firm.

 

Surname:                                 Hategekimana

Other Names:                          Samson

Reg No:                                   08/M/KAB/MBA/220/W                   

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION IN RWANDA: A CASE OF ENERGY WATER AND SATISFACTION (EWSA) IN NGOMA BRANCH

Supervisor:                              Dr. Dabo Christopher SP

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

Due to the advancement in technology, the conditions in which business is business is conducted has rapidly changed. This study sought to assess the impact of Information Technology (IT) customer satisfaction with specific reference to the Energy Water and Sanitation Authority (EWASA). The main objectives of the study were to investigate the extent to which information technology is used in providing customer services in Rwanda and to assess customer satisfaction with the services. Data was collected using both the qualitative and quantitative methods, including questionnaires, interviews and documentary analysis. The findings of the study showed that customer satisfaction was determined by several factors which included the fast service delivery, quality service, online service, personnel’s good professional behavior and system automation. The study also found that information technology was most used in customer services and had greater impact on customer satisfaction. However, it was suggested that customer services could be improved through more effective marketing by providing accurate information on the company’s  range of products and services , periodic training of staff and regular updating Suggested recommendations are to improve the marketing way in order to increase satisfaction of customers by proving them full information about company’s products/services, periodic training ( information technology and customer care service) and no confusion of information technology with simple computer and periodic updating of UWASA websites.

Surname:                                 Arigye

Other Names:                          Mugonjo Odomaroh

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MAEDGT/094/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Title of Dissertation:               A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PRIVATE AND UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION SCHOOLS’ PERFORMANCE IN PRIMARY LEAVING EXAMINATIONS IN KISORO DISTRICT, UGANDA

Supervisor:                              Helen Chinedum Onuoha

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

Abstract

There has concern over pupils’ poor performance in the Universal Primary Education (UPE) schools  in contrast to the private schools in Uganda. This research was carried in four private and four UPE selected schools in Nyakabande sub-county and Kisoro Town Council with the following objectives: (1) to compare the performance of Private and UPE schools in PLE in the chosen area. (2) to identify the possible causes for poor performance in the UPE schools and (3) to investigate whether the managerial skills used in private and UPE schools determine the performance at primary leaving examinations. The study involved 120 respondents who comprised of 8 head teachers, 8 SMC/PTA , 80 pupils and twenty- four officials and opinion leaders from both the UPE and private schools. By use of questionnaires, the study found that to a greater extent, private schools had better motivated staff and pupils, and that they monitored the effectiveness of teaching-learning process. The private schools were  profit-oriented and always aimed at utilizing teachers to do more work with less pay as compared to UPE where they were relatively better paid and sure of pension benefits yet their output was less adequate. To improve the quality of UPE delivery, the study recommends that teachers in UPE schools should follow the curriculum guidelines, prepare lessons according to the timetable and teach more effectively.  Parents, on the other hand, should take the leading role in educating their children rather than merely leaving them to the government as UPE children. At the same time, head teachers and School Management Committees were to encourage improved teacher quality by carrying out routine monitoring and supervision of teaching and learning process.  School administrators should not shun their roles of effectively monitoring the teaching and learning process. At the same time, the inspectors of schools should carry out thorough, effective inspections and make sure that all subjects are taught as timetabled. The District Education Officer, other district officials and political leaders should complement the inspectorate’s work by mobilizing and sensitizing the community on their roles on basis of the existing education ordinance and policies.

Surname:                                 Habimana

Other Names:                          Augustine

Reg No:                                   09/F/KAB/MBA/057/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:               THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN THE PROMOTION OF SAVINGS AND INVESTMENTS IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF COGEBANQUE.

Supervisor:                              ??????

Academic Unit:                       Academic Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011                                                                                                

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to assess the role of commercial Banks in the promotion of savings and investment in Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were to analyze the impact of Commercial Banks on savings and investment and to determine other factors that affect savings and investment. Purposive sampling was used to select 20 Bank staff and 30 business operators (customers) due to their knowledge in loan and business operations and other related activities. Using questionnaires, interview guides, and analysis of secondary data, the study found that 53% of the respondents held that high bank deposit charges would scare off potential customers who make regular deposits at any of the bank’s branches while 47% of the respondents would maintain their deposit and withdrawal patterns in spite of the high bank charges. A three percent (3%) savings decline was, however, recorded in the period compared to the previous years. It was also established that GOGEBANQUE had a proportionately higher contribution (of 50%) in promoting savings and investments than other banks (for instance, Ecobank (24%) and Bank of Kigali (26%)).It is recommended that commercial banks in Rwanda should reduce their charges on loans and other services to attract more customers. Government should ensure strict compliance of commercial banks to policy guidelines to maximize service delivery.

 

                                                                                                                       

Surname:                                 Myasiro

Other Names:                          Elie 

Reg No:                                     ????

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                               ???????

Title of Dissertation:               THE RELEVANCE OF WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT ON THE PROFITABILITY OF MANUFACTURING COMPANIES IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF SULFO RWANDA INDUSTRIES SA

Supervisor:                              Prof. Allen Babugura 

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study analyses the relevance of working capital management on the profitability of manufacturing companies in Rwanda; A case study of Sulfo Rwanda industries SA over the period of five years from 2005 -2009. The study was carried out mainly using secondary data through the analysis of Annual Financial statement reports. Data analysis involved the use of descriptive statistics, financial ratios and Z-score. The research examined the effect of various variables of working capital management including the current ratios, quick ratios, and inventory turnover ratios in days, average collection and payment period, debt ratio, cash conversion cycle on the net profitability of Sulfo Rwanda Industries SA. The results showed that there was a relationship between working capital management and profitability of Sulfo Rwanda Industries SA. The findings also revealed that the company holds a high level of inventory and that that negatively asffected the quick liquidity of the company. Furthermore, it was found that increasing short term liabilities contributed to the reduction of working capital. The research also found that there was a positive relationship between fixed assets and profitability of the company. On basis of the findings, it was recommended that Sulfo should invest much more in fixed assets than in current assets, reduce the level of inventory because high level of inventory impacts negatively on their term survival and liquidity. Sulfo should also reduce the payment period that was found to be very long in order to maintain the trust of their creditors.

 

 

                                                                                               

Surname:                                 Rwalinda

Other Names:                          Celestin          

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MAHRM/028/PG                       

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Human Resource Management

Title of Dissertation:               WORKER’S PERCEPTION OF THE CRITERIA AND EFFECTS OF PROMOTION AND TRANSFERS IN PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN RWAND                                                                           Supervisor:                              Christopher Dabo Samaila

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTARCT

This study was undertaken to find out the Evaluation of workers’ perception on the Criteria and effects of promotion and transfers in public institutions in Rwanda with ONATRACOM Transport Company as a case study. The study found that demographical background did not influence the   criteria of promotion and transfers in public institution. The correlation was seen to be positive one and the practice of taking gender, experience, education level and gross salary into considering a person’s promotion was seen as lacking consistency. Further evaluation of the workers’ perception of the criteria used for promotion and transfers in the public institution showed that the workers often had mixed ideas due to low communication level within the organisation which resulted into “grape vine” stories. The employees’ interaction with human resource managers was very low and that made work stressful for employees and many of them were not always happy with the criteria used in transfers and promotions in the public institution .In spite of that, the results of this study showed that there was no nepotism in deciding on transfers and promotions. As a result, the effects of transfers and promotions were seen to have a positive value rather than negative effect to both employees and work performance itself. Finally,  the study recommendations changing administration procedures and some current administrators who seem unable to make improvement of ONATRACOM Transport Company.

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                       

Surname:                                 Mukeshimana

Other Names:                          Boniface

Reg No:                                   09/F/KAB/MAPPM/039/PG 

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:   THE EFFECT OF ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION REFORMS ON                                               POVERTY REDUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA: A                                               CASE STUDY OF RWAMAGANA DISTRICT                                                                        Supervisor;                                    Naris Tibenderana

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

Rural electrification is believed to contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Vision 2020 through various channels in Rwanda. This study investigated the impact of rural electrification on the household’s lighting usage, home study, energy expenditures and business income. Household data that were collected in Rwamagana District in cells with access to electricity grids have been used. For comparison, relevant data on households that were already connected and those that were in the same cell but not yet connected were considered. The comparison between the two groups showed that life was better in households with electricity than in those without. The study found indications of positive effects on home studying and increased business income but domestic lighting and charging of mobile phones were the most important uses of electricity. It was also found that in business houses working hours had increased considerably and the quality of their business had improved. Therefore, the profound changes in social life of rural people due to provision of lighting show that rural electrification has had great impact on people’s lives and it was  believed to have positive impact on Vision 2020.

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Surname:                                 Gasirabo

Other Names:                          Claver

Reg No:                                   08/M/KAB/MADS/155/W

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               RICE COOPERATIVES AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                             

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The research aimed at analysing the contribution of rice farming to household welfare of rice farmers and improvement in standards of living of the community. At the national level, it assessed rice economy’s contribution to GDP, balance of payments and Food Security, with a focus on the impact of the Rural Sector Support Program – RSSP (funded by the World Bank). The methodology used secondary data from library, archives from Ministries, Agencies, RSSP and relevant cooperatives. It used also primary data gathered from field using structured interviews, debates and group discussions. The study population is the total number of rice cooperatives members supported by RSSP, in different rice perimeters located in the three provinces covered by the study. The findings show that rice contribution at the macroeconomic level is still low considering its share of GDP and the level of imports of rice from abroad to fill the gap between national production and the consumption and nutritional needs of the population.  However, rice production is increasing at very high rate considering its trend during the last couple of years, despite the fact that Rwanda is still importing 40% of its population’s consumption. Therefore, rice is still a threat to the Balance of Payments since national production cannot satisfy local consumption, but evidence shows that this will change over time.  The results show encouraging achievements and positive impacts of RSSP-1 on such indicators as agricultural production, food security, innovations in processing and marketing, infrastructure and the socio-economic status of households and general improvement of living conditions.  The current phase RSSP-2 is emphasizing Cooperatives capacity building to enable the organizations to be self- sustaining and develop a greater range of services to members and promote rice production by increasing land and productivity in terms of yields per hectare. External factors and other donor/partners’ contributions are less tangible in the day- to- day operations of RSSP- supported cooperative members’ activities. But Government agencies, RADA and ISAR retain an important role; they provide certified seeds and fertilizers, without which poor seed quality would remain the most significant weakness in enhancing rice production growth rates. Based on the findings, it is strongly suggested that future interventions emphasize enhancing productivity levels, particularly by promoting adoption of upland rice cultivation and raising the standards of post-harvest processing of rice. This goal can be advanced through development and implementation of policies and clear rules and procedures for programs and participating institutions and better alignment of budgets to goals in the rice sub-sector. 

 

Surname:                                 Niyonsaba

Other Names:                          Véronique

Reg No:                                   08/M/KAB/MHRM/183/W   

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Human Resource Management

Title of Dissertation:               OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS, HEALTH WORKERS’ PERFORMANCE AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Prof. George Alibaruho

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

This research was conducted with the objective “to study forms of occupational hazards within health institutions in Rwanda (Muhanga District) and how measures taken to date to mitigate them can affect workers’ and organizational performance. It was also to suggest applicable strategies to fix potential problems to the development of successful, healthier and safer work conditions so as to improve health facilities’ service delivery effectiveness”. It relied on quantitative and qualitative data collected through two questionnaires; one addressed to a sample of forty-four healthcare providers and the other administered through individual interviews with owners or managers of public, government-assisted and private health facilities operating in Muhanga District, Southern Province of Rwanda. It was found out that, within aforementioned facilities, workers face several types of risks: Accidents which consist of injuries from medical equipments, slips and trips, and falling down; Work-related diseases, mainly airborne infections, blood-borne infections, neck and lower back pain, hemorrhoids and varicose veins; Work-related stress and fatigue; Workplace violence. Factors influencing these risks were also identified; and they include environmental factors (noise, hygiene conditions and smells, ventilation, narrow space and dispersion of units and location of some facilities), personal factors (worker behavior, psychological capabilities, inadequate skills) and organizational factors (work organization, understaffing, Insufficient financial resources, long working days), and external factors (behaviours of patients and/or their relatives were also mentioned. The special groups of patients, medical insurance schemes were also key findings). A close relationship was established between these factors and the risks prevailing in the health facilities studied. It was also found out that the risks mentioned above impact negatively on individual workers’ performance since they are causes of absenteeism, low morale, tiredness, poor quality service, constant anxiety, demotivation of some medical staff and resignation. Organizational effectiveness is also adversely affected in terms of payment for job not performed because of absenteeism and sick leaves, difficulty in retention, cost of unplanned recruitment and training, expenses for medical care in case of injuries or occupational disease, reduced productivity and increase in patients’ complaints. When it comes to comparison of the situation between the three types of health facilities (public, GAHFs and private), there is no sound difference between what happens in public facilities and in GAHFs.  However, the situation is quite different when one compares these two types with private facilities; there are considerable differences based essentially on the size, the services provided, the location, etc. For example, physical environment is more poorly designed and   organized in most private facilities than in public and GAHFs.  On the other hand, risks are more frequent and more severe in public and GAHFs than in private facilities. Even the number of patients care about and services provided are more limited in private facilities, that’s why problems like work overload, work-related stress and fatigue,  are not felt as having the same weight on health, safety and welfare of employees and institutions as in public and GAHFs. As for institutional responses to fix the problems or risks that are likely to undermine health, safety and welfare of healthcare providers and then their job performance, health institutions owners or managers have taken several measures. The first set of measures aim at improving physical environment and safe practices through JHA and norms of practice enforced by health authorities. This set of measures encompasses designing better workplace, physical environment organization, restriction of exposure to hazardous equipments, providing for suitable protective equipment, training  in the precautions to be taken, regular  supervision, system and equipments maintenance, cleanliness and waste management, etc. The second set includes measures aiming at improving staff satisfaction, morale and effectiveness through institutional and organizational interventions. This set of measures encompasses insurance for occupational diseases, accidents and old age, medical care and sick leave, compensation for overtime and special risks, promoting minimal conflict, teamwork support and communication, institutional support to victims, increased and regular salary, etc. However,   because of inadequate reporting system, the researcher was not allowed from examining some predetermined indicators such as turnover rate, number of cases of victims of occupational accidents and diseases, workplace violence and work-related stress with its derived health problems and effect on job performance.

 

 

 

Surname:                                  Byamukama

Other Names:                          George

Reg No:                                   09/KAB/MADS/090/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               AN INVESTIGATION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION POLICY ON POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWAMAGANADISTRICT, REPUBLIC OF RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Frank Akampa

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT

This investigation on the contribution of fiscal decentralization policy on poverty reduction in Rwmagana District was specifically aimed at three main objectives namely, assessing the contribution of fiscal decentralization policy on poverty reduction in District, the second objective was to identify the challenges faced and lastly to examine the strategies employed to ensure that fiscal decentralization contributes to poverty reduction. This study adopted both qualitative and quantitative methods since it was seeking in- depth understanding of the impact of fiscal decentralization on poverty reduction in Rwamagana District,in addition to the empirical analysis, the literatures relating to Rwamagana District, also illustrate the influences of fiscal decentralization to the local planning, infrastructure developments, resource mobilization, service delivery, public hearing, auditing and good governance. No doubt, these are the key variables for poverty reduction. This study brings together the current state of knowledge of how fiscal decentralization – including the assignment of expenditure responsibilities to Rwamagana District and intergovernmental fiscal transfers have reduced poverty levels and specific suggestions and recommendations on how fiscal decentralization can better reduce poverty in Rwamagana District. The introduction of fiscal decentralization has increased income, service delivery, accountability, participatory planning, budgeting and decision making among others.However, there are still challenges of little taxes generated locally and more participatory planning and budgeting is needed so that people can decide on what they want and determine their priorities.

 

 

 

Surname:                                 Munya

Other Names:                          Theo Frank

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MADS/018/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Thesis:                        THE IMPACT OF DECENTRALIZATION POLICY ON WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN RWANDA: BUGESERA DISTRICT.

Supervisor:                              Akampa Frank

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                                  This study sought to establish the contribution of national decentralisation policy towards the empowerment of women. Just like in the rest of African, Rwandan women had traditionally been subject to all sorts of abuses perpetrated by the patriarchal society. This limited their access and control of resources and bearing in mind that women were the majority numerically compared to men, a big part of Rwandan population was not effectively participating in development. However, with the turn of the 20th century, women emancipation started to spread worldwide to empowerment so as to participate in development. With the introduction of decentralization in Rwanda in 2000 as the best means of bringing services closer to the people, there was need to find how women were benefiting at the back drop of how they had been segregated for a long time. This study was carried out in Bugesera district in the eastern province of Rwanda and covered period between 2000 and 2010. The research adopted both qualitative and quantitative designs. Responses were obtained from primary and secondary sources. A response rate of 145 was achieved instead of the anticipated 175 respondents. These included community members, opinion leaders, and representatives of NGOs working in the district and government officials from five randomly selected sectors at district, regional and national levels. It was found that decentralisation had registered a number of achievements because there had been gender mainstreaming in most of the activities aimed at developing the district. However, it was concluded that fewer women were benefiting generally since there were fewer women involved especially at local levels. The major recommendation was that there should be continued sensitization of gender issues and that men should always be involved since there was a tendency of seeing gender issues to be regarded as “women issues

 

 

 

 

Surname:                                 Ngurinzira

Other Names:                          Emmanuel

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MAED/016/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Title of Thesis:                        STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TO SCHOOL RULES AND REGULATIONS AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NYAMAGABE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Frank Akampa

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to establish the attitude of students towards school rules and regulations and how this affects their academic performance in Nyamagabe district in Rwanda. The specific objectives were to investigate the attitudes of students towards rules and regulations; followed by determining the relationship between students’ attitude towards rules and regulations and their performance and lastly to determine the factors that influence students’ performance in schools. The study was undertaken in 4secondary schools in Nyamagabe district, Southern Province. These schools included; Mbuga TTC, G.S Kigeme, E.S Maheresho and G.S ACEPER.. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used.The research instruments employed were questionnaires, interview schedules and documentary analysis. Data analysis was accomplished using SPSS version 11. The findings of the study showed that students in secondary schools in Rwanda had positive attitudes towards rules and regulations. It was found that 23% of the students’ respondents had very positive, 75% had positive attitude,2% had negative attitude and none of the students had very negative attitude towards rules and regulations. On whether there is a relationship between students’ attitude towards rules and regulations and their performance, majority respondents 74% agreed that there is a relationship, 19 strongly agreed while 7% disagreed that there a relationship between students attitude towards rules and regulations and students performance. Competent teachers (18%), teachers’ and students’ commitment (15%), cooperation between students and school administration (13%), flexible rules and regulations (11%) and maximally utilizing time (10%) were among the major factors that influence students’ performance in secondary schools in Nyamagabe district, in Southern province in Rwanda. The study recommended that students and parents should be considered in the formulation of school rules and regulations which would help in designing appropriate rules that will enable students to be obedient thereby reducing possibilities of unnecessary strikes. The study also recommends non-selective enforcement of rules and regulations by school administration, encouraging parents to impart discipline among the students and lastly a detailed study on the how school rules and regulations affect performance in at least two districts in Rwanda.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Surname:                         Gato

Other Names:                          Gafuruma Charles

Reg No:                                   09/F/MADS/061/F

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               PUBLIC PENSION FUND INVESTMENT IN THE ECONOMIC    DEVELOPMENT OF RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NSSF 

Supervisor:                              ???????

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

  Abstract        

This study was carried out to analyze the role of pension fund investment in economic development of Rwanda with the following objectives: (1) To establish the reasons why pension fund was launched in Rwanda, (2). To investigate the contribution of public pension fund investment in economic development, (3). To explore the challenges NSST Rwanda faces while implementing this investment plan and how those challenges were overcome. Employed where stratified random sampling was used to select categories of respondents according to their departments. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 60 respondents among 118 workers of all the departments of social security fund in Rwanda and 32 beneficiaries totaling to 150 people. The results of the research revealed that, public pension fund investment contributes to economic development of Rwanda through the employment opportunities created mostly by the real estate department which deals with the construction of houses, a good example is 234 residential houses at Gacuriro for sell and renting, this solved the problem of accommodation, quality service delivery has been given to pensioners, all these improved the standards of living of the Rwandan population. In addition to that, the social security fund of Rwanda has invested in SONARWA insurance company where it has 50 percent of the shares, in BK it has 33.66 percent of shares, this assisted Rwandese to get credit to invest in other economic activities like trade, all that contribute to economic development. In recommendation, though the social security fund of Rwanda has stepped a head in investment promotion, there is a need to invest that public fund in agriculture sector, which is the backbone of he country’s economic development that employs almost 90% of the Rwandan population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                               

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Other Names:Aline

Reg No:09/F/MPPM/080/PGGender:FemaleProgramme:Master of Arts in Project Planning and ManagementTitle of Dissertation:MANAGEMENT OF POPULATION GROWTH IN KAMONYI                                                        DISTRICT RWANDA

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Academic Unit:Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

In 2010, world population reaches 6.9 billion, with 5.7 billion or 82 per cent living in developing countries. Verifying whether targets are met, tracking what is working or what needs to be changed, and evaluating the effects of the chosen approach are essential for any performance incentive program, and indeed, many of the potential pitfalls can be mitigated with careful monitoring and supervision. Monitoring requirements may motivate population growth managers to improve their information systems, but they may also encourage falsification. To ensure that information is accurate, programs can rely on a combination of independent evaluations and provider self assessments with random audits and penalties for discrepancies. The dependent population, or the proportion of the non-working population (ages 0-14 years and 65 and older) has important economic impacts on the ability of a nation’s economy to grow and develop.  In most of sub-Saharan Africa, the concern is the younger dependent population as life expectancy in many countries is well below 65 years.Having a high dependent population requires significant social and economic investment in public services (i.e. schooling and health) and means that the working population has to support a higher number of dependents, thus draining the economy of resources.  At the same time, should the young population survive to adulthood, this population eventually supports the dependent population.Rwanda’s population projections suggest a general slow decline of the dependent population over time.  Based on the data on the dependency ratio in 2000, half of all Rwandans were below the age of 15 or above the age of 65.  By 2005, there was a slight decline to 45%.  If fertility did not change in Rwanda, the constant projection suggests a slight continued decline in the dependent population, and then a slow rise to stay around 46% of the population being dependent.The demand for M&E is a key to the creation of a successful country M&E in the management of population growth. ‘Success’ is viewed here as having four dimensions: Reliable monitoring information and evaluation findings, a high level of utilization of M&E findings, sustainability into the future and country ownership.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Surname:                                 Kaligirwa

Other Names:                          Ernestine

Reg No:                                   KU/08/382/PG                                                                               

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               BUILDING ON TRADITIONAL INITIATIVES TO END POVERTY IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF RWANDAN “UBUDEHE” PROGRAMME IN RUBAYA SECTOR

Supervisor:                              Barigye Godfrey

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    September, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

This study looks closely at home grown initiatives as tools used in poverty eradication with particular focus on poverty eradication in Rwanda. It first introduces poverty as the most prominent problem that governments of both developed and developing countries face. Then it explains various means used in poverty eradication among them home grown initiatives. The study subsequently assesses the use of Ubudehe as a traditional poverty eradication mechanism drawn from the Rwandan culture.  It concludes that understanding community assets and align poverty eradication mechanisms to them makes efficient the fight against poverty and helps in reaching adequately the set poverty eradication targets.

 

                                                                                                                                               

Surname:                                 Kamuyumbu

Other Names:                          Perpetue

Reg No:                                   09/A/MA-PPM/064/PG

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                            Master of Arts in Pproject Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:                PROCUREMENT PROCESS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF GOVERNMENT FUNDED PROJECTS IN RULINDO DISTRICT LOCAL GOVERNMENT—RWANDA

Supervisor:                             Barigye Godfrey

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    September, 2011

 

 

ABSTRACT

The study focused on the procurement process in the performance of government funded projects in Rulindo District local government. The major objective of this study was to assess possible challenges faced by local governments in acquiring goods, works and services; and its specific objectives were to  identify factors that affect public procurement process of government funded projects in Rulindo district local government; to establish the gaps in the procurement process and their effect on the success of  government funded projects in Rulindo local government; to establish the   support provided by Rwanda Public Procurement Authority (RPPA) to Rulindo district local government; to establish the time it takes Rulindo District Local Government to complete government funded projects as well as identify possible causes of delays in public procurement process of government funded projects in Rulindo district local government. Using survey design, it was possible to get variety of views and opinions from procurement officers, who were sampled and selected by simple random sampling technique. The views, opinions, attitudes and experiences of respondents were got using questionnaire as the main instrument. The study revealed that there were delays in public procurement due to the procurement law itself, budget constraints, lack of qualified personnel in public procurement, lack of procurement plans, financial capacity of contractors, bureaucracy and lack of monitoring of awarded tenders. Local government were recommended to develop annual procurement plans based on the availability of funds, look for qualified personnel and define mechanisms for retaining them and develop a monitoring framework that would allow them to better monitor procurement  execution, including awarded contracts. There is a need for further researches, especially on the relevance of the procurement law.

 

Surname:                                 Noheli

Other Names:                          Sam

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MAPPM/039/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                            Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:                RISK MANAGEMENT IN ETK-RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Barigye Godfrey

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

       

ABSTRACT

Risk management is one of key strategies in managing businesses. Studies have revealed that a strong risk management process can decrease problems on a project/business by as much as 80 to 90 percent. There is a clear imperative for many companies to develop a strong, consistent, enterprise wide risk management programme, as most prevalent business risks will either remain at current levels or increase. The overall aim of this study was therefore to find out how risk management process is applied in private institutions in Rwanda with a case study of Etablissement Kazoza et Compagnie (ETK). Four related objectives were fixed notably; to identify the risk management plans used in ETK, to identify challenges in risk management, to find out the current trend of risk management in the above said enterprise and to assess the level of awareness of employees in relation with risk management. A triangulation of both quantitative and qualitative research methods was used for collecting and analyzing data to describe and interpret it into information. The study population comprised of two managers with whom interviews were carried out in order to obtain results related to the first three objectives and 50 ordinary employees who responded to a questionnaire which intended to respond to the fourth objective related to the employee awareness vis a vis risk management. For qualitative data, tape recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis was done under the corresponding objectives. The findings from interviews revealed that there are no structured  and written risk management plans but still employees have some knowledge about risk  as confirmed by both interviewees, every employee gets some trainings on risks related to his/her domain of work but these are still insufficient compared to what should be done. Equally, the enterprise faces a number of challenges which range from financial to health related but as said above they are neither quantified nor communicated formally as it should be in the formal way of risk management. As far as the future of risk management within the enterprise is concerned, the management is planning to hire a consultant to carry out the feasibility study and make it more clear which is a green light to the installation of the system in the near future. On the issue of employee awareness vis a vis risk management, the socio-demographic data of respondents revealed that 78% were males, 70% were between 20 and 29 years of age, there is a good distribution in education while 66% were single, 80% were technicians while 46% had between one and five years experience.Respondents showed indirectly that they are aware of risks and ways of risk management whereby: 92% of respondents confirmed to have had trainings related to risk management, 84% and 80% expressed their concern about physical and technological risks they were likely to meet during their day to day jobs, 74% had been once at risk which could put their life in danger and rated the level of satisfaction on how that threatening risk was managed. Also, respondents demonstrated their need of protective equipment by 88% but this number dropped to nearly 57% with no convincing reasons as the management confirmed their existence. 68% appreciated PPE status as good while 32% rated them as not good. Respondents admitted by 72% that they don’t know whether there are risk management plans within the company but, nearly the same percentage confirmed the existence of rules and regulations that govern the company. This shows some lack of communication between the top management and on ground staff concerning administration issues or negligence on part of technicians. All respondents (100%) know that they are insured in Rwanda Social Security Fund and have health insurance which helps them to pay less when they are sick or their close relatives. The study demonstrates the need for the enterprise management to come up with strong operational risk management plans. In return it will bring about enormous benefits to the enterprise management/owners, employees as well as other beneficiaries

 

                                                           

Surname:                                             Usengumuremyi

Other Names:                                      J.M.V    ***[NAME, please,NOT INITIALS!]

Reg No:                                               09/A/KAB/MAPPM/027/PG              

Gender:                                               Male

Programme:                                        Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:                            ASSESSING THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT, RUHANGO DISTRICT-RWANDA

Supervisor:                                          Barigye Godfrey

Academic Unit:                                   Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                                October, 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

                        ABSTRACT

Public-Private Partnership has been employed in some local governments in Rwanda for some time in real estate development making local authorities a key player in the economic development of cities. However, little research exists on both the implementation of such projects and the evaluation of the governance procedures. This research seeks to fill this gap by examining the working arrangement between selected local authorities and developers in striking a win-win situation. Towards this end, the research examines the working arrangements between a local authority and private partners in Ruhango district, as well as the subsequent post project developments. The background to the study is related to the exploration of employment created by private sector companies and the contribution of private sector taxpayers in the budget of Ruhango District and the subsequent impact.The aim of this study was to assess private contribution to development in partnership with local government activities.

 

Surname:                                 Musoni

Other Names:                          Vincent Patrick

Reg No:                                   A/KAB/MAPPM/084/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                            Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:                ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN KAYONZA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Adalbert Aine-Omucunguzi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

    ABSTRACT

 Climate change is a global phenomenon which affects each and every individual irrespective of race, religious affiliation or nationality. It is a challenge which calls for attention of every nation, region and individual. Its impacts are more visible in countries that are already tormented by poverty. This implies that unless properly tackled, climate change impacts will frustrate development efforts of poor countries. This study set out to assess the impacts of climate change on the socio-economic development of rural households in Kayonza district, eastern Rwanda. Data was collected from 100 households using interviews, focused group discussions, observation and questionnaires. Findings of the study revealed that majority of the respondents were aware of the climate change phenomenon and had received information about it through the media, village meetings and friends. Deforestation, poor farming methods, bush burning and economic activities in developed countries were reported as the major causes of climate change. Decline in crop yields, water scarcity, increased incidence of crop disease and pests, impassable roads and death of livestock were reported as the most significant impacts of climate change and variability. The respondents had local adaptation strategies which included shifting to safe areas, storing food and afforestation. It was reported that there were factors limiting employment of better copping and adaptation strategies. These included lack of timely climate variability information, lack of government policies related to climate change adaptation and lack of economic diversification. Small-scale irrigation, afforestation, water harvesting and introduction of fast maturing food crops were reported as coping and adaptation strategies that would be developed to increase their resilience to climate change impacts.This study concludes that climate change impacts have negatively affected the socio-economic development of households in Kayonza district since economic activities such agriculture and transport which are the pillars of development have been severely affected. There is thus a need to sensitize people about the impacts of climate change and sustainable coping and adaption strategies as well as mitigation measure. Key wordsClimate change impacts, socio-economic development, rural households, Kayonza district                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Surname:                                 Cyiza

Other Names:                          Consolee

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                            Master of Arts in Project Planning and Management

Title of Dissertation:                BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES AND STRATEGIES USED BY POOR WIDOWS IN SMALL SCALE BUSINESSES TO ADEQUATELY ENHANCE THEIR LIVING STANDARDS . A CASE STUDY OF KICUKIRO SECTOR, RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Aryeija Warren

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

                            

ABSTRACT

The research entitled “Business opportunities and strategies for Rwandan poor widows in small scale businesses to adequately enhance their living standards” was aiming at finding out the feasible ways through which business opportunities and strategies for poor widows involved in small scale business can boost their living standards. The methods used to collect data were observation which helped us with following the situation closely, interview which helped us in discussions with interviewees, questionnaire which helped to get the research questions answered, finally consultation of documents from different researchers which all together served as the basis to the findings.The researcher managed to identify economic, social and political opportunities and strategies available for poor widows’ business growth. These opportunities include handling some social events at costs, government favorable policies to their business, financial and capacity building empowerment. The strategies  include team work and forming associations, consultation and lobbying government for support. Challenges including lack of access to social, political and economic opportunities by poor widows were identified. A big step towards solving this social issue of poverty among widows of Kicukiro is the during the research, leaders proved to be aware of poor widows’ struggle and willing to assist them whenever possible. Also two institutions declared ready to help Kicukiro widows by way of financial empowerment and capacity building empowerment.The researcher concluded that this research was worthwhile because it attained its objective through the collect of helpful and appropriate information. Recommendation is to encourage all stakeholders (beneficiaries, leaders and institutions) to work together as joint efforts in order to count poverty among widows of Kicukiro a history in the near future.

 

 

Surname:                                 Appolinaire

Other Names:                          Minani

Registration Number:              09/F/MADS/037/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               FARMERS COOPERATIVES AND FOOD SECURITY IN                                                    A CASE STUDY OF INGABO FARMERS’ TRADE UNION

RWANDA:

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher Dabo S.P

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October 2011

 

ABSTRACT

Rwanda economy and the livelihoods of her people are mainly based on farming production. The cooperatives and other farmers’ organizations provide opportunities to achieve economic development and food security improvement. The study has been carried out on the total population of 14,462 living in 4 Districts of Southern Province, the most populated of the country. Farmers’ organizations such as INGABO try to increase farmers’ production by providing technical assistance and financial support. The general objective was to show the contribution of INGABO as a farmers’ Trade Union on food security improvement among cooperative members. All of the respondents confirmed that both technical and financial support provided by INGABO including seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, have considerably increased the food security among farmers themselves. However, many obstacles still remain for achieving the goal of food security among rural population as it has been confirmed by the respondents themselves.

 

                                                                                               

Surname:                                 Ruterana

Other Names:                          Fernand Sauveur

Registration Number:              08/M/KAB/MBA/176/W

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration   

Title of Dissertation:               VISION 2020 UMURENGE PROGRAMME (VUP) AND                                                        IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF GIKOMERO SECTOR

POVERTY

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher S.P. Dabo

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    September 2011

 

ABSTRACT

“Vision 2020 Unurenge” is a new initiative by the Government of Rwanda (GOR) in collaboration with Development Partners and NGOs. It is led by the Ministry of Local Government, Governance, Community Development and Social Affairs (MINALOC) and supported by the Ministry of Finance and Economic planning (MINECOFIN). The Vision 2020 Unurenge Programme (VUP) uses the existing decentralization system and leverages technical and financial assistance to accelerate the rate of poverty reduction in Rwanda. The aim of this research was to show the contribution of this program in eradication of poverty in Gikomero Sector of Gasabo District in Kigali Town. The key objectives of the research were to assess the effectiveness and examine the effects of VUP contribution on poverty and income generation of poorest in Gikomero. The study was done by using various methodologies such as interviews, questionnaires, documentation, etc It was found out that VUP has a real contribution in fighting poverty and influence income generation of the poorest in the Sector. For example, in 2009, we had 34% of “Destitute” in category of UBUDEHE in the sample, but all of them have graduated to another category of “Poorest” in 2011; 100% have a bank account, 89% of them have paid their health insurance, 81% have increased their meals per day, 24% have built a new house, etc VUP has a considerable influence in poverty reduction and income generation which should be supported by all stakeholders and be given more resources to be extended in the whole country.

Surname:                                 Habimana

Other Names:                          Clement

Registration Number:              09/A/KAB/MBA/109/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Title of Dissertation:               PERFORMANCE OF RWANDA SOCIAL SECURITY FUND IN                                         GASABO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Fr. Paul Munyakigezi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration

Submission Date:                    October 2011

 

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to evaluate the Rwanda Social Security Fund performance to its beneficiaries in Kacyiru sector, Gasabo District. This is because there was lack of clientship in the SSFR and there was a decline in performance. In addition, a similar observation by Umuvugizi Rwanda Newspaper was that the SSFR does not treat well the pensioners which had a negative impact on their livelihoods. These factors prompted the researcher to undertake this study. The specific objectives of this study were to find out whether the beneficiaries were satisfied with the benefits they receive from SSFR, explore whether there is financial accountability in SSFR and to establish whether records keeping systems are in place in Social Security Fund in Rwanda. The above objectives were achieved by use of descriptive research design and involved the use of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The tools used to collect the data included the questionnaires, interview guide and documentary analysis. Qualitative and quantitative research design was adopted in order to obtain data that were both numerical and non numerical. The target population was 252 staff of SSFR and 1,200 beneficiaries. Of these, 26 staff and 44 beneficiaries were selected as the study sample. This gave a sample size of 70 respondents. Stratified random sampling was used to select this sample because they were two different sample strata. The findings of the study revealed that the beneficiaries are satisfied with the benefits and the level of service delivery by SSFR. The reasons they gave for their satisfaction included: obtaining their pay in time and the interest paid on their savings. The SSFR was found to have an accountability system in which it accounts for the funds used /spent and this was found to be sound. This was established from the SSFR employees who reported that accountability is in the form of income statements, balance sheets and payment vouchers among others. SSFR was found to have a sound record keeping system in place and the records were found to be kept in the forms of petty cash (31%), inventory (23%), accounts receivables (15%), accounts payable (12%) and payroll records (19%) among others. The study revealed that the records kept enables the agency in accountability and ensuring efficient service delivery to the members.

 

Surname:                                 Nadine

Other Names:                          Uwitje

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies                    

Title of Dissertation:               LEADERSHIP AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN RWANDA: A             CASE STUDY OF RWANDA’S PARLIAMENT CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES

Supervisor:                              Dr. Paulinus Uyigue Osarodion         

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

                       

Submission Date:                    September 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The present study deals with “leadership and women’s empowerment in Rwanda: a case study of Rwanda’s parliament Chamber of deputies” Gender balancing is a key to national development as cooperation is necessary for any meaningful impact, results revealed high women participation and occupation of executive positions in Rwanda. The performance of these women in positions of authority is excellent. The participation of many women in parliament that has implicated empowerment of women in general because we evaluate to be empowered in many cases like Quota system (the twenty four seats that are reserved for women are contested in women only elections, that is only females can stand for elections and only women can vote, thus women had 39 out of 80 seats or forty eight point eight percent. Gender policy (the principal guidelines on which sectoral policies and programmes will base to integrate gender issues in their respective social, cultural, economic and political planning and programming: inheritance/marriage policy (Rwanda’s laws provide opportunities for gender equity by granting equal inheritance rights to sons and daughters and protection of a surviving spouses and children’s rights to property. However, customary systems continue to govern over family and land matters and often discriminate against women’s direct rights to property and inheritance: policy on gender violence (The law of prevention and punishment of GBV is now in the phase of promulgation after chambers of parliament passed it last year. Many activists have been pushing for its publication to reduce cases of gender based violence for the Rwandan girl child. The government has deployed considerable efforts to promote the access of girls to education. Mobilization campaigns were carried out in the whole country. The Development policy and the education policy in particular, insist on the intervention and on the role of a woman in socio-economic development. It is for that reason that the girl is at the centre stage, especially as far as her education is concerned. It is the only way to empower girls and women of the country so that they are able to responsibly play their role in the development of the country; after these policies, we have many institutions for empowerment of women such as (MIGEPROFE, GMO, WOMEN COUNCIL, FFRP etc) by so doing women empowerment will be guaranteed.

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                           

 

 

                                                                                                                                   

Surname:                                 Ngurunzira

Other Names:                          Emmanuel

Registration Number:              09/A/KAB/MAED/016/PG

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Gender:                                   Male

Title of Dissertation:               STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TO SCHOOL RULES AND REGULATIONS AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN RWANDA A CASE STUDY OF NYAMAGABE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Frank Akampa

Academic Unit:                       POST GRADUATE SCHOOL

Submission Date:                    October 2011                                                                                                 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to establish the attitude of students towards school rules and regulations and how this affects their academic performance in Nyamagabe District in Rwanda. The first specific objective was to investigate the attitudes of students towards rules and regulations; followed by determining the relationship between students’ attitude towards rules and regulations and their performance and lastly to determine the factors that influence students’ performance in schools. The study was undertaken in 4 secondary schools in Nyamagabe district, Southern Province. These schools included Mbuga TTC, G.S Kigeme, E.S Maheresho and G.S ACEPER. The above objectives were achieved using a range of methods and tools. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to collect appropriate data. The research instruments employed were questionnaires, interview schedules and documentary analysis. Data analysis was accomplished using SPSS version 11 which was helpful in generating frequencies, tables, charts and graphs. The findings of the study showed that students in secondary schools in Rwanda had positive attitudes towards rules and regulations. The analysis showed that 23% of the students’ respondents had very positive attitude, 75% had positive attitude, 2% had negative attitude and none of the students had very negative attitude towards rules and regulations. On whether there was a relationship between students’ attitude towards rules and regulations and their performance, majority respondents (74%) agreed that there was a relationship, 19% strongly agreed while 7% disagreed that there was a relationship between students attitude towards rules and regulations and students performance. Competent teachers (18%), teachers and students commitment (15%), cooperation between students and school administration (13%), flexible rules and regulations (11%) and maximally utilizing time (10%) were among the major factors that influence students’ performance in secondary schools in Nyamagabe district, in southern province in Rwanda. The study recommended that students and parents should be involved in the formulation of schools rules and regulations. This would help in designing students commitment (15%), cooperation between students and school administration (13%), appropriate rules that would make students to be obedient and thus reducing possibilities of unnecessary strikes. The study also recommended the non-selective enforcement of rules and regulations by school administration, encouraging parents to impart discipline among the students.

Surname:                     Sibomana

Other Names:              Ernest

Reg No:                       08/M/KAB/MBA/015

Gender:                       Male

Programme:                 Master of Arts in Business Administration

Title of Dissertation:   SKILLS ACQUISITION AND THE INTEGRATION OF                                                       RWANDAN ECONOMY IN THE EAST AFRICAN COMMON                                MARKET: ACASE STUDY OF INYANGE INDUSTRIES LTD 

Supervisor:                  Dr. Dabo Christopher            

Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:        October 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

ABSTRACT

International marketing has intensified and is evident in nearly all aspects of daily life. Today, the East African Common Market has extended its boundaries by integrating other new countries like Rwanda, Burundi, even the recent new country South Sudan, has started to seek how to be integrated on the National boundaries no longer restrict competitive forces. To be successful in the international’s economy, companies must be simultaneously responsive to local and global market conditions. Hence, international marketing skills are an important ingredient for every company, whether or not it is currently involved in exporting activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) analyze the skills needed to be effective in international marketing; (2) explore the level of importance of each of these skills; (3) investigate the degree to which these skills are acquired by employees of exporting companies; and (4) examine the gap between the skills these employees have and the skills they need. Data was collected, regarding skill importance, through a Delphi participant sample of exporting and distributions practitioners of international marketing experts. Inyange Industries Ltd, one of Rwandan Company of exporting and distributions, were surveyed regarding the degree their employees possessed the identified skills. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, in away that allowed skill-based areas for training programs to be prioritized. A sample of twenty five (25) senior employees, categorized into five departments were selected through a purposive method techniqueAmong sixty skills identified, twenty-four of the skills were rated as being highly importance, thirty-six were rated as being of medium importance and none were rated as being of low importance. Possession ratings were compared across importance ratings, which identified twenty-four international marketing skills as training priorities. This study has produced a new assessment tool which would go a long way to assist small and big firms in identifying international marketing training needs, where effectively the East African Common Market is expanding their activities. Rwandan companies will benefit from the new assessment tool and set effective engagement in order to be responsive in the East African Common Market conditions, which are basically competitive. Rwanda Private Sector Federation will need to provide significant trainings for the exporting and distributions companies.

Surname:                     Turahimana

Other Names:              Ferdinand

Registration Number: KU/270/PG

Gender:                       Male

 Programme:                Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:   UBUDEHE PROJECT, RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY                                               ERADICATION IN NGORORERO DISTRICT:  RWANDA 2006-                                        2009

Supervisor:                  Adebayo Tajudeen Sanni

Academic Unit:           Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:        October 2011

 

ABSTRACT

Ubudehe project a rural development and poverty eradication in Ngororero District Rwanda 2006 to 2009 was set out with the following objectives: to examine Ubudehe project in combating poverty in Ngororero District; how it was affecting development and analyze the impact of Ubudehe project in developmental projects. The research questions guiding the study were the following: Has the Ubudehe project been effective in combating poverty in Ngororero District? Does the Ubudehe project have enough potential to enhance concepts effort for development cause? Can the Ubudehe project now go on without government backing and monitoring effort? To collect data were used questionnaires; structured interviews; Focused group discussions and Observations field visits. The respondents confirmed that in Economic aspect of Ubudehe project has led to increased community welfare. First, access to funding allows poor people to take advantage of economic opportunities and reduce vulnerabilities. Second, Ubudehe project funding allows poor households to change from every- day survival to planning for the future. Around 80% interviewees have confidence to fight poverty and they all agreed that poverty is not hereditary. From the study, the recommendations include; to create a favorable environment for sustainable community collective action; develop private sector to promote individual initiatives in Rwanda; enhance social and economic activities for community initiatives and collaboration to develop and enhance belief in the local community control by, grassroots organization for sustainability.    

                                                                                                                       

Surname:                                 Gato

Other Names:                          Gafurama Charles

Reg No:                                   09/F/MADS/061/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               PUBLIC PENSION FUND INVESTMENT IN THE ECONOMIC           DEVELOPMENT OF RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NSSF

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher Dabo

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

                                                  ABSTRACT

               This study was carried out to analyze the role of pension fund investment in economic development of Rwanda with the following objectives: (1) To establish the reasons why pension fund was launched in Rwanda, (2). To investigate the contribution of public pension fund investment in economic development, (3). To explore the challenges NSST Rwanda faces while implementing this investment plan and how those challenges were overcome. employed where stratified random sampling was used to select categories of respondents according to their departments. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 60 respondents among 118 workers of all the departments of social security fund in Rwanda and 32 beneficiaries totaling to 150 people. The results of the research revealed that, public pension fund investment contributes to economic development of Rwanda through the employment opportunities created mostly by the real estate department which deals with the construction of houses, a good example is 234 residential houses at Gacuriro for sell and renting, this solved the problem of accommodation, quality service delivery has been given to pensioners, all these improved the standards of living of the Rwandan population. In addition to that, the social security fund of Rwanda has invested in SONARWA insurance company where it has 50 percent of the shares, in BK it has 33.66 percent of shares, this assisted Rwandese to get credit to invest in other economic activities like trade, all that contribute to economic development. In recommendation, though the social security fund of Rwanda has stepped a head in investment promotion, there is a need to invest that public fund in agriculture sector, which is the backbone of he country’s economic development that employs almost 90% of the Rwandan population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

 

Surname:                                 Utazirubanda

Other Names:                          Abdul Karim

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MADS/054/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               NGO’S AND VICTIMS OF HIV/AIDS IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF CHF INTERNATIONAL IN RULINDO DISTRICT  

Supervisor:                              Dr. Paulinus Uyigue

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

 

Abstract

This research examined the contribution of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to the socio-economic development of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, the case study of CHF (Cooperative Housing Foundation). The objectives of the study were to examine and evaluate the contribution of CHF International in the process of socio-economic development of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS; to explore the state of discrimination, stigmatization and self-stigmatization of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, the effect on socio-economic development of the people of Rulindo District, Rwanda. A sample size of 115 persons ( 60 persons infected with HIVE/AIDS, 40 orphans and 15CHF) staff were used to collect data. Questionnaire, observation, interviews, focus group discussion and document analysis were done by using computer SPSS software. The findings from this research revealed the contribution of NGOs to the socio-economic development of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. Firstly, the number of surveyed associations/cooperative members that did not have savings because of insufficient of income decreased, also ICF program contributed in increasing the quality and quantity of food, promoted modern farming and promoted modern livestock rearing. The CHF beneficiaries have been able to pay health insurance for the families of people living with HIV/AIDS (100%); paid school fees for their children even through CHF do so for orphans and vulnerable children. Also to overcome poverty, CHF created income generating activities among associations/cooperatives of PLWHA and these helped in improving their lives (100%). By simple analysis of these data, it is clear to remark that CHF Initiative is alleviating poverty because it assisted beneficiaries to take care of their day-to-day basic needs such as food, clothes, protection, and shelter) without forgetting to have easy access to health care services. It is hereby recommended that through trainings and technical support of NGOs to local associations/ cooperatives of PLWHA, to the capacity of these local organizations can be strengthened and become independent of the work of international NGOs.

Surname:                                 Chizelema

Other Names:                          Dunford Chibolyani

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               THE CONTRIBUTION OF RESOURCES FROM NYUNGWE FOREST NATIONAL PARK, RWANDA, TO THE ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF FRINGE COMMUNITIES

Supervisor:                              Adalbert Aine-Omucunguzi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    September, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The Nyungwe forest, which covers part of the south and west provinces, is surrounded by communities from four districts; ie Nyamagabe district in the east, Nyamaseke district in the north and north-west, Rusizi district in west and south west and Nyaruguru district in the south. Households in communities adjacent to Nyungwe forest national park utilize a variety of resources from the forest. This study assessed the contribution of resources from Nyungwe Forest national park to the socio-economic well-being of fringe communities. Data was collected from 120 households that neighbor the park. Household surveys, interviews and focused group discussions were among the methods used to collect the data. Findings of this study indicate that households adjacent to Nyungwe forest national park utilized a variety of resources from the park. These included medicines, fuel wood, building materials and handcraft materials. The frequency of harvest of these resources was influenced by household socio-economic endowments such as landholding and livestock holding. There were services that local people benefited from because of their proximity to the forest. These included tourism, enterprise development, co-operatives and employment. These were found to contribute significantly to the social-well-being of the people. Resources from Nyungwe forest national park have greatly contributed to the socio-economic well-being of fringe communities and therefore these communities should be involved in the management of the park so that they feel its ownership.

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Surname:                                 Ngarukiyintwali

Other Names:                          Jean Pierre

Reg No:                                   09/F/MBA/089/PG

Gender:                                   Male                           

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Studies                                                                           Title of Dissertation:              A FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS AND                                                                                PERFORMANCE OF COMPANIES IN RWANDA: A CASE                                                             STUDY OF UTEXTWA, KIGALI

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study was “The Financial statement analysis and performance of companies in Rwanda, a case study was UTEXTWA as the representative of the entire manufacturing companies. This study was to assess and analyze the financial statements of UTEXTWA of four years from 2007 to 2010. This research was carried out because many companies have registered poor performance due to lack of effective financial statement analysis. The study was to analyze the significance of financial performance of UTEXTWA and how this study could bring improvement in overall performance of UTEXTWA for a period of four years 2007 to 2010. Financial analysis provides insights into the company’s financial decisions through its performance. A study of financial performance of UTEXTWA was based on the last four years and a comparison between them was made to measure its liquidity, profitability positions and solvency, as well as the trends of its overall financial performance. From the findings, it has been realized that UTEXTWA had a persistent decrease in profitability by increasing operating expenses by payment interest charges to the lender of funds. Basing on the findings, a number of recommendations have been formulated in order to improve the company’s financial performance. It’s also advisable to always watch over their ratios with a view of keeping its profitability, liquidity and solvency position on improvement. This will lead the company to profitability on long-term basis. Otherwise if the profit continues to decline the shareholders may decide to remove their shares because their aim is to generate high return. The management should control, coordinate and allocate resources where it is a requisite. UTEXTWA as a monopolistic company that produces modern style of clothing in Rwanda, may establish branches in the whole country to facilitate customers instead of coming to the main headquarters for buying its products.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Surname:                                 Ziine

Other Names:                          Narcisius

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Title of Dissertation:               CAUSES OF STUDENTS’ DROPOUT IN UNIVERSAL SECONDARY EDUCATION SCHOOLS: A CASESTUDY OF RUBABO COUNTY IN RUKUNGIRI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Karungi Monica

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The problem on which the study focused is “Dropout of students in Universal Secondary Education (USE) schools in Rubabo County, Rukungiri District” The study intended to find out the influence of family and school environments on dropouts in USE schools. It further aimed at the ratio of girls to boys dropouts, and generate possible solutions to this problem. Questionnaires, interview guides and document analysis were the instruments used in collecting data. A survey research design was used to collect data using a sample of 94 respondents, of which 33 were students, 22 teachers, 11 head teachers, 16 parents, 4 local leaders and 4 dropout students. Findings revealed that both home and school environments have significant influence on dropping out of students, with the former, environment ,contributing to a higher percentage. The aspects of poverty, forced early marriages, unstable families and ignorance of parents featured as common causes related to family environment of students. On the other hand, poor academic performance, poor structures and facilities and poor/student relationship were featured as the major school related causes of dropouts from schools. Findings further revealed that more girls drop out than boys but the difference is not so alarming it could be a result of higher enrollment of girls than that of boys in almost all the sampled schools. In view of the above findings, the researcher made several recommendations. Most of these recommendations suggest economic empowering of local parents, provision of scholastic materials, accommodation and lunch to students and enhancement of guidance and counseling by both parents and teachers. He further recommends stepping up of guidance and counseling by in schools and sensitization of parents on their cardinal role of taking and keeping their children in schools.

Surname:                                 Ndungutse

Other Names:                          Bikolimana     

Reg No:                                   09/A/KAB/MADS/015/PG   

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF CONSERVATION-INDUCED PEOPLE’S DISPLACEMENT FROM PROTECTED AREAS: A CASE STUDY OF GISHWATI FOREST RESERVE, NYABIHU DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                              Adalbert Aine-Omucunguzi

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

The results of forced displacement are many and in most cases negative and stressful to humanity. If a displacement exercise is not well planned, it may disrupt the social and economic development of human societies. This study assessed the socio-economic impacts of conservation-induced displacement of the people from protected areas with a focus on Gishwati forest reserve in Rwanda.  Data were collected from 200 households in two villages that were relocated from Gishwati forest and 3 local council leaders from each of the villages. Interview, focused group discussion and observation were the methods employed in data collection.

Findings of this study indicate that the average household size was 6.22 which was higher than the national average. Before relocation households were engaged in different economic activities. All the households(100%) reported that they were harvesting resources from Gishwati forest before they were displaced. Households land-holding was between 4 and 12 hectares. Although all respondents agreed that they got better shelter after relocation, 82% reported that poverty had increased in their households because of land scarcity. The study found that 20% of the people who were employed lost their jobs while 50% of the respondents reported that they were marginalized by the relocation. Despite the displacement, majority of the households still attached importance to the conservation of Gishwati forest reserve, respondents were asked to state with reasons whether they supported the conservation of the forests. Or not. The attitude was regarded as positive if the respondent supported the conservation of the forest and negative if the respondent was opposed to the conservation of the forest. The study also found that 85% of the respondents had a positive attitude towards the conservation of Gishwati forest reserve. Only 15% of the respondents were opposed to the conservation of forest. Of those opposed to the conservation of the forest, 77% cited inability to collect firewood while 57% pointed out lack of grazing land.

                                                                                                                                               

Surname:                                 Barakagwira

Other Names:                          Patricia

Reg No:                                   08/KU/373/PG

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Business Administration                           

Title of Dissertation:               STRATEGIC RELATIONSHIP  MARKETING TECHNIQUE IN COMMERCIAL BANKS OF RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF THE COMMERCIAL BANK OF RWANDA (BCR

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher. S.P. Dabo

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    August, 2011

                                 

ABSTRACT

The Relationship Marketing(RM) is conceived as an accepted model towards the execution of business dealings and building long term relationships between suppliers and customers. Marketing is no longer viewed as developing, selling and delivering products(Buttle 1999) but rather a foundation for strategic insight, as a conduit for accessing superior performance. The RM approach continues to receive prominence in the fierce competitive landscape business environment in the service sector.

In the search for the validation of the inferences of the RM approach professed as a necessary  ingredient for business strategic and competitive advantage, this research explores the critical evaluation of the RM  approach to competitive  advantage in the  commercial baking industry in Rwanda . The competitive advantage orientation  augmenting this research is based on competitive positioning approach of Porter (1980)generic strategy framework and value chain analysis. In scope wise, the research takes an assessment of the RM approach practices in the Commercial Bank of Rwanda and whether it leads to competitive advantage. The findings concluded that the Commercial Bank of Rwanda exhibited full implementation of the RM approach best practices and the concept is well entrenched in the banks processes, systems and procedures.  The research applied illustrative examples based on multiple data sources with semi-structured interview and self-administered questionnaire as the credible techniques for data collection. It was concluded that the Commercial Bank of Rwanda structure, systems, procedure and culture encouraged the RM approach that enable the Commercial Bank of Rwanda to access cost advantages resulting  from the  optimization and co-ordination of linkages in the value chain. The competitive advantage position that the commercial Bank of Rwanda holds and drives from the RM approach implementation is temporarily at its best. 

Surname:                                 Sibomana

Other Names:                          Vincent

Reg No:                                   09/F/MADS/038/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Thesis title:                              RWANDA’S LAND USE CONSOLIDATION AND                                          AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF NYANZA DISTRICT.

Supervisor:                              Karungi Monica

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

           

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness and efficiency of Land Use Consolidation in agrarian Rwanda to find out its impact on Rwandan economic development. The study was carried out between June and August 2011 among 120 farmers in agricultural cooperatives in Land Use Consolidation Programme in Nyanza District. The research used comparative method. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. The data was tabulated to clearly show a comparison of production before and after the implementation of Land Use Consolidation. Documentation (especially reports) was used to assess how production had increased after implementation of the Land Use Consolidation Programme. Findings of this study indicate that the land consolidation program increased land under cultivation of majority of respondent. Household income of majority of the respondents was reported to have increased after the implementation of the programme and this reduced the number of households that were living below poverty line. Also, majority of the respondents reported that they had constructed better shelter, were having more meals as a result of agricultural surplus. The study also revealed that prices of crops had reduced. For example, the price of cassava reduced by 40% in 2009 and 33.3% in 2010. This showed that the land use consolidation programme was more productive than the disjointed land system. This study recommends that other parts of Rwanda which have not yet embraced the land consolidation programme should do so to improve people’s welfare.

Key words

Land use consolidation, agrarian development, Nyanza, Rwanda

                                                                                                           

Surname:                                 Balisheshe

Other Names:                          Boniface

Reg No:                                   08/KU/344/PG

Gender:                                   Male

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Thesis title:                              CORRUPTION IN RWANDA’S PUBLIC SERVICE: A CASE OF NGORORERO DISTRICT, 2000-2010

Supervisor:                              Dr. Christopher Zigira

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

 This study examined the causes, the extent and effect of corruption in the public service in Rwanda with a focus on Ngororero district[A8] . The study found that 97% of informants/respondents had witnessed cases of corruption. The top five organs accused of asking for bribes were the local defense forces, villages’ chairpersons, local mediators, cell executive secretaries, and gacaca judges. The reasons for corruption include, among others, an unpaid service, low salaries, lack of morality and integrity especially for leaders, lengthy administrative procedures, lack of transparency and people’s ignorance. Besides, the study found out that some Rwandan cultural aspects especially sayings, citizens’ mindset and low morals, proverbs, also fostered greed, or encouraged, at a certain level the corrupt behavior like extortion, exploitation, embezzlement, favoritism, and nepotism. In terms of correspondences, corruption occasions impoverishment of the payer and interpersonal conflict; corruption undermines minds of both the taker and the payer as they see that nothing can be done without functioning of administration and the whole system, and strongly erodes trust in institutions and office bearers, and in democracy. This study came up with the conclusion that, among others, the socio-cultural context in which civil servants worked, and low salary had an impact on their attitude to asking for bribes. Particularly, the denial of salary to some grassroots leaders’ levels (villages, cells, sectors) seemed to worsen that situation, corruption being thereby more and more rampant and systematic. On psychological level, however, the study ended up by also confirming that some leaders at grassroots would never be satisfied even if they were given a satisfactory salary and wages given that corruption had strongly penetrated their morals. Therefore, this study recommended that fighters against corruption had to put into consideration all aspects discussed within this work. Focus was to be on education of both takers and payers, and on social and cultural context, through, for example, revitalizing traditional values taught through the “itorerory’igihugu” (the national informal educational institution[A9] )

                                                                                                                       

Surname:                                 Rindabo

Other Names:                          Zerida

Reg No:                                   07/KU/PG/07

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Educational Management

Title of Dissertation:               AN EVALUATION OF UNIVERSAL SECONDARY PROGRAMME, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                              Prof. Allen Babugura

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

           

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the Universal Secondary Education programme, in Ndorwa County Kabale District. The aim of the study was to establish the challenges of Universal Secondary Education programme in Ndorwa County and the strategies which should be put in place to make the programme a success. A qualitative research approach was used to arrive at the findings which were analyzed using descriptive statistics. A questionnaire was administered to total of one hundred twenty respondents who comprised of teachers, parents, students and the head teacher.

Finding of the study indicate that the implementation of USE programme has registered some successes especially by providing opportunity to children from poor background to access secondary education. In[A10]  the view of the above the researcher therefore recommended that the government should strength the policy of provision of physical facilities like libraries, laboratories classroom and sanitation facilities to match with the increasing number of students. The government should strengthen the inspection of schools and monitoring of USE programme to ensure that it is well implemented and sensitize all stakeholders on their roles. The government / district officials should always carry out publicity and sensitization on USE programme especially on its objectives, expected outcomes and roles of different stakeholders in the implementation of USE.

                                                                                             

Surname:                                 Niyonzima      

Other Names:                          Theoneste       

Reg No:                                   08/M/MADS/182/W

Gender:                                   Female

Programme:                             Master of Arts in Development Studies

Title of Dissertation:               INTEGRATED EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT    SERVICES AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NKUNDABANA PROGRAM OF CARE INTERNATIONAL KAMONYI DISTRICT, SOUTHERN PROVINCE                

Supervisor:                              Prof. George Alibaruho

Academic Unit:                       Postgraduate Unit

Submission Date:                    October, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the performance of the integrated early childhood development services in poor households in Rwanda with respect to its potential impact on poverty reduction. To achieve this it focused on the Nkundabana Program of Care International, in Kamonyi District, Southern Province. The period covered was 2005-2010. The analytical framework considered poverty indicators as dependent variables (with the following components: the drop outs, completion, timely enrolment rates for education component, the incidence of diseases, maternal child mortality rates for health and low daily income, lack of decent shelter and assets for income). Provision of productive assets and services through the program to address the poverty indicators were considered as independent variables. The study population was 180 families and the study selected a sample of 60 respondents. Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used to collect primary data while document review generated secondary data. Findings of the study revealed that families’ economic status had improved as a result of the program. Based on the findings the study recommended that the approach used by Care International could be replicated in other parts of Rwanda.

Key words

Integrated early childhood development, poverty reduction, Nkundabana program, Rwanda

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                REG.NO:                                09/MAPPA/031/PG

SURNAME:                           NAMAHORO

OTHER NAMES:                  VIANNY

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               THE IMPACT OF ADVERTISEMENT ON CUSTOMER

                                                AWARENESS OF MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF URWEGO OPPORTUNITY MICROFINANCE BANK (2005 – 2010)

SUPERVISOR:                      HELEN CHINEDUM ONUOHA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

SUBMISSION DATE                       10th OCTOBER 2011                                                                                                

ABSTRACT

This study provides relevant information on how advertisement creates or increases customer awareness of a company’s products. Advertisement can also create a good image of a company and increase its sales volume. The main purpose of this study was to know whether advertising has an impact on customer awareness for Urwego opportunity Microfinance bank. The objectives of this study were: to find out the different media of advertising used by UOMB; to identify how advertising can be used to create and sustain competitive advantage; to know the contribution of advertising on customer awareness and to make recommendations and suggestions to the concerned company. The study was conducted in Urwego Opportunity Microfinance Bank. Various methods were employed to gather primary data including questionnaires and interviews. Several books and report articles from the internet were analysed to collect secondary data. After data analysis using tables and text, the following were identified:

Urwego Opportunity Microfinance Bank should develop advertising strategy which will contribute to the awareness of the products instead of doing it when there is a special event or when there is new product which is launched. Urwego Opportunity Microfinance should advertise its products using the various media to reach as many people as possible who are its target market. However, as most of UOMB customers are scattered in rural areas, radio Rwanda and news papers, especially Imvaho would contribute in increasing its market share. Recommendations on how advertisement in UOMB should be done properly were made. These include, creating advertising strategy, creating advertisement department in charge of advertising and adopting mass media advertisement.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

REG.NO:                                08/M/KAB/MADS/195/W

SURNAME:                           SENDEGEYA

OTHER NAMES:                  ROBERT

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               NGOS AND BATWA SETTLEMENTS IN KABALE DISTRICT: A CASE STUDY OF BUFUNDI, BUTANDA AND MUKO        SUB – COUNTIES.

SUPERVISOR:                      DR. CHRISTOPHER ZIGIRA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       22nd  OCTOBER 2010                                                                                                                                                           

ABSTRACT

In Uganda, the Batwa were traditionally forest dwellers who survived by hunting and gathering in forests. However, due to increased economic activity in the region, there has been increased demand for forest products. This has led to increased destruction of the forest biodiversity which in turn, has led to the call for conservation of the forests. As a result of the implementation of the conservation of the forest biodiversity policy, all Batwa were evicted from the forests by1992. They were however, not compensated. Neither were they resettled, and this situation worsened their livelihood for it meant that Batwa were at the mercy of well wishers; hence the emergence of NGOs. Many of these NGOs have since carried out different activities aimed at improving the livelihood of the Batwa. This research therefore, was aimed at evaluating the role of four NGOs in uplifting the livelihood of the Batwa in Southwestern Uganda. The study was specifically carried out in Bufundi, Butanda and Muko Sub – counties in Kabale Districts. These sub – counties border Enchuya forest from where some Batwa were evicted. The study was carried out with the hope that it would benefit different stakeholders involved with the Batwa and scholars interested in future studies. The research findings are based on information gathered from key respondents, by use of interview guides and questionnaires. Responses from the Batwa were acquired through focus group discussions. The study did not however, concentrate on the socio – demographic characteristics of the population because it is very small. Data was categorized into themes which were presented in tables and percentages were used interpreting the data. The findings of the research identify the activities of the four organizations, their approaches, the challenges which they encounter and chart a way forward. The major conclusions were that the Batwa are still backward and there was lack of collaboration both within the NGOs and with government leadership. The major recommendation of this research is that these organizations should start working together and in cooperation with government to uplift the livelihood of the Batwa.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        REG.NO:                                08/M/KAB/MADS/106/W

SURNAME:                           RWAGITARE

OTHER NAMES:                  CLAUDE

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               THE IMPACT OF DECENTRALIZATION POLICY ON THE EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN RWANDA; A CASE STUDY OF RULINDO DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      MR. EDWIN BABIMPA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       OCTOBER 2010                                                                                           

ABSTRACT

The study intended to assess the impact of decentralization on the effective delivery of health care services in Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were to establish the impact of the health sector policy on the provision of quality health care services to the population. Challenges encountered were also documented while providing recommendations for effective utilization of health care services under decentralized entities. To meet the stated objectives, the study purposely sampled 30 respondents at health centres who included health centre staff, district leadership including regulatory body and a number of patients that were found in health centres to represent the entire beneficiary population in the district. The findings of the study show that decentralization of health services has proved to be an effective and efficient system of delivering services to the population at grassroots levels. The population has benefited through the insurance scheme popularly known as Mutuelle de sante’ at the rate of 85% which has enabled equal access to health care by all categories of people in the country without discrimination. Accountability has also been a key feature under decentralization in Rwanda. Despite the progress, a number of problems were identified; and these include limited availability of health workers at health centres and yet there are many patients who are in dire need of the services. The insurance scheme ‘mutuelle de sante’ is not accepted across all the major hospitals in the country apart from the health centres at lower levels yet most crucial health services are at the higher levels like the King Faisal International hospital. Some people still find it difficult to pay for their health insurance yet they need health services. Rulindo Districts also needs to do more on coordination as major weaknesses in this regard were observed during this study. It is highly recommended that the vulnerable citizens like the elderly be allowed free access to health care. The insurance scheme should be devised in such a way that it is widely accepted across all the hospitals. The donor community needs to keep strengthening the decentralization system in Rwanda paying attention to capacity building through training more health workers to meet the ever increasing number of patients.

REG.NO:                                08/M/KAB/MADS/057/W

SURNAME:                           BISONGIMANA

OTHER NAMES:                  JOSEPH

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               AGRICULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN MUSANZE DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      DR. ADUBO S. P. CHRISTOPHER

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       10TH   DECEMBER 2010                                                                                                                                                                  

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to determine the impact of agricultural outputs on economic growth, by looking at the growing of maize in Musanze District. A survey was conducted in selected sectors of Musanze. The specific objectives were: to identify problems affecting agricultural outputs; to identify possible causes to agricultural outputs problems; to demonstrate the impact of the identified problems on household income and economic growth; to provide solutions for addressing those problems in order to enhance economic growth. A structured questionnaire used to collect the required information and the data gathered was analyzed using SPSS program to determine frequencies and percentage means. In this study both qualitative and quantitative data were used. The study established that lack of access to agricultural inputs is hindrance to maize production. Regarding the effect of the cost of agricultural inputs, it was established that these were not affordable. The results also revealed that the priority constraints to maize production are: declining soil fertility, limited use of inputs, poor agricultural practices and lack of appropriate varieties. With regard to maize post harvest and processing, the priority constraints were; lack of processing facilities, lack of knowledge, lack of storage facilities and lack of institutional support. Furthermore, the constraints to maize utilization options were ranked as follows: lack of processing technologies, limited knowledge on development and limited value addition. The study further revealed that price fluctuations, lack of market information, poor infrastructure, low demand, and low quality are priority constraints to maize marketing. It is important also to note that lack of credit facilities was a hindrance to maize production. This needs much attention as the income derived from agricultural outputs, when combined with credit, can offer real prospect of sustainable farmer investments need for productive agriculture. A large number of farmers have never been visited by agricultural extension agents. There is a great need in agricultural practices focusing on maize production in order to boost productivity. Emphasis should be placed on training of farmers in maize production (use of fertilizer, use of improved varieties, pest and disease management, soil management).

 

REG.NO:                                08/M/KAB/MADS/138/W

SURNAME:                           GASIGWA

OTHER NAMES:                  FAUSTIN

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: A CASE STUDY OF CTB – PADL GAKENKE DISTRICT IN THE  NORTHERN PROVINCE OF RWANDA.

SUPERVISOR:                      MR. BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       SEPTEMBER 2010                                                                                       

ABSTRACT

Development projects as part of the national plan aim at reducing poverty and raising the standard of living of low-income rural groups. Now the Rwandan economic context is characterized by a relatively high economic growth rate, a forward looking environment of participation and cooperation on the part of the private sector and citizens down to ”Imidugudu” or village level, and development policies focusing on poverty reduction, food security, diversification of the economy and decentralization. The researcher has assessed the roles of the population in project development based on CTB- PADL Gakenke as a case study. The results show that community participation has helped ensure that more equitable distribution of benefits and ensured that economically weak groups have access to the project services and benefits.

The findings of the study reveal that there has been substantial improvement in the social and economic well – being with tangible indicators such as better access to education, infrastructures, improvement in capacity building, in household incomes, and increase of community team spirit.

The management committees (CDC) elected by communities on the basis of their integrity play a meaningful role ranked positively at 85% in the management of the sub projects, the executive secretary at sector level (70%), district staff (75%) and the project staff(65%).Further more, 95% of respondents have confirmed that the CTB – PADL Gakenke brings responses to the problems and constraints faced by peasants to ensure various needs satisfaction in accruing mass consumption and attainment of hierarchy basic needs. That means that “UBUDEHE’ as a rural participatory approach adopted by CTB – PADL Gakenke substantially contributes to social and economic development of 6170 families among them 5553 families who are funded by that development project. The current community benefits must be sustained in order to continue on the road of development. The population cannot effectively participate if their roles and responsibilities are not clearly defined and understood. In the absence of a clearly defined community approach like “UBUDEHE”, any other effort will result in ineffective performance in managing a development project due to limited motivation and participation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

SURNAME:                           TUKUNDANE

OTHER NAMES:                  CUTHBERT

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               INVESTIGATING POVERTY LEVELS AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN RUKIGA COUNTY, KABALE DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      PROF:ALLEN BABUGURA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       12th OCTOBER 2011                                                                                    

ABSTRACT

The study investigated poverty levels among rural households in Rukiga county of Kabale District located in South Western Uganda. The findings are based on qualitative and quantitative data collected. Questionnaires were given to one hundred individual respondents, from randomly selected households; stratified according to Sub County, in representative proportions according to population. The primary data was supplemented by secondary information in form of relevant literature. The data collected was summarized into tables and where necessary, entered into an MS Excel worksheet for graphical presentation. Data variables were cross tabulated and relationships made between the data and the previous related research findings to deduce the specific findings for this research. The study revealed that 15% of the respondents could be categorized as poorest of the poor and 25% could be categorized as poor according to household income levels. All the households, among all categories according to their reported income levels, had access to public services – health services, school and protected water. All the households, however, decried high expenses on medical care implying that although they accessed health facilities, many could barely afford the health services offered. The poverty situation stems mainly from limited land holding per household and existence of no alternative household sustenance sources. Investment in agriculture and introduction of non – farm income generating activities will reduce the numbers of households characterized by the different poverty levels. The poor or poorest of the poor should be targeted through groups where advocacy is stressed as one of the most important messages so that their voices and priorities are raised high enough for policy consideration in order for development to be balanced.

 

SURNAME:                           NYIRIMANA

OTHER NAMES:                  ABDELAZIZ

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               PERFORMANCE OF SOCIAL SECURITY FUND OF RWANDA IN CAPITAL MARKET.

SUPERVISOR:                      DR. CHRISTOPHER S.P.DABO

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

SUBMISSION DATE                       31st OCTOBER 2010

 

ABSTRACT

The Rwandan capital market is growing and its structure is changing to an extent that non – banking institutions are the principle holders. A lack of alternative instrument for investment could constrain investors from exercising diversification strategies in capital market instrument.

The social Security of Rwanda is one of the institutional investors which has a large amount of liquid fund in bank deposits and treasury bills due to the existing opportunities of diversification alternatives, particularly in capital market instruments SSFR has a stable source of long – term domestic investment. It provides possibilities for domestic firms to have access to long –term capital. The money invested by the social security fund of Rwanda is designed to generate revenue for an employee after retirement. Pension fund and life insurance companies have particular long – term structure of their liability. The social Security Fund of Rwanda has invested in Government bonds (Government securities), and in real estate in a significant manner, but equities or shares offer better returns and hedging mechanism. However diversification is more important because its leads to profitability and capital presentation.

                                                           

REG.NO:                                08/KAB/MHRM/217/W

SURNAME:                           BIRARA

OTHER NAMES:                  JEAN PIERRE

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               MOTIVATION OF EMPLOYEES AS A FACTOR IN THE PRODUCTIVITY OF AN ORGANISATION

SUPERVISOR:                      PROF: GOERGE ALIBARUHO

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

SUBMISSION DATE                       SEPTEMBER 2011

 

ABSTRACT

This study was about motivation of employees as a factor in the productivity of an organization, adopting a case study    approach focusing on Rwanda’s Higher Institute of agriculture and animal husbandry (I.S.A.E) BUSIGO. The problem behind this research is that many people drop out or change jobs for different reasons usually summarized as the lack of satisfaction. The first objective of this study was to explore strategies used to motivate employees in ISAE and challenges encountered in that process; to examine cases of unmotivated employees’ consequences in ISAE BUSOGO and to analyze current relations between employees and employers in ISAE – BUSOGO. Commitment to the organization, employees’ loyalty feeling, better industrial relations, organizations reputation in labour market, whole – hearted labour, higher efficiency, high and improved performance, high productivity, reduced causes of employees turn- over and behavioral modification depend on money, training, job design, recognition, quality of working life and decision making desire affiliation. The findings of this study generally revealed that the employees of ISAE – BUSOGO do not menace their employers because of the poor motivation. Nevertheless the study recommends that it would be ideal to increase motivational instruments and to strengthen existing ones so as to maintain and strengthen the existing good relation between employee and employers; for better performance. The study further recommends that employers of ISAE – BUSOGO should utilize the assets in ISAE – BUSOGO, as a remote place. For the future, the study suggests that further research should investigate and analyze the impact of individual needs’ on the quality of motivation provided by the employers.

                                                         

REG.NO:                                08/KAB/MADS/147/W

SURNAME:                           HARELIMANA

OTHER NAMES:                  PASCAL

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               COOPERATIVE AS A TOOL FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWANDA. A CASE STUDY OF COOPERATIVE ABAHUZAMUGAMBI BA KAWA OF MARABA IN HUYE DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      MR.ADEBAYO TAJUDEEN

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       15th FEBRUARY 2010                                                                                                                                                         

ABSTRACT

The study examined cooperative as a tool for rural development and poverty Reduction in Rwanda. The case of Cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba Kawa based in Maraba sector, Huye district in Southern province. The sample consisted of the members, management and Board of Directors of the Abahuzamugambi ba kawa. The sample size was 75 respondents. A research questionnaire was used to gather data from respondents. The research questions focused on the principles of cooperatives; the effectiveness of cooperative and the impact of Abahuzamugambi’s Cooperative in term of Rural Development and Poverty Reduction. The findings of the study were on the rural cooperative and the need for education in the areas of cooperative member ownership and ways in which to increase participation in decision making. Some of findings were as follows: The cooperatives have proved to be the best tool to realize developmental goals and poverty reduction working at grass root levels. Cooperatives can participate directly in agriculture and industry thus creating employment and increasing productivity which are the major indicators for rural Development and Poverty reduction in general. It was also deduced that, cooperatives help farmers to market firm products. The cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba kawa was set up in Maraba Sector to collect coffee from farmers on behalf of members. This has contributed to the economic well – being of members as well as people within that area. Regarding the finding from this study, the researcher recommended to the Cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba kawa   to organize and conduct regular trainings and sensitization of members to the value of good quality of coffee as requested the neoclassical theory. In addition, the cooperative Abahuzamugambi ba kawa   should organize study visits for the management, Board of Directors and membership so that their performance could serve as model to other members and the community.

REG.NO:                                07/KU/PG3

SURNAME:                           AHAIRWE 

OTHER NAMES:                  EVAH

GENDER:                             MALE

TITLE OF THESIS:               EVALUATING SUSTAINABLE FOOD SECURITY IN IHUNGA SUB COUNTY, NTUNGAMO DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                      PROF: ALLEN BABUGURA

PROGRAMME:                     MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

SUBMISSION DATE                       JULY 2010

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to evaluate sustainable food security in Ihunga Sub-county, Ntungamo District in order to suggest ways to promote food security. During the study, the researcher used a sample size of 110 respondents and this was 25% of the total farmers in Ihunga Sub County. The study was carried out in Ihunga sub county, Ngungamo district in south western part of Uganda. The researcher used questionnaires, interviews and observation to obtain data from respondents. The information obtained from respondents was recorded, organized and analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative methods. The research findings reveal a number of factors that lead to food insecurity in Ihunga Sub County, including; shortages of labour, large families, sale of food, prolonged droughts, poor health conditions, expensive agricultural inputs, lack of agricultural extension staff, poor infrastructure, lack of community food resources, poor technologies, mismanagement of soils, uncommitted leadership and lack of food legal intuitions.

Further more, research findings reveal the following as problems due to food inadequacy. These are stunting, malnutrition, nutritional deficiency diseases and inability to learn in children. Through the study findings, the following were some of the recommendations made. There is need to strengthen research in new technologies that increase agricultural productivity. The government should strengthen mechanism for monitoring food security situation and its capacity for quick responses to ensure efficient management of resources and popularization of food security principles among households and all stakeholders, right from national to the lowest local levels.

 

NEW ABSTRACTS 2014

Surname:                   SINDAYIGAYA

Other Names:            ABDOUL MADJID

Reg. No:                     10/A/MADS/040/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MDS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: SOCIAL ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF FARMER COOPERATIVE MEMBERS IN RWANDA. THE CASE OF MUKUNGULI FARMER COOPERATIVE (COPRORIZ” IN KAMONYI DISTRICT

 Supervisor:               ARYEIJA WARREN

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The researcher was to identify socio-economic  benefits provided by farmer cooperatives to members and identify challenges faced by farmers in cooperatives. The study was conducted in Mukunguli Farmer cooperative “COPRORIZ” in Kamonyi District, Southern Province of Rwanda; a cooperative which specializes in rice growing. A sample size of 115 farmers was chosen from 23 groups composing COPRORIS using systematic sampling where 5 farmers were selected in each group. Questionnaire, field observations and review of documents were used for both qualitative and quantitative data collection. Data were analysed using SPSS software and results were presented using tables and charts showing frequencies and percentages. Findings revealed diverse social and economic benefits farmers get by being members of cooperatives. Results indicate that from cooperative, farmers have gained various benefits among others 100% of surveyed farmers declared having accessed quality agricultural inputs and increased agricultural production, 70.5% acquired shelters, 80% met food safety at home, 65% declare having accessed market, health insurance enrollment increased from 40.9% to 100%, 74.7% mentioned having benefited  social and legal protection, 63% and 62.6% of respondents benefited  children and adult education respectively. The study results also revealed change in standards of living of members before and after joining the cooperative. The study showed that the majority of surveyed farmers attribute this change to the benefit got from COPRORIZ members. Changes were identified in areas of health, finances and nutrition, housing and information and skills acquisition. However, some problems like bad weather, lack of sufficient modern agricultural skills and lack of funds to expand farmers in cooperative. In recommendation, COPRORIZ should prepare regular trainings in modern farming techniques and increase savings for future investments. Public authorities are recommended to review extension systems and sensitize all farmers to join in cooperatives and provide technical and financial support to farmer cooperatives.

Surname:                   NDAGIJIMANA

Other Names:            EMMMANUEL

Reg. No:                     09/F/MADS/032/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MDS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: CHALLENGES TO GIRLS’ EDUCATION IN KAMONYI DISTRICT

 Supervisor:               AGGREY YESIGOMWE

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to examine the challenges to girls’ education in Kamonyi District. The objectives of the study was to investigate the obstacles that affect girls’ education; to establish the causes of high rates of girls’ dropout of education system; to identify obstacles to girls’ education in Kamonyi District and to identify strategies that will help to promote girls’ education. In order to achieve the objective, different techniques such as questionnaire, interview and library research were used. The samples were 120 respondents whose 24 key informants and 96 respondents. The study findings revealed different causes of girls dropping out of education system. Those are domestic duties, early marriages, little importance given to girls, a long distance to school, lack of resources, ignorance of parents, inferiority complex and early pregnancies. According to obstacles to girls in Kamonyi District, some people think that, when girls are educated, a lot of resources are spent on them and that it is their husband’s families to benefit from this other than their home of birth. In addition, girls and boys of Kamonyi District do not have the same family education. Girls are expected to do the households chores and to depend on their husbands while boys are expected to do paid activities and become the head of the family. The kind of the family education handcaps women’s education at schools. Concerning the strategies that will promote girls’ education, he respondents suggest: the schools authorities could often hold discussions with all students in order to advise them about gender gap; girls must be conscious that they are as intelligent as boys; the same opportunities must be given to both girls and boys; as for recommendations, the government should influence curriculum in schools to eradicate gender bias and put in place interventions for increasing the number of female students. Women and girls should stand up for their rights to go to school. Parents could educate girls and boys in the same conditions and give them the same opportunities to education.

 

Surname:                   ABAMBAZIMANA

Other Names:            DOMITILLE

Reg. No:                     10/A/MAPPM/118/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation: EXTERNAL GRANTS AND COOPERATIVES DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF USADF GRANT TO COOPTHE MULINDI IN GICUMBI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                ROBERT SENDEGEYA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The research was conducted to analyze the impact of External Grants on Cooperative Development in Rwanda. The major objective was to establish whether the external grant given to COOPTHE Mulindi Cooperative located in Gicumbi District Rwanda, by United States African Development Foundation. (USADF) had led to its development and to the welfare of its members and community of the zone of implementation the research adopted both qualitative and quantitative designs. To collect data, questionnaires were administered to cooperative board members, managers, staff and local leaders. An interview guide was designed to gather data from cooperative members and non members who were separately arranged in focus group discussions. The data collected was analyzed and presented using tables, figures, graphs and percentages. The major finding was that the grant had had an impact on the cooperative in terms of extended area under cultivation and increased annual sales of tea leaves supplied to Mulindi tea Factory. There was also increased farmers’ participation in production which led to increased revenues for both cooperative and individuals. This was reflected through improved health and housing, more saving with saving and Credit Cooperatives (SACCO). It is then concluded that in spite of some challenges met during the project implementation such as inadequate managerial skills, lack of appropriate means of transport among others, the grant had an impact on COOPTHE Mulindi, its members and surrounding households. The study therefore recommends that more grant should continue to address beneficiary’s needs if accompanied with capacity building in terms of project financial management and monitoring.

 

Surname:                   RUTAYISIRE

Other Names:            PIEERE CELESTIN

Reg. No:                     10/A/MADS/091/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ENHANCING URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENT; A CASE STUDY OF KABALE MUNICIPALITY, KABALE DISTRICT, UGANDA

Supervisor:                TUMUSIIME WILSON AND PROF. GEORGE ALIBARUHO

Submission Date:       FEBRUARY 2012

 

ABSTRACT

The study assessed urban waste enhancement strategies of Kabale Municipality in Kabale District. The general objective was to establish urban waste management enhancement strategies in KMC. It specifically established the waste management strategies of KMC, identified available frameworks and resources at KMC against the waste management strategic plans and limitations to desired achievement of strategic plans of waste management in KMC. Literature was reviewed in line with the three specific objectives and research questions. The literature categories viewed included, Theoretical, empirical and conceptual. This research employed a descriptive research design, probability and non probability sampling procedures. The data collection instruments were self administered questionnaires and interview guides. Qualitative data analysis utilized words to make narrative statements on how categories or themes of data were related. Once the themes, categories and patterns were established, data was evaluated and analyzed to determine the adequacy, credibility, usefulness and consistency of the information. Using Excel computer program and generated tables, aggregate and percentages indicating the trends and patterns in the quantitative data. The findings of the study revealed that waste management enhancement in KMC has been hindered by a number of factors including poor community participation, insufficient resources and frameworks and insufficient communication. It was therefore concluded that urban waste management in KMC was not satisfying. From the conclusion above, its recommended that an inter sectoral joint approach to urban waste management right from planning through implementation will minimize waste and optimize limited resources guaranteed by inclusion during legislation and regulatory frameworks development.

 

Surname:                   KARIMUNDA

Other Names:            ATHANASE

Reg. No:                     10/F/MBA/040/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CUSTOMER CARE SERVICES AND CLIENTELE GROWTH IN THE INSURANCE INDUSTRY IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF SONARWA

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Submission Date:       MAY 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between customer care service and clientele growth in in Sonarwa Rwanda. The insurance sector in Rwanda is comprised of similar services that are differentiated by price and after sales services given to keep the customers loyal. Sonarwa Rwanda for one had labored to improve and maintain customer care services through a variety of products like turnaround over the counter services and service application processing. However, despite these efforts aimed at developing better customer care services in Sonarwa, these systems have remained largely un noticed by the customers, and certainly are seriously underutilized in spite of their availability. The objectives of the study were to examine level of customer care satisfaction with various customer care services offered by Sonarwa insurance company, to investigate the level of clientele  in Sonarwa Insurance industry and to analyse how customer care services affect clientele growth in Sonarwa insurance., researcher, Rwandan government, community and different insurance companies at large benefit from this work since it is believed that findings are efficient and effective source that could be used and developed and operate more effectively. The researcher was used to obtain information concerning the current status of the phenomena to describe what “what exisits” with respect to variables or conditions in a situation. The study targeted 1800 persons and from them a sample of 180 respondents has been drawn among them 4 directors were interviewed and 176 reponded questionnaires. Through uses of documentary, questionnaire, interview and sampling techniques, the raw data was cleaned, sorted, condensed into systematically comparable DATA. Data analysises were done using the SPSS, which will help to summarize the coded data and this facilitated quick interpretation of the results as to verify the achievement of objectives. The boundaries of this work were thus limited to relationship between customer care service and clientele growth. Findings from the study reveal that customer satisfaction with service delivery can be considered as acceptable. Mostly, the customers are satisfied with convenient periods and terms for expired policy renewals, operating hours, sound loyalty program, individualized customer attention, understanding customer needs and apologizing for inconvenience to clients. It also appears that offering a value for money is the dimension of service delivery most essential to clients. Finally, to enhance customer care, service delivery further, players in the industry need to adopt the right mix of policies practiced in the advanced countries, firms must train and equip the agencies or link offices well and check materials shortage. Major conclusions show that a customer /clientele is not an essential manner satisfied with the dimensions that are mostly important to them. For instance, empathy is the dimension which gives the most satisfaction to clients. However, this dimension happens to be less important to customers. It was recommended that management does the following: management should seek improving customer care service to satisfy the potential proportion of customers that could be lost as customers are the backbone of the company. Insurance company must therefore train employees on individualized/ personalized attention. Management should concentrate on timely delivery of service. This can be done on increasing the ability to know with accuracy and to tell customers exactly when services can be performed; reliability should also improve by management. Finally to enhance the company’s clientele growth further, the company would have to adopt the right mix of policies.

 

Surname:                   NKOMEZA

Other Names:            EMMANUEL

Reg. No:                     11/A/MAHRM/039/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAHRM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF NON MONETARY INCENTIVES AS ATOOL IN NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS IN MUSANZE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                PROF. E. WESANA-CHOMI

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2013

 

ABSTRACT

This research was carried out to assess the role of non-monetary incentives as a motivational tool in Non Governmental organizations operating in Musanze District, period of 2010-2012. The purpose of this study is to discover the extent to when non monetary incentives are utilized in the NGOs operating in Musanze District and whether non- monetary incentives have the potential to increase the motivation of employees as much as the monetary incentives. Non-monetary incentives such as participation in decision making, verbal or written recognition of good work, etc, are the kinds of incentives that do not involve direct payment of cash. To realize the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was administered at the four NGOs operating in Musanze District. The NGOs studied are, DFGFI, MGVP, IGVP and AOC. Forty six (46) respondents were selected. Twelve (12) key informants were also interviewed. According to the results of the study, most of the employees think that the level of utelisation of non-monetary incentives in their organization is important in motivating them. Thus, within the limitations of the study, it is conclude that non-monetary incentives have the potential to increase the motivation of personnel in these Nongovernmental Organisations (NGOs)

 

Surname:                   TURYOMURUGENDO

Other Names:            PEACE

Reg. No:                     10/A/MAPAM/016/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             REWARDS, INCENTIVES AND ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE OF UGANDA RED CROSS SOCIETY, KABALE DISTRICT BRANCH, UGANDA

Supervisor:                TIBENDERANA NARIS & PROF. GEORGE ALIBARUHO

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The present knowledge as reviewed in chapter 2 attests to the importance of rewards and incentives systems in motivating employees thereby affecting their productivity and that of organizations they work for. This in turn determines the ability of organizations to attain their operational and other objectives. In Uganda, red cross Society (RCS) organization, the case study, documentary review and draft questionnaire pre-tested suggested that there was a non- unified rewards and incentives system applicable at headquarters at regional and district levels. In particular the incentive packages appeared to be more substantive at national and regional levels that at the district levels. The study investigated how differences in the composition and administration of the rewards and incentives system has influenced motivation and productivity of URCS employees and volunteers at the national, regional. District levels and what implications such differences have had an employee productivity, outcomes, and impact of URC programs at district level, taking Kabale District as a reference case study. Data was collected applying systematic and purposive sampling techniques; descriptive statistics were used to analyses the data collected from the field. Important findings were that rewards and incentives especially training opportunities offered social hours, friendship formation at local, national and international levels have attracted more volunteers to join to join and be retained in Uganda Red Cross Society. It was also found out that volunteers and members  participation in decision making was an important motivator to most employees and volunteers at national and regional levels but less at the district levels, where community mobilization and recruitment of members are key to success delivery, since URC is a membership organisation, the findings further suggested that while performance bonuses were awarded exceptionally, their use as a motivator could be applied more broadly targeting community/ URCS employees and volunteers. Results also suggested that opportunities for employees and volunteers to participate in decision making and training of staff should be expanded for enhanced motivation and human resource-driven institutional service delivery effectiveness.

 

Surname:                   TWINOMUHANGI

Other Names:            GEORGE

Reg. No:                     11/A/MAPAM/025/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             LOCAL GOVERNMENT URBAN AUTHORITIES AND WASTE MANAGEMENT: THE CASE OF KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to study the numerous attempts or contribution of local government authorities in management of solid waste in Uganda: the case study of Kabale Municipality, Uganda. The major objectives were: to identify the existing ways of waste management in Kabale municipality, to establish the challenges faced in waste management in Kabale Municipality and to identify ways of improving waste management in Kabale Municipality. A case study research design was used and it employed both qualitative and quantitative approaches in collecting data from respondents concerning waste management and this helped investigate in detail the phenomenon in spatial and temporal aspects as to give detailed founded data. The study covered 110 respondents and out of whom 47% were male while 53% were female and all were above 18 years and living in Kabale Municipality. Both simple random and purposive sampling methods were used to select the 110 respondents out of whom 29 were selected from the local government structure depending on their roles and functions they play, one respondent was randomly chosen from each village of the 75 cells and 6 respondents were chosen to represent the major NGOs that operate in Kabale Municipality. The collected data was edited, coded, analysed and tabulated using Microsoft Excel in order to come up with clear and quality research findings. The majority of respondents agree that waste management process in local government was too long and needed redress. Below are some of the factors the respondents gave with percentages being reasons why there is the challenge of waste management in Kabale Municipality. Budget constraints, unqualified personnel in waste management, lack of monitoring for the tenders awarded, bureaucracy and lack of proper planning, all these therefore among others do contribute to delays or failure in waste management process local government and public tenders are recommended to speed up the waste management process by reducing bureaucratic systems, look for qualified staff to carry out the process and motivate them, better planning of tenders, ensure availability of sufficient funds before any contract to manage waste is awarded and also provide training to waste management officers in Kabale Municipality.

Surname:                   UWAMURENGEYE

Other Names:            THARMA

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAED MGT/005/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAEDMGT

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOUR AMONG THE ADOLESCENT SCHOOL GIRLS ON UNWANTED PREGNANCY: A CASE OF COLLEGE GEORGE FOX DE KAGARAMA

Supervisor:                PEACE TINDYEBWA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to analyse the knowledge and behavior of adolescent school girls towards unwanted pregnancies and safe sex in order to offer practical guidance to control premarital sex behaviors among students aged between twelve and twenty years. The objectives of the study were:  to examine the knowledge adolescent school girls have on sex education; to analyze how much knowledge the adolescent school girls have on prevention of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe sex among and; to investigate the risk behaviors related to unwanted pregnancies and unsafe sex among adolescent school girls. In this qualitative and quantitative research, the researcher used questionnaire to collect data from 60 respondents. The findings on sex knowledge, unwanted pregnancies prevention and risky sexual behaviors among adolescent school girls indicated that majority of the adolescent school girls have good level of knowledge on sex education. Knowledge regarding pregnancy prevention was modest but the drags abuse facilitates unwanted pregnancy and unsafe sex among adolescent school girls. Unsafe abortion and contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections are the major risks. Behavior related to unwanted pregnancy and unsafe sex among adolescent school girls. The major recommendations of this study are for parents to remind them their duty I  educating their daughters on sexual matters, teachers should identify the needs of students in their classes, in order to advise them on sex education, for students to change their sexual behaviors in relation to unwanted pregnancies and to know the consequences  of unsafe sex and policy makers should adopt policies that will assist the girl child to remain in school without having unwanted pregnancy and prepare for safe sex in life at right time.

Surname:                   MUKANDOLI

Other Names:            VESTINE

Reg. No:                     10/F/MADS/037/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF FAMILY PLANNING TO SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF NYARUGENGE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                TAJUDEEN ADEBAYO SANNI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to examine the contribution of family planning to socio-economic development in Rwanda, A case Study of Nyarugenge District.specific objectives were: to identify the contribution of family planning program to socio-economic development in Nyarugenge District, to analyse how population in Nyarugenge perceive family planning program in Nyarugenge District; to explore hindrances that hamper  the success of implementation of family planning program in Nyarugenge district and to suggest measures  for effective delivery of family planning services in Nyarugenge District. A cross section descriptive survey design was adopted to collect information from respondents on the contribution of family planning on socio-economic development. Quantitative approach using structured questionnaire was applied for data collection. The study covered 86 respondents, male and female above 18 years living in Nyarugenge District. Specific care was taken to converse with the family planning service clients who attended reproductive health services at Gitega health center at the same time conducting this study. Respondents were selected in Nyarugenge District with specific reference to contribution of family planning local units, most especially households’ heads of Gitega health centers in of Muhima District in Kigali city. Muhima District hospital combines 4 health centers under its supervision. In total it serves the entire population of the whole district of Nyarugenge mainly in reproductive health, maternal and child health including family planning. The total population is 1974 clients who attend the family planning program at Gitega health center. The Solven formula was used to have 86 respondents who received systematically the questionnaires or interviewed according to their arrival order at Gitega center. During data analysis, Microsoft Excel was used to summarize, facilitate the description of research findings and understand research findings characteristics. Descriptive statistics were computed by using Microsoft Excel. The majority of the respondents chose to use injectable contraceptives (52.3%), followed by Implants (25.6%) and Pils (12.8%). Most of the reasons given for the preferred family planning method were method related, such as convenient to use for three months (19.7%), cannot forget (28%), few side effects (22.1%) , long term method(8.2%) and easy to use (12.8%) . most people were using FP, this is because of economic depression in the society which made many people to be forced to have a small family size that they will be able to cater for and also protect the mother and children from having health problems. Conclusions are that the future of a country and of human mankind depends on its children, for children to grow into healthy and able adults; they need good food, education, clean environment, clear water and medical care. They need mothers who are healthy and families that can give them care, love and attention. Most people have confidence in the family planning methods being used because of its effectiveness in users and of its contribution to socio-economic development. The recommendations made in the light of above findings were: family planning unit should be opened throughout the week and weekends till evenings for people to have access to health care planning services. Adequate supplies of contraceptives must be assured for all the people because the rapidly expanding needs in the Rwandan society. Efforts should be made by the government and its partners to improve the quality of knowledge on contraceptive methods.

Surname:                   GAKWANDI

Other Names:            GODFREY

Reg. No:                     09/F/MAPPM/087/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             SOCIO-ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF THE YOUTH BY LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN RWANDA: THE CASE OF RWIMBOGO SECTOR, GATSIBO DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The research examined the socio-economic empowerment of the youth by local governments in Rwanda: a case study of Rwimbogo Sector, Gatsibo District. This was done with an aim of suggesting mechanisms aimed for enhancing youth development as ingredient of national development. the general objective of the study were: to investigate the various youth empowerment programmes, impact of the youth empowerment programs on various youth categories and any hindrances to youth empowerment in Rwimbogo sector, Gastibo district. The study adopted an exploratory research design. The sample consisted of 100 youths. Primary data were collected using questionnaire which were administered to randomly select youths. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data generated by the study. The findings of the study revealed that youth empowerment had made significant contributions towards improving the standards of  living of the respondents in the study area. Among the respondents, 37% were satisfied with the performance of youth empowerment programmes by the district. In addition the limitation of empowerment included lack of access to loans, inadequate training centers and equipments and illiteracy. The study findings indicated that they got self employments through personal initiatives, family support and support networks. They also indicated the better access one has to social networks the higher chances she/he become self employed quickly. Research results on the constraints youth encounter in empowerment programs were: limited confidence and experience in the labour market, lack of motivation, lack of recognition of their qualification, lack of financial support for their self employment. The study recommended availing loan facility with minimal interest rate, establishment of additional training centers with efficient equipments and adequate training for participants; introducing active labour market policies in Rwanda.

 

Surname:                   NKUNDIMFURA

Other Names:            ZACHARIE

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAEDMGT/018/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAEDMGT

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             AN INVESTIGATION OF THE CAUSES OF POOR PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN GAKENKE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                DR. CHRISTOPHER ZIGIRA

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in Gakenke District in the northern province of Rwanda. The overall objective of the study was to investigate the causes of poor performance in mathematics in primary schools in Gakenke District with special reference to the responsibilities of education stakeholders. To achieve this objective and answer, research questions, the study employed descriptive research design which included a total of 130 respondents from five low achieving primary schools and five high achieving primary schools which participated in the study.

Semi-structured interviews and questionnaires were used to collect data which were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The major findings of the study were that school based factors and non school based factors and non school based factors that are causes of poor performance in Mathematics in primary schools in Gakenke District. On the other hand, the school based factors included adequacy of teaching and learning materials, teachers’ punctuality, language used in teaching Mathematics, completion of mathematics syllabus, enjoyment of mathematics lessons, teachers’ qualification, organization of in-service training, school infrastructure and average class size. On the other hand, the non school based factors included lateness and absenteeism, help students at home, provision of basic needs by parents, distance travelled to school, and involvement of parents in Parent-teacher Association. However, the study found out that primary school girls achieve in Mathematics at the same level at low primary school boys and the difference in Mathematics achievement increases as adolescence progresses. On the basis of the findings, the study recommends that regular sensitization meetings about the value of education to children should take place. Through this method, the community and the nation can contribute a lot to eradicating causes of poor performance in mathematics in primary schools in Gakeneke District.

 

Surname:                   SABITI

Other Names:            TOM

Reg. No:                     11/F/MAPPM/163/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PUBLIC WORKS AND POVERTY REDUCTION: A CASE STUDY OF VUP TERRACING PROJECT IN FUMBWE SECTOR, RWAMAGANA DISTRICT-RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This research was aimed at investigating whether terracing projects of Public Works one of the three components of VUP programe got positive effect in poverty reduction in Fumbwe Sector, Rwamagana District, Rwanda. Purposive and simple random sampling methods were used to select Public Work Project beneficiaries which are seen logically to be a good sample representation since they are homogenous; these were 100 respondents. The total sample size was 112 respondents including 12 officials. There are a number of challenges that hinder implementation of public works in Fumbwe Sector, such as: unskilled PW project committees, dependency on donor’s funds and no maintenance strategies for implemented projects. In general, public work project terracing as an example, have made a significant positive change to the society and VUP beneficiaries in particular. Respondents were pointing out: increased food security, increased household income, increased local investment, reduction in malnutrition, increased agricultural production, access to microfinance institutions and family health insurance. Owning livestock, etc. the findings show high percentages of these indicators as measured by the responses given to the researcher.

 

Surname:                   MUGIRANEZA BAJYIRWANDA

Other Names:            THEONESTE

Reg. No:                     10/F/MADS/022/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PERFORMANCE CONTRACT AS A STRATEGY FOR ERADICATING ACUTE POVERTY AND HUNGER IN BYUMBA SECTOR, RWANDA.

Supervisor:                M.G ADUBO BBAALE

Submission Date:       AUGUST 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The title of this research work is Performance Contract as a strategy for eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba Sector, Rwanda. This research is based on the problem that appraises the contribution of and prospects for the performance contract system as a strategy for eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba sector by 2015. In investigating the contribution, the study explores the performance bottlenecks. The main objective of this study is to analyse the contribution of performance contract in eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba sector, by 2015. The specific objective of the study; examined the percentage of people still living under the poverty line, examined to what extent the performance contract as a strategy has contributed to eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba sector, Rwanda and explored the challenges of performance contract as a strategy and possible remedies. Random and purposive sampling was used where 348 respondents answered to the questions. The researcher explored that from the introduction of performance contract there is a significant reduction of the population living under poverty line. The extent of performance contract contributing to eradicating acute poverty and hunger by 2015 will be 99.9%. Whereas there are some challenges in performance contract like lack of financial resources, human resources and material means. The proposed remedies to these challenges are also developed as well as how to overcome them. The researcher comes to its end with suggestions formulated and proposed to different stake holders like to the government of Rwanda, Gicumbi District, Byumba Sector local authorities and the population.

Surname:                   GASANA

Other Names:            CELESTIN

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAPPM/083/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             VISION UMURENGE PROGRAM (VUP) AND THE IMPOVEMENT OF THE ACCESSIBILITY TO HEALTHCARE SERVICES IN MUSANZE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                M.G ADUBO BBAALE

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study set out to identify and analyse the contribution of Vision Umurenge Program (VUP) to improve the accessibility to healthcare services among its beneficiaries with particular difference to Musanze District. Although the contribution of VUP in poverty reduction is visible and perceived by everyone, since its principle aim is that of eradicating poverty, there appears to be no documentation resulting from a study to show, how targeting to reduce poverty can have other positive impacts(externalities) on health, education, nutrition, among other services. The study was thus done to investigate the extent to which VUP has improved healthcare accessibility among its beneficiaries. The study assumed a case study design and data was collected from a sample of 100 respondents. Data were collected using documentary approach, questionnaires, interviews and observation and were analyzed using SPSS to extract frequencies for different variables and to calculate corresponding percentage. Through the study  it was found that VUP has decreased the time used to get to the nearest health facility, thus improving geographical accessibility to healthcare services. This study also pointed out that factors such as gender, education among others which can affect the accessibility to healthcare. In order to facilitate the collection of all data needed in monitoring and evaluation of the program, the government of Rwanda should include the health indicators within the list of primary outcome indicators for the VUP (for example ANC visits, assisted deliveries, nutrition, and service utilization.)

Surname:                   RWIGEMA GASHAGAZA

Other Names:            THEOPHILE

Reg. No:                     09/F/MAPPM/015/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             LEGAL AID PROJECTS AND THE RULE OF LAW IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF ACCESS TO JUSTICE BUREAU IN RWAMAGANA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research “Legal Aid Projects and the Rule Rule of Law in Rwanda. A case study of Access to Justice Bureau in Rwamagana District, Rwanda” was to assess the social economic benefits of providing legal aid to the population. It was carried out at Rwamagana District with the following objectives; to investigate the challenges of upholding the rule of Law; to assess the impact of legal aid service provision to the population and examine social and economic benefits to families and communities through providing legal aid. The researcher viewed literature related to legal aid and rule of law. The researcher used descriptive and analytical research based qualitative and quantitative data. The population of the research was of 123 members of the population of Rwamagana District while the sample size was 80 members selected using random sampling technique. Questionnaires and interviews were used as data collection tools from primary sources. Finally, the researcher further concluded that the social economic benefit, the reduction of courts, decreased in legal fees paid by the GoR has had considerable social economic benefit, in terms of value for money to the population and the government. The researcher recommends the increase of legal aid institutions providers in order to promote the rule of Law and human right.

 

Surname:                   SINDAMBIWE

Other Names:            PHOCAS

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAED/019/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             CORE CURRICULA APPROACH TO SECONDARY EDUCATION AND STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION TO LEARN: A CASE STUDY OF NYAMAGABE DISTRICT SECONDARY SCHOOLS, RWANDA

Supervisor:                PEACE TINDYEBWA

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to investigate the factors underlying performance of secondary school students in core subjects and /electives. Specifically the study sought to identify the factors affecting secondary school students’ high motivation towards core subjects and the electives. The target population was REB officers, secondary school head teachers, deputy head teachers, teachers and students from three secondary boarding schools in Nyamagabe district, Rwanda. A total of 188 people were purposively and randomly sampled. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and participant observation. The findings obtained through qualitative and quantitative data analysis revealed that a significant relationship exisited between core subjects and secondary school students’ motivation. The study concludes that summative national evaluation of core subjects, appropriate teaching aids, rewards and government scholarship were among the factors affecting secondary school students’ motivation towards core subjects. On the other hand, lack/ inadequacy of instructional materials, teachers’ qualification, teachers’ character and personality and failure to give evaluation results on time hinder the students’ high motivation to learn non core subjects and or /electives. Subsequently, due to poor performance in English and French, the number of graduates from the EAC. Hence, the study recommends that secondary schools should be equipped with instructional materials like text books relating to non core subjects and / electives; non core subjects grades or marks should be taken into account during the process of promoting  students or making their certificates; teachers should be given in-service training  sessions as the world changes time after time and all education stake holders especially head teachers and parents should help learners so that they could treat all subjects with equal significance.

 

Surname:                   NDUTIYE

Other Names:            PAUL

Reg. No:                     10/F/MADS/006/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIPS AND ORGANISATIONAL PRFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF RWANDA REVENUE AUTHORITY

Supervisor:                KANSIIME ALEX

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The study focused on employee relationships and organizational performance, a case study of Rwanda revenue authority. The objectives of the study were to examine the role of employees in Rwanda revenue Authority; to establish the level of organizational performance in Rwanda Revenue Authority and to find out the relationship and organizational performance of Rwanda revenue Authority. The research design used was case study, explanatory and descriptive research design. A sample of 44 respondents was selected using the Kralije and Morgan (1970) table of sample size selection. Both primary and secondary data were used. Data was collected using questionnaires, interview guide and observation. Data was analysed using correlation and multiple regressions. Pearson was used to determine relationship between variables. The study found out that there is high level of employee turnover because of lack of motivation, inefficient communication, poor working condition and lack of employee participation. The company employees more professional employees than unprofessional ones. On the level of organizational performance the poor performance is as a result of poor relationship with employees. The study also revealed that a positive strong correlation exists between employee and organization performance (r= 0.8). The study recommends that management should improve the working conditions, motivate employees, and improve communication within the organization and involving employees in decision making so as to improve relationships with employees to improve organization performance.

 

Surname:                   RUBAGANJANA

Other Names:            CHRISTOPHER

Reg. No:                     11/A/MBA/001/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             TEACHER MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                MPAULO PAUL

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which teacher motivational factors influence academic performance in secondary schools especially non USE  secondary schools in Kabale Municipality, Kabale District- Uganda. This study was conducted with the following objectives; to investigate whether increased remuneration and other money allowances ( extrinsic factor) influence academic performance; to analyse whether recognition(intrinsic factor) of teachers influence academic performance as well as exploring other motivational factors that influence academic performance in the non USE schools in Kabale Municipality. The researcher employed a cross sectional research design because it requires the use of specific forms of data collection. The survey questionnaires and documentary analysis of secondary data were the main research instruments. From the findings, the first five motivational factors were ranked in order of their importance as they influence academic performance as follows; good salary, recognition, job security, promotion and communication. Although salary has been identified as the most important factor, non the less my general conclusion regarding salary is that, good salaries should not be regarded as purely a basic need factor, but a factor that can lead to motivation and may have the potential to demotivate teachers. Put differently money can perform a dual role on motivating employees /teachers. On documentary analysis of UCE UNEB results, the researcher concluded that indeed the above five motivational factors have influence on academic performance in non USE secondary schools. The researcher based his recommendations on the research questions. The researcher therefore gave recommendations on staff remunerations and other money allowances, recognition and other motivational factors mostly identified by the respondents i.e. promotion and job security. Recommendation to the head teachers and stakeholders is also given.

 

Surname:                   AHABWE

Other Names:            EDWARD

Reg. No:                     11/A/MBA/096/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PROCUREMENT PROCESS MANAGEMENT AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN UGANDA: A CASE OF MBARARA MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                TUSIIME WILSON

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This dissertation was undertaken to study the relationship between procurement process management and service delivery in local government in Uganda taking a case study of Mbarara Municipality. The study was guided by the three research questions; to investigate how procurement planning leads to efficiency; to assess the participation of stakeholders in procurement process management towards effective service delivery and; to examine the challenges faced in procurement process management towards service delivery in Mbarara Municipality. 384 respondents were involved in the study and they included civil servants, political leaders, company directors and community members or local residents selected using both non probability and probability sampling. The case study design was used with qualitative and quantitative approaches. A quantitative technique was used in numerical data collection and analysis and a qualitative approach was used to handle descriptive data. The study findings revealed procurement planning leads to service delivery in local governments through, initiative of procurement actions, determining the process needs and timing of funding to entry, high degree of procurement cycle, answering the procurement questions, stakeholder satisfaction, cost saving and reduced error. The study also revealed that participation of procurement stakeholders for effective service delivery in Mbarara Municipality inclined on the involvement of stakeholders at different stages, having technical people at all stages to give technical input, PDU and PDEs ensures proper procedures and guidelines, ministries determine, approves projects and release of funds for local governments, PPDA regulates the procurement process to suit principles, contracts committee for contracts management, accounting officers certifying the availability of funds. The biggest percentage strongly agreed  and agreed correspondingly that procurement planning leads to efficient service delivery than those who disagreed , strongly disagreed and not sure. The challenges included like lack of collaboration, many tender and procurement stakeholder who conflict, bureaucratic nature of procurement process, poor government and resistance from the center, technological change, poor social mobilization and insufficient community participation, shortage and inefficient technical staff, limited information on local politics, corruption and performance of public service, corruption ,nepotism and patronage in procurement, political interference, weak capacities and un reliable sources of funds and could be solved by increasing procurement sector funding, access to information, quality control, proper planning and evaluation, considering priorities , community consultative techniques, preparation of release of standardized bid documents, contractor registrar or data base and involving oversight and regulatory bodies. The study concluded that procurement management process leads to high degree of procurement efficiency, effectiveness, performance, productivity rates, reduced error rates, professionalism, improved information flow, quality management and reduced protests which improve timely service delivery. The study recommended stakeholder participation to reduce conflicts and misunderstandings in local government pursuit for better service delivery, standardizing the procurement on transparency, cost saving procedures, recruitment of qualified staff, emphasizing audits and proper management of all the resources  by reducing political influence. Local governments to ensure that local challenges are dealt with in speedy manner to reduce delays hence service delivery.

 

Surname:                   KANEZA NTEZENEZA

Other Names:            CANISIUS

Reg. No:                     08/KU/359/PG (MAPAM)

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPAM

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             ASSESSING THE PERSISTENCE LEVELS OF CORRUPTION IN DECENTRALISED PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN RWANDA. A CASE STUDY OF NYABIHU DISTRICT (2008-2013)

 

Supervisor:                PROF. ELLY WESANA-CHOMI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

 

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the persistent levels of corruption in decentralized public institutions in Rwanda for the period of (2008-2013). In particular, the study sought to provide answers  to questions regarding: the range and nature of corrupt practices, their causes and what can be  done to reduce if not eliminate corruption in Nyabihu District of Rwanda. Primary data was collected from twelve administrative sectors of the district from which thirty six respondents were selected by purposive sampling technique. The collected data was analysed and results presented by means of tables and graphs. Primary data was complimented by published document relevant to the study. The study found out that corrupt practices still persist in Nyabihu District in spite of the policy of decentralization. It was found out that the main causes of corruption in the district include poverty, low wages, immorality, illiteracy and ignorance among the people of Nyabihu District. On the basis of these findings, several recommendations were made to policy makers in the government of Rwanda and to the district administrators at the local level.

 

Surname:                   MUKASEKURU

Other Names:            BERTHILIDE

Reg. No:                     11/A/MADS/059/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             CONTRIBUTION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT TOWARDS IMPROVED LIVELIHOODS IN JABANA SECTOR IN GASABO DISTRICT, RWANDA

 

Supervisor:                ROBERT SENDEGEYA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The study explored the contribution of waste management towards improved livelihoods in Jabana Sector in Gasabo district, Rwanda. The study was guided by the three objectives namely; to establish the various waste management practices employed in Jabana Sector; to examine the ways in which waste management has improved the livelihoods in Jabana Sector; and to establish the challenges hindering proper management of waste in Jabana Sector. The literature review for the study was extracted from different text books, manuals, reports, journals and websites from different libraries and internet. The study was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. Both simple random sampling (general informants) and purposive Sampling (key informants) were used to select a total of 82 respondents for the study. The researcher used the questionnaire, interview guide and observation guides to collect primary data from the field. Data was finally presented in tables, pie-charts, and graphs. The findings of the study revealed that (93%) the majority of respondents noted that they were informed of the existing waste management practices in the area. Among them included compositing especially witnesses in many home steads and alongside roadsides and recycling of used –up materials especially paper, metals and polythene bags. The study also indicated that the majority of respondents (93%) noted that they had found some benefits with better waste management practices. Among the benefits included improvement of agricultural production through the use of wastes as the green manure that enhanced soil facility and crop production and that some wastes were used for decoration purposes especially in people’s homes and village parties. It was also concluded that respondents noted that they were able to improve their savings through waste material sales and also noted that they were able to build houses  from the sale of metal scraps and salaries to those engaged  in the management and overseeing waste management practices among other environmental sensitive initiatives. It was concluded that the majority of respondents (96%) noted that they had found some challenges hindering waste management. Among the challenges included limited disposal units in relation to big population of people that dispose of wastes in their study area and land shortages where they could dispose the waste generated in their area. The study was concluded by requesting respondents to suggest possible mechanisms to the challenges hindering proper management of waste whereby the need for the provision of adequate waste disposal facilities to handle large volumes of waste  from the growing population and marketing of waste resources for sale especially as for bio-degradable wastes for managing purposes could be adopted to sustainable waste management and improved livelihood in Jaban sector, Gasabo District were recorded among others.

The study recommended that waste is certainly more of a problem in our towns and cities than it is in the villages that need to be handled with great care and urgency. More waste is produced than can decompose. The over loading of nature’s waste decomposing machinery is responsible for water, soil, and air pollution. To try to manage waste we must use many approaches. This is what is called “integrated methods” they also known as the basic 3Rs namely; Reduction, Re-using, and Recycling.

Surname:                   BIRORI

Other Names:            GAETAN

Reg. No:                     11/F/MAED/158/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             THE EFFECTS OF ADOPTION OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS AMEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS ON STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN NYANZA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                MS LILIAN TINDYEBWA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study aimed at investigating the effects of adoption of English Language as a medium of instruction in Secondary Schools on students’ performance in Nyanza District. The study was guided by the three objectives namely: to examine ways in which the adoption of English Language  as a medium of instruction in Secondary Schools has contributed to students’ performance in Nyanza District; to analyze the challenges affecting the adoption of English Language as a medium of instruction in secondary schools in Nyanza district; and to suggest possible strategies for sustainable implementation of English language as a medium of instruction in secondary schools for improved students performance in Nyanza district. The study was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. Both simple random sampling (general informants) and purposive sampling (key informants) were used to collect a total of 84 respondents for the study. The researcher used the questionnaire, interview and observation guides to collect primary data from the field. Data was finally presented in tables, pie charts and graphs. The study findings revealed that the majority of respondents (93%) recorded that the adoption of English language as a medium of instruction in secondary schools had effected the students’ performance in the study area. The effects included that the adoption of the English language as a medium of instruction had led to the integration of new information of their scheme from many scholars and academicians in all English available literature and that it had eased translation of other languages related to English among others. The study results further indicated that the majority of the respondents (99%) consented that there were any challenges that affected the adoption of English language  as a medium of instruction in secondary school in study areas among the challenges included; use of students’ mother tongue (Kinyarwanda) than practice English the recommended  language of instruction that hindered their capacity to learn and adopt to English that compromised their academic performance and the challenge of errors  in taking notes that affected their revision And hence their understanding of the subject matter  that hindered their academic performance. Basing on the study findings, it was concluded that the majority of the respondents(98%) consented that indeed there were measures in place  for sustainable implementation  of English language as a medium of instruction in secondary schools for improved students’ performance  in the study area. Among the measures that were in place included importation of English teachers especially from the neighbouring Anglophone countries and provision of enough teaching materials. The study also concluded with suggestions for sustainable implementation of English language as a medium of instruction  in secondary school students’ performance in Nyanza district. Among them included the need for strong motivation of both English teachers and learners and the need for hard work of both teachers and students to adopt the new foreign language (English) and officially accepted language of instruction in secondary schools in Rwanda through intensive reading and practicing as writing , reading and speaking. Basing on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made: English use in other subject courses could be regarded as extra opportunities to improve the English language proficiency of secondary school students; and also in order to achieve a better overall quality of students learning in English secondary schools should increase resources to support their students’ English language learning, among other recommendations.

 

Surname:                   NYIRASHIKAMA

Other Names:            ZAINAB

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAPPM/071/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             MICROFINANCE SERVICES IN POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF URWEGO OPPORTUNITY COMMUNITY BANK OF NYARUGENGE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The research was about microfinance services to poverty reduction in Rwanda: a case study of Urwego Community Bank of Nyarugenge district. It examined the reality of the microfinance situation and poverty reduction among Urwego Opportunity Community Bank clients in Nyarugenge district has not been closely scrutinized and the purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which Urwego Opportunity Community bank (UOCB) has reduced poverty among the people of Nyarugenge district, Rwanda. This research examined whether the poor have been included  in and or excluded from microfinance, the kind and nature of products provided, outreach, how and in what ways microfinance has helped the poor to exit from the poverty traps, and the challenges met by the microfinance programme in reaching the poor. The researcher used a triangulation of methods to collect and analyze data. It was found out according to research data that the microfinance services enhance poverty reduction.. the researcher therefore concluded that that the findings were affirming the set objectives and recommended for further studies on customer behavior, managerial ICT and Environmental factors among others which need the attention of future posterity.

 

Surname:                   MURAYIRE

Other Names:            FIRMIN

Reg. No:                     10/F/MADS/081/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             WOMEN DEVELOPMENT THROUGH WOMEN COOPERATIVES IN KICUKIRO DISTRICT OF KIGALI CITY

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This research study aimed at examining women in development through cooperatives and how cooperatives can be made more effective as an instrument to empower women in development in Rwanda, taking Kicukiro District of Kigali city as a case study. It was conducted along the following study objectives: to examine the contribution of women in development through cooperatives; to identify the challenges which women face in development through cooperatives; to establish strategies for overcoming setbacks which women face in development through cooperatives in Kigali City. Data were collected using questionnaire, face to face interviews and focus group discussions and they were guided by the questionnaire which was distributed to be filled in by 100 respondents who constituted the sample size of the study; existing literature on cooperatives enterprises was reviewed and the information generated contributed to the understanding of Cooperative movement and their contributions to the socio-economic welfare of members. The study showed that cooperatives have helped women to contribute greatly to development although, as members of the cooperative they were facing a multiplicity of challenges. These challenges were being tried out with a variety of strategies ranging from social economic measures. There is need for government support in order to exploit the full potential of cooperative movement to attain development of women through them.

Surname:                   UMUVANDIMWE

Other Names:            EDMOND

Reg. No:                     11/F/MADS/112/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             LAND REFORM POLICIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN BURERA DISTRICT OF RWANDA

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

Land is the most important of the natural resources required for the creation of wealth. As a result, control of land brings economic power, which in turn, is the basis of social and political power. The centrality of land in human life makes it the source of struggle for many countries’ revolutions. Land has been, and will continue to be the main stay of Rwanda’s economy, where over 80% of its population derives its livelihood from agriculture. This study examines land reforms and development of rural small holder farmers in Burera district of Rwanda. The research design was a descriptive case with qualitative and Quantitative Data Collection Approaches Which Used Random Sampling. To collect data from small holder farmers and purposive sampling from the key informants. The sample size consisted of 90 small holder farmers and 15 key informants from three randomly selected sectors of Burera district of Rwanda. As research instruments, questionnaires and interview were used to collect data from the field. The researcher was based on literature review in line with the objectives. The assessment of the land reform policies introduced by the government of Rwanda revealed that these reforms need a regular review  based on the claims of the beneficiaries and that the government has not supplemented  the reforms with inputs such as fertilizers, improved seeds and pesticides which would have effectively benefit rural small holder farmers. Nonetheless, the possibility prevails if the potentials available are completely exploited by all the stake holders of these approaches: state, community and other interest groups. This study gives recommendations on the main tenets of Rwanda national land policy, and a reform of the entire land delivery system. It also makes suggestions on land distribution and utilization, inheritance of land and access of land to small holder farmers. It is recognized from the outset that the dissertation does not give a conclusive treatise on land reforms, there are many more stake holders (non government organizations and Burera District officials) within the land sector but the issues raised will stimulate an informed discourse in Rwanda on all the important land issues raised that small holder farmers are facing.

Surname:                   IBYISHAKA

Other Names:            EUGENIE

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAEDMGT/044/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             MOTIVATION OF ADULTS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION N RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE BYUMBA

Supervisor:                PEACE TINDYEBWA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors which motivate adult learners to enroll in the evening classes in Institut de Byumba. For the purpose some objectives developed so as to guide the study. They include the following: to investigate the reasons  that make adult learners go back to school for further education; to analyze the perceptions of adult learners on the evening program; to explore problems on the evening program students encounter as they learn; to examine the strategies that can improve the adult evening  learning program. To achieve the above objectives, quantitative method and the qualitative methods of research were used. A sample size of 70- respondents (65) part time students) was selected from the total population of 497 persons. The findings of the study include that hunger for new knowledge and techniques to perform jobs, getting a degree, upgrading a carrier, being more competitive on the modern labour market and good standards of living are some motivating factors for higher education. Limited time and finance, language of instruction, lack of access to libraries and mean of transport were identified as major problems where as increasing on text book ratios, bilingual lecturers and bank credit were shown as possible strategies. In, conclusion the world today requires me and women to be more competent. So, adult learners are motivated to attend higher education due to values it offers. These values are directed towards forging a new profile of citizens and enhancing a country’s image. The major recommendations of this study are the creation of access to loans for school fees and the guarantee of all citizens’ access to learning activities at any stage of life; additional attention needs to be paid to the quality and relevance of learning materials as new groups of learners are recruited. Care has to be taken, the, to ensure that the benefits of learning are not limited to the full time learners at the expense of large numbers of part time students, and since this study covered IPB evening students, there should be a study that covers evening students of other higher institution of learning or universities throughout the country.

Surname:                   RANGIRA GAHIZI

Other Names:            JEAN MARIE VIANNEY

Reg. No:                     09/A/KAB/MADS/080/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMET STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ACTIVE FAMILY SUPPORT MODEL AND THE RWANDA’S DEVELOPMENT. A CASE STUDY OF THE HOPE AND HOMES FOR CHILDREN PROGRAM IN GASABO DISTRICT

 

Supervisor:                BETTY MATEGEKO NKUNDIZANA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The research study aimed at examining women in development through cooperatives and how cooperatives can be made more effective as instruments to empower women in development in Rwanda,taking Kicukiro District of Kigali City in Rwanda as a case study. it was conducted along the following objectives: to examine the contribution of women in development through cooperatives, to identify the challenges which women face in development through cooperatives, to establish the strategies for overcoming setbacks which women face in development through cooperatives in Kigali City. Data were collected using questionnaire, face to face interviews and focus group discussions and they were guided by the questionnaire which was distributed to be filled in by 100 respondents who constituted the sample size of the study; existing literature on cooperative enterprises was reviewed and the information generated contributed to the understanding of Cooperative movement and their contributions to the socio-economic welfare of members. The study showed that cooperatives have helped women to contribute greatly to development although, as members of cooperative they were facing a multiplicity of challenges. These challenges were being tried on a variety of strategies ranging from social to economic measures. There is need for government support in order to exploit full potential of cooperative movement to attain development of women through them.

 

Surname:                   AKATUKUNDA

Other Names:            GLORIA

Reg. No:                     10/A/MAED/003/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             THE THEMATIC CURRICULUM IN THE CONTEXT OF THE UGANDAN EDUCATION SYSTEM. THE CASE OF KABALE MUNICIPALITY

Supervisor:                EDWIN BABIMPA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The research study was carried out to establish the relevance of the thematic curriculum to Uganda’s education system with special reference to Kabale Municipality. The objectives of the study was to find out: the teacher –pupil acceptance of the themes being studied under the thematic curriculum, the content and arrangement of the themes in relation to the previous curriculum and the relevance of the themes to the Ugandan education system. The study was conducted as a qualitative case study using questionnaires. Questionnaires were administered on various stake holders including parents, teachers, head teachers and pupils. Interview guides were also used. In addition, secondary data which included NCDC syllabus and teachers schemes of work was analyzed to examine the relevancy of the thematic curriculum on the Uganda’s education system. The data collected was analysed qualitatitively. results of the students revealed that  the thematic curriculum is relevant to the Uganda’s education system in that it avails qualitative an skills to pupil, enables pupils to acquire wholesome knowledge  and connect what they learn to the real world, overcomes the problem of inadequate instructional materials and leaves room for creativity.

Surname:                   RUTAREMARA

Other Names:            THEOTIME

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAPPM/075/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             RE-INTEGRATION OF RWANDAN RETURNEES: A CASE STUDY OF GATSIBO DISTRICT OF RWANDA

Supervisor:                SIMON BYAMUKAMA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study aimed at investigating factors affecting the reintegration of Rwandan returnees in Gastibo District of Rwanda. the study was guided by the three objectives namely; to explore the socio-economic factors for the reintegration of Rwandan returnees in Gastibo District, Rwanda, to assess the challenges faced during the reintegration of Rwanda returnees in Gastibo District Rwanda ; and to venture into possible solutions for sustainable reintegration of Rwandan returnees  in Gastibo District, Rwanda. the literature review for the study was extracted different text books, journals, manuals, reports and websites from different libraries and computer laboratories in Kabale and Gastibo District in Uganda and Rwanda respectively. The research process involved proposal writing, data collection, data analysis, presentation and discussion of the results. The study used qualitative and quantitative in nature. Both simple random and purposive sampling methods were used to select the one hundred and forty (140) respondents who included the local authorities in charge of social affairs and returnees in Gastibo District. The researcher used the questionnaire, focus group discussions, and interview and observation guides to collect primary data from the field. Data was finally presented in tables, pie-charts and graphs. Conclusions and recommendations of the study were drawn basing on the results of the study. It was found out that 99% the highest number of returnees were motivated by the various factors to return to their country of origin. 87% the biggest number of returnees wished to stay in their country of origin forever and 48% the highest number of respondents noted that their condition in their country of origin was good compared to that of the country of asylum. It was concluded that returnees were motivated by various factors to return to their country of origin, the majority of the returnees wished to stay in their country of origin forever, he consent of many returnees that the condition in the country of origin was better that that of the country of asylum, returnees faced a variety of challenges while returning home from their country of asylum , returnees faced several challenges trying to settle in their country of origin and the majority of the respondents(70%) were aware of the measures in place to solve the challenges returnees were facing in their country of origin. The study recommended that there is need to build upon UNHCR’s refugee and returnee based interventions and move to a more articulated, sustainable and consistent development approach at the district level aimed at linking reintegration and rehabilitation with development initiatives and the need to improve and support governance as a conducive environment to sustain the UNHCR and Rwandese investments in the concerned districts, among other recommendations.

 

Surname:                   MUGIRANEZA BAJYIRWANDA

Other Names:            THEONESTE

Reg. No:                     10/F/MADS/022/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             PERFORMANCE CONTRACT AS ASTRATEGY FOR ERADICATING ACUTE POVERTY AND HUNGER IN BYUMBA SECTOR, RWANDA

Supervisor:                M.G ADUBO BBAALE

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The title of this research work is performance contract as a strategy for eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba sector, Rwanda. This research is based on the problem that appraises the contribution of and prospects for the performance contracts system as a strategy for eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba sector by 2015. In investigating the contribution, the study explores performance bottlenecks. The main objective of this study is to analyse the contribution of the performance contract in eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba sector by 2015. The specific objectives of this study; examined the percentage of people still living under the poverty line, examined to what extent the performance contract as a strategy has contributed to eradicating acute poverty and hunger in Byumba sector, Rwanda and explored the challenges of performance contract as a strategy and possible remedies. Random and purposive sampling was used where 248 respondents answered to the questions. The researcher explored that from the introduction of performance contract there is a significant reduction of the population of the population living under the poverty line. The extent of the performance contract contributing to eradicating acute poverty and hunger by 2015 will be 99.9%. Whereas there are some challenges  in performance contract like lack of financial resources, human resources and material means. The proposed remedies to these challenges are also developed as well as how to overcome them. The researcher comes to its end with suggestions formulated and proposed to different stakeholders like to the government of Rwanda, Gicumbi district, Byumba sector local authorities and the population.

Surname:                   MUNYARUGERERO

Other Names:            ILDEPHONSE

Reg. No:                     11/F/MADS/138/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             GENDER DIVISION OF LABOUR AND RURAL HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTIVITY IN MUSANZE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This research was carried out to assess gender division of labor and its effects on household productivity in rural areas of Musanze district-Rwanda. The study explored how gendered division of labour shapes gender hierarchical relationships, inequality, social mobility and labor solidarity of women and men. The overall concern was about how gender equality and gender equity policies are internalized by people in rural areas of Musanze after gender has been highlighted as a cross cutting issue in all country programs. One hundred and ninety six (196) interviews with respondents were conducted. Twenty five (25) key informants were also interviewed. Eight (8) focus group discussions were conducted. Simple sampling and purposive sampling methods were used. The study findings indicate that culture is the main driver of gender division of labour. Other factors highlighted by respondents include, skills and technology required to perform the assigned task, the monetary value of the task, the demographic impact of the genocide, age, and education. The effects of the unfair gender division of labor on the rural household productivity include over burdening women, who are the main labor forces of households, everlasting poverty in families, and unnecessary leisure time too men which, instead of serving as rest time is rather used to squander the household small fortune. As for work preference, findings revealed that women are still concentrated in domestic chores and lower employment positions despite their wish to be engaged in formal economic activities largely occupied by men. The study recommends that outdated norms should be rejected and gender policies be implemented in close harmony with constructive customary laws. Raising awareness about gender equity and gender equality should continue in rural areas of Musanze district; appropriate technologies should be availed to women to reduce their heavy work load.

Surname:                   NKUNZEBOSE

Other Names:            JEAN MARIE VIANNEY

Reg. No:                     09/A/KAB/MADS/024/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE CONTRIBUTION OF COOPERATIVES TO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RWANDA. A CASES TUDY OF COTRAGAGI AND COVAMU COOPERATIVES IN NGORORERO DISTRICT

 

Supervisor:                YESIGOMWE AGGREY

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This research explores the contribution of cooperatives to the socio-economic development of Rwanda. In this regard, the researcher took a case study of two cooperatives; those are COTRAGAGI and COVAMU cooperatives in Ngororero district of western province of Rwanda. COTRAGAGI is an agricultural cooperative of Mountain tea planters. COVAMU is a cultural cooperative of people who make hand crafts. The main objective of this research was to assess the contribution of cooperatives to socio-economic development of Rwanda. The population of the study in the first case study (COTRAGAGI) cooperative was 1282 cooperative members, in the population the sample was eighty (80) respondents’ cooperative members and 9 key informants. (Administrators) of the cooperative. In the second case study (COVAMU) cooperative, the population was 100 cooperative members, in which the researcher took 43 respondents and six (6) key informants. This study used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The research instruments included the questionnaires for quantitative data and interview guide for qualitative data. The findings were analyzed based on the frequencies and percentages which were presented in tables and then interpretations were given after. The research highlighted the activities executed by the cooperative members; benefits of the cooperative members from the cooperatives; challenges and constraints faced by the cooperatives; strategies taken by the cooperatives for mitigating these challenges and constraints and suggestions of these cooperative members for improvement of cooperatives. The results and findings revealed a significant contribution of cooperatives to the socio-economic development of Rwanda; such as paying taxes; fighting against ignorance, hunger and poverty, develop the country and promotion of family planning; training people; people in cooperatives are able to resolve their problems; and promotion of trade competition. Finally the researcher gave recommendations for improvement of cooperatives; for example, he recommended that the government of Rwanda and development agencies should continue supporting cooperatives financially, by material, trainings and find markets for the products of cooperatives.

Surname:                   BUREGEYA

Other Names:            SILAS

Reg. No:                     11/A/MADS/015/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             VILLAGE SAVINGS AND CREDIT SCHEMES AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN RWANDA: A CASES STUDY OF RUSHASHI SECTOR

 

Supervisor:                ODOMARO BYAMUGISHA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

For the poor and most marginalised households, few financial instititutions exisit to serve them, and where institutions do exisit, they generally have inappropriate products and services. To address the issues of financial exclusion, people have been organized by themselves in the village savings and credit schemes, which take different form and denominations according to the countries and societies. The current research has been carried out on Village Savings and Credit Schemes and Poverty Reduction in Rwanda. taking a case study of Rushashi sector, Kageyo cell. The study population in this research was four hundred eighty six beneficiaries (486) pertaining to 18 to 82 respondents according to Yamane (1967) sample size formula. Findings revealed that VSCS’s member used the money received from the VSCS;s differently; in business; in paying fees, in improving household welfare, in purchasing household assets, in activities generating income and so forth.. Findings still revealed that, to some extent, 81.5% of respondents confirmed that the VSCS’s services reduced household poverty b providing them basic needs such as food, shelter, clothing, health, education… however, the beneficiaries of VSCS’s services encountered challenges which impend the fight against poverty. We can cite among others a short period of repayment, few amount of money received, high interest rate, ignorance in project planning, e.t.c. these challenges have to be addressed if we expect good harvest from VSCS’s services. The researcher suggests that the government, the stake holders in development have to intervene in the VSCS’s system playing the role of moderating, assisting, orienting and funding them. Poverty will be reduced, even eradicated, by the commitment and joining together all forces of all stake holders in development.

Surname:                   RUTAYISIRE

Other Names:            OWSALD

Reg. No:                     11/F/MBA/117/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             EFFECTIVE AND FINANCIAL REPORTING AND GOOD MANAGEMENT IN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS; A CASE STUDY OF BANQUE POPULAIRE DU RWANDA LIMITED (BPR LTD)

Supervisor:                ODOMARO BYAMUGISHA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study is about” the effective financial reporting and good management in financial institutions; a case study of BPR ltd. The general objective of the study is to demonstrate how good management is a result of effective financial reports in the financial institutions. The study was a quantitative descriptive correlational study with a population of 95 respondents from Banque Populaire du Rwanda (BPR Ltd). The main findings of the study revealed that in the BPR ltd there are various practices of effective financial reporting which play key roles in good management by ensuring efficiency and effectiveness of the use of resources which direct towards the achievements of organizational goals and mission for the stake of transforming the economic life of their customers. The study findings showed that BPR ltd proved to be well managed as a result of effective financial reporting service to give it the due it deserves and the preparation of financial reports should be in the accounting standards that the institution wishes to use, other than translating from one accounting standard to another.

Surname:                   KAZOZA

Other Names:            GOLBERT

Reg. No:                     10/A/MAPPM/074/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE IMPACT OF LAND USE CONSOLIDATION PROGRAM ON IRISH POTATOES PRODUCTION IN MUSANZE DISTRICT IN RWANDA

 

Supervisor:                ADEBAYO TAJUDEEN SANNI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This study investigated how the land use consolidation program impacted on Irish potatoes production in Musanze district in Rwanda. the district was chosen because its known to be the first district producer of irish potatoes in Rwanda, while this study focused on irish potato as a priority crop generally in Rwanda and in particular in Musanze district where irish potatoes are  produced in high quantity compared to other districts of Rwanda. The study was guided by the two objectives which are; determining the impact of land use consolidation program on Irish potatoes production in Musanze district and understand the opinions of Musanze community on land use consolidation program. The study adopted a case study design, used both qualitative and quantitative research methods for data collection. The used questionnaire, interview guide, and documentary as research instruments to collect data. It covered 123 respondents as sample size and whom the questionnaire was administered to. The findings from the interview revealed that land use consolidation program was implemented in Musanze district and adopted by local farmers by consolidating their own lands on which they grow different crops and in particular the Irish potatoes as a suitable crop in the region, but also as selected crop to be cultivated on land consolidation policy. The results of the study show that 100% of respondents are farmers and have adopted the implementation of land use consolidation program in their faming activities, 68.3% of respondents implemented the program by growing irish potatoes in their land. The results of the study revealed that 48% disagree with the policy even if they implemented the program in their land. About the reason of disagreement, respondent said that, the land use consolidation program forbids people’s rights to use   their land on their choice by farming a crop they wish while 40.7% of respondents said that, they adopted the program because it is a government policy. The researcher found that farmers adopted the program because it’s a government policy. This research found out that farmers adopted to implement the program by accepting consolidate their own lands, but they were not happy with the policy avoiding them their traditional agricultural system of mixing different crops in the same cultivable farm. About the impact of agricultural land use consolidation program, on irish potatoes production in Musanze distict  the results of the study found that, the program has helped to increase the irish potatoes production  in Musanze district comparing  before and after implementation in Musanze district. Respondents 51.2%  said that their harvest increased after the land use consolidation program, 62.6% of respondents said that the price of selling irish potatoes  per kilo increased  compared to before implementation of the program, 44.7% of respondents said that the income generated  from irish potatoes production increased. As far as increase in agriculture production is concerned, land size remain a major challenge to farmers and in particular growers of irish potatoes in Musanze district and generally in Rwanda and especially to increase the production of the priority crops such as irish potatoes and ensure food security and transformation of agricultural yields  into business for and increase economy from agriculture production. Policy of land use such as consolidation would help to manage this challenge if it’s well implemented. The results of this study demonstrated needs for the government of Rwanda through its different institutions to improve on ways of implementation of land use consolidation policy by improving awareness of local farmers on land use consolidation program also put in place regulations for trading of irish potatoes in local market to avoid its shortage in the local markets after the harvest period.

Surname:                   MUGIRANEZA

Other Names:            DONAT

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAPPM/080/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAPPM

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             FAMILY SIZE AND ITS SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS IN KIREHE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyse family size and its socio-economic implications in Kirehe district. Its specific objectives included determining the relationship between family size and female employment, exploring the relationship between spousal income and family size and examining the relationship between family size and various aspects of education attained. It adopted descriptive and quantitative research approach and it considered a population of size of 57600 families living in in Kirehe district from which a sample of 398 respondents was selected. The data collection instruments were: questionnaire and Documentary analysis while sources of data included primary and secondary. Data analysis was done using SPSS and this was helpful in generating descriptive statistics that were used to describe and present the data  and compute the value of chi-square. Data was presented using frequency tables and percentages . from the analysis of the study, the dependent variables like female employment, spousal income, education attainment of children, expected educational levels of children, educational background of parents and health of the family, were correlated with the independent variable family size. To establish the ststistical family relationship between the mentioned variables, Pearson Chi- square test was used. In association between those variables was considered significant because the p-value ≥ 0.05 and the computed values were greater than the critical value. Therefore the null hypotheses were rejected. These findings were supported by similar findings of different studies from developed and developing countries. It is recommended that to ensure smaller family sizes with the better option, educational campaigns should be actively pursued I order to ensure smaller family sizes and improve socio-economic status of people in Kirehe District.

Surname:                   RUBANGURA

Other Names:            LEONIDAS

Reg. No:                     11/A/MADS/085/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LAND ACCESS, OWNERSHIP AND USE IN KATABAGEMU SECTOR OF NYAGATARE DISTRICT, EASTERN RWANDA

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:       SEPTEMBER 2013

ABSTRACT

This study addressed the issue of gender differences with reference to land access, ownership and use in Katabagemu sector in Nyagatare district, Eastern Rwanda. it aimed at investigating evidence of these differences, to examine how land resources are allocated to members of households and to identify barriers that limit the disadvantaged sex from enjoying land rights. The study adopted descriptive and quantitative research approaches. Data collection instruments were questionnaires while data types were primary and secondary. Frequency tables and percentages were used in data presentations. Findings revealed that land in the research area is acquired either through inheritance, or through marriage and market, but evidence from primary data indicated a gender gap in access to land within households. In effect, the general tendency is to favor sons and to allocate smaller plots of lower quality to girls/daughters. In spite of Rwandan law enforcing women’s land rights, data suggest a strong advantage for males over females in land access and ownership, in intra household income allocation and decision making. Among recommendations from the findings of the study are the following:  First, society sensitization and awareness raising sessions on the existing laws towards gender equity should be done. Second, legal marriages should be encouraged to ease legal rights over land ownership. Third, trainings for men who retain discriminatory practices visa vis women should be instituted.

Surname:                   ASINGWIRE

Other Names:            RICHARD

Reg. No:                     11/A/MAEDMGT/079/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             EFFECTS OF USING ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS A MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SELECTED INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING IN RWANDA

 

Supervisor:                PEACE TINDYEBWA

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The study was about effects of using English language as a medium of instruction and academic performance in selected higher institutions of learning in Rwanda. The research was carried out in four institutions of higher learning in Rwanda. These are Kigali institution of education, Mount Kenya University, Kigali institute of management and independent national institute of lay Adventist of Kigali. The study was based on three research objectives; these were: to investigate the level of understanding in the use of English language in the selected institutions of higher learning in Rwanda, to examine challenges encountered in the use of English language as a medium of instruction and to analyse ways put in place to address challenges encountered in the use of English language in selected institutions of higher learning. It adopted a cross-sectioned study design and was based on a sample size of 124 respondents who were selected using purposive sampling. It was guided by gender balance. These were studied using questionnaires, interview and observation. The gathered data were augmented by data which was collected from review of documents. The major findings revealed that many students have difficulties in understanding what is taught in English. Many respondents agreed that they have difficulties in using English language. They did not agree to have been failing examinations yet many students failed to get average pass mark. The researcher made the following conclusions: despite the fact that students had a poor background of English language, they are trying to learn English language though not at examinations. They are assumed to be the higher level as far as teaching /learning in English is concerned while most of them are still beginners in using English language. The major recommendations of the study are; recreational activities in English engagement be institutionally created and implemented, publically promoted and positively celebrated within the institution of higher learning in Rwanda. Guided group activities in English be a key instructional approach in teaching. Reading materials in English, both printed and electronic, be purchased and made available o students. The teaching in English be structured  in all educational levels.

Surname:                   RUGUNDANA

Other Names:            JOHN

Reg. No:                     10/F/MADS/111/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MADS

Academic Unit:          DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             THE ROLE OF COOPERATIVES IN DEVELOPMENT OF FARMERS IN KINIGII SECTOR, MUSANZE DISTRICT-RWANDA

Supervisor:                AGABA MOSES

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

ABSTRACT

The research study was about the role of cooperatives in the development of farmers in Musanze District Rwanda. it was conducted along the following study objectives: to identify the role of cooperatives in the development of farmers, to determine the factors for the development , growth and expansion of cooperatives, to establish the effects of cooperative societies in development t of farmers in Musanze district. Data were collected from 80 respondents composed of 29 females and 51 male farmers in cooperatives. Data were collected using questionnaire, focus group discussion and face to face interviews which were guided by questionnaire.  Objective one was analysed with quantitative approach while objective two and three were analysed with a qualitative approach. Objective one was analysed by the use of a Chi-square using the research hypothesis, and cross referencing with the literature review was done to ascertain the findings. It was found out that there was a significant  role cooperatives play in the development of farmers in Musanze district as was ascertained by the Chi-square value (×2 obs) = 393.84.  The study concluded by highlighting on the potential of the growth and expansion of cooperatives in Musanze District. The study recommended among others that an inclusive policy design be made to increase the number  of women and the young generation in cooperatives and this could be facilitated by mass sensitization.

Surname:                   RWABUGANDE

Other Names:            BENON

Reg. No:                     10/F/MBA/082/W/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             EMPLOYMENT PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL AS ATOOL FOR ENHANCING SERVICE DELIVERY IN PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS: A CASE STUDY OF MUSANZE DISTRICT-RWANDA

Supervisor:                PROFESSOR ELLY WESANA-CHOMI

Submission Date:       OCTOBER 2013

 

 

ABSTRACT

The study set out to investigate Employee Performance Appraisal as a tool for enhancing Service Delivery in Public Institutions: A case study of Musanze district Rwanda  The objectives of the study were; to examine the existing employee performance appraisal initiatives in Musanze district, to establish the extent to which performance appraisal has brought significant improvement in service delivery in Musanze district and to find out the current status of Musanze district in meeting service delivery requirements. The study was case study design and data was collected from a part of the population of 45 employees in Musanze district head office in different departments, correlated, analysed and interpreted. Quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used as it involved the collection of numerical data, to answer the research questions and data analysis was mainly statistical. The majority of the respondents (44.4%) had 1-5 year working experience at Musanze  district head office which implies that most respondents at Musanze district have little knowledge about  the appraisal system. It was also observed that most employees have no previous experience with the appraisal system, so, generally the poor service delivery may be a result of the fact that the appraisal system was still new to the employees. The research shows that 86.7% of the respondents were graduates with bachelor degrees in different disciplines. This means that most employees at Musanze district are competent enough to perform and deliver services required and therefore the question of incompetence during the appraisal system may not occur. Over 50% of the respondents in total ranged between 30-40 implying that, majority of the respondents in Musanze district are in their prime years of service delivery. This implies that such employees mostly like serving people in the district and if they are well defined and established structures of employees, such as effective and efficient appraisal systems, they would promote proper service delivery. However, it was revealed that people above 40 years had significant experience in the district operations and thus working in managerial positions. This influences the level of performance in that people of similar ages tend to develop group cohesion and thus building strong bond of commitment within the group.

Surname:                   KAHIMAKAZI DOREEN

Other Names:            DOREEN

Reg. No:                     10/F/MAPPM/002/W/PG

Gender:                      FEMALE

Programme:               MBA

Academic Unit:          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:             MOTIVATION AND ORGANISATION PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE STUDY OF KIGEZI PRIDE BAKERY IN KABALE MUNICIPALITY, KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                KENNETH TINDIMWEBWA

Submission Date:       MAY 2013

ABSTRACT

The researcher was carried out on the relationship between motivation and productivity. It was conducted in Kigezi pride bakery in Kabale Municipality, Kabale District. It was guided by four objectives: to explore other factors that motivatesemployees at Kigezi Pride bakery; to assess ways in which employee motivation influences the output of Kigezi Pride baker; to venture into possible strategies for employing employee motivation and greater productivity of Kigezi Pride Bakery. Both simple random sampling (general informants) and Purposive sampling (Key informants) were used to select respondents for the study the total sample comprised of fifty respondents. The researcher used the questionnaire; focus group discussions interview and observation guides to collect primary data from the field. Data were presented in tables pie-charts and graphs. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected. The study results indicated that employees at Kigezi pride bakery were not motivated. It revealed that some level of employee motivation prevailed: there was early payment of employees’ salaries and some levels of job security that was based on contract system. The majority of respondents noted that employees would be productive if they were motivated. The respondents noted that there were challenges  such as work overload, harsh terms and conditions of  at work, unpleasant environment, inadequate remuneration limited staff coordination among others hindering Kigezi Pride bakery towards achieving greater organization productivity despite the prevailing Motivational initiatives. They also noted that there were motivational strategies in place for gearing employees’ performance for greater productivity. The highest number of respondents suggested that there was need for increased salaries of employees to meet the current needs of their families with the current escalating prices of goods and services. The study recommended that Kigezi Pride Bakery should consider informing and training its staff to equip them with more skills in order to improve their performance and that it should also inform the employees about the procedures that must be gone through if they want for example, a salary increment among others.

Surname:                   BAMWESIGYE

Other Names:            CHARLES ALBERT

Reg. No:                     10/A/MAED/014/PG

Gender:                      MALE

Programme:               MAED

Academic Unit:          FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Title of Dissertation:             TEEENAGE MARRIAGES AND GIRLS’ EDUCATION IN KANUNGU DISTRICT, UGANDA

 

Supervisor:                AGGREY YESIGOMWE

Submission Date:       AUGUST 2012

 

ABSTRACT

This study was caried out on teenage marriages and girls’ education in three sub-counties of Kanungu District, that is, Kirima, Kihihi and Mpungu. A representative sample size of 120 respondents was used. These included elders, local leaders, youths like boys and girls, religious leaders, head teachers, DEO inspectors of schools and district population officers . Data was collected using interview guides, questionnaires and both qualitative and quantitative  were used in data analysis. It identified the challenges faced by teenage marriages, analysed by the effects of teen marriages on girls’ education and suggest ways of addressing teen marriages in Kanungu district. Harassment by teachers, girls feeling that they are too mature to be in schools, parental pressures so as to get bride wealth, defilement and rape were among other causes. It was recommended that teachers should stop corporal punishment, give counseling services, enough parental care should be given and local councils must enforce laws guiding the young children, and local leaders need to emphasize laws that protect children’s rights, policy to cater for the girl children who give birth to be allowed to get back to school and this should be a government policy, parents should be counseled to get out of the trauma of their Daughters’ early pregnancies. Lastly, the public should be sensitized that education has no age limit. The age liit can be there if what you are learning is harmful to your life.

Surname                     RWIGYEMA

Other Names:              GILBERT

Reg No:                                  

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MBA

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND DONOR FUNDS MANAGEMENT. A CASE STUDY OF SPARK RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MR. WYCLIFFE ZEHIREYO

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was undertaken to determine the impact of internal control systems on donor funds

Management with a specific focus on Spark Rwanda. The specific objectives of the study were;

to identify the internal controls systems used in managing donor funds; find out ways in which internal control systems have helped in effective management of donor funds; and examine the challenges faced in using internal control systems to manage donor funds. These were achieved using questionnaires, interview guides and secondary data analysis. The study found that the internal control systems used by Spark Rwanda in managing donor funds included; segregation of duties, authorization of transactions, retention of records, supervision or monitoring of operations, and physical safeguards among others. The ways in which internal control systems have helped in the management of donor funds were according to respondents, preparation of financial reports containing most relevant material information, sufficient reliable information on budget execution, reducing the queries about the financial reports prepared, and submission of reports for business advances in a timely manner and timely achievement of project objectivities as per plans. Concerning the challenges of using internal control systems to manage donor funds, the study found out that the organization is facing some challenges like moral behaviour of the employees in the organisation, poor records Management, improper payments, poor monitoring systems, recipient’s organisation capacity to align itself to different requirements from multiple donors and inadequate skills. In a bit to address such challenges, the study made the following recommendations; NGOs should deliberately invest in putting in place sound internal control systems and engage management and all members in the organization through training, coaching and mentoring. It is also recommended that SPARK should review their current accounting systems to identify gaps and then put in place steps to fill those gaps. Donors should identify efforts to harmonize their practices and procedures to the maximum extent possible in a bid to reduce the capacity reducing impact they have on NGOs internal controls.

Surname                      KABAGAMBE

Other Names:              EDMOND

Reg No:                       10/F/MBA/103/W/PG                        

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MBA

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   CHANGE MANAGEMENT AND ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT IN NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS IN RWANDA. THE CASE OF ACTIONAID INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM

Supervisor:                  PROF. ELLEY WESANA-CHOMI

Submission Date:        SEPTEMBET 2012

ABSTRACT

The study focused on examining the effect of Change Management on Organizational Performance Improvement in Non-governmental Organizations in Rwanda; The case of Action Aid International Program. Specific objectives of the study were to; find out how change management is handled in Action-Aid Rwanda, examining the role of change management in enhancing performance improvement of Action-Aid Rwanda and investigate the challenges to change management and realization of organizational performance improvement in Action Aid Rwanda. The study used a case study to design in investigating the causal relationship between change management and organizational performance improvement. The study population was equivalent to the sample and included 25 AAIR staff in all the divisions and units and 50 AAIR partners’ staff. Data collection tools included: Questionnaire and Interview Guide and analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative tools. Most respondents were not involved in the organization change process leadership although they clearly understood the rationale behind organization change.  A great majority of respondents claim not to have been given the opportunity to give input into the organization change process although they were encouraged by their immediate line mangers to become involved and committed to the organization change process. Management discussed the benefits of organization change personally with individuals, but they were not satisfied according to most of the respondents. The communication process and strategy were not properly managed and executed during the organizational change. The changes were not communicated effectively to every affected employee. in the organization albeit regular and consistent communication. Most respondents were largely informed about organization change only during the implementation stage. Most respondents believed that, through organization change, the Action Aid has changed for the better. Most staff are still committed serving AAIR for along period and majority believed that top management had effectively implemented the organizational change process. The majority of the respondents were positive about their organization after organizational change although many of them (44%) were un certain about their future in the organization. The organizational change process did not adversely affect the morale and motivation of most respondents; however, there are some staff members who left Action Aid during the process and lodged court cases against AAIR which they lost. On challenges, the change implementation process and efforts were genuine, but, they were fraught with various technical and HR motivational issues. Change efforts lacked integration and attention to human related issues. Change efforts mainly focused on organizational stability and cost driven initiatives. Hence, organization leaders should give careful attention to how each activity design is well integrated when planning and implementing organizational change. The conclusions revolved around the effects of organizational change on the employees as well as performance improvement. The focus of the recommendations was on what approaches the organizational change should follow to successfully, efficiently and effectively implement the change process, without adversely affecting the employees and organization’s stability.

Surname                      NYAMUGANZA

Other Names:              BARNABE

Reg No:                       08/KU/304                 

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MADS

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   ALCOHOL AND HOUSEHOLD STABILITY IN RUTSIRO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MRS. BETTY MATEGEKO NKUNDIZANA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out in all thirteen sectors of Rutsiro District in Rwanda, on Alcoholism and Household Stability. By using several research methods, the study could determine causes, effects of alcoholism in general society and in Rutsiro District particularly. It was found that domestic violence causes instability in household viewed economically, socially, physically and many respondent indicated that those situations came when couples have disagreements in their family income definitely which results into poverty. Socially it was found that women and children are most affected alcohol consequences. Findings show the increasing of divorce, fighting, prostitution, crimes and street children in couples. The study therefore identified forms, causes, effects of domestic violence and suggest solutions which government have to enforce laws people to avoid excessive alcohol consumption and try to find jobs to their people, look for sanctions to those who will not observe laws enforced.

Surname                      MWAMBARAGWE

Other Names:              DIDACIENNE

Reg No:                       10/A/MADS/066/PG             

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MADS

Academic Unit:           DEVELOPMENT STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   THE CONTRIBUTION OF INDUCTION ON TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NYARUGENGE DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MR. WYCLIFFE ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the contribution of teacher induction training towards teachers’ performance in secondary schools in Rwanda. Specific objectives of the study were; to determine the perceptions of teachers towards the induction programs in secondary schools; examine the role of induction on teachers’ performance in secondary schools; investigate whether induction of teachers affect students’ performance and determine challenges involved in inducting teachers. The study was a cross sectional design, which was largely descriptive and qualitative in nature with use of 85 respondents including teachers, head teachers/deputies and district officials. Data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Major findings revealed that the teachers have positive perceptions about induction. It was found out that the majority of the respondents agreed that induction is necessary when a teacher is starting his/her career. Teachers believe that induction contributes to their performance. Induction was found to play a significant role on the teachers performance though; increasing teachers’ confidence, improving teachers; retention, enhancing teachers’ professional growth, increasing teachers’ job satisfaction, enhancing teachers’ responsibilities and enhancing teachers’ responsibilities and intellectual development. Challenges facing new teachers’ induction programs were found to include; low salaries, too much workload, inadequate time allocated to inductees, inadequate facilities and lack of motivation by senior teachers among others. The study concluded that the results indicated that the teacher induction is important for enhancing teacher performance because it was well beyond the benchmark meaning that the code of conduct does not have a positive effect on teacher performance. The study recommends that the Ministry of Education in Rwanda implements induction programs in all schools throughout the country New teachers throughout the country should always be exposed to induction to orient them to the teaching serve as this has been found  out to affect teachers performance and eventually translated into students’ performance. The school managers should design effective induction monitoring and evaluation systems to produce sound evidence as to whether induction makes a difference in the performance of teachers and students or not.  

Surname                      UWIRAGIYE

Other Names:              JOSELYNE

Reg No:                       10/A/MAEDMGT/110/PG/066/PG               

Gender:                       FEMALE

Programme:                 MAEDMGT

Academic Unit:           EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT           

Title of Dissertation:   THE ROLE OF HEADTEACHERS IN DISCIPLINE MANAGEMENT AT PRIMARY LEVEL IN KIMISAGARA SECTOR

Supervisor:                  MR. BABIMPA EDWIN

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to pursue an investigation about the role played by head teachers in discipline management at primary level in Kimisagara Sector. From the literature study it became clear that discipline cannot be considered as an object or event in itself but that it has to be seen in terms of factors in and outside the school, and that its maintenance is essential for overall class control, without which effective learning is impossible. One of the prerequisites for all children is that they should learn how to behave at home, in school and in the community. Children have to adhere to the family’s and the school’s code of conduct. This study found out, however, that discipline remains the most significant problem in primary schools, as many schools experience a breakdown of discipline resulting in disruptive behaviour in the classroom.

A code of conduct for learners contains school and classroom rules which regulate the day to day relationship between educators and learners. The adoption of a code of conduct and the effective implementation thereof is the responsibility of the school governing body. It should be reviewed annually by the stakeholders and any amendments should be agreed upon by all the members.

For the purpose of the empirical investigation a self structured questionnaire, to be completed by educators, was utilized. The completed questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics. In conclusion a summary was presented on the following findings of the literature and empirical study and the following are some of the recommendations that were made;

 

  • Good behaviour must be inculcated in learners by means of positive and constructive discipline.
  • A code of conduct for learners must be enforced to regulate the learners’ behaviour.

Surname                      SERUGO

Other Names:              FAUSTIN

Reg No:                       10/A/MBA/046/PG                

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MBA

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   EXTERNAL AUDIT AND FRAUD CONTROL IN RWANDA: A CASE STUDY OF ENERGY, WATER AND SANITATION AUTHORITY (EWSA).

Supervisor:                  MR. WYCLIFFE ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the effectiveness of external audit function in fraud control in Energy, Water and Sanitation Authority (EWSA), Rwanda; whose specific objectives included evaluation of the effectiveness of external audit function in fraud control, examining the factors affecting performance of external auditors in fraud control and to estimate the level of fraud control in EWSA. Descriptive cross sectional study design was adopted in conducting this study. A total population of 1,840 respondents and 15 key informants from whom a sample of i84 elements provides qualitative and quantitative responses for the study. Data was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The findings of this study are presented in three broad areas: departmental fraud and risk preparedness; departmental fraud prevention structures and mechanisms, and departmental fraud profile and awareness building activities. The study findings revealed that the external auditor assesses the role of the internal auditors, evaluates whether there is “substantial doubt” about a company’s ability to continue as a going (viable) concern, assesses management’s style to determine if the style might lead to fraudulent financial reporting and that the external auditor ensures that management conveys the findings of the audit to the board of directors. The study recommends that auditors should work hand in hand with regulators, and those that are in charge of corporate governance, to design a common framework that will govern the creation of audit reports that are concise, reliable and effective. Furthermore, there is also need of developing an oversight team in charge of potential systems abuse. It is believed that with improved information education and awareness fraud in EWSA and other parastatals in Rwanda will be reduced if not totally eradicated

Surname                      NDAGIJIMANA

Other Names:              EMMANUEL

Reg No:                       09/F/MADS/032/PG              

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MADS

Academic Unit:           DEVELOPMENT STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   CHALLENGES TO GIRLS’ EDUCATION IN KAMONYI DISTRICT IN RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MR. AGGREY YESIGOMWE

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to examine the challenges to girls’ education in Kamonyi District. The objectives of the study were to investigate the obstacles that affect girls’ education; to establish the causes of high rates of girls’ dropouts of education system; to identify obstacles girls’ education in Kamonyi District and to identify strategies that will help to promote girls; education. In order to achieve the objective, different techniques such as questionnaire, interview and library research were used. The sample was 120 respondents whose 24 key informants and 96 respondents. The study findings revealed different causes of girls dropping out of education system. Those are domestic duties, early marriages, little importance given to girls, a long distance to school, and lack of resources, ignorance of parents, inferiority complex and early pregnancies. According to obstacles to girls education in Kamonyi District, some people think that, when girls are educated, a lot of resources are spent on them and that it is their husbands families to benefit from this other than their home of birth. In addition, girls and boys of Kamonyi District do not have the same family education. Girls are expected to do the household chores and to depend on their husbands while boys are expected to do paid activities and to become the head of the family. This kind of family education handicaps women’s education at schools. Concerning the strategies that will promote girls education, the respondents suggest: the schools authorities could often hold discussions with all students in order to advise them about gender gap; girls must be conscious that they are as intelligent as boys; the same opportunities must be given to both girls and boys . As for recommendations, the government should influence curriculum in schools to eradicated gender bias and put in place interventions for increasing the number of female students. Women and girls should stand up for their rights to go to schools. Parents could educate girls and boys in the same conditions and give them the same opportunities to education

Surname                      TUSIIME VASTINA

Other Names:              BEYENDERA

Reg No:                       07/MAED/16/PG       

Gender:                       FEMALE

Programme:                 MAED

Academic Unit:           PROFESSIONAL STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   NGOs AND EDUCATION OF THE ABATWA IN KABALE DISTRICT

Supervisor:                  PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA

Submission Date:        FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of NGOs on the Education of the the Batwa of Kabale District. The study was aimed at evaluating the contribution of NGOs towards the education of Batwa children, determining the contribution of parents and other stakeholders, examining school dropout rates among the Batwa children and analyzing the challenges faced by Batwa children in primary schools. A survey was conducted in the Batwa communities of Muko, Butanda and Bufundi sub counties in Kabale District where a cross section of the total population was studies. The study sample comprised of Non Governmental Organizations working with Batwa communities, Head teachers, Batwa pupils, Batwa school dropouts and Batwa parents. A total of 90 respondents were used. It was established that NGOs have contributed a lot towards the education of the Batwa in terms of construction of schools, provision of scholastic materials, and provision of mid-day meals at school and payment of school levies. The findings also revealed that parents though poor, well wishers and Government have also played some role. Parents provide food though scarce when there is no food at school and government supports children in universal primary education (UPE) schools. School dropout rates were found out to be high due to child labour, early marriages, poverty, peer pressure and old school entry age. Challenges hindering Batwa education included high levels of absenteeism, apathy, stigmatization and discrimination. The recommendations of the study address critical socio economic issues related to enrollment and retention of pupils in school. There is need for concerted effort of all interested parties who include NGOs, government, religious institutions, politicians, teachers, parents children, communities where Batwa live to initiate and coordinate activities aimed at uplifting and sustaining education standards of the Batwa. There is also need for the government to provide land and farming opportunities in order to address the issues of hunger and poverty which greatly affect access and retention in schools.

Surname                      SHEMA

Other Names:              BERNARDIN

Reg No:                       10/A/MBA/107/PG                

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MBA

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   STRATEGIC PLANNING AND PERFORMANCE OF RWANDA DEVELOPMENT BANK

Supervisor:                  MR. WYCLIFFE ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study examined the role of strategic planning in the performance of financial institutions with particular reference to Rwanda Development Bank (RDB). The specific study objectives were: to describe the strategic planning process, to examine its role on RDB performance and to explore the financial performance of RDB. In order to collect as much data as possible, descriptive research design was used based on the scope of the study. Questionnaire were administered to respondents where the study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of collecting information qualitative method is based on respondent’s opinion and perceptions towards strategic plans while quantitative method is inferential and quantifies outcomes it used to measure financial performance and customer’s satisfaction. The results revealed that the bank performance indices are strong predictors of good financial performance. The work recommended a transformational strategic planning model in the work for implementation in the current banking industry so that distress can be avoided and totally resolved. The model contains the following indices: sound change management, good investment policy, effective capital budgeting, corporate planning, effective retail banking system. An implementation of the model will give birth to sustainable performance growth which contains the following growth variables: adequate capital, quality earning assets, stable profitability, sustainable liquidity, enhanced dividend paid, and equitable tax liability. Other recommendations are: effective risk assets management, sound training of credit analysis, and quality supervision from the industry regulators.

Surname                      VUMERA

Other Names:              MAKESHA JEAN BOSCO

Reg No:                       09/F/MAPPM/054/PG           

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MAPPM

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   LAKE KIVU BASIN MANAGEMENT PROJECTS AND SUSTAINABLE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAKESIDE COMMUNITIES. A CASE STUDY OF RUBAVU DISTRICT, REPUBLIC OF RWANDA

Supervisor:                  PROFESSOR FEORGE ALIBARUHO

Submission Date:        AUGUST 2012

ABSTRACT

In this study the researcher investigated “The Impact of Lake Kivu Management Projects on Socio- Economic Development of the Lakeside Communities in Rubavu District, Rwanda”. People who had activities on and around Lake Kivu before the projects commence (i.e before 2000) have been required to create cooperatives or else they are not allowed to engage in any activity within fifty meters from the Lake. Some of the people affected do not understand the benefits to the population; it is very likely that conflicts between the population and the government could develop. Thus the researcher aims at exploring the achievements of Lake Kivu management projects in the socio-economic development of the lakeside communities. The work has the following three specific objectives; to explore the extent to which the projects have contributed to food security and to the eradication of malnutrition in the lakeside communities, to asses the extent to which the projects and related programs have improved access to healthcare of the lakeside communities, to analyze the extent to which those projects have contributed to capacity building in providing beneficiaries with access to employment, enery services, communication facilities and income generating actitivies. The design of the study is a survey. The population of this study considered all the people grouped in different cooperatives supported by Lake Kivu in Rubavu district, Rwanda and local authorities of those sectors. The population included 629 people, 4 project managers, 621 cooperative members, 2 executive secretaries of the two sectors of Rubavu district bordering Lake Kivu and 2 nutritionists of health centers in both sectors. The researcher decided to use confidence interval of 95% with the margin of error of 9 and the sample population was 100 people. While collecting data, the researcher used the questionnaire, the direct observation and the interview. This was done in order to maximize information from different respondents. After collecting data from the field, the researcher classified, analyzed them and interpreted the findings as a basis for recommendations made. The findings of this study revealed that the projects positively influenced the soci-economic development of the lakeside communities. The problem that is still persisting is that these projects didn’t introduce any few fish species since they became effective but only concentrated on protecting the lake, fixing and implementing regulations for its use. Thus, in case managers would like to protect the Kivu lake and to improve the socio welfare of the lakeside communities, the introduction of better fish species in that lake is indispensable.

 

Surname                      RUKUNDO

Other Names:              PASCAL

Reg No:                       10/A/MAEDMGT/081/PG    

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MAEDMGT

Academic Unit:           PROFESSIONAL STUDIES           

Title of Dissertation:   ADOLESCENT PREGNANCIES IN THE BASIC EDUCATION SCHOOLS OF RWANDA: THE CASE OF MUHANGA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                  MR. BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at finding out the causes, effects and possible solutions of school adolescent pregnancy in basic education schools of Muhanga District. To achieve our objective, a sample of 108 educational stakeholders in six administrative sectors of Muhanga District was selected. They included parents, students, teachers, and owners of schools, local authorities and some victims of school adolescent pregnancy. Data were collected by use of questionnaires, interview and document analysis methods. After data collection, they were subjected to both quantitative and qualitative analysis but most importantly to qualitative analysis. The research findings pointed that the lack of sexual education in schools and in families, poverty and juvenile delinquency are the main drivers of student adolescent pregnancies in Muhanga District. The findings also highlighted that student adolescent pregnancy impacts negatively on the adolescent mother, impact starting with drop out, poverty and health risks including HIV/AIDS. The new born is at high risk of death, psychological problems, lack of parental love, and poverty. Suggestions drawn from the social background to prevent from student adolescent pregnancy include the comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education, strengthening all strategies taken to reduce and fight against poverty especially in rural areas. In addition, the role of adult men to impregnate teenagers has been demonstrated and the local population suggests special measures to educate adult men towards their responsibilities as adults and teenage rights but most importantly taking serious punishments against those “sugar daddies” has been stressed. Recommendations towards different stakeholders to prevent from student adolescent pregnancies have been formulated. They include but not limited to the increase of personal responsibility of adolescent students to promote health behaviour for successful achievement in schools and attainment of life-long goals provided that they are the first one to suffer great consequences of teenage pregnancy. In addition, there is a great need of implementing comprehensive sex education that teaches about abstinence as the best method of avoiding HIV/AIDS, STDs and unintended pregnancy, but also teaches about condoms and contraception, education that teaches interpersonal and communication skills and helps young people explore their own values, goals and options, to make responsible decisions about their sexuality and reproductive health. The reinforcement of Anti AIDS Clubs and integration in curricula of sexual education and reproductive health issues on the national education curricula and monitor on a regular basis the implementation of those curricula.

Surname                      RUGIRA

Other Names:              FILIPO

Reg No:                       10/F/MBA/026/W/PG

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MBA

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   APPLYING INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISES IN RWANDA: A CASE OF BRALIRWA COMPAY LTD

Supervisor:                  MR. WYCLIFFE ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

 

ABSTRACT

The study undertook to examine the importance of adhering to international financial reporting standards on the financial performance of public enterprises of Rwanda, the case study of Bralirwa Company LTD, Rwanda. The study objectives included, examining the level of adherence to IFRS in Bralirwa Company Ltd in Rwanda, to investigate the financial performance of Bralirwa Company Ltd and to analyze the effect of the application of international financial reporting standards on the financial performance of Bralirwa Company Ltd. The research undertook a case design where he collected and analyzed both qualitative and quantitative data to see if IFRS have been implemented and whether they are suitable for public companies of Rwanda. The study took a sample of twenty four respondents being the technical staff in accounts and finance department and all questionnaires were responded to. Majority of the respondents were of the view that the company prepares standardized financial reports and acknowledged that there is effect of accrual based IFRS and the quality of the financial statements since it provides for all accrued incomes and expenditures in form of commitments. The findings of the study show that positive effects from adherence to IFRS by Bralirwa Company Ltd are to be found. While the IFRS program may be seen as adopting an external reporting system, the impacts of this implementation should not be ignored. Several benefits accompanied by some drawbacks were discovered. External positive influences, besides the internal, were documented. The implementation of the IFRS was seen to assure the future financing from investors and it had simplifies the reporting of foreign subsidiaries.

Surname                      BIZIMUNGU

Other Names:              JEAN BOSCO

Reg No:                      

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                

Academic Unit:          

Title of Dissertation:   THE ROLE OF INTERNAL AUDIT FUNCTION IN PERFORMANCE OF RWANDAMUTUAL HEALTH INSURANCE FUND CASE OF GICUMBI DISTRICT

Supervisor:                  MR. AGUME ANTHONY

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out the role of Internal Audit Function in performance of Rwanda mutual Health insurance fund case of Gicumbi District, the research aimed at analyzing and evaluating the role of internal audit function on performance of mutual health insurance fund in Rwanda. It was also to highlight the role played by internal audit activity in achieving goals of mutual health insurance fund of Gicumbi District, to identify the internal controls used in MHIF in implementing Mutual Health Insurance Fund in Gicumbi District. Mutual Health Insurance fund of Gicumbi District has caught the attention of internal audit system, as an effective tool for performance amelioration and is considered as victory to escape the mismanagement. In Rwanda context, this same initiative and hope has been emphasized in the Country’s mismanagement reduction strategy papers. The study took a case Gicumbi District which was one of 30 Districts of Rwanda. To achieve the desired objectives of the study 50 staff of the MHIF selected from 20 branches of MHIF of Gicumbi District were interviewed. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect primary data, books from libraries and other documents were used to collect secondary data. It has been found that the Internal Audit unit can serve the MHIF in maintaining its profitability without compromising its sustainability. In all therefore, the study recommended that to achieve quality performance of MHIFs, and other stake holders should ensure that there is effective internal control. The conclusion was that the internal audit function is necessary requirement and suggestions were that the Rwanda government should enhance this service to cover the performance of mutual health insurance funds.

Surname                      MUKAMPAMIJE

Other Names:              FURUMA

Reg No:                       09/A/KAB/MAPPM/035/PG

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MAPPM

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   COMMUNITY PATICIPATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN BULIZA ADP-WORLD VISION RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MR. BARIGYE GODFREY

Submission Date:        AUGUST 2012

ABSTRACT

People’s participation in community development was taken as focus of this study that assessed its practice by WV ADP Buliza. Research questions and research objectives aimed at establishing the share of project beneficiaries in the decision making throughout their entire lifecycle. Primary and secondary stakeholders in this considered field were registered children whose school fees are paid by WV, Other Vulnerable Children who are offered vocational training, house owners and cattle raisers who had these capitals as gifts from WV. The researcher consulted numerous books, articles and internet links to construct a theoretical base for participation and to draw guiding principles for successful people’s contribution in their sustainable development. Thereafter, relevant methods and techniques were used to collect, analyze and interpret data on participation practice by WV in the Buliza ADP. Findings revealed as general trends that people do not participate in projects identification. Also no material contribution is required; rather, complete handouts are distributed by WV. Projects control is the impact is mitigated by lack of participation and their sustainability is undermined by lack of ownership preparedness. In view of the findings, the study derived useful recommendations voiced both by primary and secondary stakeholders and by the researcher. Decision making and material contribution well shared by beneficiaries and development organization will make a difference in identifying, implementing and controlling projects that transform communities.   

Surname                      KARAMIRA

Other Names:              JEAN BAPTISTE

Reg No:                       10/A/MBA/061/PG

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MBA

Academic Unit:           ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   BUDGETING PRACTICES AND HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY IN RULI DISTRICT HOSPITAL, RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MR. ZEHIREYO WYCLIFFE OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:        SEPTEMBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The study was set out to establish a relationship between budgeting practices abd health service delivery in Ruli Didtrict Hospital, Rwanda. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: To assess the budgeting practices used in Ruli District Hospital; to evaluate the effectiveness of budgeting practices on health service delivery in Ruli District Hospital and to examine the problems faced during the budgeting process in Ruli District Hospital. A range of Literature concerning budgeting and health service delivery was reviewed and this included the different types of budgets, budgeting process, budget participation, budgeting and service delivery in health sector, etc. Descriptive research design was used and in this both qualitative and quantitative designs were utilized. Purposive and simple random sampling methods were also used to select 103 respondents of the study. The data were mainly corrected using a questionnaire and interview. The study found out that Ruli District Hospital budget committee members consisted of accounts and finance indiciduals. Other departments such as human resource management, procurement and operations were not much involved in the budget committee. The final decision on budget proposal was made by the Managing Director of the institution while other departments and sectors such as board of directors were left out in the process. The study also found out that there is a relationship between budgeting practices and health service delivery. This study recommends that for effective budgetary planning, all departments need to be involved in the budget committee and in order to overcome problems of budgeting, institutions need to develop strong financial integration with performance management and slo to have appropriate timing of the financial plan. Management has to put in an effort to ensure that the basic objectives of budgeting are achieved. A joint effort on the part of all departmental heads is required in preparing the budget. Management must provide an opportunity to all department members to participate in deciding goals and objectives, setting priorities, developing future action plans and formulating general and specific policies.

Surname                      MUGWANEZA

Other Names:              VICTOR

Reg No:                       030061/PG

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MADS

Academic Unit:           DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKERS COOPERATIVES IN RWANDA. CASE OF KO.TU.I.KA RWAMAGANA DISTRICT

Supervisor:                  MR. WARREN ARYEIJA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The cooperatives of community health workers were created in order to improve social welfare of community health workers. The study The study entitled, “Opportunities and Challenges of Community health workers in Rwanda: Case of KO.TU.I.KA Rwamagana district. The objective was intended to investigate opportunities and challenges of CHWs cooperatives in Rwamangana district. The systematic sampling was used to select some key informants. The major finding indicate that most respondents mentioned CHWs cooperative had opprotutnities such as enough money of PBF support to be invested in income generating activities, trainings on health care, mobile phone for communicating and reporting; again they mentioned that they had benefits like touching about ten thousand Rwandese francs from 30% of PBH and to share the production of cooperative for one hand but for the other hand there are challenges such as doing poor business activities, the long distance made by members in order to be involved in cooperative activities that hinder to achieve on maximum exploitation of those opportunities. The researcher recommends to the Ministry of Health to focus on enabling all members of CHWs cooperative in term of getting learning on project planning and management and its implementation. The Ministry of health should provide bicycles for community health workers as transport means. The members of CHWs cooperative should make visits to advanced cooperatives working in other fields rather than community health work in order to know and copy what would be helpful for their cooperative. The Rwanda cooperative agency should help in creating of confederations of CHWs cooperatives involved in similar business project activities.

Surname                      MUNYAMAHORO

Other Names:              MUHIZI PATRICK

Reg No:                       09/A/KAB/MADS/060/PG

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MADS

Academic Unit:           DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TEA PLANTATIONS TO MANIHIRA SECTOR, RUTSIRO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MR. BABIMPA EDWIN NUWAGABA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the contribution of tea plantation on socioeconomic development of Rwandan local populations at large, and Manihira sector population in particular between 2006-2011. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the contribution of tea plantation to social development, assess the extent to which tea plantation contributes on economic development, and make suggestions on how to improve the livelihood of Manihira sector population. The study targeted 100 respondents selected from the tea plantation cooperative members, including youth (50, equally 25 boys and 25 boys), men (25) and women (25). Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used and questionnaires, interviews and content analysis were used in data collection. The study discovered that tea plantation has contributed to socioeconomic development of Rwandan local populations. Socially, tea plantation helped respondents to have access to schools, health insurance, basic facilities such as clean water, transport means, and provision or improvement of shelter. Economically, tea plantation served as the source of income to local communities, providing employment opportunities, access to bank loans for investment expansion of business individually and in cooperatives and life skills development. The researcher made some recommendations to the ministry of Education, Ministry of commerce, ministry of infrastructure, Local government authorities and local population to initiate relevant and effective interventions in order to maximize benefits from tea plantation. The study findings should also form the basis for advocacy and lobbying initiatives in tea sector.

Surname                      NKUSI

Other Names:              MOSES

Gender:                       MALE

Programme:                 MADS

Academic Unit:           DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Title of Dissertation:   THE ROLE OF FOREIGN AID IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN GATSIBO DISTRICT, RWANDA

Supervisor:                  MR. WYCLIFFE ZEHIREYO OWOYESIGA

Submission Date:        OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

The current study examined the role of foreign aid in Agricultural development of Rwanda tking Gatsibo District as the case study.  The following specific objectives were formulated to guide the study; to review the nature and structure of foreign aid in Rwanda’s agricultural sector; to identify the determinants of agricultural production in Rwanda and to evaluate the role of foreign aid in improving agricultural production in Rwanda. A cross sectional study was used with the help of quantitative and qualitative study approaches. The study population was made up of NGO and government officials and farmers who have benefited from agricultural projects supported by aid from January 2009-2011 and these included selected house holds farmers on small scale and commercial farmers on large scale basis who number to 150. Major findings indicate that popular participation exists in the foreign aid activities implemented by NGOs in Rwanda but only at the farmers’ group level. Beneficiary farmers benefit in the formation of farmers’ organizations, attend farmers’ group level or inter-group meetings, as well as training. Farmers also benefit in the selection of enterprises, elect group leaders as well as representatives at various levels. The study further revealed that benefits farmers get from foreign aid spills in the farming sector included: formation of farmers’ organizations, attending trainings from foreign NGOs, selection of enterprises to be supported in a given financial year and election of farmer group executives and representatives at various levels. Others were: monitoring and evaluation of agricultural funded activities, participation in procurement and supply of agricultural and technology input/implements for farmers, liaising with agricultural based NGOs and private sector for market support and participation in agricultural trade fairs existed in the first phase of the foreign aid activities implementation (2001-2007) but has been on decline. Forms and scope of participation by the beneficiary farmers include selecting enterprises, forming farmers’ organizations, electing group leaders and representatives, attending training, and group and inter group meeting. Major recommendations are: information on aid, use of agricultural extension service coordinators at district levels and increased participation of beneficiaries of agricultural foreign aid.

SURNAME:                                    UWAMARIYA

OTHER NAMES:                            CLOTILDE

REG.NO:                                       09/F/KAB/MADS/066/PG

GENDER:                                      MALE

PROGRAMME:                              MADS

ACADEMIC UNIT:                          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

TITLE OF DISSERTATION:            FAMILY PLANNING BARRIERS AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN RWANDA

SUPERVISOR:                                  PROF.E.WESANA - CHOMI

SUBMISSION DATE                                   FEBRUARY 2013

ABSTRACT

The study focused on family planning barriers and their impact on women empowerment in Rwanda. For this purpose, fieldwork was conducted in Kicukiro district as a case study with the following objectives: To identify family planning barriers in Kicukiro district and assess the effect of family planning barriers on women’s social- economic empowerment. Data got from participants were analyzed, presented and interpreted by using appropriate statistical tools. The findings of the study suggested that the use of contraception methods for family planning is problematic in many families. The study revealed low use of contraceptives among men and women. A great majority of women respondents claim not to be free in choosing their method of contraception because of many barriers. Various factors accounted for the low use of family planning services. These include partners’’ approval, quality of services and the women’s knowledge about family planning services. Most of women in Kicukiro district are house wives and they lack opportunities to empower themselves. The general conclusion that emerges from the study is that in order to empower women and to reduce the number of poor families in Kicukiro district, family planning is a must but a lot more needs to be done. Improving reproductive Health is important for women empowerment. Higher levels of education and labor market participation are associated with improved reproductive Health our comes. The focus of recommendation was on removing barriers by including men in family efforts. Also, young and un married women have to be involved in family planning programmes

SURNAME:                                       KIZZA

OTHER NAMES:                              WILLIAM

REG.NO:                                            06/KU/PG 20

GENDER:                                         MALE

PROGRAMME:                                 MADS

ACADEMIC UNIT:                          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

TITLE OF DISSERTATION:            ECONOMIC ILLS AND BENEFITS OF ALCOHOL IN KITOBA SUB – COUNTY, HOIMA DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                                  PROF.ALLEN BABUGURA

SUBMISSION DATE                                   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Alcohol is produced, sold and consumed almost in every society in the world, despite the widely known health dangers associated with it. The present study aimed at analyzing its economic ills and benefits as way of understanding why the practice has been difficult to prevent. The study was descriptive and cross sectional, done in Kitoba sub county in Hoima district. It analyzed the economic ills and benefits of alcohol to households in that sub county. The sample size was 108 respondents sampled using stratified random technique. Data were collected using a semi structured questionnaire to conduct the interviews. Analysis was performed partly by computer manually. The age range was 58 years. The majority of the sample was males and also majority of them were married. Majority of the sampled respondents drank alcohol. The majority drank alcohol were also selling it. Majority of respondents who drink alcohol saw no benefit in the practice. This was, as expected, contrary to the sellers where a big number associated it with benefits. The economic ills of alcohol out weighted its benefits. The worst ill was poverty and the greatest benefit was being a source of school fees. The economic ills of alcohol were more than its economic benefits in Kitoba sub county. Social ills of alcohol were more widely known in the study area than the economic ills. Further research on this problem should be carried out in this area. The people in the area should be trained and encouraged to start alternative income generating activities. The local government should come up with a policy to address the issues of alcohol in this area. Health staff should mobilize and sensitize community about alcohol addiction. Ministry of Health should establish psychosocial support unit at health centers for the alcohol addicts.

SURNAME:                                       AYEBAZIBWE

OTHER NAMES:                              PULICANO

REG.NO:                                            10/F/MADS/090/ W/PG

GENDER:                                         MALE

PROGRAMME:                                 MADS

ACADEMIC UNIT:                          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

TITLE OF DISSERTATION:            THE ROLE OF MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN IMPROVING HOUSE HOLD INCOMES IN KAMABUYE SECTOR, BUGESERA DISTRICT

SUPERVISOR:                                  MR. TUSIIME WILSON

SUBMISSION DATE                                   OCTOBER 2012

ABSTRACT

Microfinance has become very important in global poverty reduction debates. The popular assumption is that enabling poor households access to credit helps households begin micro entrepreneurship which would enable them improve their incomes and eventually escape poverty. Evidence from research so far has been scanty, and many results have been highly contested. The main objectives of the dissertation was the role of microfinance institutions in improving households income in Kamabuye sector, Bugesera district. The study is an experimental case of Busegera district where participants in microfinance programmes and non-participants households were studied over time; thus yielding a rich pooled data for analysis. On integrating time dynamics in the analysis, the results indicate a positive and significant impact on micro finance on house hold income. To this end the dissertation argues that there is a role of microfinance on the improvement of house hold incomes. It also re asserts that providing affordable financial services to the rural population still remains to be an important of development strategy. On the other hand the dissertation emphasizes that there is need to come up with innovative microfinance institutions that are supportive of their own role in assets accumulation and wealth creation for their clients. This will involve innovative targeting of potential clients, as well as streamlined microfinance regulations to protect their clients. In particular the study cautions that the ability of households to begin informal sole micro entrepreneurships should not be assumed to be adequate for the improvement of household income. There is need to create a policy framework to spur growth not only in the micro enterprises but also in the overall rural economy that would lead to the creation of empowerment opportunities and an increment in the agricultural out put. This is quite a big task to accomplish and may require more than one particular policy intervention. In essence this calls for both private (microfinance) and public partnerships to  create the environment where such poverty reduction objectives could be realized.

SURNAME:                                       RUGUNDANA

OTHER NAMES:                              WILSON

REG.NO:                                            10/F/MADS/096/ W/PG

GENDER:                                         MALE

PROGRAMME:                                 MADS

ACADEMIC UNIT:                          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

TITLE OF DISSERTATION:            NON- TAX COMPLIANCE AND TAX REVENUE COLLECTION IN RWANDA

SUPERVISOR:                                  MR. KANYESIIME ALEX

SUBMISSION DATE                                   OCTOBER 2012

 

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the effect of non – tax compliance on Revenue Collection, a case study of Rwanda revenue Authority. The specific objectives of the study were: the evaluation determinants of SME compliance to paying taxes, the level of tax compliance in SMEs in Kigali City and to assess how non – tax compliance by SMEs affects tax revenue performance. A cross – sectional research design was used together with the explanatory research design and analytical research design, in order to ascertain the determinants of tax compliance and their effect on tax revenue performance particularly among SMEs in Kigali city, Rwanda. The sample size was used for the study was 100 SMEs. Data was collected using self administered questionnaires. The study used stratified and purposive sampling techniques to draw representative samples and 40 respondents were involved in the study. The findings of the study revealed that there is a strong positive relationship between tax Compliance and Domestic Revenue Collection. The study found out that the level of tax compliance was still low among the tax payers and they attribute this to the high tax rates, poor taxpayers’ attitude towards RRA, the large informal sector which encourages tax evasion. The low level of tax compliance was also attributed to the low tax compliance culture. The study also found out that the cost of revenue collection is low, The large taxpayer’s office increased domestic revenue collection and RRA experiences and registers tax arrears which also affect its performance. The study offer the following recommendations; Improve tax administration so as to provide individuals and groups guidance on how to improve book keeping standards and tax returns, tax counseling offices should be established country wide, procedures for filing returns and applications should be based and promote tax education to create awareness among tax payers, and awarding of prizes to compliant tax payers.

 

SURNAME:                                       NIWAHEBWA

OTHER NAMES:                              NELSON

REG.NO:                                            06/KU/PG. 16

GENDER:                                         MALE

PROGRAMME:                                 MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

ACADEMIC UNIT:                          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

TITLE OF DISSERTATION:            WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN KEBISONI SUB COUNTY

SUPERVISOR:                                  PROF. ALLEN BABUGURA

SUBMISSION DATE                                   SEPTEMBER 2012

 

ABSTRACT

The study sought to investigate the contribution of women empowerment on the economic development in Kebisoni sub – county – Rukungiri District. It was guided by the following specific objectives: To find the contribution of women property rights on economic development in Kebisoni sub – county – Kukungiri District, to explore the contribution of  women financial decisions to economic development in Kebisoni sub county – Rukungiri district and to investigate the contribution of women involvement in development activities to the economic development in Kebisoni sub county – Rukungiri District. The study used a case study design with  qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data were obtained from 4 district community development officials, 14 sub county administrative and 70 members of the local councils. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and interview guide. They were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Data from interviews were analyzed using a master sheet and content analysis. The study concludes that women empowerment towards property ownership spurs economic development. This attributed to uplifted production capacity leading improvement of financial status of women to save and invest in financial assets. It was also found that women empowerment in financial decisions is a corner stone to economic development. When women begin earning some income it increases their autonomy and family relations increasing opportunities to reduce poverty and that involvement of women in development activities increases output and productivity because of commitment to services and increases purchasing power of the family and community at large leading to economic development due to increased shared knowledge. This study recommends to the Ministry of Gender, community and labor affairs to enact and disseminate laws that empower women to own property. This can be attained by incorporating some aspects of such circulars and law in the school curriculum so that children grow up in the know of gender equality as regards property ownership, that community stake holder like civil servants, political leaders and religious leaders should sensitize communities in various places on need to empower women in financial decisions and that communities should adopt the culture of involving women on various development schemes. This can be attained by coming up with a policy that spells that for community project, there should be positions for women. Women on these positions should be empowered to take and make decisions.

SURNAME:                                       NTAGANIRA

OTHER NAMES:                              NINA

REG.NO:                                            10/F/MAPPM/070/W/PG

GENDER:                                         FEMALE

PROGRAMME:                                 MADS

ACADEMIC UNIT:                          ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS STUDIES

TITLE OF DISSERTATION:            THE IMPACT OF WOMEN ENTERPRISES ON JOB CREATION IN RWANDA

SUPERVISOR:                                  PROF. E. WESANA - CHOMI

SUBMISSION DATE                                   FEBRUARY 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to assess the role of women enterprises on the job creation in Rwanda with particular focus on Abadatenguhana, Baanguka and Corwar women cooperatives in Kicukiro District.  It was guide by three specific objectives; identifying the role played by women enterprises in job creation, assessing the factors for the success of women enterprises, and determining the challenges faced by women entrepreneurs in creating job opportunities.  To achieve these objectives, questionnaires and interview guides were used as research instruments.  A total of 70 respondents participated in this study comprising of women entrepreneurs, employees in women enterprises and cooperative officers.  Women were found to play a significant role in job creation through establishing business enterprises like arts and crafts (21%), agriculture (7%), sewing (28%), and pottery (7%).  The findings revealed that all respondents (100%) agreed (50%) and strongly agreed (50%) respectively that women enterprises have created jobs in Kicukiro district.  The factors that were key for the success of women enterprises were; previous entrepreneurial experience (16%), revolution of SACCOs (13%), gender equality drive (13%), change in attitudes (11%) and commitment (10%). The key challenges faced by women entrepreneurs in creating job opportunities were; lack of capital (36%), High Taxes (21%), and family responsibilities (14%).  The recommendations were; training women entrepreneurs in business management skills, networking, and facilitating women entrepreneurs in getting loans and credit from financial institutions. 

SURNAME:                                       KYOMUGISHA

OTHER NAMES:                              KELLEN CHARITY

REG.NO:                                            10/F/MAPPM/070/W/PG

GENDER:                                         FEMALE

PROGRAMME:                                 MASTER OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

ACADEMIC UNIT: